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Allegory of Faith, by the Spanish sculptor Luis Salvador Carmona (1752–53). The veil symbolizes the impossibility of knowing sacred evidence directly

Faith is the confident belief or trust in the truth or trustworthiness of a person, concept or thing.[1][2] The English word is thought to date from 1200–50, from the Latin fidem or fidēs, meaning trust, derived from the verb fīdere, to trust.[1]

The term is employed in a religious or theological context to refer to a confident belief in a transcendent reality, a religious teacher, a set of scriptures, teachings or a Supreme Being. It may be used to refer to a particular religious tradition or to religion in general.

Since faith implies a trusting reliance upon future events or outcomes, it is often taken by its detractors as inevitably synonymous with a belief "not resting on logical proof or material evidence."[3][4]

Faith is in general the persuasion of the mind that a certain statement is true,[5] belief in and assent to the truth of what is declared by another, based on his or her supposed authority and truthfulness.[6] Informal usage can be quite broad, and the word is often used as a mere substitute for trust or belief.

Contents

Epistemological validity of faith

There exists a wide spectrum of opinion with respect to the epistemological validity of faith. On one extreme is logical positivism, which denies the validity of any beliefs held by faith; on the other extreme is fideism, which holds that true belief can only arise from faith, because reason and evidence cannot lead to truth. Some foundationalists, such as St. Augustine of Hippo and Alvin Plantinga, hold that all of our beliefs rest ultimately on beliefs accepted by faith. Others, such as C. S. Lewis, hold that faith is merely the virtue by which we hold to our reasoned ideas, despite moods to the contrary.[7]

William James was thinking that the varieties of religious experiences should be sought by psychologists, because they represent the closest thing to a microscope of the mind—that is, they show us in drastically enlarged form the normal processes of things. For a useful interpretation of human reality, to share faith experience he said that we must each make certain "over-beliefs" in things which, while they cannot be proven on the basis of experience, help us to live fuller and better lives.

Fideism and Pistisism

Fideism is not a synonym for “religious belief”, but describes a particular philosophical proposition in regard to the relationship between faith's appropriate jurisdiction at arriving at truths, contrasted against reasons. It states that faith is needed to determine some philosophical and religious truths, and it questions the ability of reason to arrive at all truth. The word and concept had its origin in the mid to late nineteenth century by way of Roman Catholic thought, in a movement called traditionalism. The Roman Catholic Magisterium has repeatedly condemned the fideism though.[8]

Faith in world religions

Bahá'í Faith

In the Bahá'í Faith faith is ultimately the acceptance of the divine authority of the Manifestations of God. In the religion's view, faith and knowledge are both required for spiritual growth. Faith involves more than outward obedience to this authority, but also must be based on a deep personal understanding of religious teachings.[9]

By faith is meant, first, conscious knowledge, and second, the practice of good deeds.[10]

See the Role of faith in the Baha'i Faith

Buddhism

Faith (Pali: Saddhā, Sanskrit: Śraddhā) is an important constituent element of the teachings of the Buddha - both in the Theravada tradition as in the Mahayana. Faith in Buddhism derives from the pali word saddhā, which often refers to a sense of conviction. The saddhā is often described as:

  • A conviction that something is
  • A determination to accomplish one's goals
  • A sense of joy deriving from the other two

While faith in Buddhism does not imply "blind faith", Buddhist faith (as advocated by the Buddha in various scriptures, or sutras) nevertheless requires a degree of faith and belief primarily in the spiritual attainment of the Buddha. Faith in Buddhism centers on the understanding that the Buddha is an Awakened being, on his superior role as teacher, in the truth of his Dharma (spiritual Doctrine), and in his Sangha (community of spiritually developed followers). Faith in Buddhism is better classified or defined as a Confidence in the Buddha, Dharma and Sangha, and is intended to lead to the goal of Awakening (bodhi) and Nirvana. Volitionally, faith implies a resolute and courageous act of will. It combines the steadfast resolution that one will do a thing with the self-confidence that one can do it.[11]

As a counter to any form of "blind faith", the Buddha taught the Kalama Sutra, exhorting his disciples to investigate any teaching and to live by what is learnt and accepted, rather than believing something outright.

