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Father of the House is a term that has by tradition been unofficially bestowed on certain members of some national legislatures, most notably the House of Commons in the United Kingdom. In some legislatures the term refers to the oldest member, but in others it refers the longest-serving member.

The term Mother of the House is also found, although the usage varies between countries. It is used simply as the female alternative to Father of the House, being applied when the relevant member is a woman.

Contents

United Kingdom

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House of Commons

The Father of the House is a title that is by tradition bestowed on the senior Member of the House of Commons who has the longest unbroken service.[1] If two or more MPs have the same length of current uninterrupted service, then whoever was sworn in earliest at its commencement, as listed in Hansard, is named Father.

In the House of Commons, the sole mandatory duty of the Father of the House is to assume the Speaker's chair and preside over the election of a new Speaker whenever that office becomes vacant. The relevant Standing Order does not refer to this member by the title "Father of the House", referring instead to the longest-serving member of the House present who is not a Minister of the Crown (meaning that if the Father is absent or a government minister, the next person in line presides).

The current Father of the House of Commons is Alan Williams, Labour MP for Swansea West, who was first elected in the 1964 general election. The member with the second longest period of continuous service is occasionally referred to as the Uncle of the House, and is presently Sir Peter Tapsell, Conservative MP for Louth and Horncastle, who began his continuous service from the 1966 general election.

Williams has announced that he will be standing down at the next general election and Tapsell is set to be his successor. Should Tapsell no longer be a Member of the House of Commons, MPs with continuous service from the 1970 general election will become eligible to be Father of the House. The members with this length of service are: Sir Patrick Cormack, Gavin Strang, John Prescott, Sir Gerald Kaufman, Kenneth Clarke, Michael Meacher and Dennis Skinner (listed according to the order in which that they took the oath after the 1970 election).[2][3] Cormack, Strang and Prescott have announced that they are standing down at the next general election.[4][5][6] (Ian Paisley would also be eligible[7] but for having resigned his seat in 1985 to seek re-election over the Anglo-Irish Agreement.[8])

The Father of the House is not necessarily the sitting MP with the earliest date of first election; at the moment that is Sir Peter Tapsell, who was first elected in 1959, and is the only remaining 1950s MP, but lost his seat in 1964 and was out of Parliament until 1966. Michael Foot, as the only remaining MP from the 1945 election between 1987 and 1992, was never Father of the House because he was out of Parliament between 1955 and a by-election in 1960. Similarly, though Sir Winston Churchill was first elected in 1900, he did not become Father of the House until 1959 because he lost his seat in 1922, not returning to the Commons until 1924.

Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman was simultaneously Father of the House and Prime Minister from May 1907 until shortly before his death in April 1908. His ministerial office made him ineligible to have presided at any Speaker's election were one to have occurred during that time.[1]

