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FIPS state codes were numeric and two-letter alphabetic codes defined in U.S. Federal Information Processing Standard Publication ("FIPS PUB") 5-2 to identify U.S. states and certain other associated areas. The standard superseded FIPS PUB 5-1 on May 28, 1987, and was superseded on September 2, 2008 by ANSI standard INCITS 38:200x.[1][2][3]

As of 2008, the codes were used in Geographic Information Systems (GIS). The codes were assigned by NIST and each uniquely identified a state, the District of Columbia, or an outlying area of the U.S.. These codes were used by the U.S. Census Bureau, the Department of Agriculture to form milk-processing plant numbers, some cash registers during check approval, and in the Emergency Alert System (EAS).

The FCC assigned additional numeric codes used with the EAS for territorial waters of the U.S., but these were not part of the FIPS standard.

The FIPS state alpha code for each U.S. states and the District of Columbia were identical to the postal abbreviations by the United States Postal Service. From September 3, 1987, the same was true of the alpha code for each of the outlying areas, with the exception of U.S. Minor Outlying Islands (UM) as the USPS routes mail for these islands indirectly.

Each of the various minor outlying islands that fell within alpha code UM had an individual numeric code, but no individual alpha code.

On September 2, 2008, FIPS 5-2 was one of ten standards withdrawn by NIST as a Federal Information Processing Standard.[4]

Contents

FIPS state codes

The following table enumerates the FIPS state alpha and numeric codes for the states, the District of Columbia, the outlying areas of the United States, the freely associated states, and trust territory, and FIPS state numeric codes for the individual minor outlying island territories.

Only actual U.S. states and the District of Columbia had FIPS state numeric codes in the range 01 through 56.

FIPS PUB 5-1 (published on June 15, 1970 and superseded by FIPS PUB 5-2 on May 28, 1987) stated that certain numeric codes "are reserved for possible future use in identifying American Samoa (03), Canal Zone (07), Guam (14), Puerto Rico (43), and Virgin Islands (52)", but these codes were omitted from FIPS PUB 5-2 without comment. These areas are marked with a * and highlighted in red in the table below.[5]

For states, the "Status" column in the table below includes a link to a list of the counties (boroughs and census areas in Alaska; parishes in Louisiana) for that state including the county codes as defined in FIPS PUB 6-4. The listings of counties for other areas are set out at the end of this article.

Name Alpha code Numeric code Status
Alabama AL 01 State; counties
Alaska AK 02 State; boroughs
American Samoa AS 60 Outlying area under U.S. sovereignty
American Samoa * 03 (FIPS 5-1 reserved code)
Arizona AZ 04 State; counties
Arkansas AR 05 State; counties
Baker Island 81 Minor outlying island territory
California CA 06 State; counties
Canal Zone * 07 (FIPS 5-1 reserved code)
Colorado CO 08 State; counties
Connecticut CT 09 State; counties
Delaware DE 10 State; counties
District of Columbia DC 11 Federal district
Florida FL 12 State; counties
Federated States of Micronesia FM 64 Freely associated state
Georgia GA 13 State; counties
Guam * 14 (FIPS 5-1 reserved code)
Guam GU 66 Outlying area under U.S. sovereignty
Hawaii HI 15 State; counties
Howland Island 84 Minor outlying island territory
Idaho ID 16 State; counties
Illinois IL 17 State; counties
Indiana IN 18 State; counties
Iowa IA 19 State; counties
Jarvis Island 86 Minor outlying island territory
Johnston Atoll 67 Minor outlying island territory
Kansas KS 20 State; counties
Kentucky KY 21 State; counties
Kingman Reef 89 Minor outlying island territory
Louisiana LA 22 State; parishes
Maine ME 23 State; counties
Marshall Islands MH 68 Freely associated state
Maryland MD 24 State; counties
Massachusetts MA 25 State; counties
Michigan MI 26 State; counties
Midway Islands 71 Minor outlying island territory
Minnesota MN 27 State; counties
Mississippi MS 28 State; counties
Missouri MO 29 State; counties
Montana MT 30 State; counties
Navassa Island 76 Minor outlying island territory
Nebraska NE 31 State; counties
Nevada NV 32 State; counties
New Hampshire NH 33 State; counties
New Jersey NJ 34 State; counties
New Mexico NM 35 State; counties
New York NY 36 State; counties
North Carolina NC 37 State; counties
North Dakota ND 38 State; counties
Northern Mariana Islands MP 69 Outlying area under U.S. sovereignty
Ohio OH 39 State; counties
Oklahoma OK 40 State; counties
Oregon OR 41 State; counties
Palau PW 70 Trust Territory
Palmyra Atoll 95 Minor outlying island territory
Pennsylvania PA 42 State; counties
Puerto Rico * 43 (FIPS 5-1 reserved code)
Puerto Rico PR 72 Outlying area under U.S. sovereignty
Rhode Island RI 44 State; counties
South Carolina SC 45 State; counties
South Dakota SD 46 State; counties
Tennessee TN 47 State; counties
Texas TX 48 State; counties
U.S. Minor Outlying Islands UM 74 Minor outlying island territories (aggregated)
Utah UT 49 State; counties
Vermont VT 50 State; counties
Virginia VA 51 State; counties
Virgin Islands of the U.S. * 52 (FIPS 5-1 reserved code)
Virgin Islands of the U.S. VI 78 Outlying area under U.S. sovereignty
Wake Island 79 Minor outlying island territory
Washington WA 53 State; counties
West Virginia WV 54 State; counties
Wisconsin WI 55 State; counties
Wyoming WY 56 State; counties