Sikh

Sikhism,[12] founded in fifteenth century Punjab on the teachings of Guru Nanak Dev and ten successive Sikh Gurus (the last one being the sacred text Guru Granth Sahib), is the fifth-largest organized religion in the world.[13] This system of religious philosophy and expression has been traditionally known as the Gurmat (literally the counsel of the gurus) or the Sikh Dharma. Sikhism originated from the word Sikh, which in turn comes from the Sanskrit root śiṣya meaning "disciple" or "learner", or śikṣa meaning "instruction".[14][15]

Philosophy

The core philosophy of the Sikh religion can be understood in the beginning hymn of the holy Guru Granth Sahib

There is one supreme eternal reality; the truth; imminent in all things; creator of all things; immanent in creation. Without fear and without hatred; not subject to time; beyond birth and death; self-revealing. Known by the Guru’s grace.[16]

Guru Nanak, the founder of the faith, summed up the basis of Sikh lifestyle in three requirements: Naam Japo, Kirat Karni and Wand kay Shako, which means meditate on the holy name (Waheguru), work diligently and honestly and share one's fruits.[17]

Christianity

Faith in Christianity is based in and on the work and teaching of Jesus Christ.[18] In this way Christianity declares not to be distinguished by its faith, but by the object of its faith. Faith is an act of trust or reliance. Rather than being passive, faith leads to an active life of obedience to the one being trusted. It sees the mystery of God and his grace and seeks to know and become obedient to God. To Christians faith is not static but causes one to learn more of God and grow, it has its origin in God.[19] In Christianity faith causes change as it seeks a greater understanding of God. Faith is not fideism or simple obedience to a set of rules or statements.[20] Before the Christian has faith, he must understand in whom and in what he has faith. Without understanding, there cannot be true faith and that understanding is built on the foundation of the community of believers, the scriptures and traditions and on the personal experiences of the believer.[21] In the New Testament, the word faith is derived from the Greek word πίστις - pistis or from the verb πιστεύω - pisteuo, meaning to trust, to have confidence, faithfulness, to be reliable, to assure.[22] It is a conviction or a persuasion. In the New Testament book of James 2:17, it says, "Even so faith, if it has no works, is dead, being alone". Such is the case, in order for faith to truly thrive, conviction must be accompanied by an action. It is believed that such action is consistent with speaking. Just as Genesis 1:26, tells of God creating mankind in his image and likeness, granting man the ability to be like him; it is believed that one of the powers afforded man is the very same power seen in the beginning of Genesis, where God created the Heavens and Earth by speaking them into existence.

The word faith and faithfulness is mentioned twenty-six (26) times just in the book of Hebrews of the Christian faith. Hebrews 11:6 of the King James Version Bible reads, "But without faith it is impossible to please him: for he that cometh to God must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him."

Hinduism

In Hinduism, Śraddhā is the word that is synonymous with faith. It means unshaken belief and purity of thought. Faith is recognized as a virtue throughout all schools of Hinduism, although there is a variety of interpretations of the role of faith in one's daily life, its foundation, and what rests upon it. Some schools more strongly emphasize reason and direct personal knowledge, while other schools of thought more strongly emphasize religious devotion. In chapter 17 of the Bhagavad Gita, Krishna mentions the three gunas of faith: Faith rooted in sattva, faith rooted in rajas, and faith rooted in tamas. Those with sattvic faith are said to worship the devas, those with rajasic faith are said to worship demons, and those with tamasic faith are said to worship ghosts and spirits.

Swami Tripurari states:

Faith for good reason arises out of the mystery that underlies the very structure and nature of reality, a mystery that in its entirety will never be entirely demystified despite what those who have placed reason on their altar might like us to believe. The mystery of life that gives rise to faith as a supra-rational means of unlocking life’s mystery--one that reason does not hold the key to--suggests that faith is fundamentally rational in that it is a logical response to the mysterious.[23]

Islam

Faith in Islam is called Iman. It is a complete submission to the will of Allah which includes belief, profession, and the body's performance of deeds consistent with the commission as vicegerent on Earth, all according to Allah's will.

Iman has two aspects

  • Recognizing and affirming that there is one Creator of the universe and only to this Creator is worship due. According to Islamic thought, this comes naturally because faith is an instinct of the human soul. This instinct is then trained via parents or guardians into specific religious or spiritual paths. Likewise, the instinct may not be guided at all.
  • Willingness and commitment to submitting that Allah exists, and to His prescriptions for living in accordance with vicegerency. The Qur'an (Koran) is the dictation of Allah's prescriptions through Prophet Muhammad and is believed to have updated and completed previous revelations Allah sent through earlier prophets.

In the Qur'an, God (Allah in Arabic), states (2:62): Surely, those who believe, those who are Jewish, the Christians, and the Sabians; anyone who (1) believes in GOD, and (2) believes in the Last Day, and (3) leads a righteous life, will receive their recompense from their Lord. They have nothing to fear, nor will they grieve.[24]

Judaism

Although Judaism does recognize the positive value of Emunah (faith/belief) and the negative status of the Apikorus (heretic), faith is not as stressed or as central as it is in other religions, e.g. Christianity. It is a necessary means for being a practicing religious Jew, but the ends is more about practice than faith itself.