Name Entered House Became Father Left House Party
Sir John Fagg 1654 1701 1701
Thomas Turgis 1659 1701 1704
Sir Christopher Musgrave 1661 1704 1704
Thomas Strangeways 1673 1704 1713
Sir Richard Onslow 1679 1713 1715 Whig
Thomas Erle 1679 1715 1718
Edward Vaughan 1679 1718 1718
Richard Vaughan 1685 1718 1724
Lord William Powlett 1689 1724 1729
Sir Justinian Isham, Bt 1694 1729 1730
Sir Charles Turner, Bt 1695 1730 1738
Sir Roger Bradshaigh 1695 1738 1747
Edward Ashe 1695 1747 1747
Thomas Cartwright 1701 1747 1748
Richard Shuttleworth 1705 1748 1749
Phillips Gybbon 1707 1749 1762
Sir John Rushout, Bt 1713 1762 1768
William Aislabie 1721 1768 1781
Charles FitzRoy-Scudamore 1733 1781 1782
The Earl Nugent 1741 1782 1784
Sir Charles Frederick 1741 1784 1784
Welbore Ellis 1741 1784 1790
William Drake 1746 1790 1796
Sir Philip Stephens 1759 1796 1806
Clement Tudway 1761 1806 1815
Sir John Aubrey, Bt 1768 1815 1826
Samuel Smith 1788 1826 1832
George Byng 1790 1832 1847 Whig
Charles Watkin Williams-Wynn 1799 1847 1850 Conservative
George Harcourt 1806 1850 1861 Whig
Sir Charles Burrell, Bt 1806 1861 1862 Conservative
Henry Cecil Lowther 1812 1862 1867 Conservative
Thomas Peers Williams 1820 1867 1868 Conservative
Hon. Henry Lowry-Corry 1825 1868 1873 Conservative
Hon. George Weld-Forester 1828 1873 1874 Conservative
Christopher Rice Mansel Talbot 1830 1874 1890 Liberal
Charles Pelham Villiers 1835 1890 1898 Liberal Unionist
Sir John Mowbray, Bt 1853 1898 1899 Conservative
William Wither Beach 1857 1899 1901 Conservative
Sir Michael Hicks Beach, Bt 1864 1901 1906 Conservative
George Finch 1867 1906 1907 Conservative
Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman 1868 1907 1908 Liberal
Sir John Kennaway, Bt 1870 1908 1910 Conservative
Thomas Burt 1874 1910 1918 Lib-Lab
T. P. O'Connor 1880 1918 1929 Irish Nationalist
David Lloyd George 1890 1929 1945 Liberal
The Earl Winterton 1904 1945 1951 Conservative
Hon. Sir Hugh O'Neill 1915 1951 1952 Ulster Unionist
David Grenfell 1922 1952 1959 Labour
Sir Winston Churchill 1924 1959 1964 Conservative
R. A. Butler 1929 1964 1965 Conservative
Sir Robin Turton 1929 1965 1974 Conservative
George Strauss 1934 1974 1979 Labour
John Parker 1935 1979 1983 Labour
James Callaghan 1945 1983 1987 Labour
Sir Bernard Braine 1950 1987 1992 Conservative
Sir Edward Heath 1950 1992 2001 Conservative
Tam Dalyell 1962 2001 2005 Labour
Alan Williams 1964 2005 present Labour

House of Lords

Name Entered House Became Father Left House Party
The Earl of Mansfield 1840 ? 1898 Conservative
The Lord Templemore 1842 1898 1906 Conservative
The Earl of Leicester 1844 1906 1909 Conservative
The Earl Nelson 1845 1909 1913 Conservative
The Earl of Ducie 1853 1913 1921 Liberal
The Earl of Coventry 1859 1930 1930 Conservative
The Viscount Hereford 1864 1945 1951 Conservative
The Marquess of Huntly 1869 1930 1937 Liberal
The Marquess of Ailsa 1870 1937 1938 Conservative
The Lord Grantley 1877 1938 1943 Conservative
The Lord Romilly 1920 1943 1983 Conservative
The Lord Oranmore and Browne 1927 1983 1999 Conservative
The Earl Jellicoe 1939 1999 2007 Conservative
The Lord Carrington 1940 2007 present Conservative

House of Commons of Northern Ireland (defunct)

Name Entered House Became Father Left House Party
J. M. Andrews 1921 1949 1953 Ulster Unionist
Cahir Healy 1925 1953 1965 Nationalist (NI)
The Viscount Brookeborough 1929 1965 1968 Ulster Unionist
Sir Norman Stronge, Bt 1938 1968 1969 Ulster Unionist
Terence O'Neill 1946 1969 1970 Ulster Unionist
Brian Faulkner 1949 1970 1972 Ulster Unionist

The Parliament of Northern Ireland, including the House of Commons of Northern Ireland, was prorogued in 1972 and abolished completely in 1973 leaving the title of Father of the House defunct.

Australia

In Australia, the current member of the House of Representatives with the longest period of continuous service, whether a Minister or not, is known as "Father of the House". Similarly, the current member of the Senate with the longest period of continuous service is known as "Father of the Senate". The longer serving of the two Fathers is called "Father of the Parliament".

