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The Expediency Discernment Council of the System[1] (Persian: مجمع تشخیص مصلحت نظام), is an administrative assembly appointed by the Supreme Leader[2] and was created upon the revision to the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran on 6 February 1988.[3] It was originally set up to resolve differences or conflicts between the Majlis and the Council of Guardians, but "its true power lies more in its advisory role to the Supreme Leader." According to Hooman Majd, the Leader "delegated some of his own authority to the council — granting it supervisory powers over all branches of the government" — following President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's election in 2005.[4]

Contents

Members (current)

On 27 February 2007, a new council was appointed for a five year period:[5]

  1. Hashemi Rafsanjani, Akbar, Ayatollah (Chairman) *
  2. Jannati, Ahmad, Ayatollah *
  3. Vaez Tabasi, Abbas, Ayatollah *
  4. Amini Najafabadi, Ebrahim, Ayatollah *
  5. Haddad-Adel, Gholam Ali, Ph.D. *
  6. Emami Kashani, Mohammad, Ayatollah *
  7. Movahedi-Kermani, Ali, Ayatollah *
  8. Habibi, Hassan Ebrahim, Ph.D. *
  9. Mousavi, Mir Hossein Ms.C. *
  10. Velayati, Ali Akbar, M.D. *
  11. Dorri Najafabadi, Ghorbanali, Ayatollah *
  12. Mohammadi Reyshahri, Mohammad, Hojatoleslam *
  13. Sane'i, Hassan, Hojatoleslam *
  14. Fereidoun Rowhani, Hassan, Hojatoleslam *
  15. Asgar Owladi, Habibollah *
  16. Larijani, Ali, Ph.D. *
  17. Bahonar, Mohammad Reza
  18. Tavassoli Mahallati, Mohammad Reza, Ayatollah *
  19. Mirsalim, Mostafa *
  20. Nabavi, Morteza *
  21. Ali Akbar Nategh-Nouri, Hojatoleslam *
  22. Firouzabadi, Hassan, Major General *
  23. Aghazadeh, Gholam Reza *
  24. Namdar Zanganeh, Bijan *
  25. Mohsen Rezaee, Ph.D.*
  26. Ali Agha-Mohammadi
  27. Mohammad Forouzandeh
  28. Davoud Danesh-Jafari

Members (2002-2007)

The following is a list of its members of the years 2002-2007.[6]

  1. Hashemi Rafsanjani, Akbar, Ayatollah (Chairman) *
  2. Amini Najafabadi, Ibrahim, Ayatollah *
  3. Vaez Tabasi, Abbas, Hojjatoleslam *
  4. Emami Kashani, Mohammad, Ayatollah *
  5. Mousavi, Mir Hussein *
  6. Velayati, Ali Akbar *
  7. Mohammadi Reyshahri, Mohammad, Hojjatoleslam *
  8. Sane'i, Hassan, Hojjatoleslam *
  9. Fereidoun Rowhani, Hassan, Hojjatoleslam *
  10. Asgar Owladi, Habibollah *
  11. Dorri Najafabadi, Qorbanali, Hojjatoleslam *
  12. Larijani, Ali *
  13. Mirsalim, Mostafa *
  14. Tavassoli Mahallati, Mohammadreza, Ayatollah *
  15. Nabavi, Morteza *
  16. Firouzabadi, Hassan, Major General *
  17. Aqazadeh, Gholamreza *
  18. Namdar Zanganeh, Bijan *
  19. Rafsanjani, Mohammad Hashemi *
  20. Habibi, Hassan Ibrahim *
  21. Mohsen Rezaee *
  22. Ahmad Jannati
  23. Ali Movahedi-Kermani
  24. Ali Akbar Nategh-Nouri
  25. Mohammad Reza Aref
  26. Gholam Ali Haddad-Adel
  27. Majid Ansari
  28. Mohammad Reza Bahonar
  29. Hossein Mozaffar
  30. Mohammad Javad Irvani
(*) - Re-appointed

Ex-officio members:

  1. President
  2. Speaker of Majles
  3. Chief of the Judiciary
  4. The minister concerned depending on the subject under discussion
  5. The representative of Majlis commission concerning the subject discussed
  • If mediating between Majlis and Guardian Council, the council will also include the six clerics of the Guardian Council.

Members (1997-2002)

The following is a list of its members of the year 1997-2002.[7][8]

  1. Tabasi, Abbas, Hojjatoleslam
  2. Emami Kashani, Mohammad, Ayatollah
  3. Mousavi, Mir Hussein
  4. Velayati, Ali Akbar
  5. Mohammadi Reyshahri, Mohammad, Hojjatoleslam
  6. Sane'i, Hassan, Hojjatoleslam
  7. Fereidoun Rowhani, Hassan, Hojjatoleslam
  8. Mousavi Khoeiniha, Mohammad, Hojjaoleslam
  9. Asgar Owladi, Habibollah
  10. Dorri Najafabadi, Qorbanali, Hojjatoleslam
  11. Larijani, Ali
  12. Mirsalim, Mostafa
  13. Tavassoli Mahallati, Mohammadreza, Ayatollah
  14. Nouri, Abdullah, Hojjatoleslam
  15. Nabavi, Morteza
  16. Firouzabadi, Hassan, Lt. General
  17. Aqazadeh, Gholamreza
  18. Namdar Zanganeh, Bijan
  19. Rafsanjani, Mohammad Hashemi
  20. Nourbakhsh, Mohsen
  21. Habibi, Hassan Ibrahim
  22. Mohsen Rezaee

Ex-officio members:

  1. President: Khatami, Mohammad, Hojjatoleslam
  2. Majlis Speaker: Ali Akbar Nateq-Nouri, Hojjatoleslam followed by Karroubi, Mehdi, Hojjatoleslam
  3. Judiciary Chief: Yazdi, Mohammad, Ayatollah followed by Hashemi Shahroudi, Mahmoud, Ayatollah
  4. The minister concerned depending on the subject under discussion
  • Clergy members of Guardians Council at one point:
  1. Jannati, Ahmad, Ayatollah
  2. Ostadi, Reza, Ayatollah
  3. Rezvani, Gholamreza, Ayatollah
  4. Mo'men, Mohammad, Ayatollah
  5. Yazdi, Mohammad, Ayatollah
  6. Taheri Khoram-Abadi, Hasan, Ayatollah

See also

References and notes

External links

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Simple English

The Expediency Discernment Council is a governmental body for resolving disputes between the Guardian Council and the legislature in the Islamic Republic of Iran.

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