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F
Basic Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd    
Ee Ff Gg Hh
Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn
Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt
Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz

F is the sixth letter in the basic modern Latin alphabet. English (pronounced /ˈɛf/) is spelled ‹ef› or ‹f›.[1][2]

Contents

History

Proto-Semitic W Phoenician
waw
Etruscan W Greek
Digamma
Roman F
Proto-semiticW-01.png PhoenicianW-01.png EtruscanF-01.svg GreekDigamma-01.png Roman F

The origin of ‹f› is the Semitic letter vâv that represented the /v/, and originally probably represented either a hook or a club. It may have been based on a comparable Egyptian hieroglyph, such as that for the word mace:

T3

F The Phoenician form of the letter was adopted into Greek as a vowel, upsilon (which resembled its descendant, ‹Y›, but was also ancestor to Roman letters ‹U›, ‹V›, and ‹W›); and with another form, as a consonant, digamma, which resembled ‹F›, but indicated the pronunciation /w/, as in Phoenician. (Later on, /w/ disappeared from Greek, resulting in digamma being used as a numeral only.)

In Etruscan, ‹F› also represented /w/; however, they formed the digraph ‹FH› to represent /f/; when the Romans picked up, the letter, they had already borrowed ‹U› from Greek upsilon to stand for /w/. At the this time, the Greek letter phi ‹Φ› represented an aspirated voiceless bilabial plosive, /pʰ/ though it has now come to approximate the sound of /f/ in Modern Greek.

The lower case ‹f› is not related to the visually similar long s, ‹ſ›. The use of the long s largely died out by the beginning of the 19th century, mostly to prevent confusion with ‹f›.

Usage

In English, ‹f› represents the voiceless labiodental fricative /f/. ‹F› represents the same sound in most other languages written in the Latin alphabet, provided they use the letter at all; some exceptions include Turkmen, where it represents the voiceless bilabial fricative /ɸ/, and Welsh, where it represents the voiced labiodental fricative /v/.

In formal typography, particularly for serifed fonts, minuscule ‹f› is one of the most commonly ligated letters. Unicode encodes several ligatures beginning with lowercase ‹f› (U+FB00 through U+FB04) for compatibility with old character code sets, but recommends that those should not be used.[3]

Codes for computing

Alternative representations of F
NATO phonetic Morse code
Foxtrot ··–·
ICS Foxtrot.svg Semaphore Foxtrot.svg ⠋
Signal flag Flag semaphore Braille

In Unicode the capital ‹F› is codepoint U+0046 and the lower case ‹f› is U+0066.

The ASCII code for capital ‹F› is 70 and for lower case ‹f› is 102; or in binary 01000110 and 01100110, respectively.

The EBCDIC code for capital ‹F› is 198 and for lowercase ‹f› is 134.

The numeric character references in HTML and XML are "F" and "f" for upper and lower case, respectively.

See also

References

  1. ^ The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. 1976.
  2. ^ "F" Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); "ef", "eff", "bee" (under bee eff) op. cit.
  3. ^ "The Unicode Standard, Version 5.0, chapter 7, page 236". Unicode Consortium. 2006-10-01. pp. 37. http://www.unicode.org/versions/Unicode5.0.0/ch07.pdf#page=14. Retrieved 2009-04-14. 
The basic modern Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Letter F with diacritics

history palaeography derivations diacritics punctuation numerals Unicode list of letters ISO/IEC 646


Basic Latin alphabet
AaBbCcDd  
EeFfGgHh
IiJjKkLlMmNn
OoPpQqRrSsTt
UuVvWwXxYyZz

F ( /ˈɛf/; named ef, as a verb eff)[1] is the sixth letter in the basic modern Latin alphabet.

Contents

History

Proto-Semitic W Phoenician
waw
Etruscan W Greek
Digamma
Roman F

The origin of ‹f› is the Semitic letter vâv that represented the /v/, and originally probably represented either a hook or a club. It may have been based on a comparable Egyptian hieroglyph, such as that for the word mace: T3

F the Phoenician form of the letter was adopted into Greek as a vowel, upsilon (which resembled its descendant, ‹Y›, but was also ancestor to Roman letters ‹U›, ‹V›, and ‹W›); and with another form, as a consonant, digamma, which resembled ‹F›, but indicated the pronunciation /w/, as in Phoenician. (Later on, /w/ disappeared from Greek, resulting in digamma being used as a numeral only.)

