Falkland Islands Holdings plc (FIH) is a company which plays a key role in the economy of the Falkland Islands. It is a British registered company, with its head office in the town of Bishop's Stortford in England, and an operational office in Stanley, the capital of the Falklands. It is a public company which is traded on the Alternative Investment Market (AIM) in London.
The company's key subsidiary, the Falkland Islands Company (FIC), was incorporated in 1851 and received its Royal Charter on 10 January 1852. Established with an authorised capital of £100,000, its purpose was to engage in agricultural and general trading activities. It established shops and a shipping line, and by 1945 it owned 1.2 million acres (4,900 km²) in the Falklands and a flock of 300,000 sheep. It first listed on the London Stock Exchange in 1962. In 1972, it was acquired by The Dundee Perth and London Shipping Company, and two further changes of ownership occurred before it became independent again as Falkland Islands Holdings in 1997. Meanwhile, the agricultural holdings had been sold to the Falkland Islands Government in 1991. In 2004 FIH diversified by acquiring stakes in Falkland Gold and Minerals Limited (FGML) and Falkland Oil and Gas Limited (FOGL), which were both established to exploit potential mineral developments in the Falklands, and full ownership of the Portsmouth Harbour Ferry Company (PHFC) which operates the passenger ferry across the mouth of Portsmouth Harbour in England. It has since sold its stake in Falkland Gold and Minerals Limited for a profit of 0.5m₤
Falkland Islands Company Limited (100% owned by FIH) FIC's operations are small by the standards of a large country, but in the Falkland Islands, which have a population of around 3,000, they are crucial.
Falkland Oil and Gas Limited (14.5% owned by
For many years there has been speculation that the waters around the islands may contain large reserves of oil and gas. Falkland Oil and Gas is carrying out seismic surveys across thousands of square miles of seabed, mainly to the south and east of the islands, and as of 2005 it hopes to start drilling in 2007. Falkland Oil and Gas is itself an AIM listed company.
Portsmouth Harbour Ferry Company
plc (100% owned by FIH)
This company operates a ferry service between Portsmouth and Gosport, two large towns on the south coast of England which lie on adjacent peninsulas.
For the year ended 31 March 2006 Falkland Islands Holdings plc's turnover was £15.736 million. Profits were £3.088 million before tax and £2.714 million after tax.
Falklands Gold & Minerals:
Falkland Islands Holdings has sold its 14% stake in Falklands Gold & Minerals at a 0.5m₤ profit