FC Rapid Bucureşti: Wikis

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FC Rapid București
Rapid Bucharest.png
Full name F.C. Rapid București
Nickname(s) Giuleștenii, Feroviari (Railwaymen)
Founded 25 June 1923
Ground Giulești - Valentin Stănescu
(Capacity: 19,100)
Owner Romania George Copos
Chairman Romania Ioan Taban
Manager Romania Nicolae Manea
League Liga I
2008-09 Liga I, 8th
Website Club home page
Home colours
Away colours
Current season

Fotbal Club Rapid București is a Romanian football club. It was founded in 1923 by a group of workers of the Grivița workshops under the name of "Cultural and Sporting Association CFR" (in Romanian: Asociația culturală și sportivă C.F.R.). Rapid has won the Romanian championship 4 times (1942, 1967, 1999 and 2003) and the Romanian Cup on thirteen occasions. In 2006, Rapid became an incorporated company, its largest share-holder being George Copos, a wealthy businessman.

Contents

Club history

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1923 - 1945

In June 1923, Teofil Copaci, Grigore Grigoriu, Aurel Kahane, Geza Ginzer and other Romanian railroad workers agreed the fusion of two amateur clubs, "CFR" (ex-"Rampa Militari") and "Excelsior". The team consisted mainly of railway workers in their spare time. After a few years, the team started competing in the first league in 1931.

During the pre-war years, Rapid was one of Romania's top teams, regularly winning the cup but never the championship although they came close. Once Rapid lost the championship because of fair play. One of Rapid's players touched the ball with his hand in the penalty area during a decisive match against Venus Bucharest. Rapid needed a win to finish first in the league. In the first place the referee did not see the incident but when hearing the audience protest the referee asked the player if he touched the ball with his hand, the player admitting. Venus converted the penalty and managed to draw 1-1 and to finish first in the league.

The railway workers were not the selection pool any longer, but a strong supporting audience. Some players were also selected in the national team. During those years, but also during the war, the competitions' formats changed for various reorganizations and some of the performances Rapid achieved were never considered as official successes, a good example being the championship of 1942. The strangest of all might be the qualification in the final of the Mitropa Cup (precursor of the UEFA Champions League, ) at a moment when the competition was taking its last breath.

1945 - 1970

The beginning of the communist regime brought a new series of teams and regulations, and Rapid, although luckier than other clubs (which were dismantled on the ground of bourgeoisie), went into a dark era. Repeated relegations mark an era that politically is described as Stalinization. Rapid finally won the first championship officially recognized in 1967 ( making millions of supporters all over the nation happy ) and also two titles in the lower-level inter-club Balkans Cup. Still, their occasional defeats against lower-level teams (such as the defeat against third division CIL Gherla), which are considered by the fans as a sign of the traditional bad luck, continued to plague their records.

1970 - 1990

In the 1970s and 1980s, Rapid reached the quarter-finals of the Cup Winners Cup and won romanian cup in 1972 and 1975 before getting worse and worse, becoming confined in the second league for 6 years in a row. Even with Stănescu as coach they couldn't do better than returning to the lower ranks of the first league. The club was slowly starved, with less and less money in a championship where the leading teams were competing at a European level (in 1986, one was winning Champions Cup, although claiming non-professional status for their players). They narrowly avoided relegation in 1987 in the last match of the season.

1990 - present

In 1990 the fall of communism brought only partial solutions, until 1992 when Traian Băsescu, then-Minister of Transportation, appointed a new manager (Marcel Pușcaș) and a new coach (Mircea Rădulescu), both experienced, which had previously worked for the national team. In the UEFA Cup, Rapid was defeated by Internazionale (1-3 and 0-2). It was the moment when George Copos started managing the Rapid business, finding strong corporate sponsorships and winning political capital.

In the following years, the most important official honours were won ( two league championships a few FA cups and the most important European achievements ) especially due to a careful appointment of coaches. The most famous coach that managed Rapid is Mircea Lucescu, the man who transformed the club into a force in the Romanian championship again. Also. his son Răzvan Lucescu was the manager with the greatest performance in a European Cup with RAPID, in UEFA Cup. However, the coach that won the most trophies for the club is Mircea Rednic. After a few years during which their experience in European cups was limited, Rapid is starting to perform better, and, for the third time in the post-war history, in 2005-2006, due to UEFA Cup rules relaxation, the team has reached the spring, upper-level, phases of the European competitions, up to the quarter-finals. Rapid was stopped by Steaua Bucharest after a 1-1 draw at home and a 0-0 draw away.

