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The Mumbai-Pune Expressway as seen from Khandala

The Expressways of India make up approximately 200 km (120 mi)[1] of the Indian National Highway System. However, the National Highway System also consists of approximately 10,000 km (6,200 mi) of four-laned highways that do not feature full control of access.[2][3] Currently, a massive project is underway to expand the highway network and the Government of India plans to add an additional 15600 km of expressways to the network by the year 2022.[4]

Contents

Expressways

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Existing

  • Eastern Expressway (Marathi: पूर्व द्रुतगति महामार्ग ) (also known as Vasant Rao Naik Marg) is a 23.55 km city highway serving the city of Mumbai, India. It is one of the busiest and most important roads in the Mumbai Metropolitan Area and is a part of the National Highway 3. It is generally 6 lanes wide (3 lanes in each direction) with over a dozen flyovers/grade separators. It is a north-south artery of Mumbai connecting the city proper to the eastern suburbs and to the metropolitan area of Thane.
  • Sion Panvel Expressway is a 25 km city expressway serving the city of Mumbai, India currently under construction. It is one of the busiest and most important roads in the Mumbai Metropolitan Area and is a part of the National Highway 4. It is generally 12 lanes wide (6 lanes in each direction)[6]. The highway begins at BARC Junction Sion and streches up to Kalamboli Junction Panvel[7].
  • National Expressway 1 (India) or Ahmedabad-Vadodara Expressway. This was India's first expressway. It was originally planned during the 1970s, but was delayed for decades due to land-usage and political issues. These issues were resolved in the 1990s, and the expressway opened in 2004. The expressway cuts the journey between the two cities to less than 1 hour. This expressway was India's first 4-lane and dual carriageway expressway project, and includes minor bridges and canal crossings, interchanges at Nadiad and Anand, cross-drainage works, rest areas, and related structures, for a length of 92.85 km (57.69 mi).[8][9]
  • Delhi-Gurgaon Expressway - This expressway opened completely for the public on Jan 23, 2008, and is part of Golden Quadrilateral highway project. This expressway is expected to reduce travel time between Gurgaon and Delhi from upwards of 60 minutes to approximately 20 minutes. Some special features of this highway are SOS telephones every 1.5 km, CCTV surviliance, and a 32-lane toll plaza at the Delhi-Haryana border. The highway will be categorized into three parts: the VIP zone (up to the IGI Airport), the Urban section (up to Gurgaon), and Trucker's Paradise (after Gurgaon).[10]
  • Mumbai-Pune Expressway - The Mumbai-Pune Expressway is India's first 6-lane, concrete, high-speed, tolled, access-controlled expressway. It connects Mumbai, the commercial capital of India, to the neighboring educational and information technology-oriented city of Pune. With its smoothly paved concrete construction, this highway is unlike most other roads in India, where traffic is chaotic and aggressive driving is the norm. This high speed motorway largely follows established traffic patterns and offers a scenic drive between Mumbai and Pune, while cutting the travel time between these two commercially important Western Indian cities from 4 - 5 hours on the old NH4, to 2 - 3 hours. Mumbai Pune Expressway
    • Highway features
      • 6-lane concrete highway with 7m-wide divider. An extra lane provided on each side as a hard shoulder.
      • Separate tunnels for traffic in each direction.
      • Complete fencing to avoid humans/animals crossing the expressway.
      • No two-wheelers, three-wheelers, or tractor vehicles allowed.
      • Provision of petrol pumps, motels, workshops, toilets, emergency phones, first aid, breakdown vans, etc.
      • Proposed planting of 80,000 trees along the Expressway.
  • Noida-Greater Noida Expressway, connects Noida, an industrial suburb of Delhi to Greater Noida a new suburb. This expressway is under expansion to Taj Economic Zone, International Airport and Aviation Hub proposed to be constructed along the Taj Expressway. The objectives of the proposed expressway are as follows:
    • Highway features
      • To provide a fast moving corridor to minimize the travel time
      • To connect the main town ships / commercial centers on the Eastern site of river Yamuna
      • To ensure development of adjoining area
      • To relieve NH-2 which is already congested and runs through the heart of cities like Faridabad, Ballabhgarh and Palwal
  • Delhi-Noida Direct Flyway is an eight-lane access controlled tolled expressway which connects Delhi to Noida, an industrial sub-urb area. It was built and is maintained by the Noida Toll Bridge Company Limited (NTBCL). NTBCL was developed under a Build-Own-Operate-Transfer (BOOT) model. The project included the construction of a flyover at Ashram Chowk. The other major part of the project was the construction of a 552.5 m (1,813 ft) bridge over the Yamuna river. This bridge, which was estimated to cost Rs. 408 Crore.
  • GVK Jaipur-Kishangarh Expressway
  • Durgapur Expressway
    • The Durgapur Expressway, linking Dankuni with Memari on Grand Trunk Road, now allows fast communication between Kolkata and Durgapur.
  • Belghoria Expressway
    • Belghoria Expressway through Nivedita Bridge is completed Dum Dum Airport will be 20-25 minutes from Dankuni.
  • Panipat Elevated Expressway