As in Britain, these terms have no official status. However, unlike Britain:

  • the term Father of the House/Senate applies where there is one member whose continuous service is unequivocally longer than any other, as determined by the date of election (House) or the date of the start of the term (Senate). Where two or more members have equal length of continuous service, more than any other members, they are considered joint Fathers of the House/Senate. Some state parliaments, however, follow the British convention.
  • the Father of the House and the Father of the Senate in Australia have no parliamentary role at all. The election of the presiding officers is conducted by the Clerk of the House and the Clerk of the Senate respectively.

Since 1 July 2008, Senator Ron Boswell, who was first elected in 1983, has been the Father of the Senate.

Since 1 September 1998, Philip Ruddock, who was first elected in 1973, has been the Father of the House of Representatives and Father of the Parliament.

Canada

The term "Father of the House" is not used in Canada. In Canada, the longest-serving member of the House of Commons who is not a cabinet minister is known as the Dean of the House, after the equivalent position in the American House of Representatives. He (or she) presides over the election of the Speaker of the House at the beginning of Parliament.

Germany

Starting with the Frankfurter Nationalversammlung (Frankfurt Parliament) of 1848, all democratic German parliaments had a Father (or Mother) of the House, usually called Alterspräsident (President by right of age).

Under the current constitution (Grundgesetz) of 1949, the Alterspräsident will preside over the Parliament (Bundestag) at the start of each legislative period.

Following tradition, the Alterspräsident will first ascertain himself that he is the oldest member of the Bundestag by stating his birth date and asking if anyone is present who was born before his date. If no older member of the Bundestag is present (which is usually the case) he will formally declare that he indeed is the Alterspräsident and will start proceedings.

As acting President of the Bundestag (Bundestagspräsident) he delivers the first programmatic speech and oversees the elections of the President of the Bundestag and the Vicepresidents of the Bundestag (Bundestagsvizepräsidenten). He then stands down and yields his power to the newly elected Bundestagspräsident.

Alterspräsidenten (Fathers of the House) of the German Bundestag
Bundestag Name Term Parliamentary
group
Notes
1st 1949-1953 Paul Löbe 1949-1953 SPD
2nd 1953-1957 Marie Elisabeth Lüders 1953-1957 FDP stood in for Konrad Adenauer, the oldest member,
who refused the office due to his position as Chancellor
3rd 1957-1961 Marie Elisabeth Lüders 1957-1961 FDP
4th 1961-1963 Robert Pferdmenges 1961-1963 CDU/CSU
Konrad Adenauer 1963-1965 CDU/CSU resumed the office after his resignation as Chancellor
5th 1965-1967 Konrad Adenauer 1965-1967 CDU/CSU died in 1967
William Borm 1967-1969 FDP
6th 1969-1972 William Borm 1969-1972 FDP
7th 1972-1976 Ludwig Erhard 1972-1976 CDU/CSU
8th 1976-1980 Ludwig Erhard 1976-1977 CDU/CSU died in 1977
Johann Baptist Gradl 1977-1980 CDU/CSU
9th 1980-1983 Herbert Wehner 1980-1983 SPD
10th 1983-1987 Willy Brandt 1983-1987 SPD stood in for Egon Franke
11th 1987-1990 Willy Brandt 1987-1990 SPD
12th 1990-1994 Willy Brandt 1990-1992 SPD died in 1992
Alfred Dregger 1992-1994 CDU/CSU
13th 1994-1998 Stefan Heym 1994-1995 PDS resigned his seat in 1995
Alfred Dregger 1995-1998 CDU/CSU
14th 1998-2002 Fred Gebhardt 1998-2000 PDS died in 2000
Hans-Eberhard Urbaniak 2000-2002 SPD
15th 2002-2005 Otto Schily 2002-2005 SPD
16th 2005-2009 Otto Schily 2005-2009 SPD
17th 2009-2013 Heinz Riesenhuber since 2009 CDU/CSU

