Expansion team: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

An expansion team is a term used for a brand new team in a sports league. The term is most commonly used in reference to the North American major professional sports leagues, but is applied to sports leagues worldwide that use a closed franchise system of league membership. The term comes from the expansion of the sport into new areas. This sometimes results in the payment of an expansion fee to the league by the new team, and an expansion draft to populate the new roster.

In North America, expansion takes place in response to population growth and geographic shifts of population, driven by the resulting financial opportunity made possible by such demographic change. For example, Major League Baseball was limited to 16 teams located north and east of St. Louis, Missouri for the first half of the 20th century. During this time, the United States population doubled and expanded to the south and west. Rival interests explored the possibility of forming a rival league in these untapped markets. To forestall this possibility, one of the measures MLB took was to expand by four teams in 1961 and 1962. Over the past four decades, MLB expanded further to its current 30-team membership. In the context of MLB, the term "expansion team" is also used to refer to any of the 14 teams enfranchised in the second half of the 20th century.

When an expansion team begins play, they are generally stocked with less talented free agents and inexperienced staffs. Additionally, prospective owners may face expensive fees to the league as well as high start-up costs such as stadiums and facilities. As a result, most expansion teams are known for their poor play during their inaugural season. This can be exacerbated by the fact that leagues often expand by two or four teams in one season, to eliminate the possibility of a bye-week in the draw from having an odd number of teams. In those cases, expansion teams must compete with their expansion rivals for available talent. Expansion teams are not usually doomed to mediocrity forever, as most leagues have policies which promote parity, such as drafts and salary caps, which gives some expansion teams the opportunity to win championships only a few years after their first season.

Most teams are considered as an expansion team usually in their first season and sometimes in their second season. A team that moves to another location and/or changes its name is generally not considered an expansion team. They are known as relocated teams. If the name changes they are known as renamed teams. In response to a negative attitude some fans have towards relocated teams, there have recently been instances where relocating clubs change their identity completely; name, colours and mascot, but because the roster is the same, and because the league does not expand as a result, they are not regarded as expansion teams. Teams which have been 'reborn' in this manner include the Baltimore Ravens in the NFL, the Oklahoma City Thunder in the NBA and Houston Dynamo in the MLS.

Cities and regions with large populations that lack a team are generally regarded to be the best candidates for new teams. For example, the National Football League (NFL) has recently considered Los Angeles, California to be the best possibility for a brand new NFL team and Toronto, Canada as a second choice. The European Super League in rugby league has added teams from France and Wales to cover a great demographic spread.

Contents

List of expansion teams in history

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1900s

1908

AustraliaAFL:

1910s

1910

AustraliaNSWRL

1920s

1920

AustraliaNSWRL

1921

AustraliaNSWRL

1924

CanadaUnited StatesNHL

1925

CanadaUnited StatesNHL

AustraliaAFL:

1926

CanadaUnited StatesNHL

1930s

1933

United StatesNFL

1935

AustraliaNSWRL

1940s

1947

AustraliaNSWRL

1960s

1960

United StatesNFL:

1961

CanadaUnited StatesMLB:

CanadaUnited StatesNBA:

United StatesNFL:

1962

CanadaUnited StatesMLB:

1966

CanadaUnited StatesNBA:

United StatesNFL:

United StatesAmerican Football League:

1967

CanadaUnited StatesNBA:

United StatesNFL:

CanadaUnited StatesNHL:

AustraliaNSWRL

1968

CanadaUnited StatesNBA:

United StatesAFL:

1969

CanadaUnited StatesMLB:

1970s

1970

CanadaUnited StatesNBA:

CanadaUnited StatesNHL:

1972

United StatesABA:

CanadaUnited StatesNHL:

1974

CanadaUnited StatesNBA:

CanadaUnited StatesNHL:

1976

United StatesNFL:

1977

CanadaUnited StatesMLB:

1978

PhilippinesPBA:

  • Filmanbank Bankers

1979

PhilippinesPBA:

1980s

1980

CanadaUnited StatesNBA:

PhilippinesPBA:

  • CDCP Shippers

1982

AustraliaNSWRL

AustraliaAFL

1983

PhilippinesPBA:

  • Manhattan

1984

PhilippinesPBA:

  • Manila Beer

1985

PhilippinesPBA:

1986

PhilippinesPBA:

1987

AustraliaAFL:

1988

CanadaUnited StatesNBA:

AustraliaNSWRL:

PhilippinesPBA:

1989

CanadaUnited StatesNBA:

CanadaUnited StatesNLL:

1990s

1990

PhilippinesPBA:

1991

CanadaUnited StatesNHL:

  • San Jose Sharks (Officially an expansion team although the roster of Minnesota was divided between the North Stars and the Sharks. Both clubs participated in a draft to fill the remainder of the rosters.)

