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Fay Kanin

Born May 9, 1917 (1917-05-09) (age 92)
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
Occupation Screenwriter,
producer
Nationality American
Spouse(s) Michael Kanin (1940–1993) his death
Children Joel Kanin (1945–1958), Josh Kanin (1950– ) editor, professor

Fay Kanin (born May 9, 1917) is an American screenwriter, playwright and producer. Kanin was President of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences from 1979 to 1983.

Contents

Biography

Born Fay Mitchell to Bessie Kaiser Mitchell and David Mitchell in New York City, she was raised in Elmira, New York, where she won the New York State Spelling Championship at twelve and was presented with a silver cup by then Governor Franklin Roosevelt. She was encouraged to write for money by supplying small items to the Elmira Star Gazette.[1] In high school she wrote and produced a children's radio show; then on full scholarship, she attended the private, all-female Elmira College where she divided her studies between writing and acting as well as editing the yearbook. Her mother would take her to visit Kanin's grandmother who lived in the Bronx, and it was there that she became devoted to the theater when she saw a matinée of Idiot's Delight starring Lunt and Fontaine.[2]

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Hollywood

Kanin longed to move to Los Angeles to get into pictures and her parents indulged her. Her father moved to California first to secure a job, then she and her mother packed everything and followed by train.[3] Kanin spent her senior year at University of Southern California where she became active in college radio. After graduating with a bachelor's degree, she wangled an interview with Sam Marx who thought she was much too young to hire; but her next interview was with story editor Bob Sparks at RKO who sent her to producer Al Lewis, who then hired her as a story editor at $75 a week.[2] RKO released Al Lewis, but luckily Sparks kept her on as a script reader, reading scripts and writing one-page summaries, but for $25 a week. Nonetheless, Kanin proceeded to teach herself everything she could about the movie industry at RKO's expense. During the lunch hour she would take to anyone she happened to find – whether they were art directors, editors, or cinematographers.[3]

Michael Kanin

There was a small theater at the studio where contract players would put on plays. While Kanin was acting in Irwin Shaw's Bury the Dead, she came to the attention of Michael Kanin, who had just been hired as a writer in the B unit. Michael was trained as an artist and had turned to commercial art and painting scenery for burlesque houses to help support his parents during the Depression. They were introduced by a mutual friend, and Michael practically asked Kanin to marry him right then and there, but it took her a little while to come around to the idea.[2]

The Kanins rented a house in Malibu for their honeymoon, and after buying an A.J. Liebling New Yorker short story about a boarding house for boxers, they spent the next six months writing the adaptation, Sunday Punch. They knew they were on the track to a partnership when MGM bought the screenplay.

"We would make a story outline together with rather detailed descriptions of the scenes. Then we divided up the writing, each taking the scenes we felt strongly about. Then one or the other of us would put it all together into a single draft. We did find a common voice, though we had different strengths. As an artist, Michael brought a great visual sense to the process. I was a people person who loved the characters and the dialogue. Through the collaboration, we learned a lot from each other and about each other. But the time came when I felt as if we were together 48 hours a day. Writing with someone else always requires some degree of compromise, as does marriage. When it came down to the question of which would survive, the marriage or the writing partnership, it was a pretty easy decision. But I remember that it was a challenge convincing the powers that be that we had been successful writers individually and would be again. We were hyphenated in people's minds: Fay-and-Michael Kanin. To again become Fay Kanin and Michael Kanin took some doing."[2]

Michael took a job working with Ring Lardner Jr. to work on the Tracy / Hepburn project Woman of the Year, and Kanin took the time to write a play, Goodbye My Fancy, about a female congressional representative renewing past loves. It would be a Broadway smash starring Madeleine Carroll, Conrad Nagel, and Shirley Booth,[2] and would eventually be filmed by Vincent Sherman in 1951 with Joan Crawford and Robert Young.