Ireland

In the Republic of Ireland, the term Father of the Dáil is an unofficial title applied to the longest serving Teachta Dála (TD) in the house, regardless of their position. The current Father of the Dáil is the current leader of the opposition and Fine Gael party leader, Enda Kenny, TD, since the retirement of Séamus Pattison at the 2007 Irish general election. Some former Fathers of the Dáil include:

New Zealand

In New Zealand, the term Father- or Mother of the House is an unofficial title applied to the longest serving MP in the house, regardless of their position. The Father of the House has no official role in Parliament. The current Father of the House in the New Zealand Parliament is Jim Anderton, the leader of the New Zealand Progressive Party. Anderton has served in Parliament since 1984.

In New Zealand's first elections of 1854, the Bay of Islands electorate was the first to declare the election of a successful candidate, the unopposed candidate Hugh Francis Carleton. In the subsequent General Assembly of 1854, Carleton liked to be known as the Father of the House.

List of Fathers (and Mothers) of the House

Russia

References

  1. ^ a b "The Father of the House". Factsheet M3. London: House of Commons Information Office. March 2009. http://www.parliament.uk/documents/upload/m03.pdf. Retrieved 2009-10-05. 
  2. ^ "Members Sworn". Hansard. Hansard Digitisation Project. 30 June 1970. http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1970/jun/30/members-sworn. Retrieved 2009-10-05.  (Cormack was the 191st member to take the oath in 1970, Strang 205th, Prescott 225th, Kaufman 351st, Clarke 365th.)
  3. ^ "Members Sworn". Hansard. Hansard Digitisation Project. 1 July 1970. http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1970/jul/01/members-sworn. Retrieved 2009-12-01.  (Meacher was the 540th member to take the oath in 1970, Skinner 579th.)
  4. ^ "Veteran Tory MP Sir Patrick Cormack to stand down". BBC News Online. 1 December 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/8388181.stm. Retrieved 2009-12-01. 
  5. ^ "Strang thinks again and vows to quit as MP in latest U-turn". Scotsman Online. 27 June 2008. http://news.scotsman.com/politics/Strang-thinks-again-and-vows.4231109.jp. Retrieved 2009-12-01. 
  6. ^ "John Prescott to stand down as MP". BBC News Online. 27 August 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/6965184.stm. Retrieved 2009-10-05. 
  7. ^ "Members Sworn". Hansard. Hansard Digitisation Project. 3 July 1970. http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1970/jul/03/members-sworn. Retrieved 2009-12-01.  (Paisley was the 617th member to take the oath in 1970.)
  8. ^ "Resignations". BBC News Online. 24 October 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/82115.stm. Retrieved 2009-10-05. 

See also

External links


Father of the House is a term that has by tradition been unofficially bestowed on certain members of some national legislatures, most notably the House of Commons in the United Kingdom. In some legislatures the term refers to the oldest member, but in others it refers the longest-serving member.

The term Mother of the House is also found, although the usage varies between countries. It is used simply as the female alternative to Father of the House, being applied when the relevant member is a woman.

Contents

United Kingdom

House of Commons

The Father of the House is a title that is by tradition bestowed on the senior Member of the House of Commons who has the longest unbroken service.[1] If two or more MPs have the same length of current uninterrupted service, then whoever was sworn in earliest at its commencement, as listed in Hansard, is named Father.

In the House of Commons, the sole mandatory duty of the Father of the House is to assume the Speaker's chair and preside over the election of a new Speaker whenever that office becomes vacant. The relevant Standing Order does not refer to this member by the title "Father of the House", referring instead to the longest-serving member of the House present who is not a Minister of the Crown (meaning that if the Father is absent or a government minister, the next person in line presides).

The current Father of the House of Commons is Sir Peter Tapsell, Conservative MP for Louth and Horncastle, who began his continuous service from the 1966 general election.

