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Falklands War
Photo montage of the Falklands War.
.Clockwise from top left: The sinking of the ARA General Belgrano; the RFA Sir Tristram; Argentine prisoners of war; Margaret Thatcher; British cemetery at San Carlos (inset shows satellite image of the Falkland Islands); War memorial in Buenos Aires; Members of the Argentine Third Military Junta; British Royal Marines surrendering at Government House.^ British military effort in the Falklands was not a Just War.
  • Islas Malvinas Online, The British Resort to Force in the Falklands/Malvinas Conflict 1982 International Law
    and Just War Theory
    27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.malvinasonline.com.ar [Source type: Original source]

^ Haig in Buenos Aires for talks with the Junta.
  • The Falkland Islands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ability.org.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Any argentine member can tell me what happened to the Junta?
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Date 2 April 1982 (1982-04-02) – 14 June 1982 (1982-06-15)[1][2]
Location Falkland Islands,[3] South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands[4] and surrounding sea and airspace
Result Decisive British military victory
Belligerents
 Argentina  United Kingdom
Commanders
President Leopoldo Galtieri
Admiral Jorge Anaya
Vice-Admiral Juan Lombardo
Brigadier-General Ernesto Crespo
Brigadier-General Basilio Lami Dozo
Brigade-General Mario Menéndez
Admiral Sir John Fieldhouse
Rear-Admiral John “Sandy” Woodward
Major-General Jeremy Moore
Brigadier Julian Thompson
Commodore Michael Clapp
Casualties and losses
649 killed
1,068 wounded
11,313 taken prisoner
---------
1 cruiser
1 submarine
4 cargo vessels
2 patrol boats
1 spy trawler
---------
25 helicopters
35 fighters
2 bombers
4 transports
25 COIN aircraft
9 armed trainers
258 killed[5]
777 wounded
115 taken prisoner
---------
2 destroyers
2 frigates
1 LSL landing ship
1 LCU amphibious craft
1 container ship
---------
24 helicopters
10 fighters
.The Falklands War (Spanish: Guerra de las Malvinas/Guerra del Atlántico Sur), also called the Falklands Conflict/Crisis, was fought in 1982 between Argentina and the United Kingdom (UK) over the disputed Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.^ Falklands War Also see the Spanish (more limited) version: Guerra de las Malvinas from Wikipedia.
  • falklands/malvinas war| south atlantic background| diplomacy| general accounts| biographies| events| witness accounts|documents| analysis| aftermath 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.casahistoria.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ THE FALKLANDS/MALVINAS War of 1982 is especially notable for airmen.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Coronation Point Falkland Islands 1982.
  • Falklands War Poetry 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.warpoetry.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.The Falkland Islands consist of two large and many small islands in the South Atlantic Ocean east of Argentina; their name and sovereignty over them have long been disputed.^ Falkland Islands War - not *that* long ago .
  • Falkland Islands War Battle Location - Google Earth Community 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC bbs.keyhole.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1982, Argentina invaded the Falkland Islands, a small group of islands in the South Atlantic that had been under British rule.
  • Steven Berkoff advanced falklands war plays 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.iainfisher.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Falkland Islands, the British colony in the South Atlantic has fallen—that's what Argentina is saying.
  • TCBH Postgraduate Essay Prize Winner for 2007: 'Strangers in the Night': The Falklands Conflict as a Radio War -- Pinkerton 19 (3): 344 -- Twentieth Century British History 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC tcbh.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Falklands War started on Friday, 2 April 1982 with the Argentine invasion and occupation of the Falkland Islands and South Georgia, and ended with the Argentine surrender on 14 June 1982. The war lasted 74 days, and resulted in the deaths of 255 British and 649 Argentine soldiers, sailors, and airmen, and three civilian Falklanders.^ THE FALKLANDS/MALVINAS War of 1982 is especially notable for airmen.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Coronation Point Falkland Islands 1982.
  • Falklands War Poetry 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.warpoetry.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ On 2 April, Galtieri ordered the invasion of the Falkland Islands, triggering the Falklands War.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is the most recent conflict to be fought by the UK without any allied states and the only external Argentine war since the 1880s.^ Argentina and Britain went to war over the Falklands in 1982, and despite the former's surrender, the South American state has maintained claims to the islands ever since.
  • Argentina re-lays claim to Falklands - Bulbagarden Forums 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC bmgf.bulbagarden.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mean while the Argentine Airforce put up the most spirited fight and was to have some of the most spectacular results that almost won them the war.
  • falklands 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.forces80.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The authors conclude that attitudes to the war, and the influence of mass media, were both more complex and more contradictory than most opinion polls suggested during the conflict.
  • Mass Media and Attitudes to the Gulf War in Britain 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.cios.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The conflict was the result of a protracted diplomatic confrontation regarding the sovereignty of the islands.^ The history of the conflict makes it very clear that nationalism played a major role in the failure of the Falkland Island sovereignty diplomacy.
  • Nationaism and the Falkland Island War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.mindspring.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 1982 conflict was the culmination of years of opposing claims and counter-claims to sovereignty of the islands that had left the Argentineans frustrated with British intransigence over the dispute.
  • Michael Skey 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC ics.leeds.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The result of the invasion of the Islands was a 3 month war and the destruction of all diplomatic progress on the succession issue before the invasion.
  • Nationaism and the Falkland Island War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.mindspring.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Neither state officially declared war and the fighting was largely limited to the territories under dispute and the South Atlantic.^ Argentina declares the entire South Atlantic a war zone.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.btinternet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The war over who was to control the South Atlantic.
  • Falklands war:1982 - Cyber Nations Forums 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC forums.cybernations.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And so we had the unusual and wholly surprising spectacle of a limited war in the South Atlantic.
  • Islas Malvinas Online, Bridgehead Revisited: The Literature of the Falklands 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.malvinasonline.com.ar [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The initial invasion was characterised by Argentina as the re-occupation of its own territory, and by the UK as an invasion of a British dependent territory.^ The initial invasion was considered by Argentina as reoccupation of its own territory, and by Britain as an invasion of a British dependency.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Argentina against British territory.
  • Michael Skey 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC ics.leeds.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If an invasion was to be successful and relatively unopposed, it could not wait for the British to re-inforce the Falklands' garrison.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Britain launched a naval task force to engage the Argentine Navy and Argentine Air Force, and retake the islands by amphibious assault.^ The Argentine air force also had its omens.
  • Air War in the Falklands | Military Aviation | Air & Space Magazine 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airspacemag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Argentine Air force personel captured.
  • Falklands/Malvinas war pictorial. Post yours ���. [Archive] - WW2 in Color History Forum 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ww2incolor.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Argentine forces had landed on the Falkland islands.
  • The Falklands/Malvinas War, Its Causes and Consequences, and Proposed Ideas for a Negotiated Settlement 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.falklands-malvinas.com [Source type: Original source]

.The British eventually prevailed and at the end of combat operations on 14 June the islands remained under British control.^ After heavy combat, the British eventually prevailed and the islands remained under British control, although as of 2005, Argentina has still not relinquished its claim to the Falkland Islands.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Islands were put under Argentine control.
  • The Falklands War - 20 years later 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.marxist.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After combat resulting in 258 British and 649 Argentine deaths, the British eventually prevailed and the islands remained under British control.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, as of 2010[6] and as it has since the 19th century, Argentina shows no sign of relinquishing its claim.^ Argentina has claimed the islands since 1820.
  • The Falklands War (1982) / La Guerra de Las Malvinas (1982) 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.yendor.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, as of 2007, Argentina shows no sign of relinquishing its claim to the Falkland Islands (the claim is included in the National Constitution).
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Argentina has claimed the islands since the early 19th century.
  • The Falkland Islands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ability.org.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The claim remained in the Argentine constitution after its reformation in 1994.[7]
.The political effects of the war were strong in both countries.^ The political effects of the war were strong in both countries.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Communist guerilla, thousands of men strong, started an open war against the Government which wrecked both the economy and the society.
  • The Falklands/Malvinas War, Its Causes and Consequences, and Proposed Ideas for a Negotiated Settlement 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.falklands-malvinas.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the present case, it seems that the Falklands War enjoyed at various times a substantial degree of popular support in both of the countries concerned.
  • The Falklands War: A Moral Balance Sheet 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.waikato.ac.nz [Source type: Original source]

.A wave of patriotic sentiment swept through both: the Argentine loss prompted even larger protests against the ruling military government, which hastened its downfall; in the United Kingdom, the government of Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher was bolstered.^ Thatcher becomes prime minister.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.btinternet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Argentinean loss prompted even larger protests against the military government, which prompted its downfall, while a wave of patriotic sentiment swept through the United Kingdom, bolstering the government of British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Prime Minister Thatcher intervened and some reporters were “embedded” with the military units.
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It helped Thatcher's government to victory in the 1983 general election, which prior to the war was seen as by no means certain.^ Thatcher surfed to a landslide victory in the 1983 general election.
  • Socialism Today - Falklands war: what lessons for the labour movement? 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.socialismtoday.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It helped Thatcher's government to victory in the 1983 general election, which prior to the war was seen as by no means certain.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ No one is certain of the causes of the war.

.The war has played an important role in the culture of both countries, and has been the subject of several books, films, and songs.^ The war has played an important role in the culture of both countries, and has been the subject of several books, films, and songs.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The war has played an important part of the culture of both countries, and has been the subject of several books, movies, and songs, although due to the low number of casualties on both sides, the memory of the war has begun to fade from both countries.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The final chapter is on the aftermath of the war, which is severely limited, due to the fact that the book was published in 1983.
  • Amazon.com: The Battle for the Falklands (9780393301984): Max Hastings & Simon Jenkins: Books 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

.The cultural and political weight of the conflict has had less effect on the British public than on that of Argentina, where the war is still a topic of discussion.^ Otherwise, the discussion of the politics of the conflict is left to the opponents of the war.
  • Islas Malvinas Online, Bridgehead Revisited: The Literature of the Falklands 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.malvinasonline.com.ar [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The cultural and political weight of the conflict has had less effect on the British public than on that of Argentina, where the war is still a topic of discussion.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some 255 British servicemen, more than 650 Argentines and three islanders were killed in the 74-day conflict.
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: General]

[8]

Contents

Lead-up to the conflict

.In the period leading up to the war, and especially following the transfer of power between military dictators General Jorge Rafael Videla and General Roberto Eduardo Viola in late-March 1981, Argentina had been in the midst of a devastating economic crisis and large-scale civil unrest against the military junta that had been governing the country since 1976.[9] In December 1981 there was a further change in the Argentine military regime bringing to office a new junta headed by General Leopoldo Galtieri (acting president), Brigadier Basilio Lami Dozo and Admiral Jorge Anaya.^ In the period leading up to the war, Argentina was in the midst of a devastating economic crisis and large-scale civil unrest against the repressive military junta that was governing the country.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The strong state of Videla, Viola and Galtieri has failed to solve the countrys deep economic crisis.
  • Socialism Today - Falklands war: what lessons for the labour movement? 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.socialismtoday.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The militaries, who had been in power since 1976, proved to be inefficient governors.
  • The Falklands/Malvinas War, Its Causes and Consequences, and Proposed Ideas for a Negotiated Settlement 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.falklands-malvinas.com [Source type: Original source]

.Anaya would be the main architect and supporter of a military solution for the long standing claim over the islands,[10] calculating that the United Kingdom would never respond militarily.^ That would never stand up in court.
  • Top 10 Badasses of the World’s Special Forces - Listverse 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Argentine military government, headed by General Leopoldo Galtieri, decided to play off long-standing feelings of nationalism by invading the islands, although they never thought that the United Kingdom would respond.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To the juntas surprise, the United Kingdom responded with an ultimatum for an immediate Argentinian withdrawal, and that was accompanied by a clear threat of war.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[11] .In doing so the Galtieri government hoped to mobilise Argentines' long-standing patriotic feelings towards the islands and thus divert public attention from the country's chronic economic problems and the regime's ongoing human rights violations.^ Galtieri launches a military invasion of the islands, code named Operacin Rosario and planned by Anaya, to divert public attention from the internal problems.
  • The Falkland Islands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ability.org.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The government, headed by President General Leopoldo Galtieri, decided to play off long-dated nationalistic sentiment by launching what it thought would be a quick and easy war to reclaim the Falkland Islands.
  • Falkland Islands War Battle Location - Google Earth Community 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC bbs.keyhole.com [Source type: General]

^ The Argentine military government, headed by General Leopoldo Galtieri, decided to play off long-standing feelings of nationalism by invading the islands, although they never thought that the United Kingdom would respond.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[12] .Such action would also bolster its dwindling legitimacy.^ Such action would at least extract a price from the aggressor and it might be a price he was unprepared to pay.
  • The Falklands War: A Moral Balance Sheet 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.waikato.ac.nz [Source type: Original source]

.The newspaper La Prensa speculated in a step-by-step plan beginning with cutting off supplies to the Islands, ending in direct actions late 1982, if the UN talks were fruitless.^ After 10 years of delays since oil was discovered off the Falkland islands, oil companies are planning to start drilling within the next 12 months.” .
  • Who remembers the Falklands War? | Deep Sea News 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC deepseanews.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Investigators thought Burgess may have been planning to flee to Auden's holiday villa on the island of Ischia off Italy, near Naples.
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

^ A permanent British garrison that includes sophisticated air and naval elements as well, had been stationed in the islands since the end of the 1982 war.
  • Confidence Building and the Falklands Dispute 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.international.gc.ca [Source type: Original source]

[13]
.The ongoing tension between the two countries over the islands increased on 19 March when a group of hired Argentine scrap metal merchants raised the Argentine flag at South Georgia, an act that would later be seen as the first offensive action in the war.^ The invasion was carried out on 19 March 1982 by a group of Argentinean civilians who posed as scrap metal merchants in order to establish a camp on South Georgia and raise the Argentinean flag.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The ongoing tension between the two countries over the islands increased on 19 March when 50 Argentines landed on the British dependency of South Georgia and raised their flag, an act that is seen as the first offensive action in the war.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A group of Argentine scrap metal merchants working in the South Georgia island is escorted by some military personnel.
  • The Falklands War (1982) / La Guerra de Las Malvinas (1982) 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.yendor.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Argentine military junta, suspecting that the UK would reinforce its South Atlantic Forces,[14] ordered the invasion of the Falkland Islands to be brought forward to 2 April.^ On 2 April, Galtieri ordered the invasion of the Falkland Islands, triggering the Falklands War.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) are a group of islands in the south Atlantic.
  • The Falklands War (1982) / La Guerra de Las Malvinas (1982) 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.yendor.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The argentine Military Forces invaded the Falkland islands on the 2nd April 1982.
  • History of the Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.war-art.com [Source type: General]

Admiral Jorge Anaya
.Britain was initially taken by surprise by the Argentine attack on the South Atlantic islands, despite repeated warnings by Royal Navy captain Nicholas Barker and others.^ Britain was initially taken by surprise by the Argentine attack on the South Atlantic islands, but launched a naval task force to engage the Argentine Navy and Air Force, and retake the islands by amphibious assault.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Within three days, a British task force had been mobilised and was on its way to the South Atlantic on a mission to restore the islands to British control.
  • The Falklands War - A Military History [DVD]: Amazon.co.uk: Alex Manning; Johnathon Booth: DVD 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.amazon.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ An Argentine air attack on British landing craft Sir Galahad and Sir Tristram at Port Pleasant south of Bluff Cove.
  • The Falklands War (1982) / La Guerra de Las Malvinas (1982) 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.yendor.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Barker believed that the intention expressed in Defence Secretary John Nott's 1981 review to withdraw the Royal Navy ship HMS Endurance, Britain's only naval presence in the South Atlantic, sent a signal to the Argentines that Britain was unwilling, and would soon be unable, to defend her territories and subjects in the Falklands.^ The announcement of the withdrawal of the British naval ship, Endurance, in June 1981 appeared to signal to Buenos Aires that Britain was no longer committed to defending the Falklands/Malvinas.
  • Socialism Today - Falklands war: what lessons for the labour movement? 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.socialismtoday.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Falkland Islands are a group of islands in the south Atlantic.
  • The Falkland Islands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ability.org.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In June 1981, announcement of a round of defence cuts included the withdrawal of the naval survey ship, Endurance, from the South Atlantic.
  • Socialism Today - Falklands war: what lessons for the labour movement? 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.socialismtoday.org [Source type: Original source]

[15][16]

War

Invasion by Argentina

.On 2 April 1982, Argentine forces mounted amphibious landings of the Falkland Islands, following the civilian occupation of South Georgia on March 19, before the Falklands War began.^ The British were now ready to land forces on East Falkland Island.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Coronation Point Falkland Islands 1982.
  • Falklands War Poetry 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.warpoetry.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ On 2 April, Galtieri ordered the invasion of the Falkland Islands, triggering the Falklands War.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The invasion met a nominal defence organised by the Falkland Islands' Governor Sir Rex Hunt giving command to Major Mike Norman of the Royal Marines, the landing of Lieutenant Commander Guillermo Sanchez-Sabarots' Amphibious Commandos Group, the attack on Moody Brook barracks, the engagement between the troops of Hugo Santillan and Bill Trollope at Stanley, and the final engagement and surrender at Government House.^ Governor Rex Hunt returns to Stanley.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.btinternet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They attacked  Government House in Stanley which was defended by 68 Royal Marines.
  • Falklands War Art Print Listing 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.directart.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Open government bills adopted by House .
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

Initial British response to the invasion

HMS Invincible was a part of the task force.
.Word of the invasion apparently first reached Britain via amateur radio.^ (Indeed, the first contact I had with him after the invasion was when he reached Montevideo in Uruguay, where the Argentinians flew him and a number of other senior people, on Saturday morning).
  • Falklands: Argentina invades the Falklands [memoirs extract] | Margaret Thatcher Foundation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.margaretthatcher.org [Source type: Original source]

[17]
.The retaking of the Falkland Islands was considered extremely difficult: the main constraint was the disparity in deployable air cover (the British having 34 Harrier aircraft against Argentina's 220 jet fighters).^ Argentina against British territory.
  • Michael Skey 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC ics.leeds.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Argentina and Britain went to war over the Falklands in 1982, and despite the former's surrender, the South American state has maintained claims to the islands ever since.
  • Argentina re-lays claim to Falklands - Bulbagarden Forums 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC bmgf.bulbagarden.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As Argentina urged the United Nations to review the case of the Malvinas, the name by which the Falklands are known in much of Latin America, Operation Rosario, a plan to invade and capture the islands, took form in the Argentine capital, Buenos Aires.
  • Air War in the Falklands | Military Aviation | Air & Space Magazine 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airspacemag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The U.S. Navy considered a successful counter-invasion by the British to be 'a military impossibility'.[18] The United States initially tried to mediate an end to the conflict.^ British military chiefs believe an attack would be limited to a series of air strikes against nuclear plants - a land assault is not being considered at the moment.
  • Secular Blasphemy 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC blogs.salon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The initial invasion was considered by Argentina as reoccupation of its own territory, and by Britain as an invasion of a British dependency.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Goose Green was considered important to the invasion plan because of its close proximity to the British Forces beachhead at San Carlos.
  • Palace Barracks Memorial Garden - Northern Ireland, Falklands Islands, Felix Memorial Garden. 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.palacebarracksmemorialgarden.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, when Argentina refused the U.S. peace overtures, U.S. Secretary of State Alexander Haig announced that the United States would prohibit arms sales to Argentina and provide material support for British operations.^ Argentina believed that the United States abrogated the treaty when it fueled and armed the British navy.
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ British peace proposals transmitted to Argentina.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.btinternet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When Argentina rejected the demands of Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, the British government simply announced that the islands would be retaken by force and began a large-scale mobilization to organize a naval task force and ground forces to invade the Falklands.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Both Houses of the U.S. Congress passed resolutions supporting the U.S. action siding with the United Kingdom.^ There's fair to moderate piss taking on both sides, it's true p-) He had an absolutely insane collection of photos of the Falklands that hung in the study of his house, both his own and collected from the unit afterwards.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Support is reported to be strong enough in the House to pass the measure if it goes to a vote; the Senate introduced a similar resolution last Wednesday with 21 co-sponsors.
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

^ Members and opposition parties for their efforts in passing two motions in the House of Commons in support of U.S. Iraq War resisters.
  • Why a Resister Chose Canada Over the War in Iraq | CommonDreams.org 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

[19]
.By mid-April, the Royal Air Force had set up an airbase at Wideawake on the mid-Atlantic British overseas territory of Ascension Island, including a sizable force of Avro Vulcan B Mk 2 bombers, Handley Page Victor K Mk 2 refuelling aircraft, and McDonnell Douglas Phantom FGR Mk 2 fighters to protect them.^ Vulcan bombers arrive at Ascension Island.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.btinternet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lead-up to the conflict War By mid-April, the Royal Air Force had set up an airbase at Wideawake on the mid-Atlantic island of Ascension, including a sizable force of Avro Vulcan B Mk 2 bombers, Handley Page Victor K Mk 2 refuelling aircraft, and McDonnell Douglas Phantom FGR Mk 2 fighters to protect them.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ First Royal air force transport aircraft deploy to Ascension Island.
  • The Falklands War (1982) / La Guerra de Las Malvinas (1982) 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.yendor.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Meanwhile the main British naval task force arrived at Ascension to prepare for active service.^ The main task force sails south from Ascension Island.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.btinternet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Meanwhile the main British naval task force arrived at Ascension to prepare for war.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Meanwhile, the main British task force is on its 8,000 miles (13,000 km) way to the war zone via the British-held Ascension Island.
  • The Falkland Islands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ability.org.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Falklands War (1982) / La Guerra de Las Malvinas (1982) 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.yendor.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A small force had already been sent south to recapture South Georgia.^ However a small force had already been sent south to re-capture South Georgia.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A small force had already been sent south to re-capture South Georgia.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ South Georgia recaptured by Royal Marines - Thatcher tells Britain to "rejoice"; Argentine submarine Santa Fe is beached on South Georgia after British attack .
  • Falkland Islands Information Portal - Falklands War 1982 Timeline 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.falklands.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Encounters began in April; the British Task Force was shadowed by Boeing 707 aircraft of the Argentine Air Force during their travel to the south FAA map.^ The Argentine air force also had its omens.
  • Air War in the Falklands | Military Aviation | Air & Space Magazine 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airspacemag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ British forces retook South Georgia on April 25.
  • Argentina :: Galtieri and the Falklands War -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Argentine Air force personel captured.
  • Falklands/Malvinas war pictorial. Post yours ���. [Archive] - WW2 in Color History Forum 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ww2incolor.com [Source type: Original source]

.Several of these flights were intercepted by BAE Sea Harriers outside the British-imposed exclusion zone; the unarmed 707s were not attacked because diplomatic moves were still in progress and the UK had not yet decided to commit itself to armed force.^ One of these flights was intercepted outside the British self-imposed exclusion zone, by a Sea Harrier; the unarmed 707 was not attacked because diplomatic moves were still in progress and the UK had not yet decided to commit itself to war.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Task force arrives at exclusion zone.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.btinternet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Meanwhile, the main British task force is on its 8,000 miles (13,000 km) way to the war zone via the British-held Ascension Island.
  • The Falkland Islands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ability.org.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On 23 April a Brazilian commercial Douglas DC-10 from VARIG Airlines en route to South Africa was intercepted by British Harriers who visually identified the civilian plane.^ On April 2nd 1982, the General brought the benefits of this regime to a couple of thousand British subjects in the South Atlantic.
  • MARK STEYN: The Falklands War is a model of fierce good sense 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Islanders, who are descended from British subjects, identify themselves to be British in nationality, while the Argentineans descended from the Spanish, Italians, and Germans, perceive themselves to be Argentinean or even Latin American in identity.
  • Nationaism and the Falkland Island War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.mindspring.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On 23 April, a submarine alert was sounded and operations were halted, with the Tidespring being withdrawn to deeper water to avoid interception.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[20]