During World War II, Kanin came up with an idea to promote women's participation in the war effort, and presented the idea for a Woman's Angle radio show to the heads of NBC Radio for which Kanin would write the scripts and do the network commentary.[3] Along those lines, she contributed to the story Blondie For Victory, one of the low-budget series based on the popular comic strip, where Blondie organizes Housewives of America to perform homefront wartime duties much to the dismay of Dagwood. Kanin even made an appearance as an actor in A Double Life (1947), co-written by her brother-in-law Garson Kanin and his wife Ruth Gordon.[2]

Teacher's Pet

The Kanin's wrote My Pal Gus in 1952 in which Richard Widmark becomes a good father and falls in love with Joanne Dru, the Elizabeth Taylor film Rhapsody in 1954 and The Opposite Sex in 1956, a musical remake of The Women. But it would be the Oscar-winning script for Teacher's Pet in 1958 for which they would be best remembered; a film about a self-made newspaper editor Clark Gable who has a love-hate relationship with journalism teacher Doris Day. The film almost did not get made since the Kanins were not under any studio contract, and having shopped the script around without attracting any interest, it was only after a rewrite inspired by Garson Kanin's Born Yesterday that producer Bill Perlberg and director George Seaton purchased it.[2]

Blacklist

It was while the couple were on holiday in Europe that the Kanins learned they had been blacklisted by the HUAC.

"What they had against us was that I had taken classes at the Actors Lab in Hollywood where some of the teachers were from the Group Theater and therefore suspect, and we had been members of the Hollywood Writers Mobilization, an organization in support of World War II to which almost all of Hollywood's writers belonged. It was ridiculous, but it was very real, and there was nothing we could do about it. We took a larger mortgage on the house and started writing a play, but we didn't work in films for almost two years."

They were unable to find work again until director Charles Vidor insisted that MGM hired the couple, needing them for the film Rhapsody in 1953.[2]

Rashomon

In 1961 the couple adapted Akira Kurasawa's Rashomon for the Broadway play of the same name; with a further adaptation for the screen, in Martin Ritts The Outrage.

Television

In the early 1970s, Kanin began solo writing in earnest with Heat of Anger, about a strong, older woman lawyer played by Susan Hayward, and a younger male lawyer. At first Kanin was put off by the lack of an immediate reaction from an audience, but once she realized that more people had seen it in one night than would have ever seen it in theaters if it played for a year, she was hooked and would write five more films for television.[2]

Tell Me Where it Hurts started from a small newspaper article about a group of women in Queens who got together to just talk, and that little film starring Maureen Stapleton would win two Emmys. The following year, she wrote and co-produced Hustling based on Gail Sheehy's non-fiction book. The film was about a prostitute recounting her life to a reporter, and would star Jill Clayburgh and Lee Remick. For weeks Kanin would interview arrested working girls at the Midtown North police station, and after the film aired, she even received letters complimenting her on how fairly she had treated them.[2]

The television movie Friendly Fire would be seen by an estimated sixty million people in 1979. Written and co-produced by Kanin, it starred Carol Burnett as a mother who challenges the military's "official story" of how her son died in Vietnam. The non-fiction book by C. D. B. Bryan was about the Mullen family and their discovery that their son had been accidentally killed by American troops. Kanin spent five months secluded with Bryan's research tapes adapting the book, and Friendly Fire would win the Emmy for Best Outstanding Drama that year.[4] In 1980 Kanin and producer of Hustling Lillian Gallo formed a production company which produced Fun and Games for Valerie Harper, a tale of sexual harassment and gender discrimination in the workplace.[5] For Norman Lear, Kanin wrote Heartsounds, which starred Mary Tyler Moore and James Garner as a couple coping with heart disease.

Grind

In 1975, two Universal Studio producers asked Kanin for a screenplay about a tacky, biracial burlesque theater in 1933 Chicago. Nothing ever came of it. But in 1985 Kanin adapted her unproduced screenplay for the stage.[6] Grind is a portrait of a largely African-American burlesque house in Chicago in the Thirties.[7] Directed by Hal Prince with choreography by Lester Wilson, the cast included Ben Vereen as a song-and-dance man, Stubby Kaye as a slapstick comic, and Leilani Jones as a stripper named Satin. The production was a disaster; the show lost its entire $4.75 million investment, and Prince and three other members of the creative team were suspended by the Dramatists Guild of America for signing a "substandard" contract.

Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

Kanin was elected president of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences in 1979, and would serve four terms until 1983.[8] She was its second female president, following in the footsteps of earlier president Bette Davis, who left after only one month. She has also served as the president of the Screen Branch of the Writers Guild of America and as Chair of the National Film Preservation Board of the Library of Congress, an officer of the Writers Guild Foundation, a member of the Board of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, and a member of the Board of Directors of the American Film Institute. She was the vice president of the Academy's 1999–2000 Board of Trustees, and a member of the steering committee of the Caucus for Producers, Writers and Directors, which formed in 1974, and of the National Film Preservation Board in Washington, D.C.[9]

Fay Kanin is on the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Board of Governors 2007–2008.

