Fayetteville, Arkansas: Wikis

  
  
  
  

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
—  City  —
Block Avenue, leading up to town square in Fayetteville
Location in Arkansas
Coordinates: 36°4′35″N 94°9′39″W / 36.07639°N 94.16083°W / 36.07639; -94.16083Coordinates: 36°4′35″N 94°9′39″W / 36.07639°N 94.16083°W / 36.07639; -94.16083
Country United States
State Arkansas
County Washington
Incorporated 1906
Government
 - Mayor Lioneld Jordan
Area
 - City 44.5 sq mi (115.2 km2)
 - Land 43.4 sq mi (112.5 km2)
 - Water 1.1 sq mi (2.8 km2)
Elevation 1,400 ft (427 m)
Population (2000)
 - City 58,047
 Density 1,336.6/sq mi (516.1/km2)
 Metro 420,876
Time zone Central (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) Central (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 72701-72704
Area code(s) 479
FIPS code 05-23290
GNIS feature ID 0076914
Website http://www.accessfayetteville.org

Fayetteville (formerly Washington) is a city in and the county seat of Washington County, Arkansas, United States,[1] and is home to the University of Arkansas. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 58,047. The Fayetteville–SpringdaleRogers, AR-MO Metropolitan Statistical Area's population is estimated at 420,876. It is the third most populous city in Arkansas. Fayetteville is known as the "Track Capital of the World"[2][3] for being the home of the University of Arkansas' track and field program, which has won 42 national championships to date.[4] It was also ranked 8th on Forbes Magazine's Top 10 Best Places in America for Business and Careers.[5] Kiplinger's 2008 "Best Cities to Work, Live and Play" list featured Fayetteville as #7.[6]

Contents

Geography

Fayetteville is located at 36°4′35″N 94°9′39″W / 36.07639°N 94.16083°W / 36.07639; -94.16083 (36.076379, -94.160912).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 44.5 square miles (115.2 km²), of which, 43.4 square miles (112.5 km²) of it is land and 1.1 square miles (2.8 km²) of it (2.40%) is water. Fayetteville is in the Ozark Mountains.

Climate

Fayetteville lies in the humid subtropical climate zone with influence from the humid continental climate type. Fayetteville experiences all four seasons and does receive cold air masses from the north, however some of the Arctic masses are blocked by the higher elevations of the Ozarks. Fayetteville's Drake field often records the coldest night temperatures in the state due to its high Ozarks valley location.

Demographics

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 58,047 people, 23,798 households, and 12,136 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,336.6 people per square mile (516.1/km²). There were 25,467 housing units at an average density of 586.4/sq mi (226.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.50% White, 5.11% Black or African American, 1.26% Native American, 2.56% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 1.99% from other races, and 2.42% from two or more races. 4.86% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Fayetteville was the second best educated city in Arkansas (after Maumelle) in the Census, proportionately, with 44.8% of adults age 25 or older holding an associate degree or higher, and 41.2% of adults possessing a baccalaureate degree or higher. However, the city had the highest percentage of adults with masters, doctorate, or professional degrees (17.9%).

There were 23,798 households out of which 25.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.7% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 49.0% were non-families. 34.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the city the population was spread out with 19.9% under the age of 18 , 25.7% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 15.8% from 45 to 64, and 8.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 103.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,345, and the median income for a family was $45,074. Males had a median income of $30,069 versus $22,693 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,311. 19.9% of the population and 11.4% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 19.7% of those under the age of 18 and 9.1% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Historical figures[9]
Year Population
1840 425
1850 598
1860 972
1870 955
1880 1,788
1890 2,942
1890 2,942
1900 4,100
1940 8,200
1950 17,100
1960 22,900
1970 30,700
1980 36,600
1990 42,200
2000 58,047

History

Washington county was created in 1828 and the county seat was located where Fayetteville is now. The Washington Courthouse was built soon after, this is also where the post office was located. In 1829 Postmaster Larkin Newton changed the name to the Fayetteville Courthouse, to avoid confusing with Washington, Hempstead County. The first store in Fayetteville was opened by John Nye in a small builder built by James Holmsley. In 1832 David Walker, Chief Justice of the Arkansas supreme court built a double log cabin on what is now Center Street. In 1822 Archibald Yell, the second Governor of Arkansas, built a house and called in "Waxhaw" after his home in North Carolina. This was on the outskirts of town then but now is a street named after him that connects College and School streets. The first hotels were the Burnside House and the Onstott House.

Fayetteville was incorporated as a town on November 3, 1836. in 1859 a city charter was obtained from the Legislature. During the Civil War the municipal government was suspended and was not reinstated until 1867. P.V. Rhea was the president of the town trustees in 1836; J.W. walker was the first mayor under the charter of 1859, and M.L. Harrison was the first mayor when the government was reorganized in 1867. [10]

Points of interest

Dickson Street, the center of activity in Fayetteville.
The Fayetteville Public Library
The Stone House
Old Main, oldest remaining University of Arkansas building.

The city is served by Northwest Arkansas Regional Airport in Highfill, Arkansas. The airport also serves Springdale (home to Tyson Foods), Bentonville (home to Wal-Mart), Rogers, and all of Northwest Arkansas.