Previous names

  • Asociația culturală și sportivă Căile Ferate Române (Romanian Railways Cultural and Sports Association) București (1923-1937),
  • F.C. Rapid București (1937-1945),
  • C.F.R. București (1945-1950),
  • Locomotiva București (1950-1958),
  • F.C. Rapid București (1958-present),

Supporters

Rapid supporters make an important part of the club's image. They are commonly referred as Legione Granata (The Crimson Legion). Groups presence is signaled by banners bearing their names: Ultras Unione, B'921, Chicos del Infierno (CDI), Official Hooligans, Inferno, Maniacs, Grant Ultras, Bombardierii din Vitan, Torcida Visinie, Legione Titan , Dorobanți Hooligans, Alcoolica, Radicals and so on. Traveling with the team for away matches being a custom since the first years of the club, local derbies being no exception. Immediately after the fall of the communist regime, on 14 February 1990, the Rapid Supporters League (Liga Suporterilor Rapidiști, LSR) was legally established.

A unique organization in Romania is the Rapid Aristocratic Club. The club's members are well-known artists, their purpose being spreading and defending Rapid's history and tradition.

Rapid's supporters are creating some of the most impressive shows in Romanian sport singing most of the time during matches and sometimes before the matches start. The most impressive moment in the Giulești Stadium is when Rapid's anthem is being played at the beginning of each match and every supporter is standing on their feet, waving a flag in the colors of the club or displaying a white and crimson scarf and singing along.

Rivalries

From the historic point of view, Rapid's traditional rival is Petrolul from Ploiesti. Rapid fans and Ploiesti fans have never ended their rivalry, even if the teams didn't meet (as either would often plays in the second tier of Romanian football). On a national basis, Rapid's greatest rivalries are with Steaua and Dinamo from Bucharest. Matches between the three Bucharest rivals often end up with clashes between the rival supporters after or before the match in which the police force is caught in the middle. Universitatea Craiova is also one of Rapid's rivals.

Rapid supporters consider FC Timişoara supporters as their allies, as both teams were suppressed by the communist regime in the past. Fans of both teams had the opportunity to support the other during matches. Most recently, Rapid fans supported Timisoara during their games in Bucharest, and Timisoara fans supported Rapid during Rapid's cup game against Pandurii, played in Timisoara's neutral field. Another team that Rapid fans like is Middlesbrough in the English leagues. The reason for this is because of Middlesbrough dramatically put Steaua out of the UEFA cup in 2006.

Stadium

Tribuna a 2-a - The Second stand

The history of Giulești Stadium begins in the year 1934. On the 31 of March CFR begins the construction of a field on the Giulești Road. The field would have a width of 65 m and a length of 105 m.

At first the mayor of Bucharest did not want to authorize the construction of the stadium because it did not fit in the systematization of the capital. Eventually the authorization was given and in April 1936 it was estimated that the stadium would be ready in September. The construction did begin in that year but it lasted more than two. The chief architect was Gheorghe Dumitrescu.

The stadium was inaugurated on 10 June 1939. At the time, it was the most modern stadium in Romania, a smaller replica of Arsenal's Highbury Stadium with a capacity of 12160 seats. Among the guests at the opening ceremony King Carol II of Romania, Prince Mihai of Romania and Prince Paul of Greece.

The construction of the north stand was ended in the mid 90's, the capacity being increased to 19100 seats. The pitch was changed in 2003, being considered the best in Romania at the time [1]. The floodlight was installed in the summer of 2000. The stadium got the name of "Valentin Stănescu" in 2001, in respect to the manager who won the second champion title for Rapid, but it is still commonly known as "Giulești Stadium", by the name of the neighborhood it is located in. Landmarks near the stadium: Grant Bridge, Giulești Theatre, Gara de Nord (North Station) and Grivița Railway Yards.