Recapture of South Georgia and the attack on the Santa Fe

.The South Georgia force, Operation Paraquet, under the command of Major Guy Sheridan RM, consisted of Marines from 42 Commando, a troop of the Special Air Service (SAS) and Special Boat Service (SBS) troops who were intended to land as reconnaissance forces for an invasion by the Royal Marines.^ Operation Paraquet - M Company, 42 Commando, Royal Marines - Falklands), pp 131-138.
  • Special Operations.Com 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.specialoperations.com [Source type: Academic]
  • SPECIAL OPERATIONS/History/World War II/Falklands/ 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Marine Assault (42 Commando, RM), pp 95-106.
  • Special Operations.Com 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.specialoperations.com [Source type: Academic]
  • SPECIAL OPERATIONS/History/World War II/Falklands/ 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The South Georgia force, Operation Paraquet , under the command of Major Guy Sheridan RM, consisted of marines from 42 Commando, a troop of Special Air Service ( SAS ) and Special Boat Service ( SBS ) troops who were intended to land reconnaissance forces for an invasion by the Royal Marines embarked on RFA Tidespring .
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.All were embarked on RFA Tidespring.^ All were embarked on Tidespring.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.First to arrive was the Churchill-class submarine HMS Conqueror on 19 April, and the island was over-flown by a radar-mapping Handley Page Victor on 20 April.^ First to arrive was the Churchill class submarine HMS Conqueror on the 19th, and the island was over-flown by a radar-mapping Handley Page Victor on the 20th.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ First to arrive was the Churchill-class submarine HMS Conqueror on 19 April, and the island was over-flown by a radar-mapping Handley Page Victor on 20 April.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Before the Argentine junta ratified the acceptance, the British submarine HMS Conqueror torpedoed and sunk the Argentine cruiser General Belgrano which Thatcher stated was 'on the edge of the exclusion zone' and reportedly sailing away from the islands.
  • The Falklands War deception. 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.kirkbytimes.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.The first landings of SAS troops took place on 21 April, but—with the southern hemisphere autumn setting in—the weather was so bad that their landings and others made the next day were all withdrawn after two helicopters crashed in fog on Fortuna Glacier.^ On April 21, two Wessex HU.5's landed SAS patrols on Fortuna Glacier.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first landings of SAS troops took place on 21 April, but — with the southern hemisphere autumn setting in — the weather was so bad that their landings and others made the next day were all withdrawn after several helicopters crashed in fog on Fortuna Glacier.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first landings of SAS troops took place on the 21st, but the weather was so bad that their landings and others made the next day were all withdrawn after several helicopters crashed in fog on Fortuna Glacier.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On 23 April, a submarine alert was sounded and operations were halted, with the Tidespring being withdrawn to deeper water to avoid interception.^ On 23 April, a submarine alert was sounded and operations were halted, with the Tidespring being withdrawn to deeper water to avoid interception.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the 23rd a submarine alert was sounded and operations were halted, with the Tidespring being withdrawn to deeper water to avoid interception.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Charly84 03-19-2007, 06:55 PM The operations of April 2nd took the complete submarine personnel by surprise.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On 24 April, the British forces regrouped and headed in to attack.^ On 24 April, the British forces regrouped and headed in to attack the submarine.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the 24th the British forces regrouped and headed in to attack the submarine, the ARA Santa Fe , locating it on the 25th and damaging it enough that the crew decided to abandon it.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Resupply and reinforcement of their forces on the islands were complicated by a British naval blockade of the Falklandsenforced by three Royal Navy nuclear attack submarines.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On 25 April, after resupplying the Argentine garrison in South Georgia, the submarine ARA Santa Fe was spotted on the surface[21] by a Westland Wessex HAS Mk 3 helicopter from HMS Antrim, which attacked the Argentine submarine with depth charges.^ The sub was spotted on 25 April.
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Three British helicopters attacked it with depth charges, torpedoes and rockets.
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On 25 April the ARA Santa Fe was spotted by a Westland Wessex HAS Mk 3 helicopter from HMS Antrim, which attacked the Argentine submarine with depth charges.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.HMS Plymouth launched a Westland Wasp HAS.Mk.1 helicopter, and HMS Brilliant launched a Westland Lynx HAS Mk 2.^ HMS Plymouth launched a Westland Wasp HAS.Mk.1 helicopter, and HMS Brilliant launched a Westland Lynx HAS Mk 2.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On 25 April the ARA Santa Fe was spotted by a Westland Wessex HAS Mk 3 helicopter from HMS Antrim, which attacked the Argentine submarine with depth charges.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Lynx launched a torpedo, and strafed it with its pintle GPMG; the Wessex also fired on the Santa Fe with its GPMG. The Wasp from HMS Plymouth as well as two other Wasps launched from HMS Endurance fired AS-12 ASM antiship missiles at the submarine, scoring hits.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Lynx launched a torpedo, and strafed the submarine with its pintle-mounted General Purpose Machine Gun; the Wessex also fired on the Santa Fe with its GPMG. The Wasp from HMS Plymouth as well as two other Wasps launched from HMS Endurance fired AS-12 ASM antiship missiles at the submarine, scoring hits.^ The Lynx launched a torpedo, and strafed it with its pintle GPMG; the Wessex also fired on the Santa Fe with its GPMG. The Wasp from HMS Plymouth as well as two other Wasps launched from HMS Endurance fired AS-12 ASM antiship missiles at the submarine, scoring hits.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On 4 May HMS Shefield was sunk by an Exocet missile launched from an Argentine Super Etendard.
  • Islas Malvinas Online, The British Resort to Force in the Falklands/Malvinas Conflict 1982 International Law
    and Just War Theory
    27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.malvinasonline.com.ar [Source type: Original source]

^ Argentina had five air-launched Exocet plus a greater number of ship-launched (one of which was fired from an improvised trailer and badly damaged HMS Glamorgan).
  • Falklands "What if...?" - Page 3 - Key Publishing Ltd Aviation Forums 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC forum.keypublishing.com [Source type: General]

.Santa Fe was damaged badly enough to prevent her from submerging.^ Santa Fe was damaged badly enough to prevent her from submerging.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the 24th the British forces regrouped and headed in to attack the submarine, the ARA Santa Fe , locating it on the 25th and damaging it enough that the crew decided to abandon it.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Originally Posted by David Burke The Santa Fe was damaged and left by the Argentine crew semi submerged i.e holed below the waterline in harbour.
  • Falklands "What if...?" - Page 3 - Key Publishing Ltd Aviation Forums 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC forum.keypublishing.com [Source type: General]

.The crew abandoned the submarine at the jetty at King Edward Point on South Georgia.^ The crew abandoned the submarine at the jetty at King Edward Point on South Georgia.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ South Georgia recaptured by Royal Marines - Thatcher tells Britain to "rejoice"; Argentine submarine Santa Fe is beached on South Georgia after British attack .
  • Falkland Islands Information Portal - Falklands War 1982 Timeline 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.falklands.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the 24th the British forces regrouped and headed in to attack the submarine, the ARA Santa Fe , locating it on the 25th and damaging it enough that the crew decided to abandon it.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.With the Tidespring now far out to sea and the Argentine forces augmented by the submarine's crew, Major Sheridan decided to gather the 76 men he had and make a direct assault that day.^ With the Tidespring now far out to sea and an additional defending force of the submarine's crew now landed, Major Sheridan decided to gather the 75 men he had and make a direct assault that day.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With the Tidespring now far out to sea and the Argentine forces augmented by the submarine's crew, Major Sheridan decided to gather the 76 men he had and make a direct assault that day.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 7th May saw Britain extend the TEZ to within 12 miles of the Argentine coast and two days later an Argentine surveillance trawler was found within the TEZ and strafed by Sea Harriers, and sunk after the crew surrendered.

.After a short forced march by the British troops, the Argentine forces surrendered without resistance.^ After a short forced march the Argentine forces surrendered, making it official the next day.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ British forces land on South Thule - Argentines surrender without a fight.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.btinternet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After a short forced march by the British force, the Argentine forces surrendered without resistance.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The message sent from the naval force at South Georgia to London was, "Be pleased to inform Her Majesty that the White Ensign flies alongside the Union Jack in South Georgia.^ A small force had already been sent south to re-capture South Georgia.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The next day Argentine forces seized the island chain of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, 1500 km to the east of the Falklands.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There has been some controversy about the role of the working party sent to the south Georgia island.
  • The Falklands/Malvinas War, Its Causes and Consequences, and Proposed Ideas for a Negotiated Settlement 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.falklands-malvinas.com [Source type: Original source]

.God Save the Queen."^ God Save the Queen) .
  • Top 10 Badasses of the World’s Special Forces - Listverse 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The emotional ceremony ended with a rendition of God Save the Queen.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ God save the Queen.
  • The Falklands Diary Twenty Five Years On 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.commandogunner.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.Prime Minister Thatcher broke the news to the media, telling them to "Just rejoice at that news!"^ Thatcher becomes prime minister.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.btinternet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Prime Minister Thatcher broke the news to the media, telling them to "Just rejoice at that news!"
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The British Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher, broke the news to the media telling them to "Just rejoice at that news!"
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[22]

Black Buck raids

.On 1 May British operations on the Falklands opened with the "Black Buck 1" attack (of a series of five) on the airfield at Stanley.^ On May 1st, operations against the Falklands opened with the Black Buck 1 attack by RAF Avro Vulcan V bombers on the airfield at Port Stanley.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Their operations, code-named BLACK BUCK began on May 1.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On 1 May operations against the Falklands opened with the "Black Buck 1" attack on the airfield at Stanley.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A Vulcan bomber from Ascension flew on a 8,000 nautical mile round trip dropping conventional bombs across the runway at Stanley and back to Ascension.^ Vulcan bombers raided Port Stanley airfield, and HMS Glamorgan together with two other frigates began bombarding known Argentine positions around Port Stanley.
  • Islas Malvinas Online, The British Resort to Force in the Falklands/Malvinas Conflict 1982 International Law
    and Just War Theory
    27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.malvinasonline.com.ar [Source type: Original source]

^ Air Operations: The First Day The battle began before dawn on 1 May 1982 when a long-range RAF Vulcan bomber, flying from the British base at Ascension Island thousands of miles away, bombed the Port Stanley airfield, cratering the runway and damaging some of the airfield support facilities.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Argentine Air Force simply cannot operate effectively that far from the mainland, it's a 1,000 mile round trip.
  • UK REJECTS ARGENTINA'S FALKLANDS CLAIM 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The flights required several Victor tanker aircraft operating in concert including tanker to tanker refuelling.^ By mid-April the Royal Air Force had set-up an airbase at Wideawake on the mid-Atlantic island of Ascension, including a sizable force of Vulcan bombers, Victor refuelling aircraft, and F-4 Phantom fighters to protect them.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Vulcan had originally been designed for medium-range stand-off nuclear missions in Europe and did not have the range to fly to the Falklands, requiring several in-flight refuelling missions.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The RAF's tanker planes were mostly converted Handley Page Victors with similar range, so they too had to be refuelled in the air.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The overall effect of the raids on the war is difficult to determine, and the raids consumed precious tanker resources from Ascension.^ This is a very complex matter to determine raising as it does difficult questions that go well beyond the justice of a particular war.
  • The Falklands War: A Moral Balance Sheet 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.waikato.ac.nz [Source type: Original source]

[23] The raids did minimal damage to the runway and damage to radars was quickly repaired. .Commonly dismissed as post-war propaganda,[24] Argentine sources were originally the source of claims that the Vulcan raids influenced Argentina to withdraw some of its Mirage IIIs from Southern Argentina to the Buenos Aires Defence Zone.^ To do so would deprive them of influence in Buenos Aires.
  • The Falklands War - 20 years later 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.marxist.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As Argentina urged the United Nations to review the case of the Malvinas, the name by which the Falklands are known in much of Latin America, Operation Rosario, a plan to invade and capture the islands, took form in the Argentine capital, Buenos Aires.
  • Air War in the Falklands | Military Aviation | Air & Space Magazine 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airspacemag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ La Fuerza Aérea Argentina en Malvinas Argentine Air Force: Extracts of descriptions of involvement in the war, from sources world wide Malvinas Air Combat Veteran Photo album , Personal photos of R.Brown, Brigadier (RE) - retired- Argentine Air Force .
  • falklands/malvinas war| south atlantic background| diplomacy| general accounts| biographies| events| witness accounts|documents| analysis| aftermath 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.casahistoria.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[25][26][27] .This dissuasive effect was however watered down when British officials made clear that there would be no strikes on air bases in Argentina.^ Argentina has no interest in negotiation and has made that very clear.
  • Who remembers the Falklands War? : Deep Sea News 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ On the other hand, it is clear that British military assets, newly arrived and eight thousand miles from base, would waste rapidly in the hostile conditions of the South Atlantic in winter.
  • The Falklands War: A Moral Balance Sheet 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.waikato.ac.nz [Source type: Original source]

^ It is by no means clear, as we have seen, whether international arbitration would uphold the British claim to the Falklands.
  • Islas Malvinas Online, The British Resort to Force in the Falklands/Malvinas Conflict 1982 International Law
    and Just War Theory
    27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.malvinasonline.com.ar [Source type: Original source]

[28]
.Of the five Black Buck raids, three were against Stanley Airfield, with the other two anti-radar missions using Shrike anti-radiation missiles.^ Of the five Black Buck raids, three were against Stanley Airfield, with the other two anti-radar missions using Shrike air-to-surface antiradiation missiles.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Black Buck raids .
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On 1 May operations against the Falklands opened with the "Black Buck 1" attack on the airfield at Stanley.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Escalation of the air war

.
Royal Navy Fleet Air Arm Sea Harrier FRS1.
^ During daylight hours, the Royal Navy tried to maintain continuous CAP coverage over the fleet with two Harriers armed with AIM 9L Sidewinder air-to-air missiles.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If the Royal Navy had not been able to fend off Argentine air attacks and protect its fleet, no British landings on the Falklands would have been possible.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Invincible began rotating her Sea Harriers through combat air patrol (CAP) west of the fleet that same day.
  • Air War in the Falklands | Military Aviation | Air & Space Magazine 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airspacemag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The flamboyant paint scheme was altered to a duller one en route South.
.The Falklands had only three airfields.^ The Falklands had only three airfields.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The airfield at Port Stanley was the only hard-surface airfield in the Falklands.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The longest and only paved runway was at the capital, Stanley, and even it was too short to support fast jets.^ Paved runway constructed at Port Stanley.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.btinternet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The longest runway, and the only paved runway, was at the capital, Port Stanley.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The only way consistently to oppose the British bourgeoisie, they claim, is to support the enemy of the British bourgeoisie even if this happens to be Argentinas military-police dictatorship!
  • Socialism Today - Falklands war: what lessons for the labour movement? 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.socialismtoday.org [Source type: Original source]

.Therefore, the Argentines were forced to launch their major strikes from the mainland, severely hampering their efforts at forward staging, combat air patrols and close air support over the islands.^ Stanley's runway was too short to support fast jets, so the Argentine Air Force (FAA) had to launch its major strikes from the mainland.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Argentine Air force personel captured.
  • Falklands/Malvinas war pictorial. Post yours ���. [Archive] - WW2 in Color History Forum 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ww2incolor.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Argentine forces had landed on the Falkland islands.
  • The Falklands/Malvinas War, Its Causes and Consequences, and Proposed Ideas for a Negotiated Settlement 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.falklands-malvinas.com [Source type: Original source]

.The effective loiter time of incoming Argentine aircraft was low, and they were later compelled to overfly British forces in any attempt to attack the islands.^ The attack was therefore a strategic success, hampering Argentine efforts at close air support, reducing the effective loiter time of incoming Argentine aircraft, and compelling them to overfly British forces in any attempt to attack the islands.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The effective loiter time of incoming Argentine aircraft was low, and they were later compelled to overfly British forces in any attempt to attack the islands.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Argentine forces had landed on the Falkland islands.
  • The Falklands/Malvinas War, Its Causes and Consequences, and Proposed Ideas for a Negotiated Settlement 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.falklands-malvinas.com [Source type: Original source]

.The first major Argentine strike force comprised 36 aircraft (McDonnell Douglas A-4 Skyhawks, Israel Aircraft Industries Daggers, English Electric B Mk 62 Canberras, and Dassault Mirage III escorts), and was sent on 1 May, in the belief that the British invasion was imminent or landings had already taken place.^ Argentine forces had landed on the Falkland islands.
  • The Falklands/Malvinas War, Its Causes and Consequences, and Proposed Ideas for a Negotiated Settlement 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.falklands-malvinas.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The first major strike force comprised 36 aircraft (McDonnell Douglas A-4 Skyhawks, Israel Aircraft Industries Daggers, English Electric B Mk 62 Canberras and Dassault Mirage III escorts), and was sent on 1 May, in the belief that the British invasion was imminent or landings had already taken place.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some commentators believe that the war could have ended in an Argentine victory if one of the Exocets had hit an aircraft carrier, or if the frequent unexploded bombs had detonated on striking some of the ships (75% of the British task force was damaged or sunk), or if Argentina had attacked the British artillery, using the three paratroop regiments already deployed at Comodoro Rivadavia.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Only a section of Grupo 6 (flying IAI Dagger aircraft) found ships, which were firing at Argentine defences near the islands.^ Only a section of Grupo 6 (flying IAI Dagger aircraft) found ships, which were firing at Argentine defences near the islands.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Eight of the 34 aircraft lost were to enemy fire, 13 were lost in accidents, and 13 lost when their parent ship sank.
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Argentine Daggers and Skyhawks popped up over the hills and bored straight into the British ships.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Daggers managed to attack the ships and return safely.^ The Daggers managed to attack the ships and return safely.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The other Skyhawk made a successful attack and returned safely to its base.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This greatly boosted morale of the Argentine pilots, who now knew they could survive an attack against modern warships, protected by radar ground clutter from the Islands and by using a late pop-up profile.^ The Mirages coordinated with Argentine radar on the Falklands as they approached the islands.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also, if they chose, they could have Argentine citizenship.
  • The Falklands/Malvinas War, Its Causes and Consequences, and Proposed Ideas for a Negotiated Settlement 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.falklands-malvinas.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This was a great morale-boost for the Argentine pilots, who now knew they could survive an attack against modern warships, protected by radar ground clutter from the Islands and by using a late pop-up profile.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Meanwhile, other Argentine aircraft were intercepted by BAE Sea Harriers operating from HMS Invincible.^ Invincible silhouette on Argentine aircraft .
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Meanwhile, other Argentine aircraft were intercepted by Sea Harriers operating from HMS Invincible.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Three Argentine skyhawk aircraft are shot down by Sea Harriers.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.btinternet.com [Source type: Original source]

.A Dagger (piloted by Osvaldo Ardiles's cousin[29]), and a Canberra were shot down.^ A Dagger and a Canberra were shot down.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is a very unique exhibit with exclusive pictures and stories from Neil Wilkinson the man who shot down the Argentinean Pilot who sunk the HMS Coventry.
  • Falkland Islands, Malvinas War Guestbook Argentian and British Pictures 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.yellowairplane.com [Source type: General]

^ The pilot had little chance to celebrate; his compatriots at Goose Green shot him down, and he died in the crash.
  • Air War in the Falklands | Military Aviation | Air & Space Magazine 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airspacemag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Argentine Air Force Mirage IIIEA. Their lack of aerial refuelling capability prevented them from being used effectively over the islands in the air-air role.
.Combat broke out between Sea Harrier FRS Mk 1 fighters of No.^ Combat broke out between Sea Harrier FRS Mk 1 fighters of No.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Four of these planes were lost to Sea Harriers operating from Invincible , while combat broke out between other Harriers and Mirage fighters of Grupo 8.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sea Harriers of No 800 NAS aboard HMS Hermes in "typical foul weather" in the Atlantic during winter.

.801 Naval Air Squadron and Mirage III fighters of Grupo 8. Both sides refused to fight at the other's best altitude, until two Mirages finally descended to engage.^ Both sides refused to fight at the other's best altitude, until two Mirages finally descended to engage.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Both sides refused to fight at the other's best altitude, until the Mirages finally descended to engage.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first two flights of fighters ingressed at medium altitude, failed to find the British force, reached their bingo fuel limits, and had to turn back.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.One was shot down by an AIM-9L Sidewinder air-to-air missile (AAM), while the other escaped but was damaged and without enough fuel to return to its mainland air base.^ One was shot down by an AIM-9L Sidewinder AAM (Air-to-Air Missile), while the other escaped but without enough fuel to return to its mainland airfield.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On one of these flights, an Air Force Learjet was shot down, killing the squadron commander, Vice Commodore Rodolfo De La Colina, who was the highest-ranking Argentine officer to die in the War.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Argentina had five air-launched Exocet plus a greater number of ship-launched (one of which was fired from an improvised trailer and badly damaged HMS Glamorgan).
  • Falklands "What if...?" - Page 3 - Key Publishing Ltd Aviation Forums 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC forum.keypublishing.com [Source type: General]

.The plane made for Stanley, where it fell victim to friendly fire from the Argentine defenders.^ The plane made for Stanley, where it fell victim to friendly fire from the Argentine defenders.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One was shot down, and another was damaged and made for Port Stanley, where it fell victim to friendly fire from the Argentine defenders.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One Royal Marine sergeant, against orders, made a dash into the open, drawing Argentine fire long enough for his 'oppos' to find the direction of the enemy, before he fell, hit in the left shoulder.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[30]
.As a result of this experience, Argentine Air Force staff decided to employ A-4 Skyhawks and Daggers only as strike units, the Canberras only during the night, and Mirage IIIs (without air refuelling capability or any capable AAM) as decoys to lure away the British Sea Harriers.^ As a result of this experience, Argentine Air Force staff decided to employ A-4 Skyhawks and Daggers only as strike units, the Canberras only during the night, and Mirage IIIs (without air refuelling capability or any capable AAM (Air-to-Air Missiles)) as decoys to lure away the British Sea Harriers.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Argentine air force also had its omens.
  • Air War in the Falklands | Military Aviation | Air & Space Magazine 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airspacemag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The only Harrier losses during the conflict were Sea Harrier.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The decoying would be later extended with the formation of the Escuadron Fenix, a squadron of civilian jets flying 24 hours-a-day simulating strike aircraft preparing to attack the fleet.^ The decoying would be later extended with the formation of the Escuadron Fenix, a squadron of civilian jets flying 24 hours-a-day simulating strike aircraft preparing to attack the fleet.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It would broadcast for four hours each day.
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When initially spotted, the ROE did not permit the SSN to engage, however had she launched strike aircraft she would have been sunk.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On one of these flights, an Air Force Learjet was shot down, killing the squadron commander, Vice Commodore Rodolfo De La Colina, the highest-ranking Argentine officer to die in the war.^ The Argentine air force also had its omens.
  • Air War in the Falklands | Military Aviation | Air & Space Magazine 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airspacemag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Three Argentine planed are shot down.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.btinternet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Eight Argentine aircraft are shot down.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.btinternet.com [Source type: Original source]

[31][32]
.
A Royal Navy Sea King helicopter rescues Sqn Ldr Jerry Pook, after he was forced to bail out over the sea.
^ A Sea King helicopter hovers in the background.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The lack of Airborne Early Warning aircraft available to the British fleet following the scrapping of the Royal navy's conventional aircraft carriers and the subsequent sinkings of a number of Task Force ships convinced the Admiralty that such an aircraft was needed and Royal Navy ASW Sea Kings were converted after the war to serve this role.