The specific tenets that compose required belief and their application to the times have been disputed throughout Jewish history. Today many, but not all, Orthodox Jews have accepted Maimonides' Thirteen Principles of Belief.[25]

A traditional example of faith as seen in the Jewish annals is found in the person of Abraham. On a number of occasions, Abraham both accepts statements from God that seem impossible and offers obedient actions in response to direction from God to do things that seem implausible (see Genesis 12-15).

For a wide history of this dispute, see: Shapira, Marc: The Limits of Orthodox Theology: Maimonides' Thirteen Principles Reappraised (Littman Library of Jewish Civilization (Series).) In the Jewish scriptures it refers to how God acts toward His people and how they are to respond to him, it is rooted in the covenant established in the Torah, notable [26] Deuteronomy 7:9 (New American Standard Bible)[27]

"Know therefore that the LORD your God, He is God, (the faithful God, who keeps His covenant and His lovingkindness to a thousandth generation with those who love Him and keep His commandments"

Very rarely does it relate to any teaching that must be believed.[26]

Criticisms of faith

Rationalists criticize religious faith arguing its irrationality, and see faith as ignorance of reality: a strong belief in something with no evidence and sometimes a strong belief in something even with evidence against it. Bertrand Russell noted, "Where there is evidence, no one speaks of 'faith'. We do not speak of faith that two and two are four or that the earth is round. We only speak of faith when we wish to substitute emotion for evidence."[28]

Michael Green states that the idea of faith being "belief not based on evidence" is one of the myths about Christianity. Faith is to commit oneself to act based on sufficient experience to warrant belief, but without absolute proof. To have faith involves an act of will. For example, many people saw Blondin walk across the gorge below Niagara Falls on a tightrope, and believed (on the basis of the evidence of their own eyes) that he was capable of carrying a man on his back safely across. But only his manager Harry Colcord had enough faith to allow himself to be carried.[29]

Defenders of faith say that belief in scientific evidence is itself based on faith — in positivism; yet they do not themselves defy reason by walking off cliffs out of faith in divine intervention. Others claim that faith is perfectly compatible with and does not necessarily contradict reason, "implicit faith" meaning an assumed belief. Many Jews, Christians and Muslims claim that there is adequate historical evidence of their God's existence and interaction with humans. As such, they may believe that there is no need for "faith" in God in the sense of belief against or despite evidence; rather, they hold that evidence is sufficient to demonstrate that their God probably exists or certainly exists.

Faith as religious belief, has been advanced as being desirable, for example for emotional reasons or to regulate society, and this can be seen as ‘positive’ when it has 'benign’ effects. However, rationalists may become alarmed that faithful activists, perhaps with extreme beliefs, might not be amenable to argument or to negotiation over their behavior.

In the rationalist view, belief should be restricted to what is directly supportable by logic or scientific evidence.[30] Robert Todd Carroll, an advocate of atheism, argues that the word "faith" is usually used to refer to belief in a proposition that is not supported by a perceived majority of evidence. Since many beliefs are in propositions that are supported by a perceived majority of evidence, the claim that all beliefs/knowledge are based on faith is a misconception "or perhaps it is an intentional attempt at disinformation and obscurantism" made by religious apologists:

There seems to be something profoundly deceptive and misleading about lumping together as acts of faith such things as belief in the Virgin birth and belief in the existence of an external world or in the principle of contradiction. Such a view trivializes religious faith by putting all non-empirical claims in the same category as religious faith. In fact, religious faith should be put in the same category as belief in superstitions, fairy tales, and delusions of all varieties.[31]
— Robert T. Carroll

Atheist Richard Dawkins contends that faith is merely belief without evidence; a process of active non-thinking. A practice which only degrades our understanding of the natural world by allowing anyone to make a claim about reality that is based solely off of their personal thoughts, and possibly distorted perceptions, that does not require testing against nature, has no ability to make reliable and consistent predictions, and is not subject to peer review.[32]