Should Tapsell cease to be a Member of the House of Commons, MPs with continuous service from the 1970 general election will become eligible to be Father of the House. The members with this length of service are: Sir Gerald Kaufman, Kenneth Clarke, Michael Meacher and Dennis Skinner (listed according to the order in which that they took the oath after the 1970 election).[2][3]

The Father of the House is not necessarily the sitting MP with the earliest date of first election: Sir Peter Tapsell was first elected in 1959, and is the only remaining 1950s MP, but lost his seat in 1964 and was out of Parliament until 1966; this meant that Alan Williams was Father of the House until his retirement at the 2010 general election by virtue of his continuous service since the 1964 general election. Michael Foot, as the only remaining MP from the 1945 election between 1987 and 1992, was never Father of the House because he was out of Parliament between 1955 and a by-election in 1960. Similarly, though Sir Winston Churchill was first elected in 1900, he did not become Father of the House until 1959 because he lost his seat in 1922, not returning to the Commons until 1924.

Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman was simultaneously Father of the House and Prime Minister from May 1907 until shortly before his death in April 1908.[1]

Name Entered House Became Father Left House Party
Sir John Fagg165417011701
Thomas Turgis165917011704
Sir Christopher Musgrave166117041704
Thomas Strangeways167317041713
Sir Richard Onslow167917131715 Whig
Thomas Erle167917151718 Whig
Edward Vaughan167917181718 Whig
Richard Vaughan168517181724 Whig
Lord William Powlett168917241729 Conservative
Sir Justinian Isham, 2nd Baronet169417291730 Conservative
Sir Charles Turner, 1st Baronet, of Warham169517301738 Conservative
Sir Roger Bradshaigh169517381747 Conservative
Sir Edward Ashe169517471747 Conservative
Sir Thomas Cartwright170117471748 Conservative
Sir Richard Shuttleworth170517481749 Conservative
Phillips Gybbon170717491762 Whig
Sir John Rushout, 4th Baronet171317621768 Conservative
William Aislabie172117681781 Whig
Charles FitzRoy-Scudamore173317811782 Whig
The Earl Nugent174117821784 Conservative
Sir Charles Frederick174117841784 Conservative
The Lord Mendip174117841790 Conservative
William Drake174617901796
Sir Philip Stephens, 1st Baronet175917961806 Conservative
Clement Tudway176118061815
Sir John Aubrey, 6th Baronet176818151826 Conservative
Sir Samuel Smith178818261832 Conservative
George Byng179018321847 Whig
Charles Watkin Williams-Wynn179918471850 Conservative
George Harcourt180618501861 Whig
Sir Charles Burrell, 3rd Baronet180618611862 Conservative
Henry Cecil Lowther181218621867 Conservative
Thomas Peers Williams182018671868 Conservative
Henry Lowry-Corry182518681873 Conservative
George Weld-Forester182818731874 Conservative
Christopher Rice Mansel Talbot183018741890 Liberal
Charles Pelham Villiers183518901898 Liberal Unionist
Sir John Mowbray, 1st Baronet185318981899 Conservative
William Wither Beach185718991901 Conservative
Michael Hicks Beach186419011906 Conservative
George Finch186719061907 Conservative
Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman186819071908 Liberal
Sir John Kennaway, 3rd Baronet187019081910 Conservative
Thomas Burt187419101918 Lib-Lab
T. P. O'Connor188019181929 Irish Nationalist
David Lloyd George189019291945 Liberal
The Earl Winterton190419451951 Conservative
Sir Hugh O'Neill191519511952 Ulster Unionist
David Grenfell192219521959 Labour
Sir Winston Churchill192419591964 Conservative
R. A. Butler192919641965 Conservative
Robin Turton192919651974 Conservative
George Strauss193419741979 Labour
John Parker193519791983 Labour
James Callaghan194519831987 Labour
Bernard Braine195019871992 Conservative
Sir Edward Heath195019922001 Conservative
Tam Dalyell196220012005 Labour
Alan Williams196420052010 Labour
Sir Peter Tapsell19662010Incumbent Conservative

House of Lords

The current Father of the House of Lords is Lord Carrington (Conservative), who entered the House on his 21st birthday in 1940, having succeeded to the title in 1938 while still a minor. After the House of Lords Act 1999 removed the automatic right of hereditary peers to sit in the House of Lords, Carrington (along with all former Leaders of the House) was given a life peerage to enable him to continue to sit.