Supplemental codes for maritime areas

The Emergency Alert System (EAS) and the weatherradio service provided by NOAA use these codes to supplement FIPS PUB 5-2 to include certain maritime areas.[6]

EAS code Maritime area
57 Pacific coast from Washington to California
58 Alaskan coast
59 Hawaiian coast
61 American Samoa waters
65 Mariana Islands waters (including Guam)
73 Atlantic coast from Maine to Virginia
75 Atlantic coast from North Carolina to Florida, and the coasts of Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands
77 Gulf of Mexico
91 Lake Superior
92 Lake Michigan
93 Lake Huron
94 St. Clair River, Detroit River, and Lake St. Clair
96 Lake Erie
97 Niagara River and Lake Ontario
98 St. Lawrence River

See also

References

External links

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Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

FIPS state codes are a U.S. Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code (FIPS 5-2) for geographic coding of human settlements in the United States. They are used in Geographic Information Systems (GIS), and are also used in this wiki. The current standard is FIPS 55-3. Each two-digit code uniquely identifies a state, territory, or commonwealth within or of the U.S.. These codes are used by the U.S. Census Bureau, by the Department of Agriculture to form milk-processing plant numbers, some cash registers during check approval, and in the Emergency Alert System, and were assigned by NIST. Additional numbers used with the EAS for territorial waters of the U.S. were assigned by the FCC, but are not part of the FIPS standard. Two-letter state codes are used as postal abbreviations by the United States Postal Service with the exception of UM which it does not use. The various minor outlying islands have a second two digit code besides the one used for them as a group.

Please note that FIPS codes are not the same thing as ZIP Codes, but the two-letter abbreviations for U.S. states are the same as the Postal Service state abbreviations. Currently, actual "states" of the United States are (with the exception of number 11, District of Columbia), those entries with a FIPS code of 01 to 56.

The column "Counties in this state" provides a link to a list of the counties (boroughs and census areas in Alaska; parishes in Louisiana) for that state. The listing of counties for areas other than states are listed below on this page.