^ We should forestall any thought of an Argy retake by ensuring that we have an adaquate garrison force on the Falkland Isles, and that the Royal Navy regularly has a presence in the vacinity.
  • Express.co.uk - Home of the Daily and Sunday Express | Express Yourself :: Falklands: Oil could become bigger earner than tourism 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.express.co.uk [Source type: News]

His GR3 Harrier had been hit by ground fire west of Stanley on May 30.
.Stanley was used as an Argentine strongpoint throughout the conflict.^ Stanley was used as an Argentine strongpoint throughout the conflict.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Little reference, however, is made to the ground effort as this was a conflict with two separate confrontations: the Argentine attack of the British fleet; and, the movement of the British ground force on Port Stanley.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I used to have a ex-Argentine US made M1 steel helmet that he picked up from Stanley Airfield after the surrender.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Despite the Black Buck and Harrier raids on Stanley airfield (no fast jets were stationed there for air defence) and overnight shelling by detached ships, it was never out of action entirely.^ Black Buck raids .
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Despite the Black Buck and Harrier raids on Stanley airfield (no fast jets were stationed there for air defence) and overnight shelling by detached ships, it was never out of action entirely.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Vulcan bombers raided Port Stanley airfield, and HMS Glamorgan together with two other frigates began bombarding known Argentine positions around Port Stanley.
  • Islas Malvinas Online, The British Resort to Force in the Falklands/Malvinas Conflict 1982 International Law
    and Just War Theory
    27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.malvinasonline.com.ar [Source type: Original source]

.Stanley was defended by a mixture of Surface-to-air missile (SAM) systems (Franco-German Roland and British Tigercat) and Swiss-built Oerlikon 35 mm twin anti-aircraft cannons.^ Stanley was defended by a mixture of SAM systems (such as the Franco-German Roland) and Swiss-built 35 mm twin anti-aircraft cannons.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I read recently that the Roland Anti-Aircraft missile system at Stanley Airport broke-down and a German civilian from the manufacturer was flown-out to the islands to fit a spare part; apparently this was done to improve the post-war sales of Roland which at that point hadnt shot anything down.
  • Falklands "What if...?" - Page 3 - Key Publishing Ltd Aviation Forums 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC forum.keypublishing.com [Source type: General]

^ May, an Aerospatiale SA-330 Puma helicopter was brought down by a shoulder-launched Stinger surface-to-air missile (SAM) fired by the SAS in the vicinity of Mount Kent.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Lockheed Hercules transport night flights brought supplies, weapons, vehicles, and fuel, and airlifted out the wounded up until the end of the conflict.^ Lockheed Hercules transport night flights brought supplies, weapons, vehicles, and fuel, and airlifted out the wounded right until the end of the conflict.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The transports continued to fly into Port Stanley by night, bringing in supplies, weapons, vehicles, and fuel into the Falklands and airlifting out the wounded.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During April, the small transport force mobilized everything that could fly and airlifted almost 8,000 troops and 5,037 tons of supplies, weapons, vehicles, and fuel into the Falklands.29 Even after the arrival of the British fleet and its proclamation of a full air blockade of the Falklands, the transports continued to fly into Port Stanley by night, bringing in supplies and airlifting out the wounded.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The few RN Sea Harriers were considered too valuable by day to risk in night-time blockade operations, and their Blue Fox radar was not an effective look-down over land radar.^ The few RN Sea Harriers were considered too valuable by day to risk in night-time blockade operations, and their Blue Fox radar was not an effective look-down over land radar.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Sea Harrier’s radar also lost aircraft that were flying over land.
  • Air War in the Falklands | Military Aviation | Air & Space Magazine 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airspacemag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Sea Harrier differed from the RAF’s GR.3 in having extensive corrosion-proofing, a cockpit that was raised to provide the pilot with a better view, and a multi-mode radar called Blue Fox, which could search for targets in the air or on the sea.
  • Air War in the Falklands | Military Aviation | Air & Space Magazine 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airspacemag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[33]
.The only Argentine Hercules shot down by the British was lost on 1 June when TC-63 was intercepted by a Sea Harrier in daylight[34][35] when it was searching for the British fleet north-east of the islands after the Argentine Navy retired its last SP-2H Neptune due to airframe attrition.^ Three Argentine planed are shot down.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.btinternet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Eight Argentine aircraft are shot down.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.btinternet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Argentine aircraft are shot down.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.btinternet.com [Source type: Original source]

Various options to attack the home base of the five Argentine Etendards at Río Grande were examined and discounted (Operation Mikado), subsequently five Royal Navy submarines lined up, submerged, on the edge of Argentina’s 12-mile territorial limit to provide early warning of bombing raids on the British task force[36]

Sinking of Belgrano

The ARA General Belgrano, sinking.
.Two separate British naval task forces (surface vessels and submarines) and the Argentine fleet were operating in the neighbourhood of the Falklands, and soon came into conflict.^ In reality, the two sides accidentally came into conflict over the Falklands.
  • The Falklands War - 20 years later 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.marxist.com [Source type: Original source]

^ British task force arrives in Falklands waters.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.btinternet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Sun's "Gotcha" headline Two separate British naval task forces (surface vessels and submarines) and the Argentine fleet were operating in the neighbourhood of the Falklands, and soon came into conflict.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The first naval loss was the World War II vintage Argentine light cruiser ARA General Belgrano.^ Argentine naval units, the General Belgrano and the 25 de Mayo.
  • Islas Malvinas Online, The British Resort to Force in the Falklands/Malvinas Conflict 1982 International Law
    and Just War Theory
    27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.malvinasonline.com.ar [Source type: Original source]

^ The first naval loss was the World War II vintage Argentine light cruiser ARA General Belgrano — formerly the USS Phoenix, a survivor of the 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gotcha headline HMS Conqueror returning to port flying the Jolly Roger On May 2 the World War II - vintage Argentine light cruiser ARA General Belgrano - a survivor of the 1941 Pearl Harbor attacks - was sunk by Conqueror , using WWII vintage torpedoes as they were considered more reliable than the more modern Tigerfish torpedo.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The nuclear-powered submarine HMS Conqueror sank Belgrano on 2 May.^ First to arrive was the Churchill class submarine HMS Conqueror on the 19th, and the island was over-flown by a radar-mapping Handley Page Victor on the 20th.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The nuclear-powered submarine HMS Conqueror, captained by Commander Christopher Wreford-Brown, sank Belgrano on May 2 using Mk 8 Mod 4 torpedoes of WWII-vintage design; these were chosen as they carried a larger warhead and contact fuses and there were worries surrounding the reliability of the newer Mk 24 torpedo stock.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Action on 23 May On 2 May 1982 the decisive naval action of the war occurred when the British nuclear attack submarine HMS Conqueror sank the Argentine cruiser General Belgrano outside the 200-mile exclusion zone that the UK had established around the Falklands.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Three hundred and twenty-three members of Belgrano's crew died in the incident.^ Three hundred and twenty-three members of Belgrano's crew died in the incident.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Over 700 men were rescued from the open ocean despite cold seas and stormy weather.^ Over 700 men were rescued from the open ocean despite cold seas and stormy weather.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Research suggests that, even if the ocean liner had not struck an iceberg during its maiden voyage, structural weaknesses made it vulnerable to any stormy sea.
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: General]

.The losses from Belgrano totalled just over half of the Argentine deaths in the Falklands conflict and the loss of the ARA General Belgrano hardened the stance of the Argentine government.^ Losses from Belgrano totalled just over half of Argentine deaths in the Falklands conflict, and the Belgrano remains the only ship ever sunk by a nuclear submarine in combat.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The invasion briefly attracted the support of almost the entire Argentine population - this quickly changed to rejection of the generals when it became clear that the conflict was badly conceived and managed and the British forces, after many losses on both sides, were able to repel the invasion.
  • Who remembers the Falklands War? : Deep Sea News 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ The loss of General Belgrano hardened the stance of the Argentine government and also became a cause celebre for anti-war campaigners (such as Labour MP Tam Dalyell), who declared that the ship had been sailing away from the Falklands at the time.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Regardless of controversies over the sinking, it had a crucial strategic effect: the elimination of the Argentine naval threat.^ Regardless of controversies over the sinking, it had an important strategic effect.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ignoring strategic, geographic, ethnic, social, and economic factors, nations reacted to the crisis by asking, "What precedential effect would an Argentine victory have on us?"
  • Islas Malvinas Online, Dulce et Decorum Est: The Strategic Role of Legal Principles in the Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.malvinasonline.com.ar [Source type: Original source]

^ The battles began less than a month later with the British sinking of the Argentine Belgrano, and the air and naval battles commenced.
  • Steven Berkoff advanced falklands war plays 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.iainfisher.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.After her loss, the entire Argentine fleet, with the exception of the conventional submarine ARA San Luis,[21] returned to port and did not leave again for the duration of hostilities.^ Argentine fleet leaves Puerto Belgrano.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.btinternet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After the loss of General Belgrano , the entire Argentine fleet returned to port and did not leave again for the duration of hostilities.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After her loss, the entire Argentine fleet returned to port and did not leave again for the duration of hostilities.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The two escorting destroyers and the battle group centred on the aircraft carrier ARA Veinticinco de Mayo both withdrew from the area, ending the direct threat to the British fleet that their pincer movement had represented.^ The two escorting destroyers and the battle group centred on the aircraft carrier ARA Veinticinco de Mayo both withdrew from the area, ending the direct threat to the British fleet that their pincer movement had represented.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is a British carrier and an American cruiser; two British destroyers ...
  • Michael Skey 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC ics.leeds.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Two Argentine aircraft were destroyed .
  • Palace Barracks Memorial Garden - Northern Ireland, Falklands Islands, Felix Memorial Garden. 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.palacebarracksmemorialgarden.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In a separate incident later that night, British forces engaged an Argentine patrol gunboat, the ARA Alferez Sobral.^ In a separate incident later that night, British forces engaged an Argentine patrol gunboat, the ARA Alferez Sobral.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The British Task Force is now at hand and has cut the Argentine access to the islands.
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Finally, in 1833 the British occupied the islands by force and ejected its inhabitants to the Argentine mainland.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At the time, the Alferez Sobral was searching for the crew of the Argentine Air Force English Electric Canberra light bomber shot down on 1 May.^ The Argentine air force also had its omens.
  • Air War in the Falklands | Military Aviation | Air & Space Magazine 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airspacemag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Three Argentine planed are shot down.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.btinternet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Eight Argentine aircraft are shot down.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.btinternet.com [Source type: Original source]

.Two Royal Navy Lynx helicopters fired four Sea Skua missiles against her.^ Two Sea Lynxes fired four Sea Skua missiles against her.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The two carriers each carried a complement of Royal Navy Harrier jets and helicopters.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cuerva spotted two Sea Harriers and fired two missiles which missed.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Badly damaged and with eight crew dead, the Sobral managed to return to Puerto Deseado two days later, but the Canberra's crew were never found.^ Badly damaged and with eight crew dead, the Sobral managed to return to Puerto Deseado two days later, but the Canberra's crew were never found.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On, 21 November 1990, the O-2A 618 crashed at Usulutan, and two days later an A-37 was shot down by SA-7s, while an UH-1M was damaged heavily and had to be written off, on 26 November 1990.
  • El Salvador, 1980-1992 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.acig.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After recovering from the ejection, he walked two days and two nights until he got into an uninhabited house where he found canned food.
  • Falkland Islands, Malvinas War Guestbook Argentian and British Pictures 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.yellowairplane.com [Source type: General]

Sinking of HMS Sheffield

.On 4 May, two days after the sinking of Belgrano, the British lost the Type 42 destroyer HMS Sheffield to fire following an Exocet missile strike from 2nd Naval Air Fighter/Attack Squadron.^ The enemy showed its potential to cause mayhem from the air with the Exocet missile attack on the destroyer Sheffield on May 4.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Argentines struck back on 4 May when the destroyer “ Sheffield ” was hit by an air-launched Exocet missile and sunk.
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ HMS Sheffield on fire Two days after the General Belgrano sinking, on May 4, the British lost the Type 42 destroyer HMS Sheffield to fire following an Exocet missile strike.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Sheffield had been ordered forward with two other Type 42s to provide a long-range radar and medium-high altitude missile picket far from the British carriers.^ Sheffield had been ordered forward with two other Type 42s in order to provide a radar and missile "picket" far from the British carriers.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sheffield had been ordered forward with two other Type 42s in order to provide a long-range radar and medium-high altitude missile "picket" far from the British carriers.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the pop-up and looking to my radar image,” he says, “I have to choose between two alternatives: launching the missile at the first target I see, or…get the carrier into missile range.” The latter entails flying another 20 miles, over the missile-armed frigates—in other words, “I die before launching,” says Josa.
  • Air War in the Falklands | Military Aviation | Air & Space Magazine 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airspacemag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.She was struck amidships, with devastating effect, ultimately killing 20 crew members and severely injuring 24 others.^ Whether the warhead actually exploded is debated, but raging fires started to spread, ultimately killing 20 crew members and severely injuring 24 others.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sheffield was struck amidships, with devastating effect.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The weapon struck with devastating effect, hitting the centre of the ship and starting raging fires which quickly spread, killing 22 sailors and severely injuring 24 others.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The ship was abandoned several hours later, gutted and deformed by the fires that continued to burn for six more days.^ Sheffield was abandoned several hours later, gutted and deformed by her still-burning fires which lingered on for six more days.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sheffield was abandoned several hours later, gutted and deformed by the fires that continued to burn for six more days.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Sheffield was later abandoned and sank six days later while being towed.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.She finally sank outside the Maritime Exclusion Zone on 10 May.^ She finally sank outside the Maritime Exclusion Zone on May 10, whilst under tow from Yarmouth, becoming an official war grave.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She finally sank outside the Exclusion Zone on May 10, whilst under tow from the Yarmouth , becoming an official war grave.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While 3 Para left the Canberra for HMS Intrepid, these are among the final movements before we enter the TEZ (total exclusion zone) .
  • The Falklands Diary Twenty Five Years On 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.commandogunner.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.The incident is described in detail by Admiral Sandy Woodward in his book One Hundred Days, Chapter One.^ In One Hundred Days, the Memories of the Falklands Battle Group Commander, Admiral Sandy Woodward, Naval Institute Press, Annapolis , MD, 1992, the author mentions that in 1973 he worked on a report about Britain 's ability to protect the Falklands in case of an Argentine invasion.
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Admiral Sir John Fieldhouse chairs conference at Ascension Island with Admiral Sandy Woodward and 3 Commando Brigade which sets out detailed plans for the retaking of the Islands by force.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.btinternet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Laworkerbee 03-13-2007, 07:03 PM Thanks for the offer I'll take you up on it when I'm finished with One Hundred Days.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Woodward was a former commanding officer of Sheffield.[37]
.The tempo of operations increased throughout the second half of May as United Nations attempts to mediate a peace were rejected by the British, who felt that any delay would make a campaign impractical in the South Atlantic storms.^ UN attempts to mediate a peace were rejected by the British who felt that any delay would make a campaign impractical in the South Atlantic storms.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The tempo of operations increased throughout the second half of May.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The tempo of operations increased throughout the second half of May as United Nations attempts to mediate a peace were rejected by the British, who felt that any delay would make a campaign impractical in the South Atlantic storms.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The destruction of Sheffield had a profound impact on the British public, bringing home the fact that the "Falklands Crisis", as the BBC News put it, was now an actual "shooting war".

SAS operations

.
British propaganda leaflet intended for Argentine soldiers dropped during the Falkland Islands War.
^ Argentine forces had landed on the Falkland islands.
  • The Falklands/Malvinas War, Its Causes and Consequences, and Proposed Ideas for a Negotiated Settlement 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.falklands-malvinas.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Operating Locations during the Falklands War .
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the Argentine military abandoned their attempts at a television system in the Falkland Islands, a replacement would not be permanently established until the British Military opened the purpose-built Mount Pleasant Airbase in 1985.
  • TCBH Postgraduate Essay Prize Winner for 2007: 'Strangers in the Night': The Falklands Conflict as a Radio War -- Pinkerton 19 (3): 344 -- Twentieth Century British History 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC tcbh.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Titled "Islands of the Condemned," it warns Argentine naval ships and aircraft not to enter the Falkland Islands exclusion zone.
.Given the threat to the British fleet posed by the Etendard-Exocet combination, plans were made to use Special Air Service troops to attack the home base of the five Etendards at Río Grande, Tierra del Fuego.^ SAS operations FMA IA 58 Pucará Given the threat to the British fleet posed by the Etendard / Exocet combination, plans were made to use Special Air Service troops to attack the home base of the five Etendards at Río Grande, Tierra del Fuego.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Rio Grande, in Fireland [Tierra del Fuego].
  • Air War in the Falklands | Military Aviation | Air & Space Magazine 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airspacemag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Special Air Service, p 21.
  • SPECIAL OPERATIONS/History/World War II/Falklands/ 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The operation was code named "Mikado".[38] The aim was to destroy the missiles and the aircraft that carried them, and to kill the pilots in their quarters.^ The aim was to destroy the missiles and the aircraft that carried them, and to kill the pilots in their quarters.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The British also considered using Chile as a base for commando operations into Argentina and actually planned an Operation Mikado where two C-130 Hercules aircraft would crash land at the Rio Grand Air Base and a SAS squadron would destroy the Super Entendards based there, all the Exocet missiles, and kill all the Argentine pilots.
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Two Argentines were killed in the crash and the aircraft destroyed.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Two plans were drafted and underwent preliminary rehearsal: a landing by approximately fifty-five SAS in two C-130 Hercules aircraft directly on the runway at Rio Grande; and infiltration of twenty-four SAS by inflatable boats brought within a few miles of the coast by submarine.^ Two plans were drafted and underwent preliminary rehearsal: a landing by approximately fifty-five SAS in two C-130 Hercules aircraft directly on the runway at Rio Grande; and infiltration of twenty-four SAS by inflatable boats brought within a few miles of the coast by submarine.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The British also considered using Chile as a base for commando operations into Argentina and actually planned an Operation Mikado where two C-130 Hercules aircraft would crash land at the Rio Grand Air Base and a SAS squadron would destroy the Super Entendards based there, all the Exocet missiles, and kill all the Argentine pilots.
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Falkland Islands, which sit three hundred miles off the coast of Argentina, have been under British sovereignty for over one hundred and fifty years.
  • Steven Berkoff advanced falklands war plays 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.iainfisher.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Neither plan was implemented; the earlier airborne assault plan attracted considerable hostility from some members of the SAS, who considered the proposed raid a suicide mission.^ Neither plan was implemented; the earlier airborne assault plan attracted considerable hostility from some members of the SAS, who considered the proposed raid a suicide mission.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If he had remained a little further back, perhaps he would have considered the proposal and thought it a better option for maintaining momentum - who knows?
  • Falklands/Malvinas war pictorial. Post yours ���. [Archive] - WW2 in Color History Forum 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ww2incolor.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Connor is a former SAS senior NCO, and he goes into considerable detail on the various missions, including the famed Operation Mikado, the cancelled plan to storm Argentine airfields by B Squadron of 22 SAS. .
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[39] .Ironically, the Rio Grande area would be defended by four full-strength battalions of Marine Infantry of the Argentine Marine Corps of the Argentine Navy some of whose officers were trained in the UK by the SBS years earlier.^ Ironically, the Rio Grande area would be defended by the Amphibious Marine Brigade of the Argentine Navy, some of whose officers were trained in UK by the SBS years earlier.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Argentines rigorously defended Full Back.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Notice the 1000 lb bomb While the attacks were undoubtedly brave, the low release of the unretarded bombs (some of which, ironically, were sold to the Argentine FAA by the British years earlier) meant that many never exploded as there was insufficient time in the air for them to arm themselves.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[40]
.After the war, Argentine marine commanders admitted that they were waiting for some kind of landing by SAS forces but never expected a Hercules to land directly on their runways, although they would have pursued British forces even into Chilean territory if they were attacked.^ They would attack lightly trained Argentine conscripts.
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the war, Argentine marine commanders admitted that they were waiting for some kind of landing by SAS forces but never expected a Hercules to land directly on their runways, although they would have prosecuted British forces even into Chilean territory if they were attacked.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Commander in Chief of the British forces.
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[41]
.An SAS reconnaissance team was dispatched to carry out preparations for a seaborne infiltration.^ An SAS reconnaissance team was despatched to carry out preparations for a seaborne infiltration.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the night an advance force comprising of SAS/SBS/NGS carried out an operation on Pebble islands, to the north west of the Falklands.
  • The Falklands Diary Twenty Five Years On 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.commandogunner.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ British aircraft sank two small Argentine ships, Port Stanley came under naval ship bombardment, and British helicopters and Harriers carried out air reconnaissance and dropped Special Air Service (SAS) teams to conduct reconnaissance behind enemy lines.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A Westland Sea King helicopter carrying the assigned team took off from HMS Invincible on the night of 17 May, but bad weather forced it to land 50 miles (80 km) from its target, and the mission was aborted.^ A Sea King helicopter hovers in the background.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This mission was aborted due to bad weather conditions.
  • Palace Barracks Memorial Garden - Northern Ireland, Falklands Islands, Felix Memorial Garden. 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.palacebarracksmemorialgarden.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A Westland Sea King helicopter carrying the assigned team took off from HMS Invincible on the night of May 17, but bad weather forced it to land 50 miles (80 km) from its target, and the mission was aborted.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[42] .The pilot flew to Chile and dropped off the SAS team, before setting fire to his helicopter and surrendering to the Chilean authorities.^ The pilot flew to Chile and dropped off the SAS team, before setting fire to his helicopter and surrendering to the Chilean authorities.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The pilot who flew that aircraft off the atlantic conveyor is a colleague of mine.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Despite the much publicised aborted attempt to place an SAS team on the mainland (burnt out Sea King on Lake shore in Chile, aircrew interviewed on Chilean TV etc.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The discovery of the burnt-out helicopter attracted considerable international attention at the time.^ The discovery of the burnt-out helicopter attracted considerable international attention at the time.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ About 17 May the Chilean authorities found a burnt out Sea King helicopter near the southern town of Punta Arenas .
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On 14 May the SAS carried out the raid on Pebble Island at the Falklands, where the Argentine Navy had taken over a grass airfield for FMA IA 58 Pucará light ground attack aircraft and T-34 Mentors.^ On May 14, SAS carried out the raid on Pebble Island at the Falklands, where the Argentine Navy had mounted a grass airfield for FMA IA 58 Pucarás and T-34 Mentors.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Argentine forces had landed on the Falkland islands.
  • The Falklands/Malvinas War, Its Causes and Consequences, and Proposed Ideas for a Negotiated Settlement 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.falklands-malvinas.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This was a great morale-boost for the Argentine pilots, who now knew they could survive an attack against modern warships, protected by radar ground clutter from the Islands and by using a late pop-up profile.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The raid destroyed the aircraft there.^ The raid was a complete success, all aircraft on the airstrip were destroyed they included 6 puccarra, 4 mentor (jets) and a sky van.
  • The Falklands Diary Twenty Five Years On 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.commandogunner.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

Landing at San Carlos — Bomb Alley

Context of landings in the Falklands.
San Carlos landing sites.
An Argentine Air Force A-4C Skyhawk flying to the islands.
.
Gate guardian painted in the colours of the last A-4Q of the Argentine Navy to attack HMS Ardent.
^ It is probably the correct interpretation of the navy's strategy in planning the attack that it was a kind of preemptive attack not on the Belgrano in particular, but on the Argentine navy as a whole.
  • Islas Malvinas Online, The British Resort to Force in the Falklands/Malvinas Conflict 1982 International Law
    and Just War Theory
    27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.malvinasonline.com.ar [Source type: Original source]

^ If the Royal Navy had not been able to fend off Argentine air attacks and protect its fleet, no British landings on the Falklands would have been possible.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With the passing of the last conventional carrier, HMS Ark Royal, the Royal Navy had adopted a version of the Royal Air Force’s Harrier GR.3 vertical-takeoff attack fighter.
  • Air War in the Falklands | Military Aviation | Air & Space Magazine 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airspacemag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The pilot Lieutenant Marcelo Gustavo Márquez was killed in action.
.During the night on 21 May the British Amphibious Task Group under the command of Commodore Michael Clapp (Commodore, Amphibious Warfare - COMAW) mounted Operation Sutton, the amphibious landing on beaches around San Carlos Water,[43] on the northwestern coast of East Falkland facing onto Falkland Sound.^ San Carlos landing sites .
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The British were now ready to land forces on East Falkland Island.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They had little difficulty in finding the British ships which were bracketed in Falklands Sound and San Carlos water.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The bay, known as Bomb Alley by British forces, was the scene of repeated air attacks by low-flying Argentine jets.^ The Argentine air force also had its omens.
  • Air War in the Falklands | Military Aviation | Air & Space Magazine 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airspacemag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The bay, known as Bomb Alley by British forces, was the scene of repeated air attacks by low-flying Argentinean jets.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Argentine Air force personel captured.
  • Falklands/Malvinas war pictorial. Post yours ���. [Archive] - WW2 in Color History Forum 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ww2incolor.com [Source type: Original source]

[44][45]
.The 4,000 men of 3 Commando Brigade were put ashore as follows: 2nd battalion of the Parachute Regiment (2 Para) from the RORO ferry Norland and 40 Commando (Royal Marines) from the amphibious ship HMS Fearless were landed at San Carlos (Blue Beach), 3 Para from the amphibious ship HMS Intrepid were landed at Port San Carlos (Green Beach) and 45 Commando from RFA Stromness were landed at Ajax Bay (Red Beach).^ San Carlos landing sites .
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ PM 3 para port san carlos .
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Twin Sisters" 45 Royal marine Commando launched an attack.
  • Palace Barracks Memorial Garden - Northern Ireland, Falklands Islands, Felix Memorial Garden. 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.palacebarracksmemorialgarden.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Notably the waves of 8 LCUs and 8 LCVPs were led by Major Ewen Southby-Tailyour who had commanded the Falklands detachment only a year previously.^ Major Ewen Southby-Tailyour, a former Commander of the British detachment on the Falklands, was assigned to assist in getting the Welsh guards ashore.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ S-T had commanded NP8901 a couple of years prior to the Argie invasion, and owing to his passion for yachting had charted the Falklands coastal waters during his tour of duty there.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Indeed, the only Argentine senior commander who demonstrated real competence and professionalism in the Falklands War was the FAS commander, General Crespo.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.42 Commando on the ocean liner SS Canberra was a tactical reserve.^ Their bodies were recovered to the Liner SS Canberra.
  • Palace Barracks Memorial Garden - Northern Ireland, Falklands Islands, Felix Memorial Garden. 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.palacebarracksmemorialgarden.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Argentine troops were made prisoners of war and some 4,167 were repatriated to Argentina on the ocean liner Canberra alone.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Liners RMS Queen Elizabeth 2, SS Canberra and Hospital ship Uganda.
  • History of the Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.war-art.com [Source type: General]