Should Carrington cease to be a Member of the House of Lords, the remaining peers who first sat in the 1940s will become eligible to be Father of the House. There are currently two: Lord Montagu of Beaulieu (1947) and Lord Denham (1947). Both are hereditary peers who were elected to remain in the House under the provisions of the 1999 Act.

The senior life peer by date of creation is Lord Chalfont, who entered the House in 1964.

Name Entered House Became Father Left House Party
The Earl of Mansfield1840?1898 Conservative
The Lord Templemore184218981906 Conservative
The Earl of Leicester184419061909 Conservative
The Earl Nelson184519091913 Conservative
The Earl of Ducie185319131921 Liberal
The Earl of Coventry185919301930 Conservative
The Marquess of Huntly186919301937 Liberal
The Marquess of Ailsa187019371938 Conservative
The Lord Grantley187719381943 Conservative
The Lord Romilly192019431983 Conservative
The Lord Oranmore and Browne192719831999 Conservative
The Earl Jellicoe193919992007 Conservative
The Lord Carrington19402007Incumbent Conservative

House of Commons of Northern Ireland (defunct)

Name Entered House Became Father Left House Party
J. M. Andrews192119491953 Ulster Unionist
Cahir Healy192519531965 Nationalist (NI)
The Viscount Brookeborough192919651968 Ulster Unionist
Sir Norman Stronge, Bt193819681969 Ulster Unionist
Terence O'Neill194619691970 Ulster Unionist
Brian Faulkner194919701972 Ulster Unionist

The Parliament of Northern Ireland, including the House of Commons of Northern Ireland, was prorogued in 1972 and abolished completely in 1973 leaving the title of Father of the House defunct.

Australia

In Australia, the current member of the House of Representatives with the longest period of continuous service, whether a Minister or not, is known as "Father of the House". Similarly, the current member of the Senate with the longest period of continuous service is known as "Father of the Senate". The longer serving of the two Fathers is called "Father of the Parliament".

As in Britain, these terms have no official status. However, unlike Britain:

  • the term Father of the House/Senate applies where there is one member whose continuous service is unequivocally longer than any other, as determined by the date of election (House) or the date of the start of the term (Senate). Where two or more members have equal length of continuous service, more than any other members, they are considered joint Fathers of the House/Senate. Some state parliaments, however, follow the British convention.
  • the Father of the House and the Father of the Senate in Australia have no parliamentary role at all. The election of the presiding officers is conducted by the Clerk of the House and the Clerk of the Senate respectively.

Since 1 July 2008, Senator Ron Boswell, who was first elected in 1983, has been the Father of the Senate.

Since 1 September 1998, Philip Ruddock, who was first elected in 1973, has been the Father of the House of Representatives and Father of the Parliament.

Canada

The term "Father of the House" is not used in Canada. The longest-serving member of the Canadian House of Commons who is not a cabinet minister is known as the Dean of the House. He (or she) presides over the election of the Speaker of the House at the beginning of Parliament. The same term is used for the equivalent position in the American House of Representatives.

Germany

Starting with the Frankfurter Nationalversammlung (Frankfurt Parliament) of 1848, all democratic German parliaments had a Father (or Mother) of the House, usually called Alterspräsident (President by right of age).

Under the current constitution (Grundgesetz) of 1949, the Alterspräsident will preside over the Parliament (Bundestag) at the start of each legislative period.

