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See also: Faizabad (disambiguation)

Faizabad
फ़ैज़ाबाद
فیض آباد
Faizabad
Location of Faizabad
in Uttar Pradesh and India
Coordinates 26°47′N 82°08′E / 26.78°N 82.13°E / 26.78; 82.13
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District(s) Faizabad
Population
Density
1684720 (2001)
637 /km2 (1,650 /sq mi)
Sex ratio 898/1000 /
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Area
Elevation
2643 km2 (1020 sq mi)
97 m (318 ft)
Website faizabad.nic.in/

City of Faizabad (Hindi: फ़ैज़ाबाद, Urdu: فیض آباد) is the headquarters of Faizabad District and a municipal board in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India, situated on the banks of river Ghaghra (locally known as Saryu). Faizabad has a twin city of Ayodhya,which is considered to be the birthplace of Lord Ram. It was the first capital of the Nawabs of Awadh and has many monuments built by the Nawabs of Avadh, like the tomb of Bahu Begum, Gulab-bari etc. . These twin cities have a great heritage and have many monumental sites. The city of Ayodhya is an important pilgrimage centre in Hindu belief known for its numerous Hindu temples, as well as for the disputed site of Babri Mosque. Ayodhya is also the birth place of first Tirthankar of the Jain religion, Shri Rishabh Dev,known as the father of Jain religion. The Legend of Avadh, Umrao Jaan 'Ada', was born in Faizabad (her childhood name was Ameeran). Another legend and a great Hindi writer Mr. Radhika Prasad Tripathi was from this city, his work on Sai Data Sampraday (Sai Data Sect) is greatly admired. Akhtaribai Faizabadi, or Begum Akhtar was also born in Faizabad. She was one of the best classical singer known for her performance of ghazals, dadras, thumris, etc. Among other notable people from Faizabad are Mir Anis, a nineteenth century writer of 'Marsiya' (elegies in Urdu) and Brij Narayan 'Chakbast', another nineteenth century Urdu poet. Chakbast is credited to have translated Hindu epic 'Ramayan' into Urdu for the first time.

Contents

History

The earliest reference made to Faizabad is in the Ramayana, in which the city is referred to as 'Saket', the mythical private estate of King Dashrath, father of Lord Ram. However, more accurately, the reference is found in Medieval and Modern history, when Nawab Sa'adat Khan, Burhan-ul-Mulk was given the charge of the Subah (province) of Awadh (sometimes also spelled as Avadh) around 1722 by the Mughal Court. Nawab Sa'adat Khan made the first settlements along the banks of Ghaghra with a cantonment comprising of a fortress and mud barracks. Due to these temporary dwellings, Faizabad was first known as 'Bangla' (implied meaning- hutment). The city was developed later on by Sa'adat Khan's successor, Nawab Shuja-ud-Daula into a full fledged capital city, with gardens, palaces, markets , roads and other infrastructure. Under Shuja-ud-Daula's reign Faizabad achieved its culmination as an important centre of trade and commerce in northern India and attracted travellers, writers, merchants, artists and courtesans from sll over Europe and Asia. Shuja-ud-Daula also built a fortress on the banks of Saryu after he lost the battle of Buxar in 1764. however, this fort now is nothing more than a hummock.

Faizabad was also a centre of one of many battles of the Mutiny of 1857. A detailed history of Faizabad can be read in 'Tareekh-e-Farahbaksh', written by Mohd. Faiz Baksh, (after whom Faizabad is named) a courtier in the Shuja-ud-Daula's court. This book has been translated into English by Hamid Afaq Qureshi as 'Memoirs of Faizabad'. Faizabad also finds a prominent and detailed mention in 'Guzishta Lakhnau' written by Maulvi Abdul Halim 'Sharar'. The third nawab of Awadh, Nawab Asaf-ud-Dowlah (also, Asaf-ud-Daula), shifted the Capital of Avadh to Lucknow in 1775.

A section of people believe that the prominent Indian freedom fighter and revolutionary, Subash Chandra Bose spent his last days in Faizabad living icognito as a godman called 'Gumnami Baba'. This came under attention when 'Gumnami Baba' died in 1985 and was cremated secretively on the banks of river saryu (a memorial has been built at that place), in the dead of night, in the light of a motorcycle's headlight. Its also said that at the time of cremation his face was disfigured by acid to protect his identity. However, no government enquiry was launched into this matter and the identity of Gumnami Baba still remains an enigma.

