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Füssen
Füssen
Füssen
Coat of arms of Füssen
Füssen is located in Germany
Füssen
Coordinates 47°34′0″N 10°42′0″E / 47.566667°N 10.7°E / 47.566667; 10.7
Administration
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Swabia
District Ostallgäu
Mayor Paul Iacob (SPD)
Basic statistics
Area 43.52 km2 (16.80 sq mi)
Elevation 808 m  (2651 ft)
Population 14,533  (9 August 2007)
 - Density 334 /km2 (865 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal code 87629
Area code 08362
Website stadt-fuessen.de

Füssen is a town in Bavaria, Germany, in the district of Ostallgäu situated 5 kilometres (3 miles) from the Austrian border. It is located on the banks of the Lech river. The River Lech flows into the Forggensee. Füssen's coat of arm shows a triskelion (three legs). It is a sister city to Helen, Georgia (USA).

It had been a settlement in Roman times on the Via Claudia Augusta, a road that leads southwards to northern Italy and northwards to the former regional capital of the Roman province called Raetia, the capital of which was Augusta Vindelicum today's Augsburg. The original name of Füssen was "Foetes", or "Foetibus", which derives from Latin "Fauces", meaning "gorge", probably referring to the Lech gorge. In Late Antiquity Füssen was the home of a part of the Legio III Italica, which was stationed there to guard the important trade route over the Alps.

The "Hohes Schloss" (High Castle), the former summer residence of the prince bishops of Augsburg and one of Bavaria's largest and best preserved late Gothic castle complexes, is Füssen's landmark. Today the castle houses a branch gallery of the Bavarian State Collections of Paintings, which focuses on late Gothic and Renaissance works of art. Below the Hohes Schloss is the Baroque complex of the former Benedictine monastery of St. Mang, whose history goes back to the 9th century.

Füssen is the highest town of Bavaria (808 m above sea level). The famous castles of Neuschwanstein and Hohenschwangau are located near the town; travellers by rail change on to buses 73/78 at Füssen railway station. Richard Wagner the famous German composer, used to come to Füssen by rail when he visited King Ludwig II. The town is also familiar to travellers as the terminus of the Romantic road. Steve McQueen's motorcycle stunts and many other scenes in The Great Escape were filmed in and around the town. During World War II, a subcamp of the Dachau concentration camp was located in the town.[1]

The Forggensee is a man-made lake which was built to prevent flooding. It is the catchment area for all the melting snow in the spring. After the middle of October the lake is drained ready for the next spring melt.

Füssen has Saint Mang (Magnus of Füssen) as its Patron Saint. His original burial place was in the small chapel he built. His bones were transferred to the crypt of the church being built in 850. Around the year 1100 all his bones disappeared. The burial place in the crypt of the St. Mang Basilica can be seen today, although the only bone of St Mang is a relic which can be found above the main altar in a glass cross. The cross also contains his staff, breast cross and chalice. St. Mang's Feast Day is 6 September. On this day Holy Mass is celebrated, then all proceed by torchlight through the old part of the city. During the week of the Saint's Feast a special 'Magnus Wine' is sold. Only 500 bottles are produced. The 2009 vintage was produced in South Tyrol and is described as "Good Bouquet,light and fruity".Also it has a label change showing the Basilica of St Mang with a photo of a Statue of St Mang super-imposed on it.

St Mang Basilica and Former Monastery viewed from the bridge over the River Lech

The oldest fresco in the whole of Germany can be found in the crypt of St. Mang Basilica. It dates back to about the year 980.

Another son of Füssen has also been raised to the title of Blessed by the Roman Catholic Church. Francis Xavier Seelos was born 11 January 1819 in Füssen. His father was the sacristan at St. Mang Basilica. He became a priest of the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer. Seelos died in New Orleans, USA on 4 October 1867. He was made a Blessed on 9 April 2000 by Pope John Paul II. The Shrine and Relics of the Blessed Seelos can also be found in the Basilica. His Feast Day is 5 October.

The local newspaper for Füssen is the Allgäuer Zeitung, printed daily except Sundays and on a Holy Day of Obligation. It contains a special section with news from Füssen and the surrounding towns & villages called the Füssener Blatt.

References

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Füssen article)

From Wikitravel

Contents
Schloss Neuschwanstein near Füssen
Schloss Neuschwanstein near Füssen

Füssen (Fuessen) [1] is an enchanting town in Bavaria, Germany known for the "Hohes Schloss" and its Basilica and former Benedictine monastery of [St Mang][2]. The world famous Neuschwanstein castle is situated a few kilometres to the east. Some visitors come to tour the castles and leave immediately afterwards leaving the beautiful little town unexplored. This is a great pity as there is much to see in Füssen and the surrounding area if you know what you are looking for! There are magnificant lakes with beatiful views and the "Kalvarienberg" which has the "Stations of the Cross" on it.

Get in

By train: There are many connections to Füssen from Munich and vice versa. Direct trains leave about every two hours. Other options require a change of trains along the way in another city. By car: Füssen is on the end of the Romantic Road, coming from Augsburg as Bundesstrasse 17 (B 17). From Munich take the Autobahn A 96, leave at Landsberg Ost and follow the B 17. By bus: Maybe the cheapest way to get there: Many bus tours are operated to Füssen from most parts of southern Bavaria, often including a visit of the fairy-tale castle Neuschwanstein. Watch for tours at Munich main station (Hauptbahnhof).