Following tradition, the Alterspräsident will first ascertain himself that he is the oldest member of the Bundestag by stating his birth date and asking if anyone is present who was born before his date. If no older member of the Bundestag is present (which is usually the case) he will formally declare that he indeed is the Alterspräsident and will start proceedings.

As acting President of the Bundestag (Bundestagspräsident) he delivers the first programmatic speech and oversees the elections of the President of the Bundestag and the Vicepresidents of the Bundestag (Bundestagsvizepräsidenten). He then stands down and yields his power to the newly elected Bundestagspräsident.

Alterspräsidenten (Fathers of the House) of the German Bundestag
Bundestag Name Term Parliamentary
group
Notes
1st 1949–1953 Paul Löbe 1949–1953 SPD
2nd 1953–1957 Marie Elisabeth Lüders 1953–1957 FDP stood in for Konrad Adenauer, the oldest member,
who refused the office due to his position as Chancellor
3rd 1957–1961 Marie Elisabeth Lüders 1957–1961 FDP
4th 1961–1963 Robert Pferdmenges 1961–1963 CDU/CSU
Konrad Adenauer 1963–1965 CDU/CSU resumed the office after his resignation as Chancellor
5th 1965–1967 Konrad Adenauer 1965–1967 CDU/CSU died in 1967
William Borm 1967–1969 FDP
6th 1969–1972 William Borm 1969–1972 FDP
7th 1972–1976 Ludwig Erhard 1972–1976 CDU/CSU
8th 1976–1980 Ludwig Erhard 1976–1977 CDU/CSU died in 1977
Johann Baptist Gradl 1977–1980 CDU/CSU
9th 1980–1983 Herbert Wehner 1980–1983 SPD
10th 1983–1987 Willy Brandt 1983–1987 SPD stood in for Egon Franke
11th 1987–1990 Willy Brandt 1987–1990 SPD
12th 1990–1994 Willy Brandt 1990–1992 SPD died in 1992
Alfred Dregger 1992–1994 CDU/CSU
13th 1994–1998 Stefan Heym 1994–1995 PDS resigned his seat in 1995
Alfred Dregger 1995–1998 CDU/CSU
14th 1998–2002 Fred Gebhardt 1998–2000 PDS died in 2000
Hans-Eberhard Urbaniak 2000–2002 SPD
15th 2002–2005 Otto Schily 2002–2005 SPD
16th 2005–2009 Otto Schily 2005–2009 SPD
17th 2009–2013 Heinz Riesenhuber since 2009 CDU/CSU

Israel

In the beginning of each Knesset, before the election of a permanent speaker, there is a temporary speaker. In the past it was the oldest member of Knesset, now it is the longest serving member. Michael Eitan served in this capacity February 24, 2010 - March 30, 2010

Ireland

In the Republic of Ireland, the term Father of the Dáil is an unofficial title applied to the longest serving Teachta Dála (TD) in the house, regardless of their position. The current Father is the leader of the opposition and Fine Gael party leader, Enda Kenny, TD, since the retirement of Séamus Pattison at the 2007 general election. On a number of occasions two or more people have shared the position of Father of the Dáil.

Name Entered Dáil Became Father Left Dáil Party
style="background-color: Template:Fianna Fáil/meta/color" | Frank Fahy 1918 election 4 February 1948 14 July 1953 Fianna Fáil
style="background-color: Template:Fianna Fáil/meta/color" | Éamon de Valera 23 June 1959 Fianna Fáil
style="background-color: Template:Fianna Fáil/meta/color" | Gerald Boland 1923 election 23 June 1959 4 October 1961 Fianna Fáil
style="background-color: Template:Fianna Fáil/meta/color" | James Ryan 7 April 1965 Fianna Fáil
Patrick McGilligan 7 April 1965 Fine Gael
James Everett 18 December 1967 Labour Party
style="background-color: Template:Fianna Fáil/meta/color" | Thomas McEllistrim 18 June 1969 Fianna Fáil
style="background-color: Template:Fianna Fáil/meta/color" | Frank Aiken 28 February 1973 Fianna Fáil
style="background-color: Template:Fianna Fáil/meta/color" | Paddy Smith 5 July 1977 Fianna Fáil
Liam Cosgrave 1943 election 5 July 1977 11 June 1981 Fine Gael
Dan Spring 11 June 1981 Labour Party
Oliver J. Flanagan 17 February 1987 Fine Gael
style="background-color: Template:Independent Fianna Fáil/meta/color" | Neil Blaney Dec. 1948 by-election 17 February 1987 8 November 1995 Independent Fianna Fáil
Paddy Harte 1961 election 8 November 1995 6 June 1997 Fine Gael
Seán Treacy 6 June 1997 Labour Party
Séamus Pattison 14 June 2007 Labour Party
Enda Kenny[4] Nov. 1975 by-election 14 June 2007 Incumbent Fine Gael