AustraliaAFL:

1992

United StatesNHL:

CanadaUnited StatesNLL:

1993

CanadaUnited StatesMLB:

CanadaUnited StatesNHL:

PhilippinesPBA:

1995

CanadaUnited StatesNBA:

United StatesNFL:

CanadaUnited StatesNLL:

AustraliaNew ZealandARL

AustraliaAFL:

1996

United StatesNFL:

PhilippinesPBA:

CanadaUnited StatesNLL:

AustraliaAFL:

1997

AustraliaAFL

AustraliaNew ZealandSuper League:

AustraliaWAFL:

1998

CanadaUnited StatesMLB:

CanadaUnited StatesNHL:

CanadaUnited StatesMLS:

AustraliaNew ZealandNRL

AustraliaVFL

1999

CanadaUnited StatesNHL:

United StatesNFL:

PhilippinesPBA:

2000s

2000

CanadaUnited StatesNHL:

CanadaUnited StatesNLL:

PhilippinesPBA:

AustraliaNRL:

  • Northern Eagles (Joint venture between Manly-Waringah Sea Eagles and North Sydney Bears - now defunct)
  • Wests Tigers (Joint venture between Balmain Tigers and Western Suburbs Magpies)

2001

CanadaUnited StatesNLL:

AustraliaVFL:

2002

CanadaCFL:

CanadaUnited StatesNLL:

PhilippinesPBA:

United StatesNFL:

2003

CanadaUnited StatesWHL:

2004

CanadaUnited StatesNBA:

2005

CanadaUnited StatesMLS:

CanadaUnited StatesNLL:

CanadaUnited StatesQMJHL:

2006

AustraliaNTFL:

AustraliaNew ZealandSouth AfricaSuper 14:

CanadaUnited StatesMLS:

  • Houston Dynamo (though they maintained the roster of the San Jose Earthquakes)

CanadaUnited StatesNLL:

CanadaUnited StatesWHL:

EnglandFranceSuper League:

PhilippinesPBA:

  • Welcoat Dragons (from the PBL, note that the promotion and relegation system was not used .)

United StatesMLL:

2007

AustraliaNew South Wales Cup:

AustraliaNew ZealandA-League:

AustraliaNew ZealandNRL:

AustraliaNew ZealandSingaporeNBL:

CanadaUnited StatesMLS:

CanadaUnited StatesNLL:

2008

AustraliaJim Beam Cup:

AustraliaQueensland Cup:

CanadaUnited StatesMLS:

United StatesCanadaNBA:

United StatesWNBA:

2009

AustraliaNew ZealandA-League:

CanadaUnited StatesMLS:

EnglandFranceWalesSuper League:

  • Celtic Crusaders (now Crusaders Rugby League) – An expansion team only in the sense that they were invited into Super League. The club have existed since 2005.
  • Salford City Reds – Also technically not an expansion team; they have existed since 1873, and played in Super League as recently as the 2007 season.

2010

AustraliaNew Zealand A-League:

CanadaUnited States MLS:

Canada CFL:

United States WPS:

2011

AustraliaNew Zealand A-League:

Australia AFL:

CanadaUnited States MLS:

AustraliaNew ZealandSouth Africa Super 15:

2012

AustraliaAFL:

2015

AustraliaAFL:


An expansion team is a term used for a brand new team in a sports league. The term is most commonly used in reference to the North American major professional sports leagues, but is applied to sports leagues worldwide that use a closed franchise system of league membership. The term comes from the expansion of the sport into new areas. This sometimes results in the payment of an expansion fee to the league by the new team, and an expansion draft to populate the new roster.

Reason for expansion

In North America, expansion takes place in response to population growth and geographic shifts of population, driven by the resulting financial opportunity made possible by such demographic change. For example, Major League Baseball was limited to 16 teams located north and east of St. Louis, Missouri for the first half of the 20th century. During this time, the United States population doubled and expanded to the south and west. Rival interests explored the possibility of forming a rival league in these untapped markets. To forestall this possibility, one of the measures MLB took was to expand by four teams in 1961 and 1962. Over the past four decades, MLB expanded further to its current 30-team membership. In the context of MLB, the term "expansion team" is also used to refer to any of the 14 teams enfranchised in the second half of the 20th century.

When an expansion team begins play, they are generally stocked with less talented free agents and inexperienced staffs. Additionally, prospective owners may face expensive fees to the league as well as high start-up costs such as stadiums and facilities. As a result, most expansion teams are known for their poor play during their first few seasons. This can be exacerbated by the fact that leagues often expand by two or four teams in one season, to eliminate the possibility of a bye-week in the draw from having an odd number of teams. In those cases, expansion teams must compete with their expansion rivals for available talent. Expansion teams are not usually doomed to mediocrity forever, as most leagues have policies which promote parity, such as drafts and salary caps, which gives some expansion teams the opportunity to win championships only a few years after their first season. The Arizona Diamondbacks won the 2001 World Series only three years after the team's 1998 founding, even though Major League Baseball is generally considered the least conducive to parity. Similarly, in the 1996 NFL season, only the second year of the Carolina Panthers' and Jacksonville Jaguars' existences, both teams made their respective conference championship games.