Carl Sagan states that faith is the belief in the absence of evidence. "For me , believing when where is no compelling evidence is a mistake. The idea is to withhold belief until there is compelling evidence, and if the universe does not comply with our predispositions, okay then we have the wrenching obligation to accommodate to the way the universe really is." [33]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/faith
  2. ^ http://dictionary.reference.com/search?q=confidence
  3. ^ http://www.thefreedictionary.com/faith
  4. ^ http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/faith
  5. ^ Dictionary.com. Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/faith (accessed: April 20, 2009)
  6. ^ Dictionary.com. Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary. MICRA, Inc. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/faith (accessed: April 20, 2009)
  7. ^ Lewis, C. S. (2001). Mere Christianity: a revised and amplified edition, with a new introduction, of the three books, Broadcast talks, Christian behaviour, and Beyond personality. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco. ISBN 0-06-065292-6. 
  8. ^ http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/fideism/
  9. ^ Smith, P. (1999). A Concise Encyclopedia of the Bahá'í Faith. Oxford, UK: Oneworld Publications. pp. 155. ISBN 1851681841. 
  10. ^ Baha'i World Faith - Abdu'l-Baha Section, p. 383
  11. ^ The Way of Wisdom The Five Spiritual Faculties by Edward Conze, http://www.accesstoinsight.org/lib/authors/conze/wheel065.html
  12. ^ pronounced /ˈsiːkɪzəm/ ( listen) or /ˈsɪkɪzəm/  ( listen); Punjabi: ਸਿੱਖੀ, sikkhī, IPA: [ˈsɪkːʰiː]( listen)
  13. ^ Adherents.com. "Religions by adherents" (PHP). http://adherents.com/misc/rel_by_adh_CSM.html. Retrieved 2007-02-09. 
  14. ^ Singh, Khushwant (2006). The Illustrated History of the Sikhs. India: Oxford University Press. p. 15. ISBN 0-19-567747-1. 
  15. ^ (Punjabi) Nabha, Kahan. Singh (1930) (in Punjabi). Gur Shabad Ratnakar Mahan Kosh/ਗੁਰ ਸ਼ਬਦ ਰਤਨਾਕਰ ਮਹਾਨ ਕੋਸ਼. p. 720. http://www.ik13.com/online_library.htm#mahankosh. Retrieved 2006-05-29. 
  16. ^ "Sikhism – MSN Encarta". http://uk.encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761566784/Sikhism.html. Retrieved 2008-04-04. 
  17. ^ "Concepts of Seva and Simran". http://www.sikhpoint.com/religion/philosophyofsikhism/default.php. Retrieved 2008-04-04. 
  18. ^ Benedict, Benedict X.V.I. (2004). Introduction to Christianity. San Francisco: Ignatius Press. pp. 203. ISBN 9781586170295. http://books.google.com/books?id=VwwtInC5fwAC&pg=a#PPA203,M1. Retrieved 2009-04-21. 
  19. ^ Wuerl, By Donald W. (2004). The Teaching of Christ: A Catholic Catechism for Adults, Edition: 5, revised. Huntingdon, IN: Our Sunday Visitor Pub. Division. pp. 238. ISBN 1592760945. http://books.google.com/books?id=IzqDiPALzKEC&pg=PA238&dq=a#PPA237,M1. Retrieved 2009-04-21. 
  20. ^ Migliore, Daniel L. 2004. Faith seeking understanding: an introduction to Christian theology. Grand Rapids, Mich: W.B. Eerdmans. pp 3-8.
  21. ^ Inbody, Tyron. 2005. The faith of the Christian church: an introduction to theology. Grand Rapids, Mich: William B. Eerdmans Pub. pp 1-10.
  22. ^ Thomas, Robert L.; Editor, General (1981). New American standard exhaustive concordance of the Bible :. Nashville, Tenn.: A.J. Holman. pp. 1674–75. ISBN 0879811978. 
  23. ^ Tripurari, Swami, On Faith and Reason, The Harmonist, May 27, 2009.
  24. ^ Islam (Submission). Your best source for Islam on the Internet. Happiness is submission to God.-Islam-Submission-Introduction,definition, discussion, debate, laws, justice, hum...
  25. ^ The 13 Principles and the Resurrection of the Dead from The Wolf Shall Lie With the Lamb, Rabbi Shmuel Boteach (Oxford University)
  26. ^ a b Brueggemann, Walter (2002). Reverberations of faith : a theological handbook of Old Testament themes. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster John Knox Press. pp. 76–78. ISBN 0664222315. http://books.google.com/books?id=dBJQ71RIpdMC&printsec=frontcover&dq=faith+in+the+old+testament&ei=bYJ5SeLOFaeGzgTX4J2rBg#PPA76,M1. 
  27. ^ http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Deuteronomy%207:9;&version=49;
  28. ^ Russell, Bertrand. "Will Religious Faith Cure Our Troubles?". Human Society in Ethics and Politics. Ch 7. Pt 2. Retrieved 16 August 2009.
  29. ^ Green, Michael; Carkner, Gordon. Ten Myths About Christianity. OM Publishing. ISBN 1-85078-097-8. 
  30. ^ Harris, Sam (2006). The End of Faith: Religion, Terror and the Future of Reason. The Free Press. ISBN 978-0-7432-6809-7. 
  31. ^ Carroll, Robert T. (2006). faith (religious). The Skeptic's Dictionary. (accessed February 20, 2007).
  32. ^ Dawkins, Richard (January/February 1997). "Is Science a Religion?". American Humanist Association. http://www.thehumanist.org/humanist/articles/dawkins.html. Retrieved 2008-03-15. 
  33. ^ Rose, Charlie (1996). [1]. Carl Sagan's last interview, part 1 of 3.