Order by State, territory,
or Commonwealth Name
State Abbr. FIPS Code Counties in this state
Alabama AL 01 Counties
Alaska AK 02 Boroughs
American Samoa AS 60
Arizona AZ 04 Counties
Arkansas AR 05 Counties
Baker Island 81
California CA 06 Counties
Colorado CO 08 Counties
Connecticut CT 09 Counties
Delaware DE 10 Counties
District of Columbia DC 11
Florida FL 12 Counties
Federated States of Micronesia FM 64
Georgia GA 13 Counties
Guam GU 66
Hawaii HI 15 Counties
Howland Island 84
Idaho ID 16 Counties
Illinois IL 17 Counties
Indiana IN 18 Counties
Iowa IA 19 Counties
Jarvis Island 86
Johnston Atoll 67
Kansas KS 20 Counties
Kentucky KY 21 Counties
Kingman Reef 89
Louisiana LA 22 Parishes
Maine ME 23 Counties
Marshall Islands MH 68
Maryland MD 24 Counties
Massachusetts MA 25 Counties
Michigan MI 26 Counties
Midway Islands 71
Minnesota MN 27 Counties
Mississippi MS 28 Counties
Missouri MO 29 Counties
Montana MT 30 Counties
Navassa Island 76
Nebraska NE 31 Counties
Nevada NV 32 Counties
New Hampshire NH 33 Counties
New Jersey NJ 34 Counties
New Mexico NM 35 Counties
New York NY 36 Counties
North Carolina NC 37 Counties
North Dakota ND 38 Counties
Northern Mariana Islands MP 69
Ohio OH 39 Counties
Oklahoma OK 40 Counties
Oregon OR 41 Counties
Palau PW 70
Palmyra Atoll 95
Pennsylvania PA 42 Counties
Puerto Rico PR 72
Rhode Island RI 44 Counties
South Carolina SC 45 Counties
South Dakota SD 46 Counties
Tennessee TN 47 Counties
Texas TX 48 Counties
U.S. Minor Outlying Islands UM 74
Utah UT 49 Counties
Vermont VT 50 Counties
Virginia VA 51 Counties
Virgin Islands of the U.S. VI 78
Wake Island 79
Washington WA 53 Counties
West Virginia WV 54 Counties
Wisconsin WI 55 Counties
Wyoming WY 56 Counties
Order by Abbreviation
Abbr. Name FIPS Code
Baker Island 81
Howland Island 84
Jarvis Island 86
Johnston Atoll 67
Kingman Reef 89
Midway Islands 71
Navassa Island 76
Palmyra Atoll 95
Wake Island 79
AK Alaska 02
AL Alabama 01
AR Arkansas 05
AS American Samoa 60
AZ Arizona 04
CA California 06
CO Colorado 08
CT Connecticut 09
DC District of Columbia 11
DE Delaware 10
FL Florida 12
FM Federated States of Micronesia 64
GA Georgia 13
GU Guam 66
HI Hawaii 15
IA Iowa 19
ID Idaho 16
IL Illinois 17
IN Indiana 18
KS Kansas 20
KY Kentucky 21
LA Louisiana 22
MA Massachusetts 25
MD Maryland 24
ME Maine 23
MH Marshall Islands 68
MI Michigan 26
MN Minnesota 27
MO Missouri 29
MP Northern Mariana Islands 69
MS Mississippi 28
MT Montana 30
NC North Carolina 37
ND North Dakota 38
NE Nebraska 31
NH New Hampshire 33
NJ New Jersey 34
NM New Mexico 35
NV Nevada 32
NY New York 36
OH Ohio 39
OK Oklahoma 40
OR Oregon 41
PA Pennsylvania 42
PR Puerto Rico 72
PW Palau 70
RI Rhode Island 44
SC South Carolina 45
SD South Dakota 46
TN Tennessee 47
TX Texas 48
UM U.S. Minor Outlying Islands 74
UT Utah 49
VA Virginia 51
VI Virgin Islands of the U.S. 78
VT Vermont 50
WA Washington 53
WI Wisconsin 55
WV West Virginia 54
WY Wyoming 56
Order by State Code
FIPS Code Abbr. Name
01 AL Alabama
02 AK Alaska
04 AZ Arizona
05 AR Arkansas
06 CA California
08 CO Colorado
09 CT Connecticut
10 DE Delaware
11 DC District of Columbia
12 FL Florida
13 GA Georgia
15 HI Hawaii
16 ID Idaho
17 IL Illinois
18 IN Indiana
19 IA Iowa
20 KS Kansas
21 KY Kentucky
22 LA Louisiana
23 ME Maine
24 MD Maryland
25 MA Massachusetts
26 MI Michigan
27 MN Minnesota
28 MS Mississippi
29 MO Missouri
30 MT Montana
31 NE Nebraska
32 NV Nevada
33 NH New Hampshire
34 NJ New Jersey
35 NM New Mexico
36 NY New York
37 NC North Carolina
38 ND North Dakota
39 OH Ohio
40 OK Oklahoma
41 OR Oregon
42 PA Pennsylvania
44 RI Rhode Island
45 SC South Carolina
46 SD South Dakota
47 TN Tennessee
48 TX Texas
49 UT Utah
50 VT Vermont
51 VA Virginia
53 WA Washington
54 WV West Virginia
55 WI Wisconsin
56 WY Wyoming
60 AS American Samoa
64 FM Federated States of Micronesia
66 GU Guam
67 Johnston Atoll
68 MH Marshall Islands
69 MP Northern Mariana Islands
70 PW Palau
71 Midway Islands
72 PR Puerto Rico
74 UM U.S. Minor Outlying Islands
76 Navassa Island
78 VI Virgin Islands of the U.S.
79 Wake Island
81 Baker Island
84 Howland Island
86 Jarvis Island
89 Kingman Reef
95 Palmyra Atoll

