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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Fair Russia
Справедливая Россия
Leader Sergey Mironov
Founded October 28, 2006
Headquarters Moscow
Ideology Socialism
Political position Left-wing
International affiliation Socialist International (Observer)
European affiliation None
Official colours White, Blue, Red
Website
http://www.spravedlivo.ru/
Politics of Russia
Political parties
Elections

A Just Russia,[1][2] (Russian: Справедли́вая Росси́я, Spravedlivaya Rossiya, SR), also translated as Fair Russia[3], was formed on October 28, 2006, as a merger of Rodina, the Russian Party of Life and the Russian Pensioners' Party.[4] Party chairman is Sergey Mironov, the chairman of the Federation Council of Russia.

Contents

History of party

On April 14, 2007, the People's Party of the Russian Federation officially merged into Just Russia.[5]

In May 2007 Mironov proposed a merger between the Communist Party of the Russian Federation and Just Russia in order to create a new unified socialist party.[6] Mironov invited all "honest socialists" to join the party. However, his proposal was rejected by Gennady Zyuganov, leader of the CPRF, who claimed that Just Russia's claim to be a leftist party was a charade. [7]

On December 22, 2007, the party central council unanimously voted to support the candidacy of Dmitry Medvedev in the 2008 presidential election.[8]

On April 25, 2008, A Just Russia held its third annual congress, where the party expelled thousands of members who were not aware that they were members. The party's charter was amended at the congress to make mergers easier. The congress also disbanded the party's politburo and transferred its functions to the Central Council. The politburo's chairman, Nikolai Levichev who also heads Just Russia's faction in the State Duma, was elected as the council's first secretary.

The United Socialist Party of Russia and the Russian Ecological Party "The Greens" merged into the party in 2008.[9] [10]

Ideology

Just Russia is also politically more to the left than United Russia, which is considered more politically to the right and generally more in favour of cautious economic liberalism. The leader of United Russia, Boris Gryzlov, has stated that he regards his party as a conservative party, while Just Russia's website carries the slogan "We are the party of the working man".

Criticism

While it wishes to challenge United Russia, it strongly supported the former President Vladimir Putin and has been criticised as being an opposition party in name only.[11] Mironov, for his part, has argued that the creation of Just Russia marks the establishment of a two-party system in Russia, and that his new group will provide a much-needed check on United Russia's current hegemony over the Duma's proceedings.

The party has been accused by Russian human rights organizations of hosting radical nationalist[12] and antisemitic politicians[13].

Electoral results

Just Russia did well in regional elections held in Russia on Sunday March 11, 2007 but didn't manage to become the second most voted party, a place that is still held by the Communist Party of the Russian Federation. It scored second place in six of the fourteen regions where elections were taking place, and took first place in Stavropol Krai. Preliminary results showed that the party won an average of 15% across the fourteen regions arriving third after CPRF's 16% and United Russia's 45%[14].

Opinion polls in August found that Just Russia's popularity had increased from seven percent to eleven percent, assuring it of representation at the 2007 Russian parliamentary election, mainly at the expense of the LDPR. On December 8, 2007, it was announced that the party has obtained 38 seats at the Duma.

See also

External links

References


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