Further reading

  • Sam Harris, The End of Faith: Religion, Terror, and the Future of Reason, W. W. Norton (2004), hardcover, 336 pages, ISBN 0-393-03515-8
  • Hein, David. "Faith and Doubt in Rose Macaulay's The Towers of Trebizond." Anglican Theological Review Winter2006, Vol. 88 Issue 1, p47-68.
  • Stephen Palmquist, "Faith as Kant's Key to the Justification of Transcendental Reflection", The Heythrop Journal 25:4 (October 1984), pp. 442–455. Reprinted as Chapter V in Stephen Palmquist, Kant's System of Perspectives (Lanham: University Press of America, 1993).
  • D. Mark Parks, "Faith/Faithfulness" Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary. Eds. Chad Brand, Charles Draper, Archie England. Nashville: Holman Publishers, 2003.
  • Marbaniang, Domenic, Explorations of Faith. 2009.
  • Poetry & Spirituality
  • On Faith and Reason by Swami Tripurari

Classic reflections on the nature of faith

The Reformation view of faith

External links



Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Quotations about faith

Sourced

  • "Faith is generally nothing more than the permission religious people give to one another to believe things strongly without evidence." ~Sam Harris, Letter to a Christian Nation (2006)
  • "Faith strikes me as intellectual laziness, but I don't argue with it - especially as I am rarely in a position to prove that it is mistaken. Negative proof is usually impossible"
    • Robert A. Heinlein (1991). Stranger in a Strange Land. G.P. Putnam's Sons. pp. p. 233. ISBN 0399135863.  
  • "Faith creates the foundation for conviction."
  • "Faith is cold as ice. Why are little ones born only to suffer for the want of immunity or a bowl of rice? Well, who would hold a price on the heads of the innocent children if there's some immortal power to control the dice?" ~ Rush, Roll the Bones
  • "Faith is one of the world's great evils, comparable to the smallpox virus but harder to eradicate." ~ Richard Dawkins
  • "Faith is to believe what you do not see; the reward of this faith is to see what you believe." ~ St. Augustine
  • "Faith is the surrender of the mind, it's the surrender of reason, it's the surrender of the only thing that makes us different from other animals. It's our need to believe and to surrender our skepticism and our reason, our yearning to discard that and put all our trust or faith in someone or something, that is the sinister thing to me. ... Out of all the virtues, all the supposed virtues, faith must be the most overrated" ~Christopher Hitchens
  • "Faith may be defined briefly as an illogical belief in the occurrence of the improbable." ~ H.L. Mencken
  • "The word faith is not generally regarded as a primary term in the scientist's lexicon, yet . . . Faith is the vial ingredient in the Cyclops project" (i.e., communicating with extraterrestrial races via microwave transmission). - Norman Cousins
  • "Faith, n. Belief without evidence in what is told by one who speaks without knowledge about things without parallel." ~ Ambrose Bierce, The Devil's Dictionary
  • Faith, Quinn mused, was a strange power. They had committed their lives to the sect, never questioning its gospels. Yet in all of that time, they had the reassurance of routine […] The bedrock of every religion, that your God is a promise, never to be encountered in this life, this universe.
    • Peter F. Hamilton (2000). The Naked God: Flight. Warner Aspect. pp. p. 203. ISBN 0446608971.  
  • "Faith: The opposite of dogmatism." -John Ralston Saul
    • Source: The Doubter's Companion - "Faith"
  • "I refuse to prove that I exist" says God, "for proof denies faith, and without faith, I am nothing." "Oh," says man, "but the Babel Fish is a dead give-away, isn't it? It proves You exist, and so therefore You don't." "Oh, I hadn't thought of that." says God, who promptly vanishes in a puff of logic. - Douglas Adams
  • "Understanding is the reward of faith. Therefore, seek not to understand that thou mayest believe, but believe that thous mayest understand."- St. Augustine (354-430)
  • "I slept with faith and found a corpse in my arms on awakening; I drank and danced all night with doubt and found her a virgin in the morning." ~ Aleister Crowley, The Book of Lies
  • "I've never understood how God could expect his creatures to pick the one true religion by faith -— it strikes me as a sloppy way to run a universe." ~ Jubal Harshaw in Stranger in a Strange Land by Robert A. Heinlein
  • "In like manner, if I let myself believe anything on insufficient evidence, there may be no great harm done by the mere belief; it may be true after all, or I may never have occasion to exhibit it in outward acts. But I cannot help doing this great wrong towards Man, that I make myself credulous. The danger to society is not merely that it should believe wrong things, though that is great enough; but that it should become credulous, and lose the habit of testing things and inquiring into them; for then it must sink back into savagery." -William Kingdon Clifford, The Ethics of Belief (1877)
  • "Most people will never know anything beyond what they see with their own two eyes." ~ Alan Cumming as Nightcrawler in the film X2
  • "Orthodoxy is the abillity to say two and two make five when faith requires it." ~ George Orwell, 1984
  • "Say what you will about the sweet miracle of unquestioning faith, I consider a capacity for it terrifying and absolutely vile." - Kurt Vonnegut, Mother Night
  • "That's the thing about faith. If you don't have it, you can't understand it. And if you do, no explanation is necessary." ~ Major Kira Nerys (from Star Trek: Deep Space Nine)
  • The moderation we see among nonfundamentalists is not some sign that faith itself has evolved; it is, rather, the product of the many hammer blows of modernity that have exposed certain tenets of faith to doubt. ~ Sam Harris, The End of Faith
  • The way to see by faith is to shut the eye of reason: the morning daylight appears plainer when you put out your candle. ~ Benjamin Franklin, Poor Richard's Almanack, 1758, Chapter "On Virtue, Vice, God, And Faith"
  • "We fall from womb to tomb, from one blackness and toward another, remembering little of the one and knowing nothing of the other...except through faith." ~ Stephen King, Danse Macabre (1981)
  • Doubt, indeed, is the disease of this inquisitive, restless age. It is the price we pay for our advanced intelligence and civilization. It is the dim night of our resplendent day. But as the most beautiful light is born of darkness, so the faith which springs from conflict is often the strongest and the best.
    • Robert Turnbull, Life Pictures from a Pastor's Notebook (1857)
  • "Bid, then, the tender light of faith to shine/ By which alone the mortal heart is led/ Unto the thinking of the thought divine."
  • I credit that eight years of grammar school with nourishing me in a direction where I could trust myself and trust my instincts. They gave me the tools to reject my faith. They taught me to question and think for myself and to believe in my instincts to such an extent that I just said, 'This is a wonderful fairy tale they have going here, but it's not for me.'
  • I heard once of an American who so defined faith, "that faculty which enables us to believe things which we know to be untrue." For one, I follow that man. He meant that we shall have an open mind, and not let a little bit of truth check the rush of the big truth, like a small rock does a railway truck. We get the small truth first. Good! We keep him, and we value him, but all the same we must not let him think himself all the truth in the universe.

