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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

FOAF logo.

FOAF (an acronym of Friend of a friend) is a machine-readable ontology describing persons, their activities and their relations to other people and objects. Anyone can use FOAF to describe him or herself. FOAF allows groups of people to describe social networks without the need for a centralised database.

FOAF is a descriptive vocabulary expressed using the Resource Description Framework (RDF) and the Web Ontology Language (OWL). Computers may use these FOAF profiles to find, for example, all people living in Europe, or to list all people both you and a friend of yours know. This is accomplished by defining relationships between people. Each profile has a unique identifier (such as the person's e-mail addresses, a Jabber ID, or a URI of the homepage or weblog of the person), which is used when defining these relationships.

The FOAF project, which defines and extends the vocabulary of a FOAF profile, was started in 2000 by Libby Miller and Dan Brickley. It can be considered the first Social Semantic Web application, in that it combines RDF technology with 'Social Web' concerns.

Tim Berners-Lee in a 2007 essay[1] redefined the Semantic web concept into something he calls the Giant Global Graph, where relationships transcend networks/documents. He considers the GGG to be on equal grounds with Internet and World Wide Web, stating that "I express my network in a FOAF file, and that is a start of the revolution."



Being an early example of a Semantic Web application, and having a relatively simple use-case and standard has led FOAF to be adopted widely on the web. For example, the Live Journal community exports FOAF profiles for all their members[1].


The following FOAF profile (written in Turtle format) states that Jimmy Wales is the name of the person described here. His e-mail address, homepage and depiction are resources, which means that each of them can be described using RDF as well. He has Wikipedia as an interest, and knows Angela Beesley (which is the name of a 'Person' resource).

@prefix rdf: <> .
@prefix foaf: <> .
@prefix rdfs: <> .
    a foaf:Person ;
    foaf:name "Jimmy Wales" ;
    foaf:mbox <> ;
    foaf:homepage <> ;
    foaf:nick "Jimbo" ;
    foaf:depiction <> ;
    foaf:interest <> ;
    foaf:knows [
        a foaf:Person ;
        foaf:name "Angela Beesley"
    ] .
    rdfs:label "Wikipedia" .

See also


  1. ^ Details on LiveJournal FOAF,

External links

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