Units from the Royal Artillery, Royal Engineers etc. and tanks were also put ashore with the landing craft, the Round table class LSL and mexeflote barges. .Rapier missile launchers were carried as underslung loads of Sea Kings for rapid deployment.^ HELICOPTERS The British carried approximately 175 helicopters to the war including the Sea King, Wessex, Chinook, Puma, Wasp, Lynx and Gazelle.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.By dawn the next day they had established a secure beachhead from which to conduct offensive operations.^ By dawn the next day they had established a secure bridgehead from which to conduct offensive operations.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By dawn the next day, they had established a secure beachhead from which to conduct offensive operations.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.From there Brigadier Thompson's plan was to capture Darwin and Goose Green before turning towards Port Stanley.^ From there Brigadier Thompson's plan was to capture Darwin and Goose Green before turning towards Port Stanley.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From this beachhead the British infantry advanced southward to capture the settlements of Darwin and Goose Green before turning towards Port Stanley .
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From there Brigadier Thompson's plan was to capture Darwin and Goose Green before turning towards Stanley.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Now, with the British troops on the ground, the Argentine Air Force began the night bombing campaign against them using Canberra bomber planes until the last day of the war (14 June).^ The Argentine air force also had its omens.
  • Air War in the Falklands | Military Aviation | Air & Space Magazine 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airspacemag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The runway was continually used by Argentine C-130's until the end of the war.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The war lasted 72 days and claimed the lives of 236 British and 655 Argentine troops.
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At sea, the paucity of the British ships' anti-aircraft defences was demonstrated in the sinking of HMS Ardent on 21 May, HMS Antelope on 21 May, and MV Atlantic Conveyor (struck by two AM39 Exocets) on 25 May along with a vital cargo of helicopters, runway-building equipment and tents.^ The British saw the sinking of two of their ships.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At sea, the paucity of the British ships' anti-aircraft defences was demonstrated in the sinking of HMS Ardent on May 21, HMS Antelope on May 21, and MV Atlantic Conveyor, with a vital cargo of helicopters, runway-building equipment and tents on May 25.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Stricken HMS Ardent At sea the paucity of British ships' anti-aircraft defences was demonstrated in the sinking of HMS Ardent on the 21st, HMS Antelope on the 23rd, and MV Atlantic Conveyor , with a vital cargo of helicopters, runway building equipment and tents on the 25th.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The loss of all but one of the Chinook helicopters being carried by the Atlantic Conveyor was a severe blow from a logistics perspective.^ The loss of all but one of the Chinook helicopters being carried by the Atlantic Conveyor was a severe blow from a logistics perspective.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The loss of all but one of the Chinook Helicopters being carried by the Atlantic Conveyor was a severe blow from a logistics perspective; the sole surviving Chinook was called Bravo November.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All the aircraft that were on the ship at the time were lost including all but one Chinook which had already left.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Also lost on this day was HMS Coventry, a sister to HMS Sheffield, whilst in company with HMS Broadsword after being ordered to act as decoy to draw away Argentinian aircraft from other ships at San Carlos Bay.^ Back to San Carlos as prison ship.
  • The Falklands Diary Twenty Five Years On 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.commandogunner.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Also lost on this day was HMS Coventry , a sister to HMS Sheffield , whilst in company with HMS Broadsword .
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also lost on this day was HMS Coventry, a sister to HMS Sheffield, whilst in company with HMS Broadsword.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[46] .HMS Argonaut and HMS Brilliant were badly damaged.^ HMS Argonaut and HMS Brilliant were badly damaged.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Argentina had five air-launched Exocet plus a greater number of ship-launched (one of which was fired from an improvised trailer and badly damaged HMS Glamorgan).
  • Falklands "What if...?" - Page 3 - Key Publishing Ltd Aviation Forums 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC forum.keypublishing.com [Source type: General]

^ The HMS Antrim suffered heavy damage while the HMS Brilliant, Argonaut, and Broadsworde sustained moderate damage.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, many British ships escaped terminal damage because of the Argentine pilots' bombing tactics.^ However, many British ships escaped terminal damage because of the Argentine pilots' bombing tactics.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many of the Argentine bombs in the campaign failed to explode when they hit the British ships.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This was not however, an uncommon tactic of the British.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.To avoid the highest concentration of British air defences, Argentine pilots released ordnance from very low altitude, and hence their bomb fuzes did not have sufficient time to arm before impact.^ This procedure takes time and bombs released at so low a level did not have time to arm.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In order to avoid the high concentration of British air defences, Argentine pilots were forced to attack at very low altitude.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Luckily for the British, the bomb did not explode.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The low release of the retarded bombs (some of which had been sold to the Argentines by the British years earlier) meant that many never exploded, as there was insufficient time in the air for them to arm themselves.^ Notice the 1000 lb bomb While the attacks were undoubtedly brave, the low release of the unretarded bombs (some of which, ironically, were sold to the Argentine FAA by the British years earlier) meant that many never exploded as there was insufficient time in the air for them to arm themselves.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This procedure takes time and bombs released at so low a level did not have time to arm.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The problem was solved by the improvised fitting of retarding devices, allowing low-level bombing attacks as employed on June 8.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A simple free-fall bomb will, during a low altitude release, impact almost directly below the aircraft which is then within the lethal fragmentation zone of the resulting explosion.^ The fuses were functioning correctly, and the bombs were simply released from too low an altitude.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Simple free-fall bombs will, at low altitude, impact almost directly below the dropping aircraft, therefore there is a minimum safe altitude for release.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They could have continued ingress below the Sea Dart envelope and then climed to higher altitude to release their bombs.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A retarded bomb has a small parachute or air brake that opens to reduce the speed of the bomb to produce a safe separation between the two.^ The building had 12 rooms - probably shops - and a small temple with an open-air altar.
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

^ For example, party politics are often reduced to a confrontation between two figureheads while war is frequently portrayed as a battle between good and evil.
  • Michael Skey 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC ics.leeds.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Similarly, a mid-air collision between two helicopters was a tragedy because ‘good men’ had been lost unecessarily i.e not in battle.
  • Michael Skey 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC ics.leeds.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The fuze for a retarded bomb requires a minimum time over which the retarder is open to ensure safe separation.^ Simple free-fall bombs will, at low altitude, impact almost directly below the dropping aircraft, therefore there is a minimum safe altitude for release.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The pilots would have been aware of this, but due to the high concentration levels required to avoid SAMs and AAA, as well as any British Sea Harriers, many failed to climb to the necessary release point.^ The Sea Harriers flew ten times as many sorties and lost but three more aircraft (six versus three).
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was therefore necessary for her to control the key points of the sea trade.
  • The Falklands/Malvinas War, Its Causes and Consequences, and Proposed Ideas for a Negotiated Settlement 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.falklands-malvinas.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As the well the british if a similar incident would happen with one of their ships.
  • Falklands/Malvinas war pictorial. Post yours ���. [Archive] - WW2 in Color History Forum 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ww2incolor.com [Source type: Original source]

.The problem was solved by the improvised fitting of retarding devices, allowing low-level bombing attacks as employed on 8 June.^ The problem was solved by the improvised fitting of retarding devices, allowing low-level bombing attacks as employed on June 8.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This procedure takes time and bombs released at so low a level did not have time to arm.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Skyhawks used World War II low level bombing tactics with the idea that numbers were needed to overwhelm the British anti-air missiles and artillery.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In his autobiographical account of the Falklands War,[47] Admiral Woodward blames the BBC World Service for these changes to the bombs.^ In his autobiographical account of the Falklands War, Admiral Woodward blames the BBC World Service for these changes to the bombs.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The interesting point about these three works is that they all are against The Falklands War.
  • Steven Berkoff advanced falklands war plays 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.iainfisher.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ BBC World Service would reveal that little secret, but not until late May.
  • Air War in the Falklands | Military Aviation | Air & Space Magazine 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airspacemag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The World Service reported the lack of detonations after receiving a briefing on the matter from a Ministry of Defence official.^ The World Service reported the lack of detonations after receiving a briefing on the matter from an MOD official.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The British Ministry of Defence was accused several times of a systematic failure to prepare service personnel for the horrors of war and to provide adequate care for them afterwards.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Ministry of Defence is reported to have denied the allegations, and Freedman's Official History does the same.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He describes the BBC as being more concerned with being "fearless seekers after truth" than with the lives of British servicemen.^ He describes the BBC as being more concerned with being "fearless seekers after truth" than with the lives of British servicemen.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some 255 British servicemen, more than 650 Argentines and three islanders were killed in the 74-day conflict.
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: General]

^ More than 4,000 years ago, tuberculosis killed an Egyptian whose mummified remains were dug up; the case was first described in 1910.
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: General]

.Colonel 'H'. Jones levelled similar accusations against the BBC after they disclosed the impending British attack on Goose Green by 2 Para.^ Colonel H. Jones levelled similar accusations against the BBC after they disclosed the impending British attack on Goose Green by 2 Para.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By last light after some very fierce fighting 2 Para had consolidated & cut Goose Green off from the rest of the Argie forces.
  • The Falklands Diary Twenty Five Years On 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.commandogunner.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Had they pursued more attacks, (such as the one on June 8) at the end of May, the serious doubts that had already arisen in the British command may have led to a change of position.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Jones had threatened to lead the prosecution of senior BBC officials for treason but was unable to do so since he was himself killed in action around Goose Green.^ Jones had threatened to lead the prosecution of senior BBC officials for treason but was unable to do so since he was himself killed in action around Goose Green.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ David was killed on May 28, one of 17 members of 2 Para to die in the British assault on Argentine positions at Goose Green and Darwin.
  • Palace Barracks Memorial Garden - Northern Ireland, Falklands Islands, Felix Memorial Garden. 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.palacebarracksmemorialgarden.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Due to a gaffe by the BBC the taking of Goose Green was announced on the BBC World Service before it actually happened.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Thirteen bombs[48] hit British ships without detonating.^ Thirteen unexploded bombs hit British ships without detonating.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Had some of the Argentines' unexploded bombs detonated, the British may well have been forced into a quest not for victory but for negotiation.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Unlike their British opponents, the Argentinians had no precision-guided bomb capability and required skilled pilots and accurate aircraft to hit targets with their dumb bombs.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Lord Craig, the retired Marshal of the Royal Air Force, is said to have remarked: "Six better fuses and we would have lost"[49] although Ardent and Antelope were both lost despite the failure of bombs to explode.^ Lord Craig, the former Marshal of the Royal Air Force, is said to have remarked: “Six better fuses and we would have lost” although Ardent and Antelope were both lost despite the failure of bombs to explode.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It also addresses the reasons for Argentine failure despite the fact that the air war was so resolutely pursued by them.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The point I am making, although the soldiers in the pictures aren't being a abused, and could argueably be said to be better treated than the Argie in the blindfold.
  • Falklands/Malvinas war pictorial. Post yours ���. [Archive] - WW2 in Color History Forum 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ww2incolor.com [Source type: Original source]

.The fuzes were functioning correctly, and the bombs were simply released from too low an altitude.^ The fuses were functioning correctly, and the bombs were simply released from too low an altitude.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They could have continued ingress below the Sea Dart envelope and then climed to higher altitude to release their bombs.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The failure was probably caused by releasing the bombs from such a low altitude that the fuse-arming-delay time exceeded the weapons short time of flight; thus the fuse failed to arm and the bombs did not detonate.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[47][50] .The Argentines lost 22 aircraft in the attacks.^ The Argentines lost nearly twenty aircraft in these attacks.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sadly he was jumped by a powerful Argentine Pucara ground attack aircraft and shot down and killed, his wounded crewman survived.
  • Palace Barracks Memorial Garden - Northern Ireland, Falklands Islands, Felix Memorial Garden. 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.palacebarracksmemorialgarden.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The effective loiter time of incoming Argentine aircraft was low, and they were later compelled to overfly British forces in any attempt to attack the islands.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[51]

Battle of Goose Green

East Falkland showing San Carlos bridgehead, Teal Inlet, Mt Kent and Mt Challenger.
.From early on 27 May until 28 May, 2 Para, (approximately 500 men) with artillery support from 8 (Alma) Commando Battery (Royal Artillery), approached and attacked Darwin and Goose Green, which was held by the Argentine 12th Infantry Regiment.^ Men of Infantry Regiment 25e.
  • Falklands/Malvinas war pictorial. Post yours ���. [Archive] - WW2 in Color History Forum 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ww2incolor.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Battle of Goose Green From early on 27 May until 28 May, 2 Para (approximately 500 men) approached and attacked Darwin and Goose Green, which was held by the Argentine 12th Inf Regt.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Starting early on May 27 and through May 28, 2 Para approached and attacked Darwin and Goose Green which was held by the Argentine 12th Inf Regt.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.After a tough struggle that lasted all night and into the next day, 17 British and 47 Argentine soldiers were killed.^ After a tough struggle, which lasted all night and into the next day, 17 British and 55 Argentine soldiers had been killed, and 1,050 Argentine troops taken prisoner.
  • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.martinfrost.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After a tough struggle which lasted all night and into the next day; seventeen British and 47 Argentine soldiers had been killed and 1050 Argentine troops taken prisoner.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some 255 British servicemen, more than 650 Argentines and three islanders were killed in the 74-day conflict.
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: General]

.In total 961 Argentine troops (including 202 Argentine Air Force personnel of the Condor airfield) were taken prisoners.^ The Argentine air force also had its omens.
  • Air War in the Falklands | Military Aviation | Air & Space Magazine 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airspacemag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A total of about 1,400 Argentine troops are taken prisoner.
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Argentine Air force personel captured.
  • Falklands/Malvinas war pictorial. Post yours ���. [Archive] - WW2 in Color History Forum 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ww2incolor.com [Source type: Original source]

.The BBC announced the taking of Goose Green on the BBC World Service before it had actually happened.^ Due to a gaffe by the BBC the taking of Goose Green was announced on the BBC World Service before it actually happened.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ BBC World Service would reveal that little secret, but not until late May.
  • Air War in the Falklands | Military Aviation | Air & Space Magazine 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airspacemag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The re-broadcasting of the hourly BBC World Service news had ceased with the takeover of FIBS, although Islanders could still receive the World Service on their SW radios.
  • TCBH Postgraduate Essay Prize Winner for 2007: 'Strangers in the Night': The Falklands Conflict as a Radio War -- Pinkerton 19 (3): 344 -- Twentieth Century British History 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC tcbh.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It was during this attack that Lieutenant Colonel H. Jones, the commanding officer of 2 Para was killed while charging into the well-prepared Argentine positions at the head of his battalion.^ But at the height of the battle H Jones was killed charging an enemy position.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the ensuing fighting seventeen British servicemen were killed, including the Battalion's Commanding Officer, Lt Col. H’ Jones, who was mortally wounded by small arms fire.
  • TCBH Postgraduate Essay Prize Winner for 2007: 'Strangers in the Night': The Falklands Conflict as a Radio War -- Pinkerton 19 (3): 344 -- Twentieth Century British History 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC tcbh.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The fighting spread over two days and David died when, with 2 Paras commanding officer Lieutenant Colonel H Jones, he tried to wipe out an enemy machine gun position.
  • Palace Barracks Memorial Garden - Northern Ireland, Falklands Islands, Felix Memorial Garden. 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.palacebarracksmemorialgarden.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross.^ He was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But for his valour he was awarded the posthumous Victoria Cross.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On this day Sgt Ian McKay of 4 Platoon, B Company, 3 Para died in a grenade attack on an Argentine bunker which was to earn him a posthumous Victoria Cross.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.With the sizeable Argentine force at Goose Green out of the way, British forces were now able to break out of the San Carlos bridgehead.^ The position of the Argentine forces is now hopeless.
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kent and Mt Challenger With the sizeable Argentine force at Goose Green out of the way, British forces were now able to break out of the San Carlos bridgehead.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By last light after some very fierce fighting 2 Para had consolidated & cut Goose Green off from the rest of the Argie forces.
  • The Falklands Diary Twenty Five Years On 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.commandogunner.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.On 27 May, men of 45 Cdo and 3 Para started a loaded march across East Falkland towards the coastal settlement of Teal Inlet.^ From May 27th men of 45 Cdo and 3 Para started walking across East Falkland towards the coastal settlement of Teal Inlet.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sea Kings were also employed by the Argentines during their initial assault on East Falkland; there they inserted men at the Port Stanley Airfield.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Men of the Support Coy, 45 Cdo, Yomping to Port Stanley with the Union Flag high on the whip antenna of a PRC-350.
  • Falklands/Malvinas war pictorial. Post yours ���. [Archive] - WW2 in Color History Forum 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ww2incolor.com [Source type: Original source]

Special forces on Mount Kent

.Meanwhile, 42 Commando prepared to move by helicopter to Mount Kent.^ Meanwhile 42 Cdo and the SAS moved by helicopter to within sight of Stanley where they seized Mt Kent and Mt Challenger.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The SAS had several clashes with Argentine Commandos in the Mount Kent area, and although four SAS were wounded, the Argentines who were members of the 602nd Commando Company, had the worst of the clashes.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From the summit of Mount Kent, the unit could see hundreds of Argentinean soldiers with Artillery and helicopters.
  • History of the Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.war-art.com [Source type: General]
  • Low cost Falklands Campaign art prints 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.armyprints.com [Source type: General]

[52] .Unknown to senior British officers, the Argentine generals were determined to tie down the British troops in the Mount Kent area, and on 27 May and 28 May they sent transport aircraft loaded with Blowpipe surface-to-air missiles and commandos (602nd Commando Company and 601st National Gendarmerie Special Forces Squadron) to Stanley.^ In that sense they ARE a special force.
  • Top 10 Badasses of the World’s Special Forces - Listverse 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Because they had been forced down by British air defences, is why.
  • UK REJECTS ARGENTINA'S FALKLANDS CLAIM 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Argentine and British aircraft were both armed with the same Sidewinder missiles.
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This operation was known as Operation AUTOIMPUESTA (Self-Determination-Initiative).
.For the next week, the Special Air Service (SAS) and Mountain and Arctic Warfare Cadre of 3 Commando Brigade waged intense patrol battles with patrols of the volunteers' 602nd Commando Company under Major Aldo Rico, normally 2IC of the 22nd Mountain Infantry Regiment.^ Special Air Service, p 21.
  • SPECIAL OPERATIONS/History/World War II/Falklands/ 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 1982 Falklands War witnessed the largest deployment of British Army Special Forces since WWII--the Special Air Service, the Special Boat Squadron, and the Royal Marines Mountain and Arctic Warfare Cadre conducted several spectacular raids during the war.
  • Falkland Islands, Malvinas War Guestbook Argentian and British Pictures 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.yellowairplane.com [Source type: General]

^ Top Malo (UK Mountain & Arctic Cadre and the Argentinian 602 Commando Co - Falklands), pp 73-80.
  • SPECIAL OPERATIONS/History/World War II/Falklands/ 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Throughout 30 May, Royal Air Force Harriers were active over Mount Kent.^ The British lost a Harrier and two Royal Marine Gazelle helicopters to ground fire during aggressive air strikes on Argentine airfields and installations in the Falklands on the morning of 21 May 1982.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the 25th of May, Argentinas Independence Day and its greatest national holiday, the FAS mounted a major air effort.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is believed that the aircraft was destined for the museum in Stanley.Argentina - Air Force FMA IA58A Pucara Stanley (SFAL) Falkland Islands, October 30, 1985 .
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.One of them — Harrier XZ 963 flown by Squadron Leader Jerry Pook — in responding to a call for help from D Squadron, attacked Mount Kent's eastern lower slopes, and that led to its loss through small-arms fire.^ Had the British not announced the loss, the Argentinians would have likely concluded that their Exo-cets were still malfunctioning and called off further Exocet attacks.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Firing at an American base inside of range of American Small arms fire will only result in an untimely and messy end of life.
  • Why a Resister Chose Canada Over the War in Iraq | CommonDreams.org 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

^ George Joblin was hit in the shoulder and wounded with small arms fire from one of our own weapons.
  • The Falklands Diary Twenty Five Years On 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.commandogunner.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.Pook was subsequently awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.^ Bravery he was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross Posthumously.
  • Palace Barracks Memorial Garden - Northern Ireland, Falklands Islands, Felix Memorial Garden. 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.palacebarracksmemorialgarden.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Captain J G Greenhalgh, Scout detachment commander and pilot of XT649 was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross for his gallantry during this battle.
  • History of the Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.war-art.com [Source type: General]

[53]
Entrenched Argentine soldiers.
.The Argentine Navy used their last AM39 Exocet missile attempting to attack HMS Invincible on 30 May.^ There is an interesting Argentine study of the sea battle by Rolando Mendez entitled, “30 May 1982 - Not so Invincible – The story of an Attack Denied by the British.” Mendez claims that on 30 May an Argentine Super Etendard armed with an AM39 Exocet missile and two A4 Skyhawks each armed with three 500-pound bombs attacked the aircraft carrier Invincible.
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thirty Argentines were fround aboard, among them an Argentine Navy lieutenant commander believed to be an intelligence officer.32 On May 10, another Argentine vessel, the RIO CARCAMIA, moored in Port Rey, was attacked by Sea Harriers and had to be abandoned.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Apparently, the Exocet was shot down by Royal Navy antiaircraft fire and the hulk of the Atlantic Conveyor was mistaken for the HMS Invincible and attacked by the Skyhawks.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are claims the missile struck,[54][55] however the British have denied this, some citing that HMS Avenger shot it down.^ This is a very unique exhibit with exclusive pictures and stories from Neil Wilkinson the man who shot down the Argentinean Pilot who sunk the HMS Coventry.
  • Falkland Islands, Malvinas War Guestbook Argentian and British Pictures 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.yellowairplane.com [Source type: General]

^ However, there is at least one report of the leaflet being found on the islands, and this would appear to prove once and for all that some were dropped.
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first was launched at a British warship and missed, however the second missile hit HMS Glamorgan on 12th June killing 13 men.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[56][57]
.On the 31 May, the Royal Marines Mountain and Arctic Warfare Cadre (M&AWC) defeated Argentine Special Forces at the Battle of Top Malo House.^ Top 10 Badasses of the World’s Special Forces .
  • Top 10 Badasses of the World’s Special Forces - Listverse 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the aftermath of the battle the prisoners were housed in sheep sheds close to an Argentine ammunition dump.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Royal Marines were stripped of their weapons and webbing and forced to lie face down on the ground in front of Government House with their hands behind their heads.
  • Falklands/Malvinas war pictorial. Post yours ���. [Archive] - WW2 in Color History Forum 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ww2incolor.com [Source type: Original source]

.A 13-strong Argentine Army Commando detachment (Captain Jose Vercesi's 1st Assault Section, 602nd Commando Company) found itself trapped in a small shepherd's house at Top Malo.^ Argentine Commandos were observed moving to Top Malo House.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Top Malo (UK Mountain & Arctic Cadre and the Argentinian 602 Commando Co - Falklands), pp 73-80.
  • SPECIAL OPERATIONS/History/World War II/Falklands/ 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They were spotted by the Argies who sent the 601 Commando Battalion (Argentine Army SF) to drive them out.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Argentine commandos fired from windows and doorways and then took refuge in a stream bed 200 metres (700 ft) from the burning house.^ Shortly after the invasion I was surprised to see small blue and white stickers resembling the Argentine flag displayed on certain house windows.
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Argentine Commandos were observed moving to Top Malo House.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The remaining five APCs which were about 600 to 700 metres away deployed their troops and opened fire.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Completely surrounded, they fought 19 M&AWC marines under Captain Rod Boswell for forty-five minutes until, with their ammunition almost exhausted, they elected to surrender.^ His move gave the Marines the momentary sighting that was all they needed to follow their quarry; and all thirteen Argentine Commandos were killed or captured after what had been forty minutes of sharp action.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As they advanced the Royal Marine platoon came under heavy fire from Second Lieutenant Lautaro Jimenez-Corvalan's platoon and were forced to withdraw.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The two well-armed British brigades began their offensive on 28 May when they surrounded and forced the surrender of the isolated Argentine garrison at Darwin.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Three Cadre members were badly wounded. .On the Argentine side there were two dead including Lieutenant Ernesto Espinoza and Sergeant Mateo Sbert (who were decorated for their bravery).^ The leaflet addressed to the soldiers carried a photograph of the Argentine commander of South Georgia, Lieutenant Commander Alfredo Astiz, signing the surrender document there.
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Early explorers and adventurers who lived there thought the place a cruel and unforgiving wasteland, but still two countries haggled for centuries over their possession.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Therefore, their aim was to insure an unopposed landing on the Falklands by destroying the Argentine troops located there.3 This aim was never reached for two reasons.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Only five Argentines were left unscathed.^ Between August and November 1981, five Super Etendards and five Exocets were shipped to Argentina; only in December 1981 did Argentine pilots begin flying the aircraft.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Near the end of May, with only one Exocet left, the Argentine military devised a final gambit to sink a British carrier.
  • Air War in the Falklands | Military Aviation | Air & Space Magazine 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airspacemag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As the Argentines only had five air-launched Exocets by April/May 1982.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As the British mopped up Top Malo House, down from Malo Hill came Lieutenant Fraser Haddow's M&AWC patrol, brandishing a large Union Flag.^ The Argentine Daggers and Skyhawks popped up over the hills and bored straight into the British ships.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So off I set up the hill, I got to about half a mile and waved but got no response, I went down this dip came up the other side.
  • The Falklands Diary Twenty Five Years On 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.commandogunner.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Argentine Commandos were observed moving to Top Malo House.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.One wounded Argentine soldier, Lieutenant Horacio Losito, commented that their escape route would have taken them through Haddow's position.^ The leaflet addressed to the soldiers carried a photograph of the Argentine commander of South Georgia, Lieutenant Commander Alfredo Astiz, signing the surrender document there.
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Battle of Tumbledown Mountain by Terence Cuneo On the 14th June 1982 the 2nd battalion Scots Guards captured one of the most strongly defended Argentine positions of the Falklands campaign, their losses were 9 killed and 43 wounded.
  • History of the Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.war-art.com [Source type: General]
  • Low cost Falklands Campaign art prints 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.armyprints.com [Source type: General]