Get around

Füssen is small enough that a car is not really needed. There is a bus to the castles and the trains to Munich and Augsburg and the old town is easy enough to access by foot. You can walk to Neuschwanstein and Hochschwangau castles via some marked roads; travel times posted on the signboards are comfortable over-estimates.

There are some great areas nearby, like some of the lesser-known castles, which would be easier to reach with your own car. It is possible to rent a car in Füssen.

Another alternative is to rent a mountain bike. There are numerous shops, one even right at the train station. Füssen has invested a lot into developing a network of bike routes and paths to make biking easier.

Houses and Hohes Schloss (Higher Castle-Formally home to the Prince Bishops of Ausburg)in Füssen
Houses and Hohes Schloss (Higher Castle-Formally home to the Prince Bishops of Ausburg)in Füssen
  • Schloß Neuschwanstein, Neuschwansteinstr. 20 (Bus Nr. 73 or Bus Nr. 78 from Füssen), +49 - (0) 83 62 - 9 39 88-0 (, fax: +49 - (0) 83 62 - 9 39 88-19), [3]. Hours of operation: April - September: 9 am - 6 pm, October - March: 10 am - 4 pm. Closed on January 1, Shrove Tuesday, December 24, December 25, December 31. The mother of all German castles is only 3 kilometers away from Füssen. This fairy-tale castle is well-known worldwide. The ticket office closes an hour before the castle does. Make sure to sit behind the driver while bussing to the castles.  edit
  • Hohenschwangau, Alpseestrasse 12 (Bus Nr. 73 or Bus Nr. 78 from Füssen), +49 (0) 83 62 - 93 08 30 (fax: +49 (0) 83 62 - 93 08 320), [4]. Hours of operation: April - September: 9 am - 6 pm, October - March: 10 am - 4 pm. Closed on December 24. The castle directly across from Ludwig II's fairy-tale castle. This castle served as Ludwig II's home while he was growing up. The ticket office closes half-an-hour before the castle does. Make sure to sit behind the driver while bussing to the castles.  edit
  • Wieskirche: This pilgrimage church is one of the world's great rococo masterpieces, located only a ten-minute bus ride from Fussen in nearby Steingaden. A work of Dominikus Zimmermann and his brother Johann Baptist, it has been designated a UNESCO world cultural heritage site. Two bus trips daily; check at the station or Fussen tourist bureau for departure times.
  • Falkenstein: Another castle, this one is a ruin, a short distance from Füssen, near Pfronten. There is a great hotel and restaurant nearby, but driving there is a bit tricky.
  • Via Claudia: Füssen is on the Via Claudia — the old roman road from Donauwörth over the alps to Venice. You can travel the Via Claudia (or parts of) it by bike.
  • Tegelberg: A ski area, but in the summer you can take the lift to the top. Enjoy the view, hike some trails and stop by one of the little restaurants.
  • Visit Castles
  • Visit the Stadtpfarrkirche und former Abbey of St. Mang. The church (the Abbey was founded over 1100 years ago) is known for its very beautiful choir and orchestra Sunday Masses and historic organs
  • Swim in the public lakes: Alpsee, Obersee, Mittlerersee, Alatsee
  • Mountain Biking
  • Sauna
  • Sail on the Forgensee
  • Attend The Füssen Festspielhaus to watch a show.
  • Watch hockey at the Bundesleistungszentrum
  • Dance
  • You'll find a lot of souvenir shops around castle Neuschwanstein. Decide yourself what's worth the money.
  • Hotel Ruchti: Great food, typical Bavarian.
  • Stadtgespräch
  • Eisenschmied Nice atmosphere with some outdoor seating.
  • Haus Bagci: A very friendly guesthouse a few minutes' walk from town. The rooms are very comfortable and the price is reasonable. There are apartments or double rooms. [5]
  • Hotel Ruchti: A smaller, 3-star hotel, minutes away from the old town, but in an area with almost no traffic. They have about 26 rooms and a great restaurant. Great people and great atmosphere, and wireless internet. [6]
  • Youth Hostel (Jugendherberge) The youth hostel is located behind the train station and is roughly a ten-minute walk. Most of the staff are not locals, but Germans from other parts of the country and want to complete their civil service in the area of the Alps, so they can be active in alpine sports. [7]
  • House L.A-City Hostel (+49-170 62 48610, fax: +49 8362 38534,info@housela.de. Their newly opened "House L.A." is perfect for travellers or family on a budget who wish to explore the region or who are looking for a weekend getaway. They offer private rooms for two to five people (suite) and are located in Füssen, near Neuschwanstein Castle. From the balcony or terrace you can enjoy the amazing view of the Alps.

[8]

  • Another option is to drive about 10-minutes via the Schnellstrasse or hike about 1-hour along the beautiful wooded "fairytale" trails that connect Füssen with the nearby Austrian village of Pinswang. There you will find several inns and private homes with guestrooms for travelers. For information on where to stay in Pinswang, see [9]
  • Ehrenburg: Across the border in Tirol, Austria, near the city of Reutte. Very authentic and being restored.
  • Be sure to visit nearby Austrian villages of Vils, Pflach, Pinswang and the capital of the Austrian Ausserfern District, Reutte.
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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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Füssen

  1. Füssen (town in Bavaria)







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