Most teams are considered as an expansion team usually in their first season and sometimes in their second season. A team that moves to another location and/or changes its name is generally not considered an expansion team. They are known as relocated teams. If the name changes they are known as renamed teams. In response to a negative attitude some fans have towards relocated teams, there have recently been instances where relocating clubs change their identity completely; name, colours and mascot, but because the roster is the same, and because the league does not expand as a result, they are not regarded as expansion teams. Teams which have been 'reborn' in this manner include the Baltimore Ravens in the NFL, the Oklahoma City Thunder in the NBA and Houston Dynamo in the MLS. (Legally, however, the Ravens are considered an expansion team, due to an agreement with the Cleveland Browns, the current incarnation of which was formed in the manner of an expansion team, but owns the rights to the Ravens' history while the team was in Cleveland and known as the Browns.)

Cities and regions with large populations that lack a team are generally regarded to be the best candidates for new teams. For example, the National Football League (NFL) has recently considered Los Angeles, California to be the best possibility for a brand new NFL team and Toronto, Canada as a second choice. The European Super League in rugby league has added teams from France and Wales to cover a great demographic spread.

Contents

List of expansion teams in history

1900s

1908

AFL:

1909

NHA (now NHL)

1910s

1910

NSWRL

1920s

1920

NSWRL

1921

NSWRL

1924

NHL

1925

NHL

AFL:

1926

NHL

1930s

Winnipeg Blue Bombers join the CFL

1933

NFL

1935

NSWRL

1940s

1947

NSWRL

1960s

1960

NFL:

1961

MLB:

NBA:

NFL:

1962

MLB:

1966

NBA:

NFL:

American Football League:

1967

NBA:

NFL:

NHL:

NSWRL

1968

NBA:

AFL:

1969

MLB:

1970s

1970

NBA:

NHL:

1972

ABA:

NHL:

1974

NBA:

NHL:

1976

NFL:

1977

MLB:

1978

PBA:

  • Filmanbank Bankers

1979

PBA:

1980s

1980

NBA:

PBA:

  • CDCP Shippers

1982

NSWRL

AFL

1983

PBA:

  • Manhattan

1984

PBA:

  • Manila Beer

1985

PBA:

1986

PBA:

1987

AFL:

1988

NBA:

NSWRL:

PBA:

1989

NBA:

NLL:

1990s

1990

PBA:

1991

NHL:

  • San Jose Sharks (Officially an expansion team although the roster of Minnesota was divided between the North Stars and the Sharks. Both clubs participated in a draft to fill the remainder of the rosters.)

AFL:

1992

NHL:

NLL:

1993

MLB:

NHL:

PBA:

1994

CFL:

1995

CFL:

NBA:

NFL:

NLL:

ARL

AFL:

1996

NFL:

PBA:

NLL:

AFL:

1997

AFL

Super League:

WAFL:

1998

MLB:

NHL:

MLS:

NRL

VFL

1999

NHL:

NFL:

PBA:

2000s

2000

NHL:

NLL:

PBA:

NRL:

  • Northern Eagles (Joint venture between Manly-Waringah Sea Eagles and North Sydney Bears - now defunct)
  • Wests Tigers (Joint venture between Balmain Tigers and Western Suburbs Magpies)

2001

NLL:

VFL:

2002

CFL:

NLL:

PBA:

NFL:

2003

WHL:

2004

NBA:

2005

MLS:

NLL:

QMJHL:

2006

NTFL:

Super Rugby:

MLS:

  • Houston Dynamo (though they maintained the roster of the San Jose Earthquakes)

NLL:

WHL:

Super League:

  • Catalans Dragons — Although Super League used a promotion and relegation system at that time, Les Catalans, as the only French team in the otherwise all-English competition, were assured of a place in the league through 2008. Super League instituted a franchise system effective with the 2009 season, and Les Catalans retained their place in the league.

PBA:

  • Welcoat Dragons (from the PBL, note that the promotion and relegation system was not used .)

MLL:

2007

New South Wales Cup:

A-League:

NRL:

NBL:

MLS:

NLL:

2008

Jim Beam Cup:

Queensland Cup:

MLS:

NBA:

WNBA:

2009

A-League:

Template:Country data KAZ KHL

MLS:

NBL (NBL + Basketball Australia):

Super League:

  • Celtic Crusaders (now Crusaders Rugby League) – An expansion team only in the sense that they were invited into Super League. The club have existed since 2005.
  • Salford City Reds – Also technically not an expansion team; they have existed since 1873, and played in Super League as recently as the 2007 season.

2010

A-League:

Magners League

  • Aironi – A team formed specifically for the competition by several existing clubs in Northern Italy, with Viadana the lead side.
  • Benetton Treviso – Founded in 1932, it competed in Italian domestic leagues before joining the Magners League.

Template:Country data KAZ KHL

MLS:

NBL:

UFL:

WPS:

2011

A-League:

AFL:

MLS:

Super Rugby:

Template:Country data IND Indian Premier League:

UFL:

WPS:

2012

AFL:

MLS:

CFL:


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