Under Construction

  • West Island Freeway is an ambitious project to connect the suburbs of Mumbai with downtown Mumbai. The project envisions the setting up of multiple flyovers over the Arabian Sea. The first phase of the project, known as the Bandra-Worli Sea Link, is complete, and links Bandra in the north with Worli to the south with a cable stayed bridge spanning the Mahim Bay. This development shall relieve the congestion on the Mahim Causeway, which up until now has been the only road connection between the suburbs and the main city of Mumbai on the western sea front.Toll will be Rs.50(one way),Rs.75(two way) for cars and Rs.100 for heavy vehicles.
  • Shimla-Chandigarh Expressway - The expansion to 4 lanes of Shimla-Chandigarh National Highway 22 (NH22) will eventually result in the formation of the Shimla-Chandigarh Expressway.[11]
  • Kundli-Manesar-Palwal Expressway(KMP) - The construction work for 135.6-km long Delhi Western Peripheral Expressway also known as the Kundli-Manesar-Palwal (KMP) expressway is going on at full swing.[1]Kundli-Manesar-Palwal (KMP) expressway expected to become operational by June 2009, Delhi will be relieved of the congestion of heavy night traffic. It will act as a bypass for the night vehicles. The 135-km long Kundli-Manesar-Palwal (KMP) Expressway in Haryana, also known as the Western Peripheral Expressway, has been divided into three packages of 45 km each. Three major camps at Kundli, Manesar and Palwal have been established, supported by three ancillary camps at Jassoure Kheri, Badli and Taoru. Four flyovers have been proposed at places where the expressway will cross national highways i.e. NH-1, NH-10, NH-8 and NH-57
  • National Expressway 2 (India) or Eastern Peripheral Expressway . it will have two sections, 56 km long Faridabad-NOIDA-Ghaziabad expressway section and 49 km long Ghaziabad-Kundli expressway section.
  • Pathankot-Jalandhar-Ajmer Expressway - Expressway will begin from Pathankot in Punjab and pass through Haryana and end at the Holy city of Ajmer in Rajasthan.
  • Ganga Expressway - This project was announced in 2007 by Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Mayawati. At 1000 km, it will be India's longest expressway. It will link Noida, on Uttar Pradesh's western border with Delhi to Ballia, on Uttar Pradesh's eastern border with Bihar. The expressway will run along the left bank of the Ganga river, in contrast to the Grand Trunk Road which is on the right bank. The expected cost is Rs 40,000 crore ($10 billion). This expressway should reduce the travel time between Delhi and Varanasi to 8 hours. The project is expected to be completed in 2011.[12] Private firms have shown their interest in the Ganga Expressway as twenty companies have placed their bids for this project. [13]

Intra-city Expressways

Following expressways are being constructed within the respective cities to aid in easing the congestion in city roads.

Planned

NHAI has proposed the following two Expressways in the NHDP VI.

The Uttar Pradesh government is planning five more expressways in the state. The five proposed expressways will have a combined length of around 1,400km.

The Five Expressways would be

Gallery

References and notes


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