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Fatos Nano


35th, 40th and 44th Prime Minister of Albania
In office
February 22, 1991 - June 5, 1991
July 24, 1997 – October 2, 1998
July 31, 2002 – September 11, 2005
Preceded by Adil Çarçani
Bashkim Fino
Pandeli Majko
Succeeded by Ylli Bufi
Pandeli Majko
Sali Berisha

Born September 16, 1952 (1952-09-16) (age 57)
Tirana, Albania
Nationality Albanian
Political party Socialist Party of Albania
Movement for Solidarity
Spouse(s) Rexhina Nano (1978–2001)
Xhoana Nano(2002–present)
Profession Economist
Religion Albanian Orthodox

Fatos Nano About this sound listen (born September 16, 1952 in Tirana) is an Albanian politician and economist with the greatest contribution for political, social and economical reforms during the transition of communist Albania towards democracy. He was Prime Minister of Albania during several periods and is a former leader of the Socialist Party of Albania, and member of the Albanian Parliament since 1991 to 2009.

Contents

Education

Nano has a degree in political economy as well as a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Tirana. He has contributed and co-authored several books on his field.[citation needed]

Personal history

He begun his career as politican in 1991 after he was appointed Prime Minister of the transitional government with purpose to organize the first democratic elections in the country that year and preparing the transition of the country towards democracy and market economy. That elections, of March 31, 1991, were won by the Socialist Party of Albania and he again was appointed as Prime Minister. After two months he was forced to resign. That year he was elected leader of the Socialist Party, which is the legal successor to the Party of Labor of Albania. In March 1992 the Democratic Party of Albania won the election, and one year later he was imprisoned after he was accused for corruption and abuse with power from then president Sali Berisha. His imprisonment was the most controversial issue of post Communist Albania, because many socialists alleged that his imprisonment was due to his strong opposition for the autocratical signs that the regime of that time showed and for the inefficency of the governemt to accomplish true economical reforms. During 1994, Ponzi schemes were becoming popular in Albania, and their collapse in 1997 caused the beginning of an armed popular revolt against president Sali Berisha, who was forced to resign on July 1997. [1] [2] Nano was discharged and released. That same year, following general elections won by the Socialist Party of Albania, Nano was appointed Prime Minister by President Rexhep Meidani, only to resign again in 1998 after a coup d'état[citation needed] attempted by radical followers of the Democratic Party of Albania.[citation needed] This coup[citation needed] was attempted during the funeral of an assassinated opposition leader, Azem Hajdari. He was found innocent by a court in Tirana for his accuses for power abuse and corruption in 1999[citation needed].

The Socialist Party continued to lead the country and won again the elections of June 2001. Nano became Prime Minister for the third time on July 25, 2002, appointed by President Alfred Moisiu. On July 3, 2005, the Socialist Party lost the elections and its majority in parliament. The Democratic Party gained a majority and Sali Berisha was nominated Prime Minister of the new government. On September 1, 2005, Nano resigned his leadership of the Socialist Party.

Nano stood as a presidential candidate in a round of voting in parliament on July 8, 2007, part of the election to replace Moisiu. Most members of the opposition coalition led by the Socialist Party did not support him, however, and chose to boycott the election. Nano received only three votes, while Bamir Topi of the Democratic Party won 75 votes. Topi did not receive enough votes to be elected, however.[3][4] The second round of voting for electing the president was held on July 10. The parliament still failed to elect a president, with Nano getting five votes and Topi receiving 74. Continued failure to elect a president would have resulted in an early parliamentary election,[5] but on July 20, Topi was elected.[6]

In late August, it appeared likely Nano would found a new political party after falling out with the Socialist Party;[7] he announced the foundation of the Movement for Solidarity on September 19, 2007.[8]

See also

References

  • Nano, Rexhina (200). Te Jetosh Kohen. Botime DUDAJ. ISBN 978-99943-0-045-7.  [1]
  1. ^ "Albania under the shadow of the pyramids", Carlos Elbirt (Transition Newsletter), 1997.
  2. ^ " Anarchy of thugs menaces Albania", Jane Perlez (The New York Times), March 12, 1997.
  3. ^ "Albanian parliament set to vote for new president", Associated Press (International Herald Tribune), July 8, 2007.
  4. ^ "Albania edges toward elections after presidential vote fails", Associated Press (International Herald Tribune), July 9, 2007.
  5. ^ "Standoff in Parliamentary Ballot to Pick New Albanian President", birn.eu.com, July 11, 2007.
  6. ^ "Albania's new president Bamir Topi sworn in", Associated Press (International Herald Tribune), July 24, 2007.
  7. ^ "Albania's ex-PM aiming a political comeback", dtt-net.com, August 30, 2007.
  8. ^ "Albania's Ex-PM Nano Sets up New Group", birn.eu.com, September 20, 2007.
Preceded by
Adil Çarçani
Prime Minister of Albania
February 22, 1991–June 5, 1991
Succeeded by
Ylli Bufi
Preceded by
Bashkim Fino
Prime Minister of Albania
July 24, 1997–October 2, 1998
Succeeded by
Pandeli Majko
Preceded by
Pandeli Majko
Prime Minister of Albania
July 31, 2002–September 11, 2005
Succeeded by
Sali Berisha
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