Codes 03, 07, 14, 43, and 52 in the above table were formerly used for certain territories, but some users found it difficult to separate them out from the States as a result so they were reassigned codes higher up in the system. Currently, actual "states" of the United States are (with the exception of number 11, District of Columbia), those entries with a FIPS code of 01 through 56.

Obsolete Code Revised Code Territory, or commonwealth
03 60 American Samoa
07 Canal Zone
14 66 Guam
43 72 Puerto Rico
52 78 Virgin Islands of the U.S.

The following codes for maritime areas are used by the Emergency Alert System and NOAA Weatherradio and are unlikely to be used otherwise by FIPS.

EAS Code Maritime Area
57 Pacific Ocean Washington to California
58 Alaskan coast
59 Hawaiian coast
61 American Samoa waters
65 Mariana Islands waters (including Guam)
73 Atlantic Ocean Maine to Virginia
75 Atlantic Ocean North Carolina to Florida, Puerto Rico, and Virgin Islands
77 Gulf of Mexico
91 Lake Superior
92 Lake Michigan
93 Lake Huron
94 St. Clair River, Detroit River, and Lake St. Clair
96 Lake Erie
97 Niagara River and Lake Ontario
98 St. Lawrence River
List of counties in areas other than states
Regions having 0 locations:
State Code State Abbr State Name
60 AS American Samoa
81 Baker Island
64 FM Federated States of Micronesia
84 Howland Island
86 Jarvis Island
67 Johnston Atoll
89 Kingman Reef
68 MH Marshall Islands
76 Navassa Island
71 Midway Islands
95 Palmyra Atoll
74 UM U.S. Minor Outlying Islands
79 Wake Island
Regions having 10 or fewer locations:
State Code State Abbr State Name
11 DC District of Columbia
ID GSA ID City County Code County
531871 0010 Washington 001 District of Columbia
State Code State Abbr State Name
70 PW Palau
ID GSA ID Community County Code County
1391540 Kloulklubed 350 Peleliu
1867680 4000 Koror 150 Koror
1391604 Meyungs 150 Koror
State Code State Abbr State Name
78 VI U.S. Virgin Islands
ID GSA ID Community County Code County
1613808 0100 Charlotte Amalie 030 St. Thomas
1613811 0200 Christiansted 010 St. Croix
1613859 0300 Cruz Bay 020 St. John
1613945 0400 Frederiksted 010 St. Croix
1613987 Grove Place 010 St. Croix
1614046 0500 Kingshill 010 St. Croix
1614297 0700 Saint John 010 St. Croix

External links

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