New Zealand

In New Zealand, the term Father- or Mother of the House is an unofficial title applied to the longest serving MP in the house, regardless of their position. The Father of the House has no official role in Parliament. The current Father of the House in the New Zealand Parliament is Jim Anderton, the leader of the New Zealand Progressive Party. Anderton has served in Parliament since 1984.

In New Zealand's first elections of 1854, the Bay of Islands electorate was the first to declare the election of a successful candidate, the unopposed candidate Hugh Francis Carleton. In the subsequent General Assembly of 1854, Carleton liked to be known as the Father of the House.

List of Fathers (and Mothers) of the House

Russia

Finland

  • Kyösti Kallio (first elected 1907) -1937
  • Kalle Lohi (first elected 1909) 1937-1945
  • Miina Sillanpää (first elected 1907, re-elected 1914, 1919 and 1936) 1945-1948
  • Jussi Tolonen (first elected 1914, re-elected 1919 and 1947) 1948-1951
  • Ernst von Born and John Österholm (first elected 1919) 1951-1954
  • John Österholm 1954-1960
  • Viljo Rantala (first elected 1922) 1960-1962
  • Karl-August Fagerholm (first elected 1930) 1962-1966
  • Eino Raunio (first elected 1939) 1966-1970
  • Hertta Kuusinen, Valto Käkelä and Johannes Virolainen (first elected 1945) 1970-1972
  • Johannes Virolainen 1972-1983
  • Veikko Vennamo (first elected 1945, re-elected 1966) 1983-1987
  • Johannes Virolainen (re-elected 1987) 1987-1991
  • Pentti Mäki-Hakola and Henrik Westerlund (first elected 1966) 1991-1995
  • Pertti Salolainen and Paavo Väyrynen (first elected 1970) 1995
  • Pertti Salolainen 1995-1996
  • Ilkka Kanerva, Håkan Malm, Mikko Pesälä and Esko-Juhani Tennilä (first elected 1975) 1996-1999
  • Paavo Väyrynen (re-elected 1999) 1999
  • Ilkka Kanerva and Esko-Juhani Tennilä 1999-

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "The Father of the House". Factsheet M3. London: House of Commons Information Office. March 2009. http://www.parliament.uk/documents/upload/m03.pdf. Retrieved 2009-10-05. 
  2. ^ "Members Sworn". Hansard. Hansard Digitisation Project. 30 June 1970. http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1970/jun/30/members-sworn. Retrieved 2009-10-05.  (Cormack was the 191st member to take the oath in 1970, Strang 205th, Prescott 225th, Kaufman 351st, Clarke 365th.)
  3. ^ "Members Sworn". Hansard. Hansard Digitisation Project. 1 July 1970. http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1970/jul/01/members-sworn. Retrieved 2009-12-01.  (Meacher was the 540th member to take the oath in 1970, Skinner 579th.)
  4. ^ "Why Taoiseach Enda doesn't sound so funny". 13 June 2009. http://www.independent.ie/national-news/why-taoiseach-enda-doesnt-sound-so-funny-1772668.html. Retrieved 14 June 2009. 

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