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Fédération Internationale de Natation

Logo of FINA prior to 2008
Motto Water is Our World
Formation 1908
Headquarters Lausanne, Switzerland
Membership 202 national federations
President Dr. Julio César Maglione
Website www.fina.org

Fédération Internationale de Natation (FINA) is the International Federation (IF) recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC)[1] for administering international competition in the aquatic sports (its name translated from French is "International Swimming Federation"). It is one of several IFs which administers a given sport/discipline for the IOC and/or international community. It is based in Lausanne, Switzerland.

FINA currently oversees competition in five aquatic sports: swimming, diving, synchronized swimming, water polo and open water swimming.

On July 24, 2009, Dr. Julio Maglione of Uruguay was elected FINA President.[2]

Contents

History

FINA was founded on July 19, 1908 in the Manchester Hotel in London, UK at the end of the 1908 Summer Olympics by the Belgian, British, Danish, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian and Swedish Swimming Federations.[3]

Number of national federations by year:

  • 1908: 8
  • 1928: 38
  • 1958: 75
  • 1978: 106
  • 1988: 109
  • 2000: 174
  • 2008: 197

Members

At the January 2010 FINA Bureau meeting, Tonga became the 202nd National Federation of FINA.[4] Members are grouped by continent, and there are 5 continental associations of which they can choose to be a member:

World Map FINA.svg

Note: The number following each continental name is the number of FINA members which fall into the given geographical area. It is not necessarily the number of members in the continental association.

Organization

The FINA membership meets roughly every 2 years in regularly schedule Congress; typically coinciding with the World Championships. Congresses are held to determine the direction the body would like to take. There are two types of normal or "ordinary" Congress: General and Technical; and these are normally alternated. "Extraordinary" Congress are also called-up from time to time, and deal with a specific topic or area of concern (e.g. an Extraordinary Congress will be held with the 2009 World Championships to review the Masters swimming rules; there will also be a General Congress at the 2009 Worlds[5]).

Between Congress meetings of the entire membership, a smaller 22-member representative board, called the FINA Bureau, meets to act in a timely manner on items which cannot wait until the entire body can meet. The Bureau then elects the FINA Executive Officers.[6]

Various committees and commission also help with the oversight of individual disciplines (e.g. the Technical Open Water Swimming Committee helps with open water), or topic-related issues (e.g. the FINA Doping Panel).[7]

FINA Presidents
Name Country Term
George Hearn  Great Britain 1908–1924
Erik Bergvall  Sweden 1924–1928
Émile-Georges Drigny  France 1928–1932
Walther Binner  Germany 1932–1936
Harold Fern  Great Britain 1936–1948 (*)
Rene de Raeve  Belgium 1948–1952
M.L. Negri  Argentina 1952–1956
Jan de Vries  Netherlands 1956–1960
Max Ritter  Germany 1960–1964
William Berge Phillips  Australia 1964–1968
Javier Ostos Mora[8]  Mexico 1968–1972
Dr. Harold Henning  United States 1972–1976
Javier Ostos Mora[8] (2nd term)  Mexico 1976–1980
Ante Lambasa  Yugoslavia 1980–1984
Robert Helmick  United States 1984–1988
Mustapha Larfaoui  Algeria 1988–2009
Dr. Julio Maglione  Uruguay 2009–present
(term is through 2013)

Presidential terms are 4-years long, beginning and concluding with the year following the Olympics (i.e. 2009-2013 is the next term).

Events

FINA organizes one (1) championships involving all 5 disciplines it oversees (the "World Championships"), as well championships and circuits in each of the disciplines.[9]

World Championships

The biggest FINA event is the biennial World Championships, currently held every odd year. It features competitions in all five aquatic disciplines. Prior to 2000, the event was held every 4 years, in the even year between (Summer) Olympic Games.

Discipline championships

Other events

In addition to the championships events listed above, FINA also organizes the following annual events, and sub-championships:

  • World Cups: Annual race/competition series of multiple meets/tournaments/races/competitions in swimming, water polo, diving, open water (10Ks) and synchronized swimming.
  • Grand Prix: Annual race/competition series of multiple events in diving and open water (races over 10-kilometers).
  • Junior Worlds: A world-level championships restricted to a younger age population (typically under-18, though can vary by discipline/gender). Held in swimming, water polo, diving, and synchronized swimming. Open Water is to begin one in 2012.
  • World Men's Water Polo Development Trophy

Official partners

See also

References

  1. ^ The International Olympic Committee online listing of the International Federations.
  2. ^ Report from/on the 2009 FINA General Congress held on July 24, 2009 and published by FINA on 2009-07-24. Retrieved 2009-07-24.
  3. ^ The National Federation page on the FINA website.
  4. ^ FINA Press Release 2010-02: FINA Bureau Meeting in Bangkok (THA) - Main decisions (a report on the January 14+15, 2010 FINA Bureau meeting). Published 2010-01-16; retrieved 2010-01-25.
  5. ^ FINA calendar of upcoming meetings. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
  6. ^ FINA Bureau page of the FINA website.
  7. ^ FINA Committee list
  8. ^ a b FINA Honorary Life President Lic. Javier Ostos Mora passes away at 92. Publised 2008-11-07 by FINA. Retrieved 2008-11-10.
  9. ^ FINA Media Kit for the 2010 FINA World Aquatics Convention; published by FINA on 2010-02-22; retrieved 2010-02-25. (The listing and structure of the "Events" section is based on the event listing in this packet.)

External links


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also fina, and Fina

Translingual

Etymology

Abbreivation of French Fédération Internationale de Natation (International Swimming Federation)

Acronym

FINA

  1. (swimming) Fédération Internationale de Natation, the world's governing body for swimming







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