Players

Current squad

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Romania GK Andrei Marinescu
2 Brazil DF Helder Ferreira
3 Portugal DF Ricardo Fernandes
5 Romania DF Ştefan Mardare
6 Slovenia MF Darijan Matič
7 Brazil MF Cesinha
8 Romania MF Alexandru Coman
9 Romania FW Lucian Răduţă
10 Romania MF Ovidiu Herea
11 Romania FW Alexandru Ioniţă
13 Romania DF Cătălin Păun
15 Romania MF Costin Lazăr (Captain)
16 Uruguay DF Diego Ciz
17 Romania MF Ilie Iordache
No. Position Player
18 Romania MF Dacian Varga
19 Montenegro DF Vladimir Božović
20 Romania MF Ştefan Grigorie
21 Romania DF Cristian Săpunaru
23 Romania DF Marius Constantin
25 Romania DF Doru Bratu
27 Latvia FW Edgars Gauračs
28 Romania DF Adrian Iordache
29 Romania MF Tiberiu Bălan
30 Brazil MF Juliano Spadacio
32 Romania DF Adrian Iencsi
33 Romania GK Mircea Bornescu
89 Romania GK Cătălin Straton
99 Romania GK Virgil Drăghia

Winter 2009-2010 Transfers

In:

Out:

Foreign players

In the Romanian league only five non-EU nationals can be registered and given a squad number for the first team . Those non-EU nationals with European ancestry can claim citizenship from the nation their ancestors came from. If a player does not have European ancestry he can claim Romanian citizenship after playing in Romania for 7 years. Players such as Elinton Andrade do not count as non-EU because they have dual citizenship with a EU country. In addition, players from the ACP countries—countries in Africa, the Caribbean, and the Pacific that are signatories to the Cotonou Agreement—are not counted against non-EU quotas, due to the Kolpak ruling.

EU Nationals

Non-EU Nationals

International players

Honours

Domestic

Liga I

Liga II

  • Winners (5): 1952, 1955, 1974-1975, 1982–83, 1989-90
  • Runners-up (2): 1979–80, 1981–82

Cupa României

  • Winners (13): 1934–35, 1936–37, 1937–38, 1938–39, 1939–40, 1940–41, 1941–42, 1971–72, 1974–75, 1997–98, 2001–02, 2005–06, 2006–07
  • Runners-up (5): 1960–61, 1961–62, 1967–68, 1994–95, 1997–98

Supercupa României

  • Winners (4): 1999, 2002, 2003, 2007
  • Runners-up (2): 1998, 2006

European

Winners (2): 1963-64, 1965-66
Finalist (1): 1940 - First Romanian team qualified in a European competition final against Ferencvaros Budapest, never disputed because of the World War II
  • European Railways Cup
Winners (1): 1968

European Participations

Second Round (3): 1967-1968, 1999-00, 2003-04,
First Round (6): 1968-69, 1969-70,1993-94, 2000-01, 2001-02, 2002-03
Second Round (1): 1994-95
Third round (1): 1971-72
First Round (2): 2007-08, 2008-09
Group Stage (1): 2006-07
Quarter-finals (1): 2005-06
First Round (2): 1975-76, 1998-99
Quarter-finals (1): 1972-73
Group Stage (5): 1989, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1997

Notable former players

Year of debut at Rapid in parenthesis

1930s

  • Romania Ștefan Wetzer II (1931)
  • Romania Nicolae Roșculeț (1932)
  • Romania Attila (1932)
  • Romania Francisc Theimler (1932)
  • Romania Vintilă Cossini (1932)
  • Romania Ştefan Barbu II (1933)
  • Romania Alexandru Cuedan (1933)
  • Romania Gheorghe Rășinaru (1935)
  • Romania Petrică Rădulescu (1936)
  • Romania Ion Costea (1936)
  • Romania Ladislau Raffinsky (1936)
  • Romania Iosif Lengheriu (1936)
  • Romania Hungary Ștefan Auer (1936)
  • Romania Ionică Bogdan (1936)
  • Romania Hungary Iuliu Baratky (1937)
  • Romania Dănuț Gavrilescu (1938)
  • Romania Wilim Sipoș (1939)

1940s

  • Romania Robert Sadowski (1940)
  • Romania Remus Ghiurițan (1941)
  • Romania Ștefan Asbiceanu (1942)
  • Romania Ștefan Filote (1942)
  • Romania Ion Lungu (1944)
  • Romania Ion Mihăilescu (1945)
  • Romania Alexandru Apolzan (1946)
  • Romania Bazil Marian (1946)