Unsourced

  • A faith that can be destroyed by suffering is not faith. - Richard Wurmbrand, If Prison Walls Could Speak (1972)
  • "A casual stroll through the lunatic asylum shows that faith does not prove anything." ~ Friedrich Nietzsche
  • A faith that cannot survive collision with the truth is not worth many regrets. ~ Arthur C. Clarke
  • Faith.Isn't that just another word for Ignorance? I've never understood how People can be so proud of believing in Something They have absolutely no proof of" - Dr.Gregory House House
  • "A man full of faith is simply one who has lost (or never had) the capacity for clear and realistic thought. He is not a mere ass; he is actually ill. Worse, he is incurable." ~ H.L. Mencken
  • "A reasonable scale of probability--what is likely--forbids believing a whole range of imaginative possibilities, even though we do not know anything for sure." ~ Jennifer Michael Hecht
  • "Believe nothing, no matter where you read it, or who has said it, not even if I have said it, unless it agrees with your own reason and your own common sense." ~ Buddha
  • "Do not believe in anything simply because you have heard it. Do not believe in anything simply because it is spoken and rumored by many. Do not believe in anything simply because it is found written in your religious books. Do not believe in anything merely on the authority of your teachers and elders. Do not believe in traditions because they have been handed down for many generations. But after observation and analysis, when you find that anything agrees with reason and is conducive to the good and benefit of one and all, then accept it and live up to it." ~ Buddha
  • "The essence of faith is fewness of words and abundance of deeds." ~ Bahá'u'lláh
  • Every religion, as far as reason will help them, makes use of it gladly - and where it fails them, they cry out: "It is a matter of faith, and above reason!" ~ John Locke
  • "Faith" is a fine invention, when gentlemen can see
    But microscopes are prudent, in an emergency. ~ Emily Dickinson
  • Faith is a wondrous thing; it is not only capable of moving mountains, but also of making you believe that a herring is a race horse. ~ Arthur Koestler
  • "Now faith is being sure of what we hope for, being convinced of what we do not see." Hebrews 11:1 (New English Translation)
  • "By faith is meant, first, conscious knowledge and second, the practice of good deeds." ~ Bahá'u'lláh
  • "Faith is being sure of what we hope for, and certain of what we do not see." The Bible
  • "Faith is believing what you know ain't so." ~ Mark Twain, Following the Equator, Pudd'nhead Wilson's Calendar
  • Faith is essentially intolerant ... essentially because necessarily bound up with faith is the illusion that one's cause is also God's cause. ~ Ludwig Feuerbach
  • "Faith means not wanting to know what is true." ~ Friedrich Nietzsche
    • Variant: Faith: not wanting to know what is true.
  • I don't travel in circles where people say, "I have faith, I believe this in my heart and nothing you can say or do can shake my faith." That's just a long-winded religious way to say, "shut up." ~ Penn Teller
  • I have more faith in my plumber than I do the eternal being. Plumbers do a good job. They keep the shit flowing. ~ Charles Bukowski
  • If you have a faith, it is statistically overwhelmingly likely that it is the same faith as your parents and grandparents had. No doubt soaring cathedrals, stirring music, moving stories and parables, help a bit. But by far the most important variable determining your religion is the accident of birth. The convictions that you so passionately believe would have been a completely different and largely contradictory set of convictions, if only you had happened to be born in a different place. Epidemiology, not evidence. ~ Richard Dawkins
  • If you think that your belief is based upon reason, you will support it by argument, rather then by persecution, and will abandon it if the argument goes against you. But if your belief is based on faith, you will realize that argument is useless and will therefore result to force either in the form of persecution or by stunting and distorting the minds of the young in what is called education. ~ Bertrand Russell
  • "Isn't it enough to see that a garden is beautiful without having to believe that there are fairies at the bottom of it too?" ~ Douglas Adams