In Etruscan, ‹F› also represented /w/; however, they formed the digraph ‹FH› to represent /f/; when the Romans adopted the letter, they had already borrowed ‹U› from Greek upsilon to stand for /w/. At this time, the Greek letter phi ‹Φ› represented an aspirated voiceless bilabial plosive, /pʰ/ though it has now come to approximate the sound of /f/ in Modern Greek.

The lower case ‹f› is not related to the visually similar long s, ‹ſ›. The use of the long s largely died out by the beginning of the 19th century, mostly to prevent confusion with ‹f›.

Usage

In English, ‹f› represents the voiceless labiodental fricative /f/. ‹F› represents the same sound in most other languages written in the Latin alphabet, provided they use the letter at all; some exceptions include Turkmen, where it represents the voiceless bilabial fricative /ɸ/, and Welsh, where it represents the voiced labiodental fricative /v/.

In formal typography, particularly for serifed fonts, minuscule ‹f› is one of the most commonly ligated letters. Unicode encodes several ligatures beginning with lowercase ‹f› (U+FB00 through U+FB04) for compatibility with old character code sets, but recommends that those should not be used.[2]

Codes for computing

Alternative representations of F
NATO phonetic Morse code
Foxtrot ··–·
Signal flag Flag semaphore Braille

In Unicode the capital ‹F› is codepoint U+0046 and the lower case ‹f› is U+0066.

The ASCII code for capital ‹F› is 70 and for lower case ‹f› is 102; or in binary 01000110 and 01100110, respectively.

The EBCDIC code for capital ‹F› is 198 and for lowercase ‹f› is 134.

The numeric character references in HTML and XML are "F" and "f" for upper and lower case, respectively.

See also

References

  1. ^ "F" Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); "ef", "eff", "bee" (under bee eff) op. cit.
  2. ^ "The Unicode Standard, Version 5.0, chapter 7, page 236". Unicode Consortium. 2006-10-01. pp. 37. http://www.unicode.org/versions/Unicode5.0.0/ch07.pdf#page=14. Retrieved 2009-04-14. 
The basic modern Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Letter F with diacritics
ḞḟƑƒ

history palaeography derivations diacritics punctuation numerals Unicode list of letters ISO/IEC 646


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

The Universal Character Set
LetterF.svg
Unicode name LATIN CAPITAL LETTER F
Basic Latin U+0046

Contents

Translingual

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Letter

F upper case (lower case f)

  1. The sixth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See also

Symbol

F

  1. (chemistry) Symbol for fluorine.
  2. (metrology) Symbol for farad.
  3. (computing) Hexadecimal symbol for 15.
  4. (biochemistry) IUPAC 1-letter abbreviation for phenylalanine

See also

Other representations of F:


English

Pronunciation

 Audio (UK)help, file

Abbreviation

F

  1. female
  2. A musical note
  3. Friday
  4. father
  5. forever
  6. (stock symbol) Ford Motor Company
  7. False
  8. Euphemism for fuck

Noun

Singular
F

Plural
Fs

F (plural Fs)

  1. The sixth letter of the English alphabet, preceded by E and followed by G.
  2. A failing grade in a class or course. The next best grade is a D. Some institutions issue Es instead of Fs.
  3. American Library Association Abbreviation for folio-sized books, over 30 cm in height.

American Sign Language

Letter

F (Stokoe F)

  1. The letter F

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA: /ɛf/
 Audio (DE) 1help, file ,  Audio (DE) 2help, file

Letter

F (capital, lowercase f)

  1. The sixth letter of the Dutch alphabet.

See also

  • Previous letter: E
  • Next letter: G

Esperanto

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA: /fo/
  • (phoneme): IPA: /f/

Letter

F (upper case, lower case f)

  1. The seventh letter of the Esperanto alphabet.

See also

  • Previous letter: E
  • Next letter: G

Italian

Pronunciation

Noun

Wikipedia-logo.png
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
F

Wikipedia it

F m. and f. inv.

  1. The sixth letter of the Italian, and of the Latin alphabets

Romanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /fe/, /ef/

Letter

F (capital, lowercase f)

  1. The eighth letter of the Romanian alphabet representing the phoneme /f/. Preceded by E and followed by G.

Slovene

Wikipedia-logo.png
Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
F

Wikipedia sl

Pronunciation

Letter

F (capital, lowercase f)

  1. The 7th letter of the Slovene alphabet. Preceded by E and followed by G.

Spanish

Letter

F (upper case, lower case f)

  1. The seventh letter of the Spanish alphabet.

Simple English

The Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd
Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj
Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp
Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv
Ww Xx Yy Zz

F is the sixth letter in the English alphabet.

Meanings for F









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