^ In the first wave just 90 Argentinian soldiers came ashore and they were beaten back by the Marines, who killed one soldier and wounded several others.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Major Mario Castagneto's 601st Commandos tried to move forward on Kawasaki motorbikes and commandeered Land Rovers to rescue 602nd Commando Company on Estancia Mountain.^ L Company requested artillery fire onto the Argentinian platoon position, then 4 Troop moved forward and found that the Argentinians had withdrawn.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The SAS had several clashes with Argentine Commandos in the Mount Kent area, and although four SAS were wounded, the Argentines who were members of the 602nd Commando Company, had the worst of the clashes.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There was also a larger firefight between the Royal Marines and a party of Argentine Marines from the 602nd Commando Company, on 31 May 1982.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Spotted by 42 Commando of the Royal Marines, they were engaged with 81mm mortars and forced to withdraw to Two Sisters mountain.^ The Royal Marines later paid tribute to the stout resistance put up by the Argentines, who of the twelve Argentine Commandos on the position, two were KIA, six were WIA and four were uninjured.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Units of 3 Commando Brigade, supported by naval gunfire from several Royal Navy ships, simultaneously assaulted Mount Harriet, Two Sisters, and Mount Longdon.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As they advanced the Royal Marine platoon came under heavy fire from Second Lieutenant Lautaro Jimenez-Corvalan's platoon and were forced to withdraw.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Captain Eduardo Villarruel on Estancia Mountain realised his position had become untenable and after conferring with fellow officers ordered a withdrawal.^ Its position became untenable and it was ordered to withdraw back over the crest.
  • Palace Barracks Memorial Garden - Northern Ireland, Falklands Islands, Felix Memorial Garden. 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.palacebarracksmemorialgarden.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The explosions prompted the 5th Marine Battalion's Operation Officer to order the 81mm Mortar Platoon on Mount William attached to the Marine O Company to open fire on the minefield and likely withdrawal route of anyone attacking the O Company position.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[58]
.The Argentine operation also saw the extensive use of helicopter support to position and extract patrols; the 601st Combat Aviation Battalion also suffered casualties.^ The Operation was carried out by Argentine Army's 601th Aviation Batallion, made up by Bell UH-1H, SA330 Puma and Agusta A109A helicopters.
  • Falklands/Malvinas war pictorial. Post yours ���. [Archive] - WW2 in Color History Forum 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ww2incolor.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They also had S-2 aircraft, more combatable with this mission, but they were not used extensively because of unreliable radar.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It accounts for all aspects of offensive air operations on both sides; tactical jet, fixed wing support and helicopter support operations.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

At about 11.00 a.m. on .30 May, an Aerospatiale SA-330 Puma helicopter was brought down by a shoulder-launched Stinger surface-to-air missile (SAM) fired by the SAS in the vicinity of Mount Kent.^ SA-330 Puma.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Argentina had five air-launched Exocet plus a greater number of ship-launched (one of which was fired from an improvised trailer and badly damaged HMS Glamorgan).
  • Falklands "What if...?" - Page 3 - Key Publishing Ltd Aviation Forums 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC forum.keypublishing.com [Source type: General]

^ It had auxiliary fuel tanks and the capability to fire the AS-30 missile, and were also equipped with fragmentation munition for their cannons.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Six National Gendarmerie Special Forces were killed and eight more wounded in the crash.^ British casualties were two killed and twenty-six wounded.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Argentinean losses were 746 killed (393 Navy, 55 Air Force, and 298 Army and Marines), 1,105 wounded, and 12,978 taken prisoner.
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Well look up these and other nation’s special forces.
  • Top 10 Badasses of the World’s Special Forces - Listverse 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

[59]
As Brigadier Julian Thompson commented, "It was fortunate that I had ignored the views expressed by Northwood that reconnaissance of Mount Kent before insertion of 42 Commando was superfluous. .Had D Squadron not been there, the Argentine Special Forces would have caught the Commando before deplaning and, in the darkness and confusion on a strange landing zone, inflicted heavy casualties on men and helicopters."^ Argentine losses would not have been so heavy.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The plan is to attack after dark inflict heavy damage and casualties and withdraw.
  • The Falklands Diary Twenty Five Years On 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.commandogunner.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Argentine forces had landed on the Falkland islands.
  • The Falklands/Malvinas War, Its Causes and Consequences, and Proposed Ideas for a Negotiated Settlement 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.falklands-malvinas.com [Source type: Original source]

[60]

Bluff Cove and Fitzroy

The abandoned hulk of RFA Sir Tristram in Fitzroy.
.By 1 June, with the arrival of a further 5,000 British troops of the 5th Infantry Brigade, the new British divisional commander, Major General Jeremy Moore RM, had sufficient force to start planning an offensive against Stanley.^ Commander in Chief of the British forces.
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ British Major General Jeremy Moore flew in to Port Stanley at 2300 on 14 June, 1982 to meet with General Menendez.
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By June 1, with the arrival of a further 5000 British troops of 5 Inf Brigade landed at San Carlos from the liner QE2 , new British divisional commander, Major General JJ Moore RM, had sufficient force to start planning an offensive against Port Stanley.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]
.During this build-up, the Argentine air assaults on the British naval forces continued, killing 56. Of the dead, 32 were from the Welsh Guards on RFA Sir Galahad and RFA Sir Tristram on 8 June.^ The Argentine air force also had its omens.
  • Air War in the Falklands | Military Aviation | Air & Space Magazine 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airspacemag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Argentine Air force personel captured.
  • Falklands/Malvinas war pictorial. Post yours ���. [Archive] - WW2 in Color History Forum 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ww2incolor.com [Source type: Original source]

^ During this build-up the Argentine air assaults on the British naval forces continued, killing 48, including 32 Welsh Guardsmen on the RFA Sir Galahad and the RFA Sir Tristram on June 8.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.According to Surgeon-Commander Rick Jolly of the Falklands Field Hospital, more than 150 men suffered burns and injuries of some kind in the attack, including, famously, Simon Weston.^ Many others suffered serious burns (including, famously, Simon Weston).
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some 255 British servicemen, more than 650 Argentines and three islanders were killed in the 74-day conflict.
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: General]

^ Click Here to see some more pictures of the Falkland Islands .
  • Falkland Islands, Malvinas War Guestbook Argentian and British Pictures 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.yellowairplane.com [Source type: General]

[61]
.The Guards were sent to support a dashing advance along the southern approach to Stanley.^ The Scot Guards and the Ghurkhas advanced on Tumbledown & Mount William around midnight supported by 79, 29 & 97 Bty's.
  • The Falklands Diary Twenty Five Years On 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.commandogunner.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.On 2 June a small advance party of 2 Para moved to Swan Inlet house in a number of Army Westland Scout helicopters.^ As dusk set-in, 3 Para moved to their start-lines and, after a brief stop, began to make their four-hour long advance to their objectives.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Para due to leave at last light to advance to the first objective of Camilla Creek house and secure gun position for 3 guns from 8 Bty.
  • The Falklands Diary Twenty Five Years On 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.commandogunner.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Today that has become number six Bartoszycka street, a green stucco house in the small town of Lidzbark-Warminski in north-eastern Poland.
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

.Telephoning ahead to Fitzroy, they discovered the area clear of Argentines and (exceeding their authority) commandeered the one remaining RAF Chinook helicopter to frantically ferry another contingent of 2 Para ahead to Fitzroy (a settlement on Port Pleasant) and Bluff Cove (a settlement confusingly, and perhaps ultimately fatally, on Port Fitzroy).^ Had they pursued more attacks, (such as the one on June 8) at the end of May, the serious doubts that had already arisen in the British command may have led to a change of position.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A British Gazelle helicopter had been shot down that very morning while flying from San Carlos to Bluff Cove on a southerly route.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1811, due to the growing independent atmosphere in the River Plate area, Spain decides to abandon the islands and they remain vacant.
  • The Falklands/Malvinas War, Its Causes and Consequences, and Proposed Ideas for a Negotiated Settlement 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.falklands-malvinas.com [Source type: Original source]

.This uncoordinated advance caused planning nightmares for the commanders of the combined operation, as they now found themselves with a 30 miles (48 km) string of indefensible positions on their southern flank.^ Had they pursued more attacks, (such as the one on June 8) at the end of May, the serious doubts that had already arisen in the British command may have led to a change of position.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The couple moved to Providence, where, according to city records Lambert found, they were ordered to leave, presumably because they could not support themselves.
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

^ But, even with strong backing, the British forces found themselves in a war, over 8,000 miles from home for which they were not prepared.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Support could not be sent by air as the single remaining Chinook was already heavily oversubscribed. .The soldiers could march, but their equipment and heavy supplies would need to be ferried by sea.^ They would need a coat of paint per year, nothing that anyone could do for their own homes.
  • Just crazy enough to work – shipping containers for emergency shelters in Haiti « Watts Up With That? 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Therefore, the Marxists' slogans could not simply be repeated, but would need to be deepened and developed in relation to the concrete developments: .
  • The Falklands War - 20 years later 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.marxist.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Now you could say the tech is part of the soldier, and for a everyday GI grunt you would be right.
  • Top 10 Badasses of the World’s Special Forces - Listverse 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

.Plans were drawn up for half the Welsh Guards to march light on the night of 2 June, whilst the Scots Guards and the second half of the Welsh Guards were to be ferried from San Carlos Water in the Landing Ship Logistics (LSL) Sir Tristram and the landing platform dock (LPD) Intrepid on the night of 5 June.^ Back to San Carlos as prison ship.
  • The Falklands Diary Twenty Five Years On 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.commandogunner.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ On 8 June 1982 the troopships, Royal Fleet Auxiliary (RFA) Sir Galahad and RFA Sir Tristram, were unloading troops of the Welsh Guards near Fitzroy, about 17 NM southwest of Port Stanley, when five Daggers from Grupo 6 and five Skyhawks from Grupo 5 came in over the Falkland Sound.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the night we moved into position in San Carlos water, the weather has cleared to become a rather pleasant morning, just the sort of day to start a war.
  • The Falklands Diary Twenty Five Years On 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.commandogunner.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.Intrepid was planned to stay one day and unload itself and as much of Sir Tristram as possible, leaving the next evening for the relative safety of San Carlos.^ She had to be towed to the relative safety of San Carlos water after dark.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Goose Green was considered important to the invasion plan because of its close proximity to the British Forces beachhead at San Carlos.
  • Palace Barracks Memorial Garden - Northern Ireland, Falklands Islands, Felix Memorial Garden. 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.palacebarracksmemorialgarden.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The day after a rapier missile was fired over our position chasing after an Argentine jet heading towards San Carlos settlement, it was catching the aircraft and we were all cheering it on.
  • The Falklands Diary Twenty Five Years On 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.commandogunner.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.Escorts would be provided for this day, after which Sir Tristram would be left to unload using a Mexeflote (a powered raft) for as long as it took to finish.^ If John Adams had had his way, Independence Day this year would be celebrated on a Monday, providing everyone with a three-day weekend.
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: General]

^ It had been a long day and we knew as soon as we landed it would be more digging....oh joy!.
  • The Falklands Diary Twenty Five Years On 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.commandogunner.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ The FAA had never considered the possibility of waging a long-range naval air campaign against a major NATO power that would employ superior technology.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Political pressure from above to not risk the LPD forced Commodore Clapp to alter this plan. .Two lower-value LSLs would be sent, but without suitable beaches on which to land, Intrepid's landing craft would need to accompany them to unload.^ The helicopters were restricted to where they could fly due to the volcanic dust which would damage the air craft so they can only land on wideawake airfield.
  • The Falklands Diary Twenty Five Years On 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.commandogunner.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ The fact remains the airfield was not suitable for jet traffic and the war had to be fought without the advantages a larger facility would have allowed.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Realizing he would need to feed the men, he sent a messenger to Texas Gov. Domingo Cabello y Robles requesting longhorn cattle.
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A complicated operation across several nights with Intrepid and her sister ship Fearless sailing half-way to dispatch their craft was devised.^ No bugger in the recruiting office told me I'd be sailing half way round the world to put my life on the line for some hybrid sheep shagger!"
  • The Falklands Diary Twenty Five Years On 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.commandogunner.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ As Intrepid was Fearless' sister ship it was put into the records as her, some records state Intrepid/Fearless.
  • Falkland Islands, Malvinas War Guestbook Argentian and British Pictures 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.yellowairplane.com [Source type: General]

^ Price 48.00 The assault ship HMS Fearless is shown dispatching her assault craft in San Carlos Water during the Falklands conflict of 1982.
  • History of the Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.war-art.com [Source type: General]
  • Low cost Falklands Campaign art prints 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.armyprints.com [Source type: General]

.The attempted overland march by half the Welsh Guards failed, possibly as they refused to march light and attempted to carry their equipment.^ The Royal Marines had attempted to persuade the officer to get rid of the grenade so that they could give him medical treatment, but he refused.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Army Charges Mom for Refusing to Leave Infant Seeking a Cultural Revolution: From Consumerism to Sustainability Banks 'Too Big To Fail' - and They Know It More News...
  • Why a Resister Chose Canada Over the War in Iraq | CommonDreams.org 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

.They returned to San Carlos and were landed directly at Bluff Cove when Fearless dispatched her landing craft.^ The helicopters were restricted to where they could fly due to the volcanic dust which would damage the air craft so they can only land on wideawake airfield.
  • The Falklands Diary Twenty Five Years On 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.commandogunner.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Lone Ranger 09-22-2007, 05:47 AM He did not gain "fame" for the attack on the Gazelles when the San Carlos landing.....
  • Falklands/Malvinas war pictorial. Post yours ���. [Archive] - WW2 in Color History Forum 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ww2incolor.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A British Gazelle helicopter had been shot down that very morning while flying from San Carlos to Bluff Cove on a southerly route.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Sir Tristram sailed on the night of 6 June and was joined by Sir Galahad at dawn on 7 June.^ Argentine Skyhawks attacked the unguarded landing ships Sir Galahad and Sir Tristram, killing 51 men, most of them on the Galahad.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the 8th June 1982 the Sir Galahad was lying off Fitzroy Bay when it was bombed by Argentine aircraft.
  • Palace Barracks Memorial Garden - Northern Ireland, Falklands Islands, Felix Memorial Garden. 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.palacebarracksmemorialgarden.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saturday 5th June After a soaking wet night due to the constant rain and the remains of the trench escapade, the morning dawned much better.
  • The Falklands Diary Twenty Five Years On 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.commandogunner.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.Anchored 1,200 feet (370 m) apart in Port Pleasant, the landing ships were near Fitzroy, the designated landing point.^ Most damaging, however, were the attacks on the Royal Fleet Auxiliary ships SIR GALAHAD and SIR TRISTAM. These ships were setting unprotected in Port Pleasant by Fitzroy, there to unload men and supplies for the 5 Brigade push to Port Stanley.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ San Carlos Bay was chosen as the landing point because the bluffs and high hills surrounding the bay would mask the landing ships from Exocet missile radars.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Later that year a small detachment of Argentine Marines landed via submarine Santiago del Estero and reconnoitered potential landing beaches near Port Stanley .
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The landing craft should have been able to unload the ships to that point relatively quickly, but confusion over the ordered disembarcation point (the first half of the Guards going direct to Bluff Cove) resulted in the senior Welsh Guards infantry officer aboard insisting his troops be ferried the far longer distance directly to Port Fitzroy/Bluff Cove.^ On 8 June 1982 the troopships, Royal Fleet Auxiliary (RFA) Sir Galahad and RFA Sir Tristram, were unloading troops of the Welsh Guards near Fitzroy, about 17 NM southwest of Port Stanley, when five Daggers from Grupo 6 and five Skyhawks from Grupo 5 came in over the Falkland Sound.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These dwellings could be produced quickly, economically, and would be shipped and unloaded, and delivered to site with existing technologies in place.
  • Just crazy enough to work – shipping containers for emergency shelters in Haiti « Watts Up With That? 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You got used to it.” To which Gedge adds, “You know you’re going to land the first time.
  • Air War in the Falklands | Military Aviation | Air & Space Magazine 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airspacemag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The alternative was for the infantrymen to march via the recently repaired Bluff Cove bridge (destroyed by retreating Argentine combat engineers) to their destination, a journey of around seven miles (11 km).^ Included was a company of Welsh guards awaiting landing and movement to Bluff Cove, four miles to the north.
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On Sir Galahad's stern ramp there was an argument about what to do. .The officers on board were told they could not sail to Bluff Cove that day.^ The Royal Marines had attempted to persuade the officer to get rid of the grenade so that they could give him medical treatment, but he refused.
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^ They had two men killed and one captured in an SAS ambush at Bluff Cove Peak in an action on 30 May.
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.They were told they had to get their men off ship and onto the beach as soon as possible as the ships were vulnerable to enemy aircraft.^ AM And yes, the smalls arms were definately used...man I think if the britons had bricks in their ships they probaly used against the incoming aircrafts too.
  • Falklands/Malvinas war pictorial. Post yours ���. [Archive] - WW2 in Color History Forum 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ww2incolor.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The National Coalition for History is asking everyone in the historical and archival community to contact their House member as soon as possible and ask that they support H.R. 1255.
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Eight of the 34 aircraft lost were to enemy fire, 13 were lost in accidents, and 13 lost when their parent ship sank.
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It would take 20 minutes to transport the men to shore using the LCU and Mexeflote.^ For instance, if I needed to take an airfield, I would much rather use a Ranger batt.
  • Top 10 Badasses of the World’s Special Forces - Listverse 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Of would Canada's leaders use this military power for the good of Canada and the world because they are inherently good men?
  • Why a Resister Chose Canada Over the War in Iraq | CommonDreams.org 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

.They would then have the choice to walk the 7 miles to Bluff Cove or wait until dark to sail there.^ It struck me there was a real absence of scholarship [about migrants] until they came into the U.S., he says.
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This was a clear case of funding versus perceived threat, and the RAF or US Navy would always be there to provide AEW cover.....wouldnt they?
  • Falklands "What if...?" - Page 3 - Key Publishing Ltd Aviation Forums 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC forum.keypublishing.com [Source type: General]

^ If only the words attention didn’t have to wait until there was bodies in the street before deciding something needed to be done.
  • Just crazy enough to work – shipping containers for emergency shelters in Haiti « Watts Up With That? 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The officers on board said they would remain on board until dark and then sail.^ It was also announced that all schools, shops, stores, banks, pubs and clubs would remain closed until further notice.
  • TCBH Postgraduate Essay Prize Winner for 2007: 'Strangers in the Night': The Falklands Conflict as a Radio War -- Pinkerton 19 (3): 344 -- Twentieth Century British History 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC tcbh.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "We are trying to right a great wrong: These musicians were hoping for a musical life for themselves, and they would have had it if their destiny had been different," said Italian musician Francesco Lotoro.
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

^ Germany, Britain and Luxembourg said they would ratify before the commission meets again in May.
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

.They refused to take their men off the ship.^ On one occasion they pursued a Puccara taxiing on the runway and prevented it taking off, the plane was abandoned!
  • The Falklands Diary Twenty Five Years On 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.commandogunner.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ We lost many ships and many good men, but so did they too.
  • Falkland Islands, Malvinas War Guestbook Argentian and British Pictures 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.yellowairplane.com [Source type: General]

^ The pretense being the penguins watch aircraft take off and fall on their backs, where upon they can't get up again.
  • Falklands/Malvinas war pictorial. Post yours ���. [Archive] - WW2 in Color History Forum 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ww2incolor.com [Source type: Original source]

.They possibly doubted that the bridge had been repaired due to the presence on board Sir Galahad of the Royal Engineer Troop whose job it was to repair the bridge.^ In the case of the SIR GALAHAD, they also hoped the poor weather of the day prior would continue, providing the ship with additional protection.
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.The Welsh Guards were keen to rejoin the rest of their Battalion who were potentially facing the enemy without their support.^ The 1st Battalion, Welsh Guards and two companies from 40 Commando, Royal Marines were in reserve.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A badly burned member of the Welsh Guards who, with skin grafts and an iron will, went on to lead a normal life.
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.They had also not seen any enemy aircraft since landing at San Carlos and may have been over confident in the air defences.^ The enemy showed its potential to cause mayhem from the air with the Exocet missile attack on the destroyer Sheffield on May 4.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Lone Ranger 09-22-2007, 05:47 AM He did not gain "fame" for the attack on the Gazelles when the San Carlos landing.....
  • Falklands/Malvinas war pictorial. Post yours ���. [Archive] - WW2 in Color History Forum 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ww2incolor.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The day after a rapier missile was fired over our position chasing after an Argentine jet heading towards San Carlos settlement, it was catching the aircraft and we were all cheering it on.
  • The Falklands Diary Twenty Five Years On 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.commandogunner.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.Ewen Southby-Tailyour gave a direct order for the men to leave the ship and go to the beach.^ They gave their position to the Argentines using a local islander's radio, and York subsequently ordered his men to destroy and then bury their weapons.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Major Ewen Southby-Tailyour, a former Commander of the British detachment on the Falklands, was assigned to assist in getting the Welsh guards ashore.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The British ordered the Argentines to leave and the Royal Navy ice patrol ship ENDURANCE was dispatched to the area.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The order was ignored.
.The longer journey time of the landing craft taking the troops directly to Bluff Cove and the squabbling over how the landing was to be performed caused enormous delay in unloading.^ During a lull in the blizzard on 23 April, Mountain Troop were landed again on the Fortuna Glacier, and this time were able to proceed with their mission.
  • Top 10 Badasses of the World’s Special Forces - Listverse 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The speed of the ships had to be slowed and the time of the landing delayed by one day.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Included was a company of Welsh guards awaiting landing and movement to Bluff Cove, four miles to the north.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This had disastrous consequences. .Without escorts, having not yet established their air defence, and still almost fully laden, the two LSLs in Port Pleasant were sitting targets for two waves of Argentine A-4 Skyhawks.^ Though they had no inkling of the problems the British were having, the Argentine high command chose this moment to pull out the stops: six Daggers, eight Skyhawks, and even two Mirage IIIs.
  • Air War in the Falklands | Military Aviation | Air & Space Magazine 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airspacemag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Little reference, however, is made to the ground effort as this was a conflict with two separate confrontations: the Argentine attack of the British fleet; and, the movement of the British ground force on Port Stanley.
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^ Two Super Etendards, one armed and one unarmed, would stalk the fleet, accompanied by four air force A-4C Skyhawks.
  • Air War in the Falklands | Military Aviation | Air & Space Magazine 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airspacemag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The disaster at Port Pleasant (although often known as Bluff Cove) would provide the world with some of the most sobering images of the war as TV news video footage showed Navy helicopters hovering in thick smoke to winch survivors from the burning landing ships.^ One of the most famous images of the War.
  • Falklands/Malvinas war pictorial. Post yours ���. [Archive] - WW2 in Color History Forum 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ww2incolor.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Such stats makes some giddy with enthusiasm about the brave new digital world.
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

^ The video is footage of a little debate between Bloc Quebecois leader Gilles Duceppe and Harper, who had supported the Iraq War in 2003.
  • Why a Resister Chose Canada Over the War in Iraq | CommonDreams.org 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

.British casualties were 48 killed and 115 wounded.^ British casualties were two killed and twenty-six wounded.
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^ British casualties came in, only 3 succombed to their wounds whilst there.
  • Falklands/Malvinas war pictorial. Post yours ���. [Archive] - WW2 in Color History Forum 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ww2incolor.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The 5th Marines suffered 16 killed and 64 wounded while inflicting very heavy casualties by today's standards - over sixty killed and wounded - on the British 5th Infantry Brigade.
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[62] 3 Argentine pilots were also killed. .However, Argentine General Mario Menendez, commander of Argentine forces in the Falklands, was told that 900 British soldiers had died.^ Commander in Chief of the British forces.
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^ CHAPTER 3 An Analysis The British accomplished their objective of re-estab- lishing control of the Falklands with the surrender of General Mario Menendez, Commander of the Argentine troops on the islands, on 14 June 1982.
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^ The British Task Force is now at hand and has cut the Argentine access to the islands.
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.He expected that the losses would cause enemy morale to drop and the British assault to stall.^ This, according to British sources, would not have decreased their surviv- ability13 and what they would have lost in accuracy, they may have gained in effectiveness and perhaps prevented some of their own losses.
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^ The Argentines would leave the runway covered with piles of dirt during the day causing British intelligence to surmise that repairs were still in progress.
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^ However, aircraft operating from the islands would have been a great cause of concern for the closing British fleet.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Fall of Stanley