  • "Men become civilized, not in proportion to their willingness to believe, but in proportion to their readiness to doubt." ~ H. L. Mencken
  • "Not knowing is much more interesting than believing an answer which might be wrong." ~ Richard Feynman
  • "Question with boldness even the existence of a God; because, if there be one, he must more approve of the homage of reason, than that of blind-folded fear." ~ Thomas Jefferson
  • "Skepticism and doubt lead to study and investigation, and investigation is the beginning of wisdom." ~ Clarence Darrow
  • "Skepticism is the highest of duties, and blind faith the one unpardonable sin." ~ T. H. Huxley
  • The alleged short-cut to knowledge, which is faith, is only a short-circuit destroying the mind. ~ Ayn Rand
  • The improver of natural science absolutely refuses to acknowledge authority, as such. For him, scepticism is the highest of duties: blind faith the one unpardonable sin. ~ Thomas Huxley
  • The meme for blind faith secures its own perpetuation by the simple unconscious expedient of discouraging rational inquiry. ~ Richard Dawkins
  • "The most pernicious of absurdities is that weak, blind, stupid faith is better than the constant practice of every human virtue." ~ Walter Savage Landor
  • The old faiths light their candles all about, but burly Truth comes by and puts them out. ~Lizette Reese
  • To those searching for truth -- not the truth of dogma and darkness but the truth brought by reason, search, examination, and inquiry, discipline is required. For faith, as well intentioned as it may be, must be built on facts, not fiction -- faith in fiction is a damnable false hope. ~ Thomas Edison
  • We are a people of faith. We have been so secure in that faith that we have enshrined in our constitution protection for people who profess no faith. And good for us for doing so. That is what the First Amendment is all about. ~ Bill Clinton
  • We do not speak of faith that the earth is round. We only speak of faith when we wish to substitute emotion for evidence. The substitution of emotion for evidence is apt to lead to strife, since different groups, substitute different emotions. ~ Bertrand Russell
  • "What is wanted is not the will to believe, but the wish to find out, which is the exact opposite." ~ Bertrand Russell
  • What with blowing up clinics, shooting doctors, and the endless terrorists blowing themselves up hither and yon, the truth regarding the cause of the violence is not addressed by anyone at all: Blind faith in interactive Deities. ~ Rack Jite
  • You, the religious believer, may well find subtle support for your faith in recent discoveries - that is, if you're willing to upgrade your metaphors and definitions as the latest data demand; and seek out new niches of ignorance or ambiguity to fill with the goose down of faith. ~ Natalie Angier
  • Faith in a holy cause is to a considerable extent a substitute for the lost faith in ourselves.
  • Ignorance is lack of knowledge, whereas faith is rejection of it.
  • Of all the human virtues... all the supposed virtues, faith would be the most harmful.
  • Faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen. Blessed are those who have not seen and yet believed.

See also

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Faith
disambiguation
This is a disambiguation page, which lists works which share the same title. If an article link referred you here, please consider editing it to point directly to the intended page.


Faith may refer to:


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also faith

Contents

English

Proper noun

Singular
Faith

Plural
-

Faith

  1. A female given name.
    • 1853 Elizabeth Gaskell, Ruth, Chapter XVII,
      "Now, I was called Faith after the cardinal virtue; and I like my name, though many people would think it too Puritan; that was according to our gentle mother's pious desire.
    • 1919 Lucy Maud Montgomery, Rainbow Valley, Echo Library 2006, ISBN 1406821764, page 90:
      "Faith."
      "No name that - no name that! I can't stomach such a name. Got any other?"
      "No, sir."
      "Don't like the name, don't like it. There's no sneddum to it. Besides, it makes me think of my Aunt Jinny. She called her three girls Faith, Hope and Charity. Faith didn't believe in anything - Hope was a born pessimist - and Charity was a miser. You ought to be called Red Rose - you look like one when you're mad.