Geography & Demographics

Faizabad is located at 26°47′N 82°08′E / 26.78°N 82.13°E / 26.78; 82.13[1]. It has an average elevation of 97 metres (318 feet) above sea level. As of 2001 India census[2], Faizabad had a population of 144,924. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Faizabad has an average literacy rate of 71%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 76%, and female literacy is 67%. In Faizabad, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.Yadavs are in majority in Faizabad.[3][4]

Accessibilty

Faizabad is well connected with Lucknow, Varanasi, Gorakhpur and Allahabad.

By Air Nearest airports are Lucknow (128 km) and Varanasi (200 km)

By Road Faizabad is situated on National Highway 28 and has good connectivity with Lucknow (128 km), Varanasi (200 km), Allahabad (165 km) and Gorakhpur. The state government's Road Transport Service runs regular and frequent buses to and from these cities.

By Rail The Indian Railways network connects Faizabad directly with Lucknow (3 hours.), Varanasi (4 hours.) and Allahabad (5 hours). Direct trains also connect Faizabad to Kolkata, New Delhi and Mumbai.

Climate

Summer (March to July) temperatures can range from 35 to 45 degrees Celsius. Winters (November to January) temperatures can range from 6 to 25 degrees Celsius. Rains during monsoon season (July to September).

Citiscape

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Places to See

Gulab Bari: Literally meaning 'Garden of Roses', this place has a good collection of roses of various varieties set by the sides of water fountains. Gulab Bari also houses a maqbara (Mausoleum) of Nawab Shuja-ud-Daula, the second Nawab of Oudh (now Avadh) in the campus.

Military Temple: (The Dogra Regimental Centre Temple) Located in cantonment area, this temple is beautifully built and the cleanlines and the pollution free environment is just spiritual.

Guptar Ghat: the Ghat (Jetty) where Lord Rama is believed to have taken 'jal samadhi' (leaving the earth for 'Baikuntha', the divine abode of Lord Vishnu, by drowning himself). It has picturesque view of the saryu river and its green banks and has several ancient temples. The view of sunset from Guptar Ghat is breathtaking. a boat ride is a must while visiting this place.

Company Gardens : Adjoining Guptar Ghat, on the banks of River Saryu, is Company Gardens, a botanical garden built during British Rule. it has a well maintained, sprawling garden set amidst lush greenery, far away from the hustle and bustle of the town. It also has an orchard spread over acres. Plants and Trees can also be bought here. The remains of the fort built by Nawab Shuja-ud-Daula after the battle of Buxar is also within walking distance.

Ghanta Ghar: The heart of Faizabad city, houses a clock tower (Ghanta means 'clock' in Hindi and Ghar is the Hindi word for 'house') in the middle of the city center. All distances within the city are measured from this location. The place is also known as Chowk, which houses the main vegetable and spice market in the town.

Bahu Begum ka Maqbara: (The Mausoleum of the Queen Bride) the memorial built for queen of Nawab Shujah-ud-Daulah, Unmatuzzohra Bano Begum. Its one of the tallest buildings in Faizabad and is a beautiful example of non-mughal Muslim architecture. Sadly, this beautiful monument is a victim of neglect and is crumbling.

Shringi Rishi Ashram: 40 km from Faizabad in Gosainganj is ashram of Sage (Rishi in Sanskrit/Hindi) Shringi. Shringi Rishi performed 'Putrakameshti Yajya' for King Dashrath of Ayodhya, after that Lord Rama and his three brothers were born. There is an ashram of Shringi Rishi situated at Sherwaghat near Mehbubganj 40 km from Gosainganj on the banks of Sarayu river at Sherwa Ghat. Legend has it that Shringi Rishi cursed King Parikshit for his sinful conduct against rishi Lomash. The boons and curse uttered by him were proved to be absolutely true. Rishi Shringi was a distinguished expert of the super science of mantras. A temple of Shringi Rishi, is also located at Sherwaghat, and a fair is held every year in May in his honour. A cave is also located in district Faizabad near Mehbubganj Near Gosaiganj where he is supposed to have stayed. It is a long cave where he is supposed to do 'yagna' (Ritual) and is worth seeing.

