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Expository writing is a type of writing, the purpose of which is to inform, explain, describe, or define the author's subject to the reader. Expository text is meant to deposit information and is the most frequently used type of writing by students in colleges and universities. A well-written exposition remains focused on its topic and lists events in chronological order. Examples of this type of writing are cooking instructions, driving directions and instructions on performing a task. Key words such as first, after, next, then and last usually signal sequential writing. Second-person pronouns may be used in such writing, if needed; for example, in a how-to essay a writer may choose to personalize the instructions with "you." However, the use of first-person pronouns should be avoided. Expository essays will not reveal the opinion of the writer.


Types of expository writing

This structure is also known as the appropriate ‘process' but not a collection and is a form of expository writing that is used if the author intends to inform his or her readers by listing the order of steps in a process or listing events in chronological order. Examples of this type of writing are cooking instructions, driving directions, instructions on performing a task, a review of an historical event, or an analysis (cause and effect, opposing viewpoints, etc).


Descriptive essay

A descriptive essay is a type of expository writing that enables the reader to relate through their senses (sight, smell, touch, hearing, and taste) to whatever the author is describing. From the author's perspective, this involves considering what is necessary to best convey a mental image of the scene, such as a description of the placement of all relevant objects in a scene, the time of day, weather, and so on. If the aim of the author is to render the reader into an emotional state the author may choose to heighten or concentrate on certain aspects of the scene to achieve this.


Classification is an organizational strategy in which authors arrange groups of objects or ideas according to a common topic in detail. Placing different objects or ideas in categories is a type of classification.


Comparative text shows how two or more subjects are similar or contrasting. This type of structure is often used in determining which is the better of two or more choices or two texts that have similar or alike qualities.

Cause and effect

Cause and effect writing identifies the reason for something occurring and lists what occurs because of that reason. This is also known as analysis. Analysis occurs when a sentence describing the cause, is either next to, or combined with an effect, or depicts a 'causal chain'. Several events (causes) leading up to another event. (effect) It is often used in articles, newspapers,magazines,etc....

See also


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