See also

Anagrams

  • Anagrams of afhit
  • hatif

Strategy wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010
(Redirected to Category:Faith Inc. article)

From StrategyWiki, the free strategy guide and walkthrough wiki

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Faith Inc.
Founded

Faith Inc. is the developer/publisher of the Japanese release of ROSE Online (jROSE).

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Bible wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From BibleWiki


Faith is in general the persuasion of the mind that a certain statement is true (Phil 1:27; 2 Thes 2:13). Its primary idea is trust. A thing is true, and therefore worthy of trust. It admits of many degrees up to full assurance of faith, in accordance with the evidence on which it rests.

Faith is the result of teaching (Rom 10:14-17). Knowledge is an essential element in all faith, and is sometimes spoken of as an equivalent to faith (Jn 10:38; 1 Jn 2:3). Yet the two are distinguished in this respect, that faith includes in it assent, which is an act of the will in addition to the act of the understanding. Assent to the truth is of the essence of faith, and the ultimate ground on which our assent to any revealed truth rests is the veracity of God.

Historical faith is the apprehension of and assent to certain statements which are regarded as mere facts of history.

Temporary faith is that state of mind which is awakened in men (e.g., Felix) by the exhibition of the truth and by the influence of religious sympathy, or by what is sometimes styled the common operation of the Holy Spirit.

Saving faith is so called because it has eternal life inseparably connected with it. It cannot be better defined than in the words of the Assembly's Shorter Catechism: "Faith in Jesus Christ is a saving grace, whereby we receive and rest upon him alone for salvation, as he is offered to us in the gospel."

The object of saving faith is the whole revealed Word of God. Faith accepts and believes it as the very truth most sure. But the special act of faith which unites to Christ has as its object the person and the work of the Lord Jesus Christ (Jn 7:38; Acts 16:31). This is the specific act of faith by which a sinner is justified before God (Rom 3:22, 25; Gal 2:16; Phil 3:9; Jn 3:16-36; Acts 10:43; 16:31). In this act of faith the believer appropriates and rests on Christ alone as Mediator in all his offices.

This assent to or belief in the truth received upon the divine testimony has always associated with it a deep sense of sin, a distinct view of Christ, a consenting will, and a loving heart, together with a reliance on, a trusting in, or resting in Christ. It is that state of mind in which a poor sinner, conscious of his sin, flees from his guilty self to Christ his Saviour, and rolls over the burden of all his sins on him. It consists chiefly, not in the assent given to the testimony of God in his Word, but in embracing with fiducial reliance and trust the one and only Saviour whom God reveals. This trust and reliance is of the essence of faith. By faith the believer directly and immediately appropriates Christ as his own. Faith in its direct act makes Christ ours. It is not a work which God graciously accepts instead of perfect obedience, but is only the hand by which we take hold of the person and work of our Redeemer as the only ground of our salvation.

Saving faith is a moral act, as it proceeds from a renewed will, and a renewed will is necessary to believing assent to the truth of God (1Cor 2:14; 2Cor 4:4). Faith, therefore, has its seat in the moral part of our nature fully as much as in the intellectual. The mind must first be enlightened by divine teaching (Jn 6:44; Acts 13:48; 2Cor 4:6; Eph 1:17, 18) before it can discern the things of the Spirit.

Faith is necessary to our salvation (Mk 16:16), not because there is any merit in it, but simply because it is the sinner's taking the place assigned him by God, his falling in with what God is doing.

The warrant or ground of faith is the divine testimony, not the reasonableness of what God says, but the simple fact that he says it. Faith rests immediately on, "Thus saith the Lord." But in order to this faith the veracity, sincerity, and truth of God must be owned and appreciated, together with his unchangeableness. God's word encourages and emboldens the sinner personally to transact with Christ as God's gift, to close with him, embrace him, give himself to Christ, and take Christ as his. That word comes with power, for it is the word of God who has revealed himself in his works, and especially in the cross. God is to be believed for his word's sake, but also for his name's sake.

Faith in Christ secures for the believer freedom from condemnation, or justification before God; a participation in the life that is in Christ, the divine life (Jn 14:19; Rom 6:4-10; Eph 4:15,16, etc.); "peace with God" (Rom 5:1); and sanctification (Acts 26:18; Gal 5:6; Acts 15:9).

All who thus believe in Christ will certainly be saved (Jn 6:37, 40; 10:27, 28; Rom 8:1).

The faith=the gospel (Acts 6:7; Rom 1:5; Gal 1:23; 1 Tim 3:9; Jude 1:3).

This entry includes text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897.

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This article needs to be merged with FAITH (Jewish Encyclopedia).
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