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FIFA Women's World Cup
Founded 1991
Region International (FIFA)
Number of teams 16 (Finals)
Current champions  Germany
Most successful team  Germany
 United States
(2 each)
Website Official webpage
2011 FIFA Women's World Cup

The FIFA Women's World Cup is recognized as the most important International competition in women's football and is played amongst women's national football teams of the member states of FIFA, the sport's global governing body. Contested every four years, the first Women's World Cup tournament, named the Women's World Championship, was held in 1991, sixty-one years after the men's first FIFA World Cup tournament in 1930. The current format has sixteen teams competing every four years for the winner's trophy.

Contents

History

The tournament was originally the brainchild of the then FIFA president João Havelange.[1] The inaugural tournament was hosted in China in 1991, with twelve teams sent to represent their countries. The 1995 FIFA Women's World Cup was held in Sweden with twelve teams. Over 660,000 spectators attended the 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup in the United States,[2] and nearly one billion viewers from seventy countries tuned in to watch sixteen countries fight for the title.[citation needed] The United States and Germany have won the championship twice, and Norway once. Germany is the two-time defending champion.

In the 1999 edition, one of the most famous moments of the tournament was American defender Brandi Chastain's victory celebration after scoring the Cup-winning penalty shot against China. She took off her jersey and waved it over her head (as men frequently do), showing her muscular torso and sports bra as she celebrated. The 1999 final in the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, California had an attendance of 90,185, a world record for a women's sporting event.[3]

The 1999 and 2003 Women's World Cups were both held in the United States; in 2003 China was supposed to host it but the tournament was moved because of SARS.[4] As compensation, China retained its automatic qualification to the 2003 tournament as host nation and was automatically chosen to host the 2007 FIFA Women's World Cup. Germany will host the 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup, as decided by vote in October 2007. The 2015 event is currently being contested between Canada and Chile.[5]

At the 2007 World Cup in China, U.S. captain Kristine Lilly competed in her fifth World Cup, making her the only woman and one of three players in history to appear in five World Cups.[6]

Format

The participants qualify through the regional football confederations of Oceania (OFC), Europe (UEFA), North America, Central America and the Caribbean (CONCACAF), South America (CONMEBOL), Asia (AFC) and Africa (CAF).

The competition takes place over the course of three weeks. In the group stage, 16 teams seeded into four groups (A,B,C, and D) compete against each other in a round-robin tournament. After Germany trounced Argentina 11–0 in the opening game of the 2007 World Cup, FIFA president Sepp Blatter conceded that the one-sided match was "not good for the game" and was something that FIFA would consider in deciding whether or not to expand the group phase to 24 teams.[7] On 3 December 2009, FIFA has decided to expand the women's World Cup to 24 teams for 2015.[8]

In the knockout phase, the top two teams from each group advance to the quarterfinals, a single-elimination tournament in which teams play each other in one-off matches, with extra time and penalty shootouts used to decide the winner if necessary. The winner of Group A plays the runner-up of Group B, The winner of Group B plays the runner-up of Group A, etc.

The winners of the four quarterfinal games move on to the semifinal matches, which determine the contestants for the championship game. The losing semifinalists compete to determine third place.

Tournaments

Year Host Final Third Place Match
Champion Score Second Place Third Place Score Fourth Place
1991
Details
 China
United States
2–1
Norway

Sweden
4–0
Germany
1995
Details
 Sweden
Norway
2–0
Germany

United States
2–0
China PR
1999
Details
 United States
United States
0–0
asdet
(5–4)
PSO

China PR

Brazil
0–0
no et
(5–4)
PSO

Norway
2003
Details
 United States
Germany
2–1
asdet

Sweden

United States
3–1
Canada
Match decided on golden goal
2007
Details
 China
Germany
2–0
Brazil

United States
4–1
Norway
2011
Details
 Germany

All-time performance

Team Titles Runners-up Third-place Fourth-place
 Germany 2 (2003, 2007) 1 (1995) - 1 (1991)
 United States 2 (1991, 1999) - 3 (1995, 2003, 2007) -
 Norway 1 (1995) 1 (1991) - 2 (1999, 2007)
 Brazil - 1 (2007) 1 (1999) -
 Sweden - 1 (2003) 1 (1991) -
 China PR - 1 (1999) - 1 (1995)
 Canada - - - 1 (2003)

Awards

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adidas Golden Ball

World Cup Golden Ball Award
1991 China United States Carin Jennings
1995 Sweden Norway Hege Riise
1999 USA People's Republic of China Sun Wen
2003 USA Germany Birgit Prinz
2007 China Brazil Marta

adidas Golden Shoe

World Cup Golden Shoe Award Goals
1991 China United States Michelle Akers 10
1995 Sweden Norway Ann-Kristin Aarønes 6
1999 USA Brazil Sissi

People's Republic of China Sun Wen

7
2003 USA Germany Birgit Prinz 7
2007 China Brazil Marta 7

FIFA Fair Play Award

World Cup Fair Play Team Award
1991 China Germany Germany
1995 Sweden Sweden Sweden
1999 USA People's Republic of China China
2003 USA People's Republic of China China
2007 China Norway Norway

Records and statistics

Overall top goalscorers

14 goals
12 goals
11 goals
10 goals
9 goals
8 goals
7 goals

Most tournaments appeared (players)

Player Appearances
United States Kristine Lilly 5 (1991, 95, 99, 03, 07)
Norway Bente Nordby 5 (1991*, 95, 99, 03, 07)
United States Joy Fawcett 4 (1991, 95, 99, 03)
United States Julie Foudy 4 (1991, 95, 99, 03)
United States Mia Hamm 4 (1991, 95, 99, 03)
Norway Hege Riise 4 (1991, 95, 99, 03)
People's Republic of China Sun Wen 4 (1991, 95, 99, 03)
Germany Bettina Wiegmann 4 (1991, 95, 99, 03)
Brazil Formiga 4 (1995, 99, 03, 07)
Brazil Katia 4 (1995, 99, 03, 07)
Brazil Tânia 4 (1995, 99, 03, 07)
Germany Sandra Minnert 4 (1995, 99, 03, 07)
Germany Birgit Prinz 4 (1995, 99, 03, 07)
Germany Sandra Smisek 4 (1995, 99, 03, 07)
Nigeria Maureen Mmadu 4 (1995, 99, 03, 07)
Canada Andrea Neil 4 (1995, 99, 03, 07)
Australia Cheryl Salisbury 4 (1995, 99, 03, 07)
Japan Homare Sawa 4 (1995, 99, 03, 07)
United States Briana Scurry 4 (1995, 99, 03, 07)

*Did not play but was part of the squad.

FIFA Women's World Cup winning captains and managers

Year Captain Head coach Team
1991 April Heinrichs Anson Dorrance United States USA
1995 Heidi Støre Even Pellerud Norway Norway
1999 Carla Overbeck Tony DiCicco United States USA
2003 Bettina Wiegmann Tina Theune-Meyer Germany Germany
2007 Birgit Prinz Silvia Neid Germany Germany

See also

References

External links


Simple English

The FIFA Women's World Cup is the most important competition in the sport of Women's football . The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) organizes the World Cup every four years.

List Champions


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