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The extreme points of Norway include the coordinates that are further north, south, east or west than any other location in Norway; and the highest and the lowest altitudes in the country. The northern-most point is Rossøya on Svalbard, the southern-most is Pysen in Mandal, the eastern-most is Kræmerpynten on Svalbard, and the western-most is Høybergodden on Jan Mayen.[1] The highest peak is Galdhøpiggen, standing at 2,469 m (8,100 ft) above mean sea level, while the lowest elevation is sea level at the coast.[2]

The Norwegian Antarctic Territory—consisting of Queen Maud Land, Peter I Island and Bouvet Island—are not part of the Kingdom of Norway. Norway administrates the claims based on the Antarctic Treaty System; therefore they are sometimes considered part of a wider definition of Norway.[3] If included, the Norwegian Antarctic Territory accounts the southern-most, eastern-most, western-most and highest extreme points.[4][5]

The latitude and longitude are expressed in degrees, minutes and seconds, in which an "N" value refers to the northern hemisphere, and an "S" value refers to the southern hemisphere. Similarly, a "E" longitude value refers to the eastern hemisphere, and a "W" refers to the western hemisphere. The extreme points of latitude and longitude are published by the Norwegian Mapping Authority, while the elevations are published by the World Fact Book. Both make use of the World Geodetic System (WGS) 84, a geodetic reference system.

Contents

Latitude and longitude

Knivskjellodden is the northern-most point of Norway proper
December 1911: Roald Amundsen's expedition became the first to reach the South Pole.

For the Kingdom of Norway, the northern-most point is Rossøya, just north of Nordaustlandet on the Svalbard archipelago, bordering the Barents Sea. The southern-most point is Pysen in Mandal bordering Skagerrak—the only latitude and longitude extreme point that is in Norway proper. The eastern-most location is Kræmerpynten on Svalbard, bordering the Barents Sea, while the western-most point is Høybergodden on Jan Mayen, bordering the Greenland Sea.[1]

All four latitude and longitude extreme points are bordering the sea; due to the geographic nature of the coastline, all extremities are located on islands. Therefore, extreme points of the Norwegian mainland are also included in the list. The northern-most point is Knivskjellodden, located in Magerøy in Finnmark. The northern-most mainland point is Cape Nordkinn, located in Lebesby, Finnmark; this is also the northern-most location of mainland Europe. Both border the Barents Sea. The southern-most location of Norway proper is Pysen, while the southern-most mainland location is Lindesnes; both border Skagerrak. The eastern-most point is Hornøya, with Kibergneset being the eastern-most mainland location. Both are in Vardø in Finnmark. The western-most location is Holmebåen in Solund, Sogn og Fjordane, while the western-most mainland location is Vardetangen in Austrheim, Hordaland. Both border the North Sea.[1]

If Antarctica is included, the southern-most point is the South Pole. All seven Antarctic claims meet there, so this point borders all other six territories. The western-most point is the border between Queen Maud Land and the Australian Antarctic Territory, which follows the 45th meridian east.[4] The western-most point is Peter I Island. As the only Antarctic claim that is not a sector, it borders the Amundsen Sea.[6]