British paratroopers guard Argentine prisoners of war cleaning up Port Stanley.
Notable battles:
.On the night of 11 June after several days of painstaking reconnaissance and logistic build-up, British forces launched a brigade-sized night attack against the heavily defended ring of high ground surrounding Stanley.^ On the night of June 11, after several days of painstaking reconnaissance and logistic build-up, British forces launched a brigade-sized night attack against the heavily defended ring of high ground surrounding Port Stanley.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the night intelligence reported they had intercepted a message that indicated a ground and airborne attack was to be launched against the British troops at dawn.
  • The Falklands Diary Twenty Five Years On 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.commandogunner.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ On the 24th the British forces regrouped and headed in to attack the submarine, the ARA Santa Fe , locating it on the 25th and damaging it enough that the crew decided to abandon it.
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.Units of 3 Commando Brigade, supported by naval gunfire from several Royal Navy ships, simultaneously assaulted in the Battle of Mount Harriet, Battle of Two Sisters, and Battle of Mount Longdon.^ Units of 3 Commando Brigade, supported by naval gunfire from several Royal Navy ships, simultaneously assaulted Mount Harriet, Two Sisters, and Mount Longdon.
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^ Battle of Mount Harriet From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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^ Naval gunfire support was provided by HMS Avenger's 4.5-in gun.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Mount Harriet was taken at a cost of 2 British and 18 Argentine soldiers.^ Information gathered this way, may help British soldiers live, and Argentine soldiers too.
  • Falklands/Malvinas war pictorial. Post yours ���. [Archive] - WW2 in Color History Forum 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ww2incolor.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The war lasted 72 days, with 236 British and around 700 Argentine soldiers, sailors, and airmen, killed.
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^ Another anti-British Argentine leaflet depicts an armed British soldier in full dress uniform and a Falkland Islands sea gull.
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At Two Sisters, the British faced both enemy resistance and friendly fire, but managed to capture their objectives.^ It was a fierce fire-fight that lasted for about an hour until Z Company, with Y Company by its side, charged up the northern peak of Two Sisters shouting its "Zulu!"
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We had very little interest in charging into the face of British fire until the advantage shifted to our side.
  • » War Through Weakness: How the Terrorists Win - Big Government 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC biggovernment.com [Source type: Original source]

^ HMS Sheffield on fire Two days after the General Belgrano sinking, on May 4, the British lost the Type 42 destroyer HMS Sheffield to fire following an Exocet missile strike.
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.The toughest battle was at Mount Longdon.^ Battle of Mount Longdon From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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^ Cpl Scotty Wilson was Killed while attached to the 3rd Bn Parachute Regiment during the Battle of Mount Longdon.
  • Palace Barracks Memorial Garden - Northern Ireland, Falklands Islands, Felix Memorial Garden. 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.palacebarracksmemorialgarden.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Battle of Mount Longdon was an engagement of the Falklands War between British and Argentinian forces, which took place on the 11th/12th June 1982.
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.British forces were bogged down by assault rifle, mortar, machine gun, artillery fire, sniper fire, and ambushes.^ They met fierce resistance for when they left their trenches they came under heavy machine-gun fire and a massive retaliation was initiated by the British machine-gunners and the guns of the Blues & Royals light tanks.
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^ One group with 66mm rockets, grenades and rifles were to provide covering fire as the assault teams moved close to the house.
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^ The following message was intercepted by sig int: "British Artillery, which has complete dominance over our Argentine Artillery is firing and hitting Argentine Artillery to the extreme east of Port Stanley.
  • The Falklands Diary Twenty Five Years On 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.commandogunner.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.Despite this, the British continued their advance.^ Despite the arrows, Islands defiantly continued to drive on the left, demonstrating their determination to remain British.
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.During this battle, 13 were killed when HMS Glamorgan, straying too close to shore while returning from the gun line, was struck by an improvised trailer-based Exocet MM38 launcher taken from ARA Seguí destroyer by Argentine Navy technicians.^ Argentina had five air-launched Exocet plus a greater number of ship-launched (one of which was fired from an improvised trailer and badly damaged HMS Glamorgan).
  • Falklands "What if...?" - Page 3 - Key Publishing Ltd Aviation Forums 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC forum.keypublishing.com [Source type: General]

^ During this battle thirteen were killed when HMS Glamorgan , which was providing naval gunfire support, was struck by an Exocet fired from the back of a truck, further displaying the vulnerability of ships to anti-ship missiles.
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^ The Armada Argentina (Argentine Navy) returned to the fight with five of Captain Philippi's eight Squadron aircraft remaining after the combat pf May 21.
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[63] .On this day, Sgt Ian McKay of 4 Platoon, B Company, 3 Para died in a grenade attack on an Argentine bunker, which earned him a posthumous Victoria Cross.^ On this day Sgt Ian McKay of 4 Platoon, B Company, 3 Para died in a grenade attack on an Argentine bunker which was to earn him a posthumous Victoria Cross.
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^ He was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross.
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^ But for his valour he was awarded the posthumous Victoria Cross.
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.After a night of fierce fighting, all objectives were secured.^ After a night of fierce fighting all objectives were secured.
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^ The nights fighting was hard & bloody with the advances on all fronts being frequently held up by well positioned machine gun & snipers posts.
  • The Falklands Diary Twenty Five Years On 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.commandogunner.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.Both sides suffered heavy losses.^ This was also a day of extensive air attacks by the Argentines,and a day that proved expensive in terms of losses on both sides.
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.The night of 13 June saw the start of the second phase of attacks, in which the momentum of the initial assault was maintained.^ On the night of June 13 the second phase of attacks started in which the momentum of the initial assault was maintained.
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^ I last saw Neil on the evening of the 10th June when we were briefed by the company commander about the pending attack on Longdon.
  • Palace Barracks Memorial Garden - Northern Ireland, Falklands Islands, Felix Memorial Garden. 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.palacebarracksmemorialgarden.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The operation began in the closing hours of the 11th June with X Company attacking about 10 minutes after they had arrived at their start point.
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.2 Para with tank support captured Wireless Ridge at the Battle of Wireless Ridge, at a loss of 3 British and 25 Argentine dead, and the 2nd battalion, Scots Guards captured Mount Tumbledown at the Battle of Mount Tumbledown, which cost the British 10 dead and the Argentines 30 dead.^ Para supported by 7 & 8 Bty attacked Wireless ridge.
  • The Falklands Diary Twenty Five Years On 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.commandogunner.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ The British were reeling from their losses as were the Argentines.
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^ Para captured Wireless Ridge and the 2nd battalion, Scots Guards captured Mount Tumbledown.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A pile of discarded Argentine weapons in Port Stanley.
.With the last natural defence line at Mount Tumbledown breached, the Argentine town defences of Stanley began to falter.^ An Argentine Special Forces member (from the Amphibious Commandos, Argentine Navy), is guiding to surrended Royal Marines in Stanley, town which was renamed the same day as Argentine Port.
  • Falklands/Malvinas war pictorial. Post yours ���. [Archive] - WW2 in Color History Forum 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ww2incolor.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A unit of the SAS was inserted onto Mount Kent to observe Argentine movements at Stanley.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the morning gloom, one company commander got lost and his junior officers became despondent.^ A Welsh Guards company commander introduced himself to me, so I told him where his survivors were and that I thought hed lost the best part of his mortars platoon.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ An interview with the Commanding Officer and one of the pilots from a Mirage Squadron.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Command of Two Sisters was entrusted to Captain Carlos Lopez Patterson, the 4th Regiment's Operation Officer, with the bulk of the defenders drawn from C Company.
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.Private Santiago Carrizo of the 3rd Regiment described how a platoon commander ordered them to take up positions in the houses and "if a Kelper resists, shoot him", but the entire company did nothing of the kind.^ Not only did he shoot these planes down, but in doing so protected with his comrades up to 500 members of the ships company at any given time, and also any ad hoc embarked forces at the time.
  • Falkland Islands, Malvinas War Guestbook Argentian and British Pictures 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.yellowairplane.com [Source type: General]

^ Bush issued the order after the White House held up the release of 68,000 pages of Ronald Reagan Presidential Library documents in 2001.
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

^ On this day Sgt Ian McKay of 4 Platoon, B Company, 3 Para died in a grenade attack on an Argentine bunker which was to earn him a posthumous Victoria Cross.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[64]
.The commander of the Argentine garrison in Stanley, Brigade General Mario Menéndez, surrendered to Major General Jeremy Moore.^ On June 14 the commander of the Argentine garrison in Port Stanley, Mario Menendez, surrendered to Major General JJ Moore Royal Marines.
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^ British Major General Jeremy Moore flew in to Port Stanley at 2300 on 14 June, 1982 to meet with General Menendez.
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The leaflet addressed to the soldiers carried a photograph of the Argentine commander of South Georgia, Lieutenant Commander Alfredo Astiz, signing the surrender document there.
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.9,800 Argentine troops were made prisoners of war and some 4,167 placed under the command of Major Carlos Eduardo Carrizo-Salvadores,[65]were repatriated to Argentina on the ocean liner Canberra alone.^ Argentine troops were made POWs and were repatriated to Argentina on the liner Canberra.
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^ The local Argentine commander was Major Carlos Carrizo-Salvadores, the second-in-command of the 7th Regiment.
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^ Well, at least you made some effort, which is more than we can say for the majority of the TV obsessed sheep.
  • » War Through Weakness: How the Terrorists Win - Big Government 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC biggovernment.com [Source type: Original source]

Surrender of Corbeta Uruguay

.On 20 June the British retook the South Sandwich Islands, (which involved accepting the surrender of the Southern Thule Garrison at the Corbeta Uruguay base) and declared hostilities to be over.^ On June 20 the British retook the South Sandwich Islands, (which involved accepting the surrender of the Southern Thule Garrison at the Corbeta Uruguay base) and declared the hostilities were at an end.
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^ The base was named Corbeta Uruguay.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Part of the British Crown Dependency of South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands Orthographic projection centred on the South Sandwich Islands South Sandwich Islands Southern Thule is a collection of three islands (Bellingshausen, Cook, and Morrell) which is the southernmost in the South Sandwich Islands Group.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Argentina had established Corbeta Uruguay in 1976, but prior to 1982 the United Kingdom had contested the existence of the Argentine base only through diplomatic channels.^ The base was named Corbeta Uruguay.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Through the corresponding channels Argentina asked the Peruvian Air Force for help.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Between August and November 1981, five Super Etendards and five Exocets were shipped to Argentina; only in December 1981 did Argentine pilots begin flying the aircraft.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Casualties

.
'Monumento a los Caídos en Malvinas' (Monument for the fallen in the Falklands) in Plaza San Martín, Buenos Aires; a member of the historic Patricios regiment stands guard.
^ REUTERS/Enrique Marcarian (ARGENTINA) People in Buenos Aires, Monday April 2, 2007, attend a ceremony at a memorial to the Argentine fallen of the Falklands war.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (AFP/Juan Mabromata) Veterans check names at the cenotaph for the Argentine soldiers killed in combat during the Malvinas/Falkland war in 1982 during the celebrations to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the beginning of the conflict, in Buenos Aires.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With this declared independence, Buenos Aires claimed control of the former Spanish possession, the Malvinas Islands.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[66]
San Carlos War Memorial and Cemetery, Falkland islands.
In total 907 were killed during the 74 days of the conflict:
.Of the 86 Royal Navy personnel, 22 were lost in HMS Ardent, 19 + 1 lost in HMS Sheffield, 18 + 1 lost in HMS Coventry and 13 lost in HMS Glamorgan.^ April 1982: Kenneth 'Rocky' Hudson, a Petty Officer from Gosport aboard HMS Hermes, the flagship of the Royal Navy, heading for the Falkland Islands.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first was launched at a British warship and missed, however the second missile hit HMS Glamorgan on 12th June killing 13 men.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ HMS Sheffield on fire Two days after the General Belgrano sinking, on May 4, the British lost the Type 42 destroyer HMS Sheffield to fire following an Exocet missile strike.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Fourteen naval cooks were among the dead, the largest number from any one branch in the Royal Navy.^ "One of the possibilities is that She was scuttled by [Royal Navy officer] Sidney Smith in 1799, in order to block the harbor against Napoleon Bonaparte."
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

^ "Target number one is an aircraft carrier, target number two is a cruiser...", at which point the line went dead.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Units of 3 Commando Brigade, supported by naval gunfire from several Royal Navy ships, simultaneously assaulted Mount Harriet, Two Sisters, and Mount Longdon.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Thirty-three of the British Army's dead came from the Welsh Guards, 21 from the 3rd Battalion, the Parachute Regiment, 18 from the 2nd Battalion, the Parachute Regiment, 19 from the Special Air Service (SAS), 3 from Royal Signals and 8 from each of the Scots Guards and Royal Engineers.^ The main advantage in the British favor was their well-trained Welsh and Scots Guards, Royal Marines, Special Air Service, and Gurkhas.
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 1982 Falklands War witnessed the largest deployment of British Army Special Forces since WWII--the Special Air Service, the Special Boat Squadron, and the Royal Marines Mountain and Arctic Warfare Cadre conducted several spectacular raids during the war.
  • Falkland Islands, Malvinas War Guestbook Argentian and British Pictures 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.yellowairplane.com [Source type: General]

^ San Carlos landing sites Context of landings in the Falklands During the night of May 21 the British made an amphibious landing on beaches near San Carlos Water, on the northern coast of East Falkland, putting the 4000 men of 3 Commando Brigade, including 2nd and 3rd battalions of the Parachute Regiment (2 and 3 Para), ashore from the amphibious ships and the liner Canberra: 2 Para and 40 Commando landing at San Carlos beach; 45 Commando at Ajax bay; 3 Para at Port San Carlos.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As well as memorials on the islands, there is a memorial to the British war dead in the crypt of St Paul's Cathedral, London.^ Thatcher laid a wreath of yellow and white roses, lilies and orchids at the foot of the Falklands Memorial in the Crypt of London's St Paul's Cathedral in honour of the 255 British service personnel who died in the 74-day conflict.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thousands of Argentine troops descended on the island, and easily overtook the small detachment of British troops that were stationed there.
  • Falkland Islands, Malvinas War Guestbook Argentian and British Pictures 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.yellowairplane.com [Source type: General]

^ The Falklands Conflict was the first overseas conflict in which British war dead were returned to the UK, however it was up to the individual families where their loved ones were buried - some chose to bury their relatives in The Falklands Islands.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[78] .There is a memorial at Plaza San Martín in Buenos Aires for the Argentine war dead,[79] another one in Rosario, and a third one in Ushuaia.^ Even for one so brutally affected by the war, there was to be a suitable ending; both at a personal and national level things had turned out right.
  • Michael Skey 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC ics.leeds.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are "Bogies incoming", Argentine jets in attack formation sweeping across San Carlos Bay.
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

^ One chapter provides an excellent account of the air war.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.During the war, British dead were put into plastic body bags and buried in mass graves.^ During the war, the British Foreign Office even described him as the "greatest moral coward of our age".
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

^ The Falklands Conflict was the first overseas conflict in which British war dead were returned to the UK, however it was up to the individual families where their loved ones were buried - some chose to bury their relatives in The Falklands Islands.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ GENEVA -- A Turkish politician went on trial Tuesday in Switzerland for denying that the mass killings of Armenians by Ottoman Turks during World War I amounted to genocide.
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

After the war, the bodies were removed, given funeral services, and reburied. .Argentine dead were buried on the islands during the war.^ The ceremony marks the 25th anniversary of the beginning of the war between Argentina and Great Britain over the possession of the islands, known as Malvinas by Argentines.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She said families of dead Argentine personnel could hold a commemorative event on the islands later this year.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Originally the aircraft was blown up by the SAS on Pebble Island during the war.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The United Kingdom offered to send the bodies back to Argentina, but Argentina refused, knowing that the remains would ensure a continuing Argentine presence on the islands.^ The Armada Argentina (Argentine Navy) returned to the fight with five of Captain Philippi's eight Squadron aircraft remaining after the combat pf May 21.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It would attempt to exacerbate Argentine inter-service rivalries, discredit the Junta and its members and point out economic problems in Argentina .
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While the idea of a 'leaseback' of the islands was proposed, under which Britain would cede sovereignty to Argentina after fifty years, nothing materialised.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There is a cemetery for Argentine dead on the islands.^ Thousands of Argentine troops descended on the island, and easily overtook the small detachment of British troops that were stationed there.
  • Falkland Islands, Malvinas War Guestbook Argentian and British Pictures 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.yellowairplane.com [Source type: General]

^ She said families of dead Argentine personnel could hold a commemorative event on the islands later this year.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition to the Foreign Minister's unwillingness to pursue diplomatic exchanges, there is mounting evidence that the Argentine armed forces are preparing to invade the Falkland Islands.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There were 1,188 Argentine and 777 British non-fatal casualties.^ Thousands of Argentine troops descended on the island, and easily overtook the small detachment of British troops that were stationed there.
  • Falkland Islands, Malvinas War Guestbook Argentian and British Pictures 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.yellowairplane.com [Source type: General]

^ British casualties came in, only 3 succombed to their wounds whilst there.
  • Falklands/Malvinas war pictorial. Post yours ���. [Archive] - WW2 in Color History Forum 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ww2incolor.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Argentine intention appeared to have been to show the lack of British casualties, but the images became a painful reminder of a national humiliation.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Further information about the field hospitals and hospital ships is at Ajax Bay, List of hospitals and hospital ships of the Royal Navy, HMS Hydra.^ April 1982: Kenneth 'Rocky' Hudson, a Petty Officer from Gosport aboard HMS Hermes, the flagship of the Royal Navy, heading for the Falkland Islands.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is what is known so far, the list will be updated/revised as more information is known about TV schedules.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Opposition asked for further details but were also said to be "just as concerned about the threat to British ships and men" (ITN, 4\4\82, 17:45).
  • Michael Skey 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC ics.leeds.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

On the Argentine side beside the Military Hospital at Port Stanley, the Argentine Air Force Mobile Field Hospital was deployed at Comodoro Rivadavia and the Argentine Navy ships ARA Almirante Irizar and ARA Bahia Paraiso were converted to Hospital ships
Although some have been cleared, a substantial number of minefields still exist in the islands, such as this one at Port William on East Falkland.
.There are still 125 uncleared minefields on the Falkland Islands and UXOs are scattered all over the battle fields due to the soft peat ground.^ Part Two: Battle of the Falkland Islands and South Sandwich Islands, March 19 - June 14, 1982 Extracts from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was clear to all concerned that the invasion of the Falkland Islands was imminent.
  • TCBH Postgraduate Essay Prize Winner for 2007: 'Strangers in the Night': The Falklands Conflict as a Radio War -- Pinkerton 19 (3): 344 -- Twentieth Century British History 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC tcbh.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After heavy combat, the British eventually prevailed and the islands remained under British control, although as of 2005, Argentina has still not relinquished its claim to the Falkland Islands.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.According to forcesmemorial.org.uk via Falklands 25's "Official Commemorative Publication" 30 British servicemen have died on the islands since the end of the hostilities.^ Why on earth would/should The UK discuss sovereignty, it's not as if the population wants independence - they are British, The Falkland Islands are British and they must remain British, otherwise 255 people died in vain, along with 600+ Argentines who ought to be alive today.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Falklands Conflict was the first overseas conflict in which British war dead were returned to the UK, however it was up to the individual families where their loved ones were buried - some chose to bury their relatives in The Falklands Islands.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After heavy combat, the British eventually prevailed and the islands remained under British control, although as of 2005, Argentina has still not relinquished its claim to the Falkland Islands.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

See also Argentine and British ground forces in the Falklands War

Aftermath

.This brief war brought many consequences for all the parties involved, besides the great loss of human life and materiel.^ It was too many things together, quite apart from our natural fear of the war, the shelling and all that.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ JohnnyKnoxs - January 13th, 2010 at 2:26 am Your goal of freedom for all of humanity, while lofty, is great!
  • » War Through Weakness: How the Terrorists Win - Big Government 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC biggovernment.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "It's a great story in human history," says Kevin McBride, a professor of anthropology at the University of Connecticut at Storrs, who is involved in the project.
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

.In the United Kingdom, Margaret Thatcher won the time and support she required for her economic measures (which tackled inflation but sent unemployment to its highest postwar levels) to take effect, national pride received a big boost of confidence and assurance, the Royal Navy proved its value once more.^ Desperate times require desperate measures, I suppose.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Units of 3 Commando Brigade, supported by naval gunfire from several Royal Navy ships, simultaneously assaulted Mount Harriet, Two Sisters, and Mount Longdon.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Lacking carrier support left the responsibility of fleet defense with the Sea Harrier, and-the Royal Navy had only thirty-four of these aircraft.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The success of the Falklands campaign was widely regarded as the factor in the turnaround in fortunes for the Tory government, who had been trailing behind the SDP-Liberal Alliance in the opinion polls for months before the conflict began, but after the success in the Falklands the Tories returned to the top of the opinion polls by a wide margin and went on to win the following year's general election by a landslide.^ Alternatively Clarke et al, agree with "what has become conventional wisdom in British politics" (p.63) regarding the so-called ‘Falklands Factor’ (See The Late Show).
  • Michael Skey 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC ics.leeds.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ March – Report – ‘The Sun’ newspaper comes out for Blair 1997 – May – First Landslide General Election Victory 1997 – May 2nd – Tony Blair wins with a landslide after 18 years of Tory rule 1997 – Princess Diana’s Memorial Service – Elton John Sings 1997 August 31 – Video – Tony Blair on Princess Diana’s Death 1997 May – Video – YouTube – Blair’s triumphant entry into Downing Street after election landslide .

