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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Faro (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈfaɾu]) is a city in the Faro Municipality in southern Portugal.[1] The city proper has 41,934[2] inhabitants and the entire municipality has 58,305. It is the seat of the district of Faro and capital of the Algarve region. The Algarve and Faro district cover the same territory.

Contents

History

Faro Cathedral.
Faro is the chief city in the Portuguese region of Algarve.

The Ria Formosa lagoon attracted human occupants from the Palaeolithic age until the end of pre-history. During that time a settlement grew up – Ossonoba – which was an important town during the period of Roman occupation and, according to historians, the forerunner of present-day Faro. From the 3rd century onwards and during the Visigothic period it was the site of an Episcopal see.

With the advent of Moorish rule in the 8th century Ossonoba retained its status as the most important town in the southwest corner of the Iberian Peninsula. In the 9th century it became the capital of a short-lived princedom and was fortified with a ring of defensive walls. At this time the name Santa Maria began to be used instead of Ossonoba. Later on the town was known as Harun (from a local Muslim chieftain), hence its current name, Faro. During the 500 years of Moorish rule there were some Jewish inhabitants in Faro who wrote copies of the Old Testament. One of Faro's historical names in Arabic is أخشونبة. The Moors were defeated by the forces of the Portuguese King Afonso III in 1249. With the decline of the importance of the city of Silves, Faro took over the role of administration of the Algarve area.

The Earl of Essex sacked the town in 1596 and seized the library of the Bishop of Faro. These books were later donated to the University of Oxford, becoming part of the Bodleian Library.

Lagos had become the capital of the historical province of Algarve in 1577 and remained so until 1756, the year following the destruction of much of the town by the 1755 Lisbon earthquake. The earthquake damaged several areas in the Algarve, where a tsunami dismantled some coastal fortresses and, in the lower levels, razed houses. Almost all the coastal towns and villages of the Algarve were heavily damaged, except Faro, which was protected by the sandy banks of Ria Formosa lagoon. Since then Faro has been the administrative seat of the region.

Facilities

The city has a public university (the University of the Algarve), an international airport (Faro airport), a seaport, a marina, a railroad station and complete interregional bus services.

Its 30,000-seater stadium Estádio Algarve, shared by the neighboring cities of Faro and Loulé, was one of the venues of the Euro 2004. It currently stands vacant, but locals hope that a football team will finally give use to the stadium. Louletano Desportos Clube (a club from the city of Loulé) and Sporting Clube Farense (from Faro), are not enough to use such a big stadium; instead they use smaller municipal stadiums. The stadium is also used to host concerts, festivals and other events.

Faro airport is not too far away from the city itself. In recent years the numbers of visitors travelling through the airport has increased as more and more low-cost airlines compete to offer cheap flights to the Algarve. The transport facilities to and from Faro airport with the centre of Faro include taxicabs and a bus line.

Climate and Tourism

Faro has a Mediterranean-Subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Csa). Summers are warm to hot and sunny with average daytime temperatures of 27–29 °C (81–84 °F). The weather in the autumn and winter months is generally mild with temperatures around 8–17 °C (46–63 °F). Faro gets most of its rainfall over the winter months; rain is very rare between June and September. The annual average temperature is 18 °C (64 °F) and the annual rainfall is around 500mm. The average sea surface temperature is 15–16 °C (59–61 °F) in January rising to 22–23 °C (72–73 °F) in August.

Weather data for Faro
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 16.1
(61)
16.7
(62)
18.4
(65)
19.8
(68)
22.4
(72)
25.4
(78)
28.7
(84)
28.8
(84)
26.7
(80)
23.1
(74)
19.4
(67)
16.7
(62)
21.8
(71)
Daily mean °C (°F) 11.9
(53)
12.5
(55)
13.6
(56)
15.1
(59)
17.4
(63)
20.5
(69)
23.3
(74)
23.4
(74)
21.8
(71)
18.7
(66)
15.1
(59)
12.6
(55)
17.1
(63)
Average low °C (°F) 7.7
(46)
8.4
(47)
8.9
(48)
10.4
(51)
12.5
(55)
15.7
(60)
17.9
(64)
18.0
(64)
16.9
(62)
14.3
(58)
10.9
(52)
8.6
(47)
12.5
(55)
Precipitation mm (inches) 77.8
(3.06)
72.4
(2.85)
39.0
(1.54)
38.4
(1.51)
21.1
(0.83)
7.60
(0.3)
1.40
(0.06)
4.30
(0.17)
14.0
(0.55)
66.6
(2.62)
86.1
(3.39)
94.1
(3.7)
522.8
(20.58)
Avg. precipitation days 12 13 9 10 7 4 1 1 3 9 10 11 90
Source: World Meteorological Organization (UN).[3]

Nature

Faro is located next to the Ria Formosa lagoon, a nature reserve of over 170 square kilometres and a stopping place for hundreds of different species of birds during the spring and autumn migratory periods. The beach is roughly seven kilometres from the city, and consists of a long sandy spit reached through a bridge.

Events

Igreja do Carmo

The Faro International Motorcycle Rally is a famous festival, renowned in Europe for being one of the biggest of its kind.

The city holiday is on 7 September.

The students' festival (Semana Académica da Universidade do Algarve), organized every year by students from the University of the Algarve, is also an important event in Faro.

Media

Town twinning

References

  1. ^ Detail Regional Map, Algarve- Southern Portugal, ISBN 3-8297-6235-6
  2. ^ UMA POPULAÇÃO QUE SE URBANIZA, Uma avaliação recente - Cidades, 2004 Nuno Pires Soares, Instituto Geográfico Português (Geographic Institute of Portugal)
  3. ^ "Weather Information for Faro". http://www.worldweather.org/003/c00004.htm.  

External links

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

FARO, the capital of a district bearing the same name, in southern Portugal; at the terminus of the Lisbon-Faro railway, and on the Atlantic Ocean. Pop. (1900) 11,789. Faro is an episcopal see, with a Renaissance cathedral of great size, an ecclesiastical seminary, and a ruined castle surrounded by Moorish fortifications. Its broad but shallow harbour is protected on the south by the long island of Caes, and a number of sandy islets, which, being constantly enlarged by silt from the small river Fermoso, render the entrance of large vessels impossible. Fishing is an important industry, and fish, with wine, fruit, cork, baskets and sumach, are the principal articles of export. Little has been done to develop the mineral resources of the district, which include tin, lead, antimony and auriferous quartz. Faro was taken from the Moors by Alphonso III. of Portugal (1248-1279). It was sacked by the English in 1596, and nearly destroyed by an earthquake in 1755.

The administrative district of Faro coincides with the ancient kingdom and province of Algarve; pop. (Igloo) 255,191; area, 1937 sq. m.


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