Heading Scope Location Region Bordering entity Coordinates Ref
North Kingdom Rossøya Svalbard Barents Sea 80°49′44.41″N 20°20′32.29″E / 80.8290028°N 20.3423028°E / 80.8290028; 20.3423028 (Rossøya (northernmost kingdom)) [1]
North Proper Knivskjellodden Magerøy Barents Sea 71°11′08.5676″N 25°40′30.7970″E / 71.185713222°N 25.67522139°E / 71.185713222; 25.67522139 (Knivskjelodden (northernmost proper)) [1]
North Mainland Cape Nordkinn Lebesby Barents Sea 71°08′02.4780″N 27°39′13.6274″E / 71.13402167°N 27.653785389°E / 71.13402167; 27.653785389 (Cape Nordkinn (northernmost mainland)) [1]
South Kingdom Pysen Mandal Skagerrak 57°57′30.6353″N 07°33′52.3010″E / 57.958509806°N 7.56452806°E / 57.958509806; 7.56452806 (Pysen (southernmost kingdom)) [1]
South Mainland Lindesnes Lindesnes Skagerrak 58°00′12.5993″N 07°30′47.6893″E / 58.003499806°N 7.513247028°E / 58.003499806; 7.513247028 (Lindesnes (southernmost mainland)) [1]
South Antarctica South Pole Queen Maud Land n/a 90°00′00″S 00°00′00″E / 90°S 0°E / -90; 0 (South Pole (southernmost mainland)) [4]
East Kingdom Kræmerpynten Svalbard Barents Sea 80°13′45.28″N 33°30′58.74″E / 80.2292444°N 33.5163167°E / 80.2292444; 33.5163167 (Kræmerpynten (easternmost kingdom)) [1]
East Proper Hornøya Vardø Barents Sea 70°23′12.6393″N 31°10′06.9360″E / 70.38684425°N 31.16859333°E / 70.38684425; 31.16859333 (Hornøya (easternmost proper)) [1]
East Mainland Kibergneset Vardø Barents Sea 70°17′20.9612″N 31°03′51.546971″E / 70.289155889°N 31.06431860306°E / 70.289155889; 31.06431860306 (Kibergneset (easternmost mainland)) [1]
East Antarctica Eastern Border Queen Maud Land Australian Antarctic Territory 90°00′00″S 45°00′00″E / 90°S 45°E / -90; 45 (Kibergneset (easternmost mainland)) [4]
West Kingdom) Høybergodden Jan Mayen Greenland Sea 70°51′49.05″N 09°04′38.86″W / 70.863625°N 9.0774611°W / 70.863625; -9.0774611 (Høybergodden (westernmost kingdom)) [1]
West Proper) Holmebåen Solund North Sea 61°04′24.0727″N 04°29′57.0166″E / 61.073353528°N 4.499171278°E / 61.073353528; 4.499171278 (Holmebåen (westernmost proper)) [1]
West Mainland Vardetangen Austrheim North Sea 60°48′36.6146″N 04°56′43.1825″E / 60.810170722°N 4.945328472°E / 60.810170722; 4.945328472 (Vardetangen (westernmost mainland)) [1]
West Antarctica Peter I Island Amundsen Sea 68°47′00″S 90°35′00″W / 68.7833333°S 90.5833333°W / -68.7833333; -90.5833333 (Vardetangen (westernmost mainland)) [6]

Altitude

Galdhøpiggen is Norway's tallest peak

The highest point in the kingdom is Galdhøpiggen, which, standing at 2,469 m (8,100 ft) above mean sea level, is located in Lom.[2] Galdhøpiggen is part of the Jotunheimen mountain range, as well as Jotunheimen National Park.[7] It is also the highest peak along the Scandinavian Mountains.[8] If Antarctica is included, the highest peak is Jøkulkyrkja, standing at 3,148 metres (10,328 ft).[5] It is located in the Mühlig-Hofmann Mountains in Princess Astrid Coast.[7] Norway's lowest point is located on the coast, at sea level.[2] The coast stretches 83,281 kilometres (51,748 mi), including fjords, bays and islands.[3]

Extremity Name Elevation Range Region Coordinates Ref
Highest (kingdom) Galdhøpiggen 2,469 m (8,100 ft) Jotunheimen Lom 61°38′11″N 8°18′45″E / 61.63639°N 8.3125°E / 61.63639; 8.3125 (Vardetangen (highest kingdom)) [2]
Highest (Antarctica) Jøkulkyrkja 3,148 m (10,328 ft) Mühlig-Hofmann Mountains Queen Maud Land 71°53′00″S 6°40′00″E / 71.8833333°S 6.6666667°E / -71.8833333; 6.6666667 (Vardetangen (highest Antarctica)) [5]
Lowest Sea level 0 m (0 ft) Coast Atlantic Ocean n/a [2]

References

See also

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