1950s

  • Romania Ion Langa (1955)
  • Romania Vasile Copil (1956)
  • Romania Ilie Greavu (1957)
  • Romania Nicolae Georgescu (1957)
  • Romania Augustin Todor (1958)

1960s

1970s

  • Romania Marin Stelian (1969)
  • Romania Alexandru Boc (1971)
  • Romania Nicolae Manea (1972)
  • Romania Florin Marin (1972)
  • Romania Marian Ioniță (1973)
  • Romania Ion Manu (1976)
  • Romania Bratu Pârvu (1976)
  • Romania Florin Cojocaru (1977)

1980s

  • Romania Ion Ion (1979)
  • Romania Ștefan Popa (1980)
  • Romania Marian Rada (1983)
  • Romania Leontin Toader (1984)
  • Romania Gheorghe Cârstea (1984)
  • Romania Ioan Bacoș (1984)
  • Romania Ion Goanță (1984)
  • Romania Fănel Țâră (1984)

1990s

2000s

Top goalscorers

     League topscorer      League winner      Cup winner      Second Division

Season Winner Goals
1932-1933 Romania Vasile Chiroiu 12
1933-1934 Unknown -
1934-1935 Unknown -
1935-1936 Romania Ştefan Barbu 23
1936-1937 Unknown -
1937-1938 Unknown -
1938-1939 Romania Iuliu Baratky 15
1939-1940 Romania Ștefan Auer 21
1940-1941 Romania Ionică Bogdan 21
1941-1942 Romania Radu Florian 19
1942-1946 War period
1946-1947 Unknown -
1947-1948 Romania Bazil Marian 32
1948-1949 Romania Ştefan Filotti 16
1950 Romania Andrei Rădulescu 18
1951 Unknown -
1952 Unknown -
1953 Unknown -
1954 Romania Iacob Olaru 12
1955 Unknown -
1956 Romania Iacob Olaru 15
1957-1958 Unknown -
1958-1959 Romania Gheorghe Ene II 17
1959-1960 Romania Titus Ozon 12
1960-1961 Unknown -
Year Winner Goals
1961-1962 Unknown -
1962-1963 Romania Ion Ionescu 20
1963-1964 Romania Ion Ionescu 15
1964-1965 Unknown -
1965-1966 Romania Ion Ionescu 24
1966-1967 Romania Ion Ionescu 15
1967-1968 Romania Emil Dumitriu II 10
1968-1969 Romania Alexandru Neagu 17
1969-1970 Romania Alexandru Neagu 16
1970-1971 Romania Alexandru Neagu 12
1971-1972 Romania Alexandru Neagu 16
1972-1973 Unknown -
1973-1974 Unknown -
1974-1975 Unknown -
1975-1976 Unknown -
1976-1977 Unknown -
1977-1978 Unknown -
1978-1979 Unknown -
1979-1980 Unknown -
1980-1981 Unknown -
1981-1982 Unknown -
1982-1983 Unknown -
1983-1984 Unknown -
1984-1985 Unknown -
1985-1986 Unknown -
Year Winner Goals
1986-1987 Unknown -
1987-1988 Unknown -
1988-1989 Unknown -
1989-1990 Unknown -
1990-1991 Unknown -
1991-1992 Unknown -
1992-1993 Unknown -
1993-1994 Romania Iulian Chiriţă 12
1994-1995 Romania Ion Vlădoiu 16
1995-1996 Romania Dumitru Târţău 12
1996-1997 Romania Dumitru Târţău 14
1997-1998 Romania Lucian Marinescu 13
1998-1999 Romania Marius Şumudică 17
1999-2000 Romania Sergiu Radu 11
2000-2001 Romania Daniel Pancu 13
2001-2002 Romania Daniel Pancu 15
2002-2003 Romania Florin Bratu 11
2003-2004 Romania Sabin Ilie 13
2004-2005 Romania Daniel Niculae 14
2005-2006 Romania Daniel Niculae & Viorel Moldovan 8
2006-2007 Romania Ianis Zicu 12
2007-2008 Romania Ionuţ Mazilu 9
2008-2009 Brazil Juliano Spadacio 16
2009-2010 Romania Ovidiu Herea 7*

* Season in progress.

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