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ফজলে হাসান আবেদ
Sir Fazle Hasan Abed
Born 1936 (1936)
Baniachong , Habiganj District, Bangladesh
Residence Bangladesh
Nationality Bangladeshi
Occupation Founder of BRAC
Religious beliefs Islam

Sir Fazle Hasan Abed, KCMG (Bengali: ফজলে হাসান আবেদ) is a social worker with dual Bangladeshi/British nationality[1] and the founder and chairman of BRAC (formerly, Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee). For his outstanding contributions to social improvement, he has received the Ramon Magsaysay Award, the UNDP Mahbub Ul Haq Award and the inaugural Clinton Global Citizen Award. He is to be knighted by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II for services in tackling poverty and empowering the poor in Bangladesh and more globally. He was appointed Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG) in the 2010 New Year Honours.[2]

Contents

Early life

Fazle Hasan Abed was born in 1936 into a landed family in Baniachong in Bangladesh’s Habiganj District. He matriculated from Pabna Zilla School and went on to complete his higher secondary education from Dhaka College. He left home to attend University of Glasgow , where, and in an effort to break away from tradition and do something radically different - he studied Naval Architecture. But there was little work in ship building in Bangladesh and a career in Naval Architecture would make returning home difficult. With that in mind, Abed joined the Chartered Institute of Management Accountants in London, completing his professional education in 1962.

Abed returned to Bangladesh to join Shell Oil Company and quickly rose to head its finance division. His time at Shell exposed Abed to the inner workings of a large conglomerate and provided him with insight into corporate management, which would become invaluable to him later in life.

It was during his time at Shell that the devastating cyclone of 1970 hit the coastal regions of Bangladesh, killing 300,000 people. The cyclone had a profound effect on Abed - in the face of such devastation, the comforts and perks of a corporate executive's life ceased to have any attraction for him. Together with friends, Abed created HELP, an organization that provided relief and rehabilitation to the worst affected in the island of Manpura, which had lost three quarters of its population in the disaster.

Soon after, Bangladesh’s own struggle for independence from Pakistan began and circumstances forced Abed to leave the country. He found refuge in England, where he set up Action Bangladesh to lobby for his country’s independence with the governments of Europe.

Formation of BRAC

When the war ended in December 1971, Abed sold his flat in London and returned to the newly independent Bangladesh to find his country in ruins. In addition, the 10 million refugees who had sought shelter in India during the war had started to return home. Their relief and rehabilitation called for urgent efforts. Abed decided to use the funds he had generated from selling his flat to initiate his own. He selected the remote region of Sulla in northeastern Bangladesh to start his work. This work led him and his organisation, BRAC, to deal with the long-term task of improving the living conditions of the rural poor. In a span of only three decades, BRAC grew to become the largest development organisation in the world in terms of the scale and diversity of its interventions. As BRAC grew, Abed ensured that it continued to target the landless poor, particularly women, a large percentage of whom live below the poverty line with little or no access to resources or conventional development efforts.

BRAC now operates in more than 69 thousand villages of Bangladesh and covers an estimated 110 million people through its development interventions that range from primary education, essential healthcare, agricultural support and human rights and legal services to microfinance and enterprise development.

In 2002, BRAC went international by taking its range of development interventions to Afghanistan. Since then, BRAC has expanded to a total of eight countries across Asia and Africa, successfully adapting its unique integrated development model across varying geographic and socioeconomic contexts.

Professional positions

Abed has held the following positions:[3]

  • 2002 - Global Chairperson, International Network of Alternative Financial Institutions (INAFI) International.
  • 2001 - Chairman, Board of Directors, BRAC Bank Limited.
  • 2001 - President, The Governing Board of BRAC University.
  • 2000 - Chairman, Governing Body, BRAC.
  • 2000 - Chair, Finance & Audit Committee, International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Los Banos, Philippines.
  • 1999 - Member, Board of Governors, International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Los Banos, Philippines.
  • 1998 - Member, Policy Advisory Group, The Consultative Group to Assist the Poorest (CGAP), The World Bank, Washington, DC.
  • 1994 - Member, Board of Trustees, Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD), Dhaka
  • 1993 - Chairperson, Ain O Salish Kendra (ASK), a human rights organisation
  • 1992 - Chairman, NGO Forum for Drinking Water Supply & Sanitation
  • 1990 - Chairman, ‘Campaign for Popular Education’ (CAMPE), an NGO network on education.
  • 1981-82 Visiting Scholar, Harvard Institute of International Development, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.
  • 1982-86 Senior Fellow, Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies (BIDS).
  • 1982-86 Member, Board of Trustees, BIDS.
  • 1982-86 Chairman, Association of Development Agencies in Bangladesh (ADAB).
  • 1986-91 Member, World Bank NGO Committee, Geneva, Switzerland.
  • 1987-90 Chairman, South Asia Partnership.
  • 1987-90 Member, International Commission on Health Research for Development, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
  • 1992-93 Member, Independent South Asian Commission on Poverty Alleviation
  • 1998-2004 Member, Board of Governors, Institute of Development Studies (IDS), Sussex University, U.K.

Awards

  • The Ramon Magsaysay Award for Community Leadership, 1980
  • The Alan Shawn Feinstein World Hunger Award, 1990
  • The Maurice Pate Award by UNICEF, 1992
  • The Olof Palme Prize, 2001
  • The Social Entrepreneurship Award by the Schwab Foundation, 2002
  • The International Activist Award by the Gleitsman Foundation, 2003
  • The UNDP Mahbub ul Haq Award, 2004
  • The Henry R. Kravis Prize in Leadership, 2007
  • The inaugural Clinton Global Citizen Award, 2007
  • The David Rockefeller Bridging Leadership Award, 2008
  • Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG), 2009

References

  1. ^ "Bangladesh NGO head gets UK award", BBC, 31 December 2009
  2. ^ London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 59282, p. 3, 31 December 2009. Retrieved on 31 December 2009.
  3. ^ :: People at BRAC - Founder and Chairperson ::
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