^ A limited British PSYOPS campaign was developed during the brief Argentine occupation and subsequent liberation of the Falkland Islands .
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4]
Subsequently, Nott's proposed cuts to the Royal Navy were abandoned.
.The islanders subsequently had full British citizenship restored in 1983, their lifestyle was improved by investments Britain made after the war and the liberalisation of economic measures that had been stalled through fear of angering Argentina.^ This viewpoint was encouraged by the planned withdrawal of the last of the Royal Navy in 1981, which would have been included in a general downsizing of the fleet throughout British territory, and the British Nationality Act of 1981, which stripped Falkland Islanders of full citizenship rights.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The widow and children of Argentina's former military ruler claimed that the war was engineered by Britain to avoid negotiations that could have led to the loss of sovereignty over the islands.
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

^ The islanders themselves feared that ceremonially clad Argentines represented a covert invasion, perhaps even supported by the British Foreign Office.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In 1985, a new constitution was enacted promoting self-government, which has continued to devolve power to the islanders.
.The war for Argentina also had an effect in the form of avoiding a possible war with Chile and, more importantly, the return of democracy.^ If the Nuclear war was possible for a long time in the Europe and USA do you seriously think that the South America should avoid of it?
  • Falklands/Malvinas war pictorial. Post yours ���. [Archive] - WW2 in Color History Forum 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ww2incolor.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The widow and children of Argentina's former military ruler claimed that the war was engineered by Britain to avoid negotiations that could have led to the loss of sovereignty over the islands.
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

^ After Falklands War, army of lost souls ignored on their return to Argentina .
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

.It had a major social impact, destroying the military image as the moral reserve of the nation that they had maintained through most of the 20th century.^ So they were in the majority in her Cabinet, and that carried on right through until 1981.
  • Commanding Heights : Lord Cecil Parkinson | on PBS 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Most nations are so extensive that they cannot be imagined as anything other than a place on a map.
  • Michael Skey 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC ics.leeds.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What is important is the fact that they portrayed an alternative image of Britain that in no way represents Thatcherite visions of a nation united by the Falklands affair.
  • Michael Skey 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC ics.leeds.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Public relations

Argentina

Gente's "Estamos ganando" headline ("We're winning").
.Selected war correspondents were regularly flown to Port Stanley in military aircraft to report on the war.^ A ministry of defense or military spokesman was not available to comment yesterday in Port Stanley.
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ War in the Falklands mentions the British dropping leaflets on Port Stanley just prior to 11 June in an attempt to avoid further bloodshed: .
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By 14 June the large Argentine garrison in Port Stanley is defeated, and the war is all but over.
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Back in Buenos Aires newspapers and magazines faithfully reported on "the heroic actions of the largely conscript army and its successes".
.Officers from the intelligence services were attached to the newspapers and 'leaked' information confirming the official communiqués from the government.^ The Argentine officials proceeding on the first flight of the air service turned out to be Argentine senior military officers in full uniform.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The glossy magazines Gente and Siete Días swelled to sixty pages with colour photographs of British warships in flames - many of them faked - and bogus eyewitness reports of the Argentine commandos' guerrilla war on South Georgia (6 May) and an already dead Pucará pilot's attack on HMS Hermes[13] (Lt. Daniel Antonio Jukic had been killed at Goose Green during a British air strike on 1 May). Most of the faked photos actually came from the tabloid press. .One of the best remembered headlines was "Estamos ganando" ("We're winning") from the magazine Gente, that would later use variations of it.^ Action June 8 Only one more air encounter would occur, eight days later on June 8.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It showed, for example, where every coal mine in the world was using one system of mining, which is the prop system, British coal was 25 years later still experimenting as to whether or not this was right.
  • Commanding Heights : Lord Cecil Parkinson | on PBS 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I suspect that a WWII gun turret would perform a lot better on visual than radar etc than a Falklands War or later one.
  • Falklands/Malvinas war pictorial. Post yours ���. [Archive] - WW2 in Color History Forum 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ww2incolor.com [Source type: Original source]

[80]
.The Argentine troops on the Falkland Islands could read Gaceta Argentina—a newspaper intended to boost morale among the servicemen.^ REUTERS/Ernesto Alonso/Handout (FALKLAND ISLANDS) Argentine army soldiers read newspapers in Port Stanley during the Falklands War (Guerra de las Malvinas) between Argentina and Britain, in this April 1982 file photo.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Just in case Argentina is tempted to attack again, Great Britain maintains a heavy military presence at the Mount Pleasant complex on East Falkland Island.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Mirages coordinated with Argentine radar on the Falklands as they approached the islands.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some of its untruths could easily be unveiled by the soldiers who recovered corpses.^ The use of "vendido" can imply a corrupt person who could be bought and easily bribed to break a commitment.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A third man was caught in the flames who nobody could reach, so one of our soldiers shot him which I think was probably the best thing he could have done in the circumstances.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The use of “vendido” can imply a corrupt person who could be bought and easily bribed to break a commitment.
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[81]
.The Malvinas course united the Argentines in a patriotic atmosphere that protected the junta from critics, and even opposers of the military government supported Galtieri; Ernesto Sabato said: "Don't be mistaken, Europe; it is not a dictatorship who is fighting for the Malvinas, it is the whole Nation.^ The brutal Duvalier dictatorships, that lasted for decades, were fully sponsored and supported by the US. After the earthquake, the US military brought soldiers and guns, instead of doctors and supplies.
  • Just crazy enough to work – shipping containers for emergency shelters in Haiti « Watts Up With That? 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Argentine President Galtieri Critics of the invasion by Argentina claim that the Junta sought to use the patriotism of war to quell unrest in the working classes, hoping that whilst engulfed in a patriotic fervour, the Argentines would forget about the crisis, and the crimes of their military.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kelley said military artifacts such as cannons will always belong to the government...
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

.Opposers of the military dictatorship, like me, are fighting to extirpate the last trace of colonialism.
"[82] Even the Madres de Plaza de Mayo were exposed to death threats from ordinary people.^ The brutal Duvalier dictatorships, that lasted for decades, were fully sponsored and supported by the US. After the earthquake, the US military brought soldiers and guns, instead of doctors and supplies.
  • Just crazy enough to work – shipping containers for emergency shelters in Haiti « Watts Up With That? 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We have a 250 year tradition of civilian controlled military and that tradition is unlikely to change because you don't like the will of the people.
  • » War Through Weakness: How the Terrorists Win - Big Government 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC biggovernment.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The knuckleheads are people that want to use our military to overthrow the government because they don't like Obama.
  • » War Through Weakness: How the Terrorists Win - Big Government 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC biggovernment.com [Source type: Original source]

[13]
.HMS Invincible was repeatedly sunk in the Argentine press,[83] and on 30 April 1982 the Argentine magazine Tal Cual showed UK's PM Thatcher with an eyepatch and the text: Pirate, witch and assassin.^ The British first felt the sting of the Argentine assaults on May 4, when the destroyer HMS SHEFFIELD was sunk.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Part one: Argentine Invasion of the Falklands /Malvinas, April 1982 Invasion of the Falkland Islands From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ April 1982: Kenneth 'Rocky' Hudson, a Petty Officer from Gosport aboard HMS Hermes, the flagship of the Royal Navy, heading for the Falkland Islands.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Guilty!
[84]
.Three British reporters sent to Argentina to cover the war from the 'other side' were jailed until the end of the war.^ The word is sahel, and it helps explain much of what I have seen in three and a half years of covering the war.
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: General]

^ Here is the actual sitrep sent round the British forces, as you can see 29 Cdo's & in particular 8 Bty's involvement has been airbrushed from the report.
  • The Falklands Diary Twenty Five Years On 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.commandogunner.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ However, it turned down Argentina's request for help in the arrests of three other Iranians, including the former president Hashemi Rafsanjani.
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

[85]

United Kingdom

The Sun's "Gotcha" headline.
.Seventeen newspaper reporters, two photographers, two radio reporters and three television reporters with five technicians sailed with the Task Force to the war.^ On three occasions, he notes, President Richard M. Nixon was forced to accept legislation that essentially stipulated how war dollars could be spent.
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Meanwhile the main British naval task force arrived at Ascension to prepare for war.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Without television or daily newspapers or a choice of radio station, they depended almost entirely on BBC Overseas for news and entertainment.
  • TCBH Postgraduate Essay Prize Winner for 2007: 'Strangers in the Night': The Falklands Conflict as a Radio War -- Pinkerton 19 (3): 344 -- Twentieth Century British History 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC tcbh.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Newspaper Publishers' Association selected them from among 160 applicants, excluding foreign media. .Due to the hasty departure, not all of them were "the right stuff": two journalists on HMS Invincible were interested in nothing but Queen Elizabeth II's son Prince Andrew.^ I only have respect for all those guys who put their lives in harms way but you with all due respect know nothing .
  • Top 10 Badasses of the World’s Special Forces - Listverse 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Type 22 frigate HMS Brilliant is to the left of the picture, with the carrier HMS Invincible dominating the right.
  • History of the Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.war-art.com [Source type: General]
  • Low cost Falklands Campaign art prints 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.armyprints.com [Source type: General]

^ Queen Elizabeth II and her husband Prince Philip will visit Virginia May 3-4 to help commemorate the founding of Jamestown 400 years ago...
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

[86]
Merchant vessels had the civilian Inmarsat uplink, which enabled written telex and voice report transmissions via satellite. .Canberra had a facsimile machine that was used to upload 202 pictures from the South Atlantic over the course of the war.^ By 1 May, with the British naval Task Force established in South Atlantic waters, the subversive use of radio by the Islanders became an even greater challenge.
  • TCBH Postgraduate Essay Prize Winner for 2007: 'Strangers in the Night': The Falklands Conflict as a Radio War -- Pinkerton 19 (3): 344 -- Twentieth Century British History 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC tcbh.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As the south Atlantic winter approached along with the task force, Mr Craig was to discover how his grandfather must have felt in his First World War trench.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He was the only fatality suffered by the Regiment during the war, and his South Atlantic Medal was issued to his father: 21146803 WO1 Deoman Limbu, ex 1/7 Gurkha Rifles.
  • Palace Barracks Memorial Garden - Northern Ireland, Falklands Islands, Felix Memorial Garden. 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.palacebarracksmemorialgarden.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Royal Navy leased bandwidth on the US Defense Satellite Communications System for worldwide communications.^ Lacking carrier support left the responsibility of fleet defense with the Sea Harrier, and-the Royal Navy had only thirty-four of these aircraft.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Television demands a thousand times the data rate of telephone, but the MoD was unsuccessful in convincing the US to allocate more bandwidth.^ Stop worrying so much over a people who want nothing to do with us and spend more time worrying about keeping your own people alive.
  • Top 10 Badasses of the World’s Special Forces - Listverse 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC listverse.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Drowning in data We're taking more photographs than ever and piling up e-mails by the thousands.
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.TV producers suspected that the enquiry was half-hearted; since the Vietnam War television pictures of casualties and traumatised soldiers were recognised as having negative propaganda value.^ When American G.I.s returned from the Vietnam War, some tried to smuggle home the skulls of Vietcong and North Vietnamese soldiers.
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: General]

^ Whereas World War II was almost over before Americans saw the first picture of a dead soldier, today the steady drumbeat of media pessimism and television coverage are sapping the West's will.
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However the technology only allowed uploading a single frame per 20 minutes - and only if the military satellites were allocated 100 % to television transmissions.^ Second, modern technology provides the military with highly effective weapons systems but these systems may only be effective when employed against the technology they are designed to combat.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This article investigates radio's emergence not only as a vital communications technology, but also as a symbol of collective resistance to unwanted, and uninvited, military aggression.
  • TCBH Postgraduate Essay Prize Winner for 2007: 'Strangers in the Night': The Falklands Conflict as a Radio War -- Pinkerton 19 (3): 344 -- Twentieth Century British History 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC tcbh.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Vietnam was different: there, the most advanced military technology, however profusely used, could not end a politically and tactically complex guerrilla conflict.
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Videotapes were shipped to Ascension Island, where a broadband satellite uplink was available, resulting in TV coverage being delayed by three weeks.^ The raiders were engaged by small arms fire from both the ship and from shore installations, resulting in three SF troops being wounded.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There will be considerably more coverage during the Victory week celebrations (14th-17th June): FALKLANDS 25 TV Coverage: There will be considerable coverage of the 25th Anniversary of The Falklands Conflict this year.
  • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[87]
.The press was very dependent on the Royal Navy, and was censored on site.^ Actually it is a tradition taht dates back to the very earliest submarine actions in the Royal Navy.
  • Falklands/Malvinas war pictorial. Post yours ���. [Archive] - WW2 in Color History Forum 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ww2incolor.com [Source type: Original source]

.Many reporters in the UK knew more about the war than those with the Task Force.^ Its review was able to match those survivors submitting claims with more than 70 European insurance companies and businesses.
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

^ Many took place more recently than Jaspin's book implies.
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ TheFonz - January 10th, 2010 at 11:29 pm Our idiotic wars for Israel and our support of Israel creates more problems than it solves.
  • » War Through Weakness: How the Terrorists Win - Big Government 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC biggovernment.com [Source type: Original source]

[87]
.The Royal Navy expected Fleet Street to conduct a World War Two style positive news campaign[88] but the majority of the British media, especially the BBC, reported the war in a neutral fashion.^ In The Official History of the Falklands Campaign – Volume II: War and Diplomacy, Sir Lawrence Freedman, Routledge, London and New York , 2005, the author mentions British prospective “black” and deception operations.
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ NEW ORLEANS -- With the boom of cannons, the Navy commissioned the USS New Orleans before thousands of onlookers Saturday, marking the first time since at least World War II a Navy ship has been built and commissioned in its namesake city...
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

^ This viewpoint was encouraged by the planned withdrawal of the last of the Royal Navy in 1981, which would have been included in a general downsizing of the fleet throughout British territory, and the British Nationality Act of 1981, which stripped Falkland Islanders of full citizenship rights.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[89] .These reporters referred to "the British troops" and "the Argentinian troops" instead of "our lads" and the dehumanised "Argies".[90] The two main tabloid papers presented opposing viewpoints: The Daily Mirror was decidedly anti-war, whilst The Sun became notorious for its jingoistic and xenophobic headlines, including the 20 April headline "Stick It Up Your Junta!",[83] and was condemned for the "Gotcha" headline following the sinking of the ARA General Belgrano.^ Two minor casualties were reported on our own troops.
  • The Falklands Diary Twenty Five Years On 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.commandogunner.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ As part of the ‘war effort’ The Sun launched "undie-cover warfare" (underwear for the force’s sweethearts "embroidered across the front with the proud name of a ship on which a husband or boyfriend is serving"), the Invincible garter, the "Stick it up your junta" T-shirt and free "Good Luck" badges designed "to give the lads a big morale-booster" (Harris, pp.
  • Michael Skey 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC ics.leeds.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On May 3rd the sinking of the Argentine cruiser, General Belgrano, was announced to the British nation with the now infamous headline "Gotcha!".
  • Michael Skey 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC ics.leeds.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[91][92][93]

Cultural impact

Newsweek magazine cover, 19 April 1982. HMS Hermes pictured.
.There were wide-ranging influences on popular culture in both the UK and Argentina, from the immediate postwar period to the present.^ Legally, the United States had military treaty obligations to both parties in the war, bound to the UK by NATO and to Argentina by the Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance.
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Argentina made several immediate changes to the culture of the Falkland Islands .
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The words yomp and Exocet entered the British vernacular as a result of the war.^ Jack Higgins' thriller Exocet dealt with one of the war's most famous 'buzz-words'; for many years afterwards, 'exocet' became synonymous with 'rocket' in the UK ('Yomp' and 'Task Force' also entered the language).
  • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Threats of war were made, but a year of diplomacy finally quelled the storm and resulted in an agreement permitting the British to return to Port Egmont.
  • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Falklands War also provided material for theatre, film and TV drama and influenced the output of musicians including (among others) Iron Maiden, Pink Floyd, New Order, Gang of Four, Joe Jackson, Crass, Dire Straits (the song Brothers in arms was played in memory of the dead soldiers), New Model Army, The Levellers, The Clash, Steve Dahl, Latin Quarter, the Super Furry Animals, and Elvis Costello, whose song "Shipbuilding", sung by Robert Wyatt, reached the British top 40.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "Falklands 25: Background Briefing". Ministry of Defence. http://www.mod.uk/DefenceInternet/FactSheets/Falklands25BackgroundBriefing.htm. Retrieved 2009-11-01. 
  2. ^ ":: Ministerio de Defensa - República Argentina ::" (in Spanish). www.mindef.gov.ar. http://www.mindef.gov.ar/veteranos%20Malvinas.html. Retrieved 2009-11-01. 
  3. ^ Location: "Falklands War Falkland Islands" Falkland Islands, Islas Malvinas (linkback:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Falklands_War)
  4. ^ Location: "Falklands War South Georgia" South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, UK (linkback:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Falklands_War)
  5. ^ a b "Falkland Islands - A history of the 1982 conflict". Raf.mod.uk. 2004-10-01. http://www.raf.mod.uk/falklands/rollofhonour.html. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  6. ^ Argentine Foreign Office 11 feb 2010
  7. ^ Constitución Nacional: "La Nación Argentina ratifica su legítima e imprescriptible soberanía sobre las Islas Malvinas, Georgias del Sur y Sandwich del Sur y los espacios marítimos e insulares correspondientes, por ser parte integrante del territorio nacional"
  8. ^ "Cómo evitar que Londres convierta a las Malvinas en un Estado independiente". Clarin.com. http://www.clarin.com/suplementos/zona/2007/04/01/z-03415.htm. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  9. ^ "Argentina - the horrors of a dictatorial past live on - Radio Netherlands Worldwide - English". Radionetherlands.nl. 2006-03-30. http://www.radionetherlands.nl/currentaffairs/arg060330mc. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  10. ^ (in Spanish) Malvinas, La Trama Secreta. Buenos Aires: Sudamericana/Planeta. 1983. ISBN 9789503700068. 
  11. ^ "Que tenía que ver con despertar el orgullo nacional y con otra cosa. La junta —Galtieri me lo dijo— nunca creyó que los británicos darían pelea. Él creía que Occidente se había corrompido. Que los británicos no tenían Dios, que Estados Unidos se había corrompido... Nunca lo pude convencer de que ellos no sólo iban a pelear, que además iban a ganar." ("This was neither about national pride nor anything else. The junta —Galtieri told me— never believed the British would respond. He thought the Western World was corrupt. That the British people had no God, that the US was corrupt... I could never convince him that the British would not only fight back but also win [the war].") La Nación / Islas Malvinas Online. "Haig: "Malvinas fue mi Waterloo"". http://www.malvinasonline.com.ar/g82/artic/aresp004.htm#Haig. Retrieved September 21, 2006.  (Spanish)
  12. ^ "Ministerio de Educación, Ciencia y Tecnología de la Nación" (PDF). http://www.me.gov.ar/curriform/publica/sirlin_conv_dictadura.pdf. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  13. ^ a b c Jimmy Burns: The land that lost its heroes, 1987, Bloomsbury Publishing, ISBN 0-7475-0002-9
  14. ^ "''En Buenos Aires, la Junta comenzó a estudiar la posibilidad de ocupar las Islas Malvinas y Georgias antes de que los británicos pudieran reforzarlas''". Portierramaryaire.com. http://www.portierramaryaire.com/arts/malvinas_1.php. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  15. ^ Briley, Harold (9 April 1997). "Obituary: Captain Nicholas Barker" (subscription required for online access via NewsUK newspaper archive website). The Independent: p. 16. http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl?ctx_ver=Z39.88-2003&res_dat=xri:pqil:res_ver=0.2&res_id=xri:newsuk&rft_id=xri:newsuk:newsart:36868535. Retrieved 23 September 2009. 
  16. ^ "high cost of cuts, The | Spectator, The | Find Articles at BNET.com". Findarticles.com. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3724/is_199705/ai_n8781734. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  17. ^ Margolis, Laurie (2007-04-02). "UK | How BBC man scooped invasion news". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/6514011.stm. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  18. ^ One Hundred Days Woodward, Admiral Sandy (1992) Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, p.72. ISBN 9781557506511; ISBN 9781557506528. Cited in To Rule The Waves: How the British Navy Shaped the Modern World Herman, A (2004) Harper Collins, New York, p.560
  19. ^ Grimmett, Richard F. (1 June 1999). "Foreign Policy Roles of the President and Congress". U.S. Department of State. http://fpc.state.gov/6172.htm#President_as_Initiator. Retrieved 2010-02-24. 
  20. ^ Brown 1987, p. 110
  21. ^ a b "Submarine Operations during the Falklands War - US Naval War College". http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA279554. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  22. ^ "1982: Marines land in South Georgia". BBC. 25 April 1982. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/25/newsid_2503000/2503977.stm. Retrieved 20 June 2005. 
  23. ^ "... to get twenty-one bombs to Port Stanley is going to take about one million, one hundred thousand pounds of fuel - equalled[sic] about 137,000 gallons. That was enough fuel to fly 260 Sea Harrier bombing missions over Port Stanley. Which in turn meant just over 1300 bombs. Interesting stuff!" page 186 in Sharkey Ward: Sea Harrier over the Falklands, 1992, Cassell Military Paperbacks, ISBN 0-304-35542-9
  24. ^ "Propaganda was, of course, used later to try to justify these missions: 'The Mirage IIIs were redrawn from Southern Argentina to Buenos Aires to add to the defences there following the Vulcan raids on the islands.' Apparently the logic behind this statement was that if the Vulcan could hit Port Stanley, the[sic] Buenos Aires was well within range as well and was vulnerable to similar attacks. I never went along with that baloney. A lone Vulcan or two running in to attack Buenos Aires without fighter support would have been shot to hell in quick time."-"Mirage IIIs were in evidence near the islands on several occasions during the conflict, either escorting the Neptune reconnaissance missions or on 'interference' flights that attempted to draw CAP attention away from air-to-ground attacks."-"Suffice it to say that you didn't need more than one or two Mirage IIIs to intercept a Vulcan attack on Buenos Aires"-"It would have taken much more than a lone Vulcan raid to upset Buenos Aires" pages 247-48 in Sea Harrier over the Falklands
  25. ^ "Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War". Globalsecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/report/1984/DWF.htm. ""As a result of these heavy losses...it was decided to pull the Mirage III's back to the mainland to stand alert for a possible Vulcan attack."" 
  26. ^ "The Falkland Islands Conflict, 1982: Air Defense Of The Fleet". Globalsecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/report/1984/HJA.htm. ""Finally, the bombing raids caused the Argentines to fear an air attack on the mainland, causing them to retain some Mirage aircraft and Roland missiles for defense."" 
  27. ^ "La familia Mirage" (in Spanish), Aeroespacio (Fuerza Aerea Argentina), ISSN 0001-9127, http://www.aeroespacio.com.ar/site/anteriores/520-528/520/mirage.htm, ""Los M III debían defender el territorio continental argentino de posibles ataques de los bombarderos Vulcan de la RAF, brindar escolta a los cazabombarderos de la FAA, e impedir los ataques de aviones de la Royal Navy y de la RAF sobre las Malvinas."
    ("The M III would defend the Argentine mainland against possible attacks by Vulcan bombers from the RAF, providing escort of fighter bombers to the FAA, and to prevent attacks by aircraft of the Royal Navy and RAF on the Falklands.")"
     