Shopping

Chowk: Next to Ghanta Ghar, is the central market of Faizabad town. One can find vegetables, fruits and spices in this market. Also, there are numerous jewellery shops in the area which cater to Faizabad town and many villages which lie in near-by areas. Some leading cloth shops could be easily found in this area. This market also has many prominent books and stationary shops of the town.

Rekabgunj: About a kilometer away from Chowk (towards Lucknow) lies the Rekabgunj market which has a multitude of pharmacies. The market also has some seed shops which cater to the farmers of the adjoining regions.

Educational Institutions

There are two Universities in Faizabad District, Dr.Ram Manohar Lohia Awadh University (formerly Awadh University) Awadh University and Narendra Dev University of Agriculture and Technology (NDUAT). Kamta Prasad Sundar Lal Saket Post-Graduate degree college, (one of the largest PG college in eastern UP) is also situated in Faizabad.

  • Dr.Ram Manohar Lohia Avadh University
  • Forbes Inter College
  • Saint Mary's School (One of the oldest school of faizabad)
  • M P L L Adarsh Inter College
  • Army School (Senior Secondary School, CBSE Board)
  • J B Academy (Senior Secondary School, CBSE Board)
  • Darsgah-e-Islami Intermediate College Faizabad [1]
  • Government Inter College
  • Government Girls Inter College
  • SSV Inter College
  • Rajkaran Vedic Patshala Inter Collage
  • Canossa Convent Girls Higher Secondary School
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya, Cantonment
  • Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya
  • Grammar High School
  • Tiny Tots School (Senior Secondary School, CBSE Board)
  • The Leprosy Mission, Wellesley Bailey Vocational training Centre, Faizabad.
  • Anil Saraswati Vidya Mandir
  • Awadh International School, Darshan Nagar
  • Faizabad Public School
  • Government Polytechnic Faizabad
  • Sunrise Central Academy, Dufferin Hospital Road, Faizabad.

Namesakes

The Town of Fyzabad in Trinidad and Tobago is named after Faizabad, when indentured labourers from Faizabad and other districts in Uttar Pradesh were taken to the islands. There are towns with same name in Afghanistan (Fayzabad, Badakhshan) and Tajikistan (Faizobod) as well. Fayzabad in Afghanistan is the administrative headquarter of the Badakhshan Province.

References

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

For other places with the same name, see Faizabad (disambiguation).

Faizabad is in Uttar Pradesh, India.

Get in

By road

The city is about 130 km from Lucknow, 200 km from Varanasi, 160 km from Allahabad, 140 km from Gorakhpur and about 636 km from Delhi. Buses are frequently available from Lucknow, Delhi and Gorakhpur. Buses are also available from Varanasi, Allahabad and other places as per their schedule.

By train

Trains are available from Delhi, Lucknow, Varanasi and Allahabad. Some important trains passing through Faizabad are Marudhar Express (4853/54), Farakka Express (3483/84), Sabarmati Express (9163/64/65/66/67/68), Saryu Yamuna Express (4650), Sadbhavana Express (4017/18), Saket Express (1067/68), Ganga Sutlej Express (3307/08), Doon Express (3009/10), Sealdah Express (3151/52), Lucknow Chhapra Express (5107/08), Bareily Varanasi Fast Pass (135/136), Kaifiyat Express (2225/26) and Faizabad Delhi Express (4205/06).

By air

Faizabad has an Airport at Naka, near Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia University but no regular airlines services are available. Nearest airport is Lucknow (about 130 km).

