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The Federal Court of India was a judicial body, established in India in 1937 under the provisions of the Government of India Act 1935, with original, appellate and advisory jurisdiction. It functioned till 1950, when the Supreme Court of India was established. The seat of the Federal Court was at Delhi.

The Federal Court had exclusive original jurisdiction in any dispute between the Central Government and the Provinces. Initially, it was empowered to hear appeals from the High Courts of the provinces in the cases which involved the interpretation of any Section of the Government of India Act, 1935. From 5 January, 1948 it was also empowered to hear appeals in those cases, which did not involve any interpretation of the Government of India Act, 1935.[1]



The Federal Court was commenced to function from 1 October, 1937. The seat of the court was the Chamber of Princes in the Parliament building in Delhi. It began with a Chief Justice and two puisne judges. The first Chief Justice was Sir Maurice Gwyer and the other two judges were Sir Shah Muhammad Sulaiman and M.R. Jayakar. It functioned till the establishment of the Supreme Court of India on 28 January, 1950.

List of Chief Justices

# Name Took office Left office
1 Maurice Gwyer 1 October, 1937 25 April, 1943
acting Srinivasa Vardachariar 25 April, 1943 7 June, 1943
2 Patrick Spens, 1st Baron Spens 7 June, 1943 14 August, 1947
3 Harilal Jekisundas Kania 14 August, 1947 27 January, 1950

See also


Further reading

  • Pylee, M.V. (1996). The Federal Court Of India, New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House, ISBN 978-8125902232

External links



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