Filmography

  • Sunday Punch (1942, screenplay, story)
  • Blondie for Victory (1942, story)
  • Goodbye, My Fancy (1951, play)
  • My Pal Gus (1952, original screenplay)
  • Rhapsody (1954, screenplay)
  • The Opposite Sex (1956, screenplay)
  • Teacher's Pet (1958, screenplay)
  • Rashomon (1959, adaptation)
  • The Right Approach (1961, screenplay)
  • Play of the Week: Rashomon (1961, teleplay adaptation)
  • Congiura dei dieci, La (1962, screenplay)
  • The Outrage (1964, adaptation)
  • Heat of Anger (1972, teleplay)
  • Tell Me Where It Hurts (1974, teleplay)
  • Hustling (1975, teleplay, associate producer)
  • Friendly Fire (1979, teleplay, co-producer)
  • Fun and Games (1980, TV producer)
  • Heartsounds (1984, teleplay, producer)

Stage Productions

Awards

Year Group Award Result Recipient
1959 Academy Award Best Writing, Story and Screenplay – Written Directly for the Screen Nominated Teacher's Pet w/ Michael Kanin
1959 WGA Award (Screen) Best Written American Comedy Nominated Teacher's Pet w/ Michael Kanin
1972 American Bar Association The Gavel Award for Best Movie of 1972 devoted to the Law Heat of Anger
1974 EMMY Best Writing in Drama – Original Teleplay Nominated Tell Me Where It Hurts
1974 EMMY Writer of the Year – Special Won Tell Me Where It Hurts
1975 Writers Guild of America Valentine Davies Award
1976 Edgar Allan Poe Awards Edgar Best Television Feature or Miniseries Nominated Hustling
1976 EMMY Outstanding Writing in a Special Program – Drama or Comedy – Original Teleplay Nominated Hustling
1978 EMMY Outstanding Writing in a Limited Series or a Special Nominated Friendly Fire
1978 EMMY Outstanding Drama/Comedy Special Won Friendly Fire
1979 Humanitas Prize 90 Minute Category Nominated Friendly Fire
1980 Writers Guild of America Morgan Cox Award
1980 Women in Film Crystal Awards Crystal Award
1985 EMMY Outstanding Drama/Comedy Special Nominated Heartsounds
1985 TONY Book (Musical) Nominated Grind
1993 American Society of Cinematographers Board of the Governors Award
1993 PGA Awards PGA Hall of Fame – Television Programs Won Friendly Fire
2003 Humanitas Prize Kieser Award
2005 Writers Guild of America Edmund J. North Award
Non-profit organization positions
Preceded by
Howard W. Koch
President of Academy of Motion Pictures, Arts and Sciences
1979-1983
Succeeded by
Gene Allen

References

Notes

  1. ^ Lefcourt. 2000.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Beauchamp.2001.
  3. ^ a b c Acker. 1991.
  4. ^ Gregory 2001.
  5. ^ Slide. 1991.
  6. ^ Jones. 2004.
  7. ^ Robinson. 1989.
  8. ^ Levy. 2003.
  9. ^ "Jewish Women's Archive". http://jwa.org/archive/jsp/perInfo.jsp?personID=927.  

Bibliography

  • Acker, Ally (1991). Reel women: pioneers of the cinema 1896 to the present. London: Batsford. ISBN 0-7134-6960-9.  
  • Beauchamp, Cari (September 2001). "Woman of the Years: An interview with Fay Kanin". Written by (the magazine of the Writers Guild West). http://www.moviesbywomen.com/article_013_fay_kanin.php. Retrieved 2008-03-05.  
  • Gregory, Mollie (2002). Women who run the show: how a brilliant and creative new generation of women stormed Hollywood. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-30182-0.  
  • Jones, John Philip (2004). Our Musicals, Ourselves: A Social History of the American Musical Theater. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England. ISBN 0-87451-904-7.  
  • Lefcourt, Peter ed. (2000). The First Time I Got Paid For It : Writers' Tales From The Hollywood Trenches. New York: PublicAffairs. ISBN 1-58648-013-8.  
  • Levy, Emanuel (2003). All about Oscar: the history and politics of the Academy Awards. London: Continuum. ISBN 0-8264-1452-4.  
  • Robinson, Alice M.; Roberts, Vera Mowry (1989). Notable women in the American theatre: a biographical dictionary. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-27217-4.  
  • Slide, Anthony (1991). The Television industry: a historical dictionary. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-25634-9.  

External links


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