  • Gulab Bari.  edit
  • Guptar Ghat.  edit
  • Military Temple.  edit
  • Chowk Market. If you are in Faizabad then you must roam around the main chowk area.  edit
  • Kanak Bhawan
  • Rang Mahal
  • Mani Parvat
  • Shyama Sadan
  • Nageshwar Nath
  • Roop Kala - Divya Kala
  • Shugreev Kila
  • Chhotty Deokali
  • Sita Rasoi
  • Mani Mandir
  • Chireswar Nath Mahadeo
  • Kale Ram Mandir
  • Valmiki Bhawan
  • Hanuman Bagh
  • Hanumat Niwas
  • Nishad Raj Mandir
  • Surshari Mandir
  • Ram Kuchehri
  • Janki Mahal
  • Mandir Khas Chowk
  • Bada Sthan Dashrath Mahal
  • Chhapia Mandir
  • Asharphi Bhawan
  • Bada Bhakt Maal
  • Mandir Janki Ghat
  • Vedanti Mandir
  • Kausalya Bhawan
  • Gurudwara Nazerbagh
  • Gurudwara Brahmakund
  • Jain Swetamber Mandir
  • Jain Digamber Mandir
  • Fatik Shila
  • Raj Sadan
  • Ramchandra Bheret Milaap Maidir Bheretkund
  • Raghunath Ji ki Chhowni (Barai Chhowni)
  • Mani Ram Das ki Chhowni (Choti Chhowni)
  • Tapsi Ji ki Chhowni
  • Mauni Baba ki Chhowni
  • Tulsidas ki Chhowni
  • Koslesh Sadan
  • Totadri Math
  • Kuber Tila
  • Ranopali Mandir
  • Raidas Mandir
  • Chitragupt (Dharmhari Mandir)
  • Lakshman Kila
  • Tulsi Smarak Bhawan
  • Ramkatha Sangrahalya
  • Shish Mahal
  • Matgajendra Mandir
  • Hanuman Gupha
  • Brahma Kund
  • Dant Dhawan Kund
  • Vidya Kund
  • Vibhishan Kund
  • Sita Kund
  • Vashitha Kund
  • Dashrath Kund
  • Brahaspati Kund
  • Suraj Kund
  • Hanuman Kund
  • Sonkar Kund
  • Nageshwar Ghat
  • Nirmochan Ghat
  • Vasudeo Ghat
  • Raj Ghat
  • Jhunki Ghat
  • Lakshman Ghat
  • Gola Ghat
  • Tulsidas Ghat
  • Ram Ghat
  • Chakratirth Ghat
  • Tulsi Udyan
  • Rishabhdev Rajghat Udyan
  • Ram ki Pairi
  • Ramkatha Park
  • Ramnavmi Mela
  • Saavan Jhoola Mela
  • Parikrama
  • Panchkosi Parikrama
  • Chaudah Kosi Parikrama
  • Gokul Restaurant (On National Highway No.28), Near Deokali Byepass Crossing,Faizabad (On Lucknow- Gorakhpur Road), 99984074000. A open air restaurant, Serving Vegetarian ,Non- vegetarian & Continetal Food.  edit
  • Kapoor Restaurant, (Tirupati Hotel).  edit
  • Mezaban Restaurant, Hote Shane Awadh, 0578223586. Best fooding and best lodging in the city.  edit

Drink

, Civil Lines.

  • Gokul Restaurant (On National Highway No.28), Near Deokali Bypass Crossing, 9236061012, [1]. An open air restaurant, serving vegetarian, non-vegetarian and continetal food.  edit
  • Trishna Bar, (At Hotel Krishna Palace).  edit
  • Hotel Krishna Palace, Civil Lines.  edit
  • Hotel Shane Avadh, Civil Lines.  edit
  • Hotel Alka Raje, Rekab Ganj.  edit
  • Abha Hotel, Motibagh.  edit
  • Hotel Avantika, Civil Lines.  edit
  • Hotel Prem, Rekab Ganj.  edit
  • Paryatak Avas Grih, UPT, near Ayodhya Railway Station.  edit

Get out

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

FAIZABAD, a town of Afghanistan, capital of the province of Badakshan, situated on the Kokcha river. In 1821 it was destroyed by Murad Beg of Kunduz, and the inhabitants removed to Kunduz. But since Badakshan was annexed by Abdur Rahman, the town has recovered its former importance, and is now a considerable place of trade. It is the chief cantonment for eastern Afghanistan and the Pamir region, and is protected by a fort built in 1904.


<< William Faithorne

Fajardo >>


Simple English

Faizabad is city in Uttar Pradesh of India. The population of Faizabad city is 144,924 as per 2001 census. Faizabad is especially known for being nearest city from Ayodhya. Faizabad is around 7 km from Ayodhya. Faizabad is on the road to Ayodhya. Hence every person from south region going to Ayodhya must go through Faizabad.


Ayodhya is the birth place of lord rama.


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