  28. ^ "The Falkland Islands Conflict, 1982: Air Defense Of The Fleet". Globalsecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/report/1984/HJA.htm. ""Unfortunately the British Secretary of State for Defence announced sometime later that Britain would not bomb targets on the Argentine mainland. This statement was undoubtedly welcomed by the Argentine military command because it permitted the very limited number of Roland SAM's to be deployed around the airfield at Stanley."" 
  29. ^ Argentine Air Force remembers its “baptism of fire” twenty years on
  30. ^ Rodríguez Mottino, Horacio: La Artillería Argentina en Malvinas. Ed. Clío, 1985. Page 170
  31. ^ "Fuerza Aérea Argentina". Fuerzaaerea.mil.ar. http://www.fuerzaaerea.mil.ar/conflicto/caidos/baja01.html. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  32. ^ "noticias". Madryn.gov.ar. 2009-04-02. http://www.madryn.gov.ar/noticias.php?newsid=3213. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  33. ^ Sharkey Ward (2003). Sea Harrier Over The Falklands. Cassell. ISBN 0-304-35542-9. 
  34. ^ "Fuerza Aérea Argentina". Fuerzaaerea.mil.ar. http://www.fuerzaaerea.mil.ar/conflicto/dias/jun01.html. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  35. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident description Lockheed C-130H Hercules TC-63 - Pebble Island". Aviation-safety.net. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19820601-0&lang=en. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  36. ^ Evans, Michael (November 27, 2007). "Underwater and undercover: how nuclear subs were first line of Falklands defence". Times Online. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/article2950936.ece. 
  37. ^ Admiral Sandy Woodward, One Hundred Days, page 8. ISBN 9780007134670
  38. ^ "The SAS vs the Exocet". www.eliteukforces.info. 2007-10-27. http://www.eliteukforces.info/articles/sas-versus-exocets.php#prof. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  39. ^ Smith, Michael (08 Mar 2002). "SAS 'suicide mission' to wipe out Exocets". http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2002/03/08/nfalk08.xml. 
  40. ^ Middlebrook, p. 75.
  41. ^ La Infantería de Marina de la Armada Argentina en el Conflicto del Atlántico Sur, ISBN 987-433-641-2
  42. ^ Thatcher in the dark on sinking of Belgrano - Times Online
  43. ^ Location: "Bomb Alley" San Carlos Water, Falkland Islands (linkback:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Falklands_War#Landing_at_San_Carlos_.E2.80.94_Bomb_Alley)
  44. ^ Yates, David (2006). Bomb Alley - Falkland Islands 1982. Pen and Sword. ISBN 9781844154173. 
  45. ^ "Americas | Charles ends Falklands tour on sombre note". BBC News. 1999-03-15. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/297414.stm. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  46. ^ Rumley, Leesa (2007-06-01). "Captain Hart Dyke, Commanding Officer of ''HMS Coventry''". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6705387.stm. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  47. ^ a b Sandy Woodward (2003). One Hundred Days: The Memoirs of the Falklands Battle Group Commander. HarperCollins. ISBN 0-0071-3467-3; ISBN 9781557506511; ISBN 9781557506528.. 
  48. ^ "British Ships Sunk and Damaged - Falklands War 1982". Naval-history.net. http://www.naval-history.net/F62brshipslost.htm. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  49. ^ Gethin Chamberlain (5 April 2002). "Would British forces be able to retake the Falklands today?" (subscription required to access archive service). The Scotsman: p. 12. Archived from the original on 5 April 2002. http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl?ctx_ver=Z39.88-2003&res_dat=xri:pqil:res_ver=0.2&res_id=xri:newsuk&rft_id=xri:newsuk:newsart:112991016. 
  50. ^ "Falklands Conflict : Battles : History". Royal Navy. 1982-04-02. http://www.royal-navy.mod.uk/server/show/nav.3956. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  51. ^ [May 21/27th: 9 Dagger, 5 A-4C, 3 A-4Q, 3 A-4B & 2 Pucara ]
  52. ^ Location: "Mount Kent" Mount Kent, Falkland Islands (linkback:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Falklands_War#Special_forces_on_Mount_Kent)
  53. ^ London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 49134, p. 12854, 8 October 1982. Retrieved on 19 February 2010.
  54. ^ "Argentine Aircraft in the Falklands". Britains-smallwars.com. http://www.britains-smallwars.com/Falklands/Exocet.html. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  55. ^ "Argentine Air Force - Group 5". Skyhawk.org. http://www.skyhawk.org/2e/argentina/argentina-af4th5th.htm. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  56. ^ "Super Etendard". Operationcorporate.com. 2007-05-29. http://www.operationcorporate.com/p1_equipment_super_etendard.php. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  57. ^ [1]
  58. ^ "The Argentine Commandos on Mount Kent". Britains-smallwars.com. http://www.britains-smallwars.com/Falklands/David/kent2.html. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  59. ^ "Argentine Puma Shot Down By American “Stinger” Missile". En.mercopress.com. 2002-04-12. http://en.mercopress.com/2002/04/12/argentine-puma-shot-down-by-american-stinger-missile#prof. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  60. ^ Julian Thompson, No Picnic, p. 93, Cassell & Co, 2001
  61. ^ Rick Jolly, The Red & Green Life Machine, page 124
  62. ^ BBC News - 1982:On this day - Fifty die in Argentine air attack
  63. ^ An interview with CL (R) Ing. Julio Pérez, chief designer of Exocet trailer-based launcher (Spanish)
  64. ^ Hastings and Jenkins: The Battle for the Falklands, p. 307
  65. ^ Comandos en acción, Isidoro Jorge Ruiz-Moreno, page 422, Isidoro J. Ruiz Moreno, Emecé 1986
  66. ^ Buenos Aires War Memorial is at coordinates 34°35′37″S 58°22′29″W / 34.59373°S 58.374782°W / -34.59373; -58.374782 (Buenos Aires War Memorial)
  67. ^ "list". Gvgva.ar.tripod.com. http://gvgva.ar.tripod.com/gvgva/leyes/ley-n-24950_98.html. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  68. ^ "list". Ejercito.mil.ar. http://www.ejercito.mil.ar/InMemori/ListadeCaidosporMalvinas.asp. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  69. ^ list
  70. ^ "list". Fuerzaaerea.mil.ar. http://www.fuerzaaerea.mil.ar/conflicto/caidos.html. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  71. ^ According to [2] 260. The extras are: Paul T. Mills from HMS Coventry, died from complications from a skull fracture from the air attack, died 29 March 1983 and Brian Biddick from HMHS Uganda who died after an emergency operation on the voyage to the Falklands 12 May 1982
  72. ^ "list". Raf.mod.uk. 2004-10-01. http://www.raf.mod.uk/falklands/navyroll.html. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  73. ^ "list". Raf.mod.uk. 2004-10-01. http://www.raf.mod.uk/falklands/marineroll.html. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  74. ^ a b c d "Falkland Islands - A history of the 1982 conflict". Raf.mod.uk. 2004-10-01. http://www.raf.mod.uk/falklands/rafetcroll.html. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  75. ^ "Para". Raf.mod.uk. 2004-10-01. http://www.raf.mod.uk/falklands/pararoll.html. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  76. ^ "SAS". Raf.mod.uk. 2004-10-01. http://www.raf.mod.uk/falklands/sasroll.html. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  77. ^ "rest of army". Raf.mod.uk. 2004-10-01. http://www.raf.mod.uk/falklands/armyroll.html. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  78. ^ Welcome to St Paul's Cathedral - Lady Thatcher marks Falklands anniversary at St Paul's
  79. ^ [3]
  80. ^ El periodismo argentino y su papel en la Guerra de Malvinas (Spanish)
  81. ^ Middlebrook (1989), p. 94, "First of May. Menéndez ordered the publication of a newspaper for the troops on the Falkland Islands called Gaceta Argentina. It stated that one of the Mirages lost 1 May had collided with a Sea Harrier and the Argentine pilot survived. In fact Argentine AAA at Stanley shot down the Mirage when it tried to emergency land there. It was a blatant lie for all those Argentine servicemen who had seen the Mirage being shot down by Argentine guns and had removed the dead pilot from the crashed aeroplane. Similar the junta’s press office in Buenos Aires informed that Lieutenant Antonio Jukic, who actually was killed in his Pucará on the ground at Goose Green, had perished in a gallant, single-handed Pucará attack on HMS Hermes, setting it on fire. This statement was illustrated with dramatic sketches. The men at Goose Green knew that Lieutenant Jukic had died on the ground there.
    Gaceta Argentino summed up the British losses up to 25 May as: 5 warship sunk (correct number 3), 3 transport ships including RMS Canberra (1; Atlantic Conveyor), 14 Sea Harriers (2 shot down & 3 accidents) and many ships damaged, including HMS Hermes. Gaceta Argentino even wrote: "All of these details refer only to proven claims and not to estimated or unproven claims..."".
  82. ^ Spanish: No se engañen en Europa. No es una dictadura la que lucha por Malvinas, es la Nación entera. Opositores a la dictadura militar, como yo, estamos luchando por extirpar el último resto de colonialismo. La Nación, 1982.
  83. ^ a b Harris
  84. ^ "Margaret Thatcher portrayed as a pirate, 30 April 1982.". Science and Society Picture Library. http://www.scienceandsociety.co.uk/results.asp?image=10438336&wwwflag=2&imagepos=12. 
  85. ^ Mather, Ian (Sunday 1 April 2007). "I went as a reporter but ended up a prisoner of war". The Observer. http://www.guardian.co.uk/falklands/story/0,,2047324,00.html. 
  86. ^ Freedman, "two journalists on Invincible were interested in no issue other than what Prince Andrew, a helicopter pilot as well as the Queen's son, was up to"
  87. ^ a b Freedman 2005, Vol. 2 p. 36
  88. ^ Harris, "You must have been told you couldn't report bad news ...You were expected to do a 1940 propaganda job."
  89. ^ Hastings and Jenkins: The Battle for the Falklands
  90. ^ "When Britain Went to War". Channel 4. http://www.channel4.com/history/microsites/F/falklands/imagesofwar.html. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  91. ^ Close. "The Sun newspaper on the Falklands | Media". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/falklands/story/0,11707,657850,00.html. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  92. ^ Douglas, Torin (2004-09-14). "UK | Magazine | Forty years of The Sun". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/magazine/3654446.stm. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  93. ^ "War". British-library.uk. 1982-05-04. http://www.british-library.uk/learning/histcitizen/fpage/conflict/conflict.html. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 

Bibliography

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    • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

    .Allison & Busby, 1982. ISBN 0-85031-493-3
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    ^ April 1982: Kenneth 'Rocky' Hudson, a Petty Officer from Gosport aboard HMS Hermes, the flagship of the Royal Navy, heading for the Falkland Islands.
    • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The men of 40 Royal Marine Commando A company training on board HMS Hermes on their way to the Falklands Islands following the Argentinian invasion, April 1982.
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    Leo Cooper, 1987. ISBN 0850520592
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  • Femenia, Nora, National Identity in Times of Crises: the scripts of the Falklands-Malvinas War.^ Ian J. Strange wrote of his experiences during the war in The Falkland Islands - Third Edition, David and Charles, London , 1983.
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    ^ An Invitation If you were a Veteran of the Falklands - Malvinas War, from either England or Argentina, I would like to hear your story and see your pictures.
    • Falkland Islands, Malvinas War Guestbook Argentian and British Pictures 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.yellowairplane.com [Source type: General]

    ^ (AFP/Juan Mabromata) Argentinian veterans of the Falklands war hoist their national flag during the 25th anniversary of the war against Britain in Ushuaia, southern Argentina.
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    .Nova Science Publishers, Inc, 1996. ISBN 1-56072-196-0.
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    ^ Falkland Islands War, des photos, des histoires, images, et bien d'or.
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    ^ When these photos were later published in newspapers in Britain there was an outcry of support for the British Government to take back the Falkland Islands.
    • Falklands/Malvinas war pictorial. Post yours ���. [Archive] - WW2 in Color History Forum 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ww2incolor.com [Source type: Original source]

    HMSO, January 1983. Cmnd. 8787.
  • Freedman, Sir Lawrence. .Official History of the Falklands Campaign: Vols 1 & 2.^ In The Official History of the Falklands Campaign – Volume II: War and Diplomacy, Sir Lawrence Freedman, Routledge, London and New York , 2005, the author mentions British prospective “black” and deception operations.
    • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Official History of the Falklands Campaign agrees.
    • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Disappointingly, the official history of the Falklands campaign gives little attention to this distinct feature of the conflict and underestimates the manner in which the Islanders listened and communicated their hopes, fears and determination to resist the Argentine occupation.
    • TCBH Postgraduate Essay Prize Winner for 2007: 'Strangers in the Night': The Falklands Conflict as a Radio War -- Pinkerton 19 (3): 344 -- Twentieth Century British History 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC tcbh.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Frank Cass, 2005. ISBN 0-7146-5206-7 and ISBN 0-7146-5207-5.
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  • Harris, Robert, GOTCHA! The Media, the Government and the Falklands Crisis.^ The Falklands crisis then stands as a unique remainder of the power of both the national myth and the mass media in the modern world to create narratives about the world in which we live.
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    ^ Gotcha!: The Media, the Government, and the Falklands Crisis .
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    .Faber and Faber, 1983. ISBN 0-571-13052-6.
  • Hastings, Max; Jenkins, Simon (1984).^ Max Hastings and Simon Jenkins, The Battle for the Falklands, (New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1983), p.
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    ^ Hastings, Max and Jenkins, Simon.
    • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Max Hastings and Simon Jenkins, The Battle for the Falklands, (New York, W.W. Norton & Company, 1983), p.
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    The Battle for the Falklands. .New York: Norton.^ Max Hastings and Simon Jenkins, The Battle for the Falklands, (New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1983), p.
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    ^ Max Hastings and Simon Jenkins, The Battle for the Falklands, (New York, W.W. Norton & Company, 1983), p.
    • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Max Hastings and Simon Jenkins, The Battle for the Falklands, (New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 1983), p.
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    .ISBN 0393301982. 
  • Hobson, Chris and Noble, Andrew, Falklands Air War
  • Hunt, Sir Rex: My Falkland Days, Politico's Publishing, 1992, ISBN 978-1842750179
  • Kon, Daniel, Los Chicos de la Guerra, The Argentine conscripts' own moving accounts of their Falklands War (English translation).^ Hunt, My Falkland Days , 192–3.
    • TCBH Postgraduate Essay Prize Winner for 2007: 'Strangers in the Night': The Falklands Conflict as a Radio War -- Pinkerton 19 (3): 344 -- Twentieth Century British History 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC tcbh.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Hunt, My Falkland Days , 179.
    • TCBH Postgraduate Essay Prize Winner for 2007: 'Strangers in the Night': The Falklands Conflict as a Radio War -- Pinkerton 19 (3): 344 -- Twentieth Century British History 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC tcbh.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Hunt, My Falkland Days , 186.
    • TCBH Postgraduate Essay Prize Winner for 2007: 'Strangers in the Night': The Falklands Conflict as a Radio War -- Pinkerton 19 (3): 344 -- Twentieth Century British History 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC tcbh.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .New English Library 1983. ISBN 0-450-05611-2.
  • McManners, Hugh, Forgotten Voices of the Falklands, Ebury Press, 2007, ISBN 9780091908805
  • Middlebrook, Martin: "The Argentine fight for the Malvinas - The Argentine Forces in the Falklands War", Pen and Sword Books, 1989, ISBN 0-670-82106-3
  • Middlebrook, Martin.^ Falklands/Malvinas war pictorial.
    • Falklands/Malvinas war pictorial. Post yours ���. [Archive] - WW2 in Color History Forum 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ww2incolor.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There is a very interesting insight into the Argentine conscript system, and thus the state of their military, in Martin Middlebrook's The Argentine Fight For The Falklands (http://www.amazon.co.uk/Argentine-Fight-Falklands-Martin-Middlebrook/dp/0850529786/ref=pd_bbs_1/202-3073204-9845425?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1175623918&sr=8-1).
    • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Pnzon 09-02-2007, 06:08 AM I hope this picture is new for you, got it from a book that a "friend of mine" never returned "Falklands, Task Force South".....
    • Falklands/Malvinas war pictorial. Post yours ���. [Archive] - WW2 in Color History Forum 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ww2incolor.com [Source type: Original source]

    .The Argentine Fight for the Falklands.^ The Fight For The Malvinas: The Argentine Forces In The Falklands War.
    • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Fight for the "Malvinas": The Argentine Forces in the Falklands War .
    • Falkland Islands War - November 2001 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.jfsc.ndu.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ The Argentine Fight for the Falklands.
    • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Pen & Sword Military Classics, 2003. ISBN 0-85052-978-6
  • Norton-Taylor, Richard.^ Lieutenant-Commander Sanchez-Sabarots in the book The Argentine Fight for The Falklands (Pen and Sword Military Classics) describes the main party's progress in the dark: "It was a nice night, with a moon, but the cloud covered the moon for most of the time.
    • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The Ponting Affair. Cecil Woolf, 1985. ISBN 0-900821-73-6.
  • Ponting, Clive. The Right to Know: The Inside Story of the Belgrano Affair. .Sphere Books, 1985. ISBN 0-7221-6944-2
  • Sunday Times Insight Team.^ The book War in the Falklands , the Sunday Times of London Insight Team, Harper & Row, NY, 1982 comments on the civil rights violations: .
    • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Sunday Times of London Insight Team.
    • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ London Times Insight Team, War, Falklands, p.
    • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The Falklands War. Sphere Books, 1982. ISBN 0-7221-8282-1.
  • Tinker, Lieut. David, R.N. A Message from the Falklands, The Life and Gallant Death of David Tinker, Lieut. R.N. from his Letters and Poems. .Penguin, 1982. ISBN 0-14-006778-7.
  • Thornton, Richard C. 'The Falklands Sting.^ Part Two: Battle of the Falkland Islands and South Sandwich Islands, March 19 - June 14, 1982 Extracts from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
    • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The battle for the Falklands ended with the surrender of Port Stanley on June 14, 1982.
    • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Argentina surrendered the Falklands on June 14, 1982.
    • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

    Brassey's, 1998. ISBN 1-57488-155-8.
  • Underwood, Geoffrey. .Our Falklands War, The Men of the Task Force Tell Their Story.^ During a discussion with Lt Waring on our round trip of the task force I asked him about the standard of the scran in the wardroom to which he replied.
    • The Falklands Diary Twenty Five Years On 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.commandogunner.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Unless we are willing to go isolationist (and probably go to war) and tell China to go screw itself, our economy has already been mortally wounded.
    • » War Through Weakness: How the Terrorists Win - Big Government 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC biggovernment.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Battle of Mount Longdon was an engagement of the Falklands War between British and Argentinian forces, which took place on the 11th/12th June 1982.
    • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Maritime Books, 1983. ISBN 0-907771-08-4.

External links

.

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

.The Falklands War was fought in 1982 between Argentina and the United Kingdom over the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.^ Link to photographs, diaries and daily orders for HMS Plymouth during the Falklands War The website of the Falkland Islands branch of SAMA The website of the Welsh branch of SAMA 82 The website of the youth charity founded by Simon Weston The website of the United Kingdom Falkland Islands Trust The Falkland Islands Association website The Falkland Islands Association The 20th Anniversary pages of the BBC website Website with lots of information on the Falklands conflict.

^ For most of the time between the Revolutionary War and the Civil War, the United States was governed by presidents who owned slaves.
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Falkland Islands: negotiations for a peaceful settlement (London: FCO, May 1982).
  • Islas Malvinas Online, Bridgehead Revisited: The Literature of the Falklands 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.malvinasonline.com.ar [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The United Kingdom had held the Falklands since 1831, but in support of a long-standing territorial claim, Argentina invaded on 2 April.^ Argentina, then, had a just cause in virtue of its long-standing territorial claim over the Falklands Islands but it did not have a just cause for war.
  • The Falklands War: A Moral Balance Sheet 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.waikato.ac.nz [Source type: Original source]

^ Argentina has claimed the islands since 1820.
  • The Falklands War (1982) / La Guerra de Las Malvinas (1982) 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.yendor.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Argentina again presses claim to Falklands .
  • History News Network 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC hnn.us [Source type: News]

.The British government of Margaret Thatcher despatched a naval task force which succeeded in taking back control of the islands on 14 June; 649 Argentine and 258 British forces were killed in the war, along with three Falkland Island civilians.^ The British Task Force is now at hand and has cut the Argentine access to the islands.
  • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The British were now ready to land forces on East Falkland Island.
  • Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War: An Operational View 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His back was torn open by an Argentine shell in the Falklands War.
  • Paedophile who's lived in Australia all his life skulks into Britain ... but the Gurkha seeking treatment for Falklands War wounds is BARRED | Mail Online 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.dailymail.co.uk [Source type: News]

Sourced

.
  • The Empire Strikes Back.^ When this task force sailed from Britain, with The Queen seeing the armada off, the American news magazine Newsweek cover headline was "The Empire Strikes Back!"
    • Falklands Battle compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC fs.huntingdon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Empire Strikes Back .

    ^ The empire did strike back; it was bloody on both sides, and Argentina did indeed get a thrashing.
    • OPFOR: The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC op-for.com [Source type: General]

    .
    • Newsweek front page (19 April 1982) in reference to the British Empire.
  • What really thrilled me, having spent so much of my lifetime in Parliament, and talking about things like inflation, Social Security benefits, housing problems, environmental problems and so on, is that when it really came to the test, what's thrilled people wasn't those things, what thrilled people was once again being able to serve a great cause, the cause of liberty.^ But there were two things about her that people don't realize.
    • Commanding Heights : Lord Cecil Parkinson | on PBS 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ She wasn't, but she wasn't prepared to exploit people's problems.
    • Commanding Heights : Lord Cecil Parkinson | on PBS 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Conservative MP Philip Davies said: "It just goes to show the misguided and perverse priorities of this Government when they allow a paedophile who has committed appalling crimes into the country without any problem, but people like the Gurkhas who have served this country honourably and bravely are being refused entry.
    • Paedophile who's lived in Australia all his life skulks into Britain ... but the Gurkha seeking treatment for Falklands War wounds is BARRED | Mail Online 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.dailymail.co.uk [Source type: News]

    .
    • Speech to the Scottish Conservative Party Conference, 14 May 1982.
    • Margaret Thatcher.^ May 14, 1982 .
      • The Falkland Islands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ability.org.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
      • The Falklands War (1982) / La Guerra de Las Malvinas (1982) 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.yendor.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ (Thatcher July 1982 Victory Speech.
      • The Falklands War deception. 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.kirkbytimes.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Last leader's speech to party conference.

      .
      • Often misquoted as: "When you've spent half your political life dealing with humdrum issues like the environment, it's exciting to have a real crisis on your hands."
  • Two bald men fighting over a comb.^ You've really outdone yourself.
    • If the Royals Were Nations: The Pitchers - Royals Review 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.royalsreview.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Deal with asymmetric warfare waged upon your forces, single unit combat resolution, and experience three dimensions of combat as you fight in the hills, in the skies, and from the seas.
    • Raging Tiger: The Second Korean War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.shrapnelgames.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Middlebrook quotes an observer's comment that the Falklands War was "like two bald men fighting over a comb," then goes on to contradict that remark, suggesting that the war may have been the opening phase of a struggle to control the world's last reserves of oil and minerals.
    • Amazon.com: Operation Corporate: The Falklands War, 1982 (9780670802234): Martin Middlebrook: Books 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

    .
  • I'm not allowed to say how many planes joined the raid, but I counted them all out, and I counted them all back.^ The Guardian , 25 Feb 2002.
    • TCBH Postgraduate Essay Prize Winner for 2007: 'Strangers in the Night': The Falklands Conflict as a Radio War -- Pinkerton 19 (3): 344 -- Twentieth Century British History 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC tcbh.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Falklands Conflict has been recognized as the ‘worst reported War since the Crimea’.
    • TCBH Postgraduate Essay Prize Winner for 2007: 'Strangers in the Night': The Falklands Conflict as a Radio War -- Pinkerton 19 (3): 344 -- Twentieth Century British History 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC tcbh.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ But the madness of the whole episode--"two bald men fighting over a comb," Jorge Luis Borges said--has now receded.
    • Dangerous Assignments 20th Anniversary: Jailhouse Memories - Reports - Committee to Protect Journalists 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC cpj.org [Source type: Original source]

    Their pilots were unhurt, tearful and jubilant, giving thumbs up signs. .
    • BBC News, 1 May 1982.
    • Brian Hanrahan, BBC reporter, who was on board HMS Hermes aircraft carrier, reporting on an air raid on Goose Green.
  • In the course of its duties within the Total Exclusion Zone around the Falkland Islands, HMS Sheffield, a type 42 destroyer, was attacked and hit late this afternoon by an Argentine missile.^ ITN/BBC POOL- inseparable TX 19.6.1982 FALKLAND ISLANDS: San Carlos Water after an attack by Argentine aircraft .
    • Falklands War Compilation 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.itnsource.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Sea harrier aircraft attack Stanley Airport and Goose Green.
    • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.btinternet.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Coronation Point Falkland Islands 1982.
    • Falklands War Poetry 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.warpoetry.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    .The ship caught fire, which spread out of control.^ I caught an unfortunate one, but fortunately for me I was found in time, medi-vaced out to the hospital ship Uganda, and returned UK side.
    • Falklands War: Goose Green, Paras 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC members.madasafish.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Normal ships routine, 8 Bty carried out small arms firing from the starboard side of the Percival not aiming at much just gash bags and waves.
    • The Falklands Diary Twenty Five Years On 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.commandogunner.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Heroic efforts failed to contain the spreading fire, and after four hours the order was given to abandon ship.
    • Navy League of the United States - Citizens in Support of the Sea Services 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.navyleague.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .When there was no longer any hope of saving the ship, the ship's company abandoned ship.^ While it is true that there was such a ship, there are no original documents claiming the actual sighting of the islands except for much later speculations.
    • The Falkland Islands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.ability.org.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ There is no hope of relief or help from your motherland.
    • PSYOP OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDS WAR 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Falklands 25 [Archive] - Military Photos 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The POWs from south Georgia were shipped north on a RFA ship to be repatriated back home to Argentina, not too soon we hope the less of the buggers down there the better.
    • The Falklands Diary Twenty Five Years On 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.commandogunner.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    .All who abandoned her were picked up.^ A sea king helicopter from Invincible ditched in the sea and sunk, thankfully the crew all escaped and were picked up safely.
    • The Falklands Diary Twenty Five Years On 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.commandogunner.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Still should bury all terrorists who blow themselves up have any of thier remains buried with PORK in thier graves.
    • » War Through Weakness: How the Terrorists Win - Big Government 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC biggovernment.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Joe Solmo who I picked up next morning has a habit of telling women when he meets them he's a lottery millionaire.
    • Falklands War: Goose Green, Paras 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC members.madasafish.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • John Witherow, "Argentine missile destroys HMS Sheffield", The Times, 5 May 1982, p.^ Meanwhile, the British naval force and the land-based Argentine air force fought intensive battles, during which the Argentines sank HMS Sheffield and the container ship Atlantic Conveyor with Exocet air-to-sea missiles.
      • Falkland Islands War (Argentina-United Kingdom) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

      ^ It was not until the May 3 sinking of the Argentinean cruiser Belgrano with the loss of 400 lives, and the destruction of the HMS Sheffield the next day by an Exocet missile, that war become real.
      • Falklands War 'is something you never forget' (From Bournemouth Echo) 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.bournemouthecho.co.uk [Source type: General]

      ^ On 4 May HMS Shefield was sunk by an Exocet missile launched from an Argentine Super Etendard.
      • Islas Malvinas Online, The British Resort to Force in the Falklands/Malvinas Conflict 1982 International Law
        and Just War Theory
        27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.malvinasonline.com.ar [Source type: Original source]

      1
    • Statement at an MOD press conference by Ian McDonald. .This was the first British ship to be sunk; 20 sailors were killed.^ Islands first sighted by British sailors.
      • The Falklands War 27 January 2010 23:52 UTC www.btinternet.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Similarly, the events that led to the attacks on the landing ships Sir Galahad and Sir Tristram , with the first of these being sunk and with 49 men being killed and many more injured, are recorded closely.
      • Times Higher Education - On the front line of truth about war 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.timeshighereducation.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ The British first felt the sting of the Argentine assaults on May 4, when the destroyer HMS SHEFFIELD was sunk.
      • Offensive Air Operations Of The Falklands War 2 February 2010 14:35 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      McDonald's slow and deliberate delivery was noted.

External links

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

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Proper noun

  1. A conflict between Argentina and the United Kingdom over the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, between March and June of 1982.

Translations


Simple English

The Falklands War was a war between the United Kingdom and Argentina over the Falkland Islands in 1982. The Falkland Islands are 480 kilometres from Argentina in the southern Atlantic Ocean.

Background

Argentina and the United Kingdom have both argued over the Falklands Islands since the 1800s. In the 1760s and 1770s, the British set up a town at Port Egmont, which nearly led to a war with Spain who had a town at Port Louis. Then Argentina became a separate country from Spain in 1817 and set up a colony on the islands in 1820. An American warship later destroyed this town, and the British took the islands again in 1833.

The British kept the islands until Argentinian Special Forces invaded on April 2, 1982 and took control of the island.

British Response

File:ARA Belgrano
When the warship General Belgrano sank, many Argentians died. It was almost half of all Argentinian deaths in the Falklands War

The United Nations Security Council asked Argentina to withdraw, and tried to end the crisis with diplomacy. After seven weeks, Argentina did not withdraw, so the United Kingdom sent their military to attack. After a short battle in the air and at sea, the British landed on May 21 and fought on land until Argentina's army surrendered on June 14.

The British captured about 11,400 soldiers, and killed almost 750.[1] Almost half of these Argentinians deaths were when the warship ARA General Belgrano was sunk by the British submarine HMS Conqueror. There were 256 British deaths.

References


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 28, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Falklands War, which are similar to those in the above article.








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