Some of Fayetteville's highlights include the town square, where a farmer's market is held from April through November, and Dickson Street, a narrow street that is lined with shops and restaurants and that leads through the center of the city to the University of Arkansas. The Walton Arts Center, located on Dickson Street (and named after members of the Walton family) is a performing arts center that presents plays, concerts and other cultural events. Fayetteville was the first home of Bill and Hillary Clinton while they both taught law at the University of Arkansas School of Law. The house where they were married and lived is now a museum highlighting his early political life and features campaign memorabilia, a replica of Hillary's wedding dress, a photo gallery, and footage from his early campaign commercials[1].

The Fayetteville Public Library, founded in 1916, relocated in October 2004 into a $23 million building, which was the first "green" building in Fayetteville. On June 3, 2006, the library celebrated its 90th birthday. The Blair Library was awarded the 2005 Thomson Gale Library Journal Library of the Year award, and, as a testament to its popularity, has seen its popularity increase dramatically, with three times more items checked out in 2005 than in 1997 [11]. The library includes a local coffeeshop, Arsaga's, and hosts several events, including film festivals, book signings, and public forums throughout the year. It is also a popular place for youth subcultures to socialize.

Other points of interest include:

Accolades

  • Named one of America's Most Livable Cities in 2004 and 2005[12]
  • Designated as one of the "Best Places to Live in America" by Money Magazine [13]
  • Ranks as the number 8 "Best Metro" in Forbes' 2007 list of "Best Places For Business And Careers" [5]
  • Ranked #1 for job growth by the Milken Institute in 2003 [14]
  • Listed in 50 Fabulous Places to Retire in America, 2nd edition
  • Featured in "Lifestyle Magazine", "Southern Living" and "The Best Towns in America"
  • Ranked number 7 in "Best Cities to Work, Play, and Live" by Kiplinger's Magazine in 2008.[15]

Media

Local Radio Stations

  • KUAF, 91.3 FM, an national public radio (NPR) station
  • KXUA, 88.3 FM, a semi-automated, student-run station
  • KEZA, 107.9 FM, adult contemporary
  • KFAY, 1030 AM, news talk
  • KKIX, 103.9 FM, country music

Local TV Stations

Local Newspapers

  • Arkansas Democratic Gazette
  • Fayetteville Free Weekly
  • Northwest Arkansas Times
  • Morning News
  • Washington County Observer

Local Online Media

  • Fayetteville Flyer - fayettevilleflyer.com
  • Ozarks Unbound - ozarksunbound.com

Public Transport

The city of Fayetteville has two major providers of public transportation:

  • UARK Transit
    • A free bus system centered around the University of Arkansas.
  • Ozark Regional Transit
    • A bus-based regional transit system.

The city of Fayetteville is building a large network of paved bicycle and walking trails for non-motorized forms of transit. The trail system currently consists of 15+ miles of paved trails, and future plans aim to expand the trail system by over 100 miles in order to connect the cities neighborhoods, parks, recreation, and shopping areas. The most popular trails include:

  • Walker Park Trail
  • Mud Creek Trail
  • Frisco Trail
  • Wilson Park Trail
  • Scull Creek Trail
  • Lake Fayetteville Park Trail

Notable natives and residents

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ Morning News reference to Track Capital of World
  3. ^ Arkansas News Bureau article with Arkansas Senator referring to Track Capital of the World
  4. ^ University of Arkansas Track & Field site noting NCAA championships in Track and Field
  5. ^ a b "Best Places For Business And Careers". Forbes Magazine. 2007-04-05. http://www.forbes.com/lists/2007/1/07bestplaces_Best-Places-For-Business-And-Careers_land.html. Retrieved 2007-07-31. 
  6. ^ Kiplinger.com. "2008 Best Cities". http://www.kiplinger.com/features/archives/2008/05/2008-best-cities-fayetteville.html. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ http://www.populstat.info/Americas/usas-art.htm
  10. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=6hUUAAAAYAAJ&dq=robert%20c%20newton%20arkansas&pg=PA876#v=onepage&q=fayetteville&f=false
  11. ^ "Fayetteville Public Library: History". Fayetteville Public Library. 2007. http://www.faylib.org/information/history.asp. Retrieved 2007-07-31. 
  12. ^ "America's Most Livable: Fayetteville, AR". About Partners. http://www.mostlivable.org/cities/fayetteville/home.html. Retrieved 2007-07-31. 
  13. ^ "MONEY Magazine: Best places to live 2006: Fayetteville, AR". Money Magazine. 2006. http://money.cnn.com/magazines/moneymag/bplive/2006/snapshots/PL0523290.html. Retrieved 2007-07-31. 
  14. ^ "Best Performing Cities: Where America's Jobs are Created" (PDF). Milken Institute. June 2003. http://www.milkeninstitute.org/pdf/best_cities_june2003.pdf. Retrieved 2007-07-31. 
  15. ^ No. 7: Fayetteville, Ark. - Kiplinger.com

External links


1911 encyclopedia

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