Federal Police (Mexico): Wikis

  
  

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Federal Police
Policía Federal
Abbreviation PF
PFP shield.jpg
PF Shield
Agency overview
Preceding agencies
  • Mexican army's 3rd Brigade of the Military Police (Tercera brigada de policía militar)
  • Federal Highway Police (Policía Federal de Caminos)
  • Fiscal Police (Policía Fiscal Federal)
  • Interior Ministry's Investigation and National Security Center (Centro de Investigación y Seguridad Nacional)
Employees 10,699 (2000)
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Federal agency Mexico
Governing body Secretariat of Public Security
General nature
Operational structure
Website
[2] (Spanish)

The Federal Police (Spanish: Policía Federal, PF), formerly known as the Policía Federal Preventiva (Federal Preventive Police),[1] are the uniformed federal police force of Mexico. The agency is directed by the Secretaría de Seguridad Pública (Secretariat of Public Security). It was created in 1998 by the merger of several other federal police agencies (the Federal Highway Police, the Fiscal Police, a Military Police Brigade and an Interior Ministry intelligence unit) in order to better co-ordinate the fight against the growing threat of drug cartels. Typically, PF officers are heavily armed and clad in blue/black fatigues. On account of its heavily armed agents, its culture, and its origins, the PF may be considered a gendarmerie. They are sometimes referred to by the slang term "Federales."

Contents

History and Organization

The Federal Police was created as the Federal Preventive Police in 1998 by the initiative of President Ernesto Zedillo (1994-2000) to prevent and combat crime throughout Mexico. The PF has been assuming its authority in stages over time, as its budget has grown and it has combined and reorganized police departments from major agencies such as those for migration, treasury, and highways. Many large bus stations and airports in Mexico are assigned a PF detachment. Investigation of federal crimes is handled by Federal Investigations Agency, the Mexican equivalent of the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Vision

Being an institution committed to the society in preventing crime and fighting crime, preserving the integrity and heritage of the people, peace and order and the rule of law, whose principles attached to this of legality, efficiency, professionalism and honesty, with full respect for human rights. Maintain and strengthen the social communications strategy and media relations that allows the dissemination of timely and accurate actions and work of the Federal Police.

In 2000, the PF had 10,699 officers or staff:

Strategy

Elements of the former Policía Federal Preventiva (Federal Preventive Police) in Oaxaca, Mexico.

The PF was established as a central element of the strategy against organized crime and criminality in Mexico, not only to prevent crimes and federal jurisdiction at the federal level, but to become an institution of excellence, capable of cooperate with local police and prosecutors in investigating the crimes of high social impact. The strategic objectives are:

  • Compliance with legal framework to combat organized crime and drugs.
  • The establishment of the National System of Public Security.
  • The evaluation and adjustment of the strategy for drug control in Mexico.

On July 10, 2008, the Mexican government announced the intention of doubling the number of policemen from the PF to escalate the war against drug trafficking. The recruitment campaign has already begun and includes the university community.[2][3]

Strategic objectives

Mexican federal police officers
UH-60 Blackhawk helicopter of the Federal Police
  • Preventing and combating crime commission to ensure peace and public order.
  • Fight corruption, to purify and dignify the police.
  • Strengthen the professionalism of the members of the Institution.
  • Improve public perception of the institutional activities.
  • Promote citizen participation in crime prevention.
  • Consolidated as the country's largest institution in the field.
  • Strengthen its organizational structure and functional.
  • Manage resources efficiently.
  • Increase and strengthen the operational deployment at the national level.
  • Strengthening intelligence activities.
  • Strengthen inter-agency coordination mechanisms with the three levels of government.
  • Promote the updating of the legal framework.
  • Strengthen and upgrade the technological infrastructure.

Institutional development

The 'Integral Strategy for Crime Prevention and Fight against Crime "is based on a process of reengineering to organizational development, as well as systems and processes in organizational performance, with a cross through the professionalization the creation of three academies in the Ministry of Public Security for the purpose of having Mexican committed to legality, efficiency, professionalism and honesty in this current stage of drug influence to the USA.[4]

Basic Police School.

To generate the training and training students with high school level.

College research.

It is aimed at all those aspiring and active police officers who choose to make them more professional, from academic performance and service in the police profession. Incorporating in their specific areas of intelligence.

Institute for the specialization of police officers.

The higher education body to generate the tables that can send federal forces, local or municipal authorities, under international standards and methodologies approved for a uniform performance criteria for control and confidence.

Proposed disbandment of the PFP

On October 21, 2008, President Felipe Calderón proposed to break the former Federal Preventive Police to replace it with a different organization, because "the PFP has not yielded the expected results and has not been a strong institution capable of serving as a model for all police officers in the country."[5][6] The new corporation became the Federal Police, and it provides support to the police as to the Federal District, states and municipalities. This decision is said was not unexpected, given the insufficient number of convictions, the alarming increase of violence, abductions and cases of corruption and complicity with organized crime elements.[7][8][9][10][11][12]

On May 29, 2009, the Federal Preventive Police name was changed to Federal Police, and some duties were added to it.

Transport

The PF has many vehicles; land, sea and air, it is estimated to own more than 17,000 patrol cars. The exact information regarding transport vehicles and aircraft that comprise the fleet of the Federal Preventive Police is classified, to protect the life and efficiency of agents.[13]

The training of pilot takes place in the school of Naval Aviation located on Las Bajadas, Veracruz.[14]

Equipment & Weapons

Vehicle Inventory
Vehicle/Aircraft Status Origin
Land Vehicles
Chevrolet Silverado In service  Mexico
Dodge Charger (LX) In service  Mexico
Dodge Ram In service  Mexico
Ford Crown Victoria In service  United States
Ford F-150 In service  Mexico
Helicopters
Mi-17/8's 8 in service  Russia
Helibras AS555 In service  Brazil
UH-60 Black Hawk In service; requested to purchase 4 more units.[15]  United States
MD 500 In service  United States
Eurocopter EC120 5 in service  European Union
Unmanned aerial vehicle
Hydra Technologies Ehécatl In service  Mexico
Skystar 300 In service  Israel
Orbiter UAV In service  Israel
Fixed Wing
Boeing 727-200 4 in service  United States
CASA CN-235 2 in service Spain Spain

Standard Weaponry

Machine guns

See also

References

  1. ^ In a news conference after the Zacatecas prison break in May, spokesman Ricardo Nájera for the Mexican Attorney General stated that the name and acronym PFP (Policia Federal Preventiva) has not been used for a year and a half [1]
  2. ^ Mexico Plan Adds Police To Take On Drug Cartels
  3. ^ convenio con la PFP para reclutar policías
  4. ^ La Estrategia Integral de Prevención del Delito y Combate a la Delincuencia
  5. ^ Merlos, Andrea (2008-10-22). "Pide Calderón ‘zar’ policiaco" (in Spanish). El Universal. http://www.eluniversal.com.mx/primera/31838.html. Retrieved 2008-10-23. 
  6. ^ Toni, Cano (2008-10-23). "Calderón quiere una policía lejana a los narcos" (in Spanish). Diario Córdoba. http://www.diariocordoba.com/noticias/noticia.asp?pkid=439387. Retrieved 2008-10-23. 
  7. ^ "Relevan a 284 mandos de la Policía Federal Preventiva para depuración" (in Spanish). Notimex. 2007-06-25. http://mx.starmedia.com/noticias/politica/mexico_198794.html. Retrieved 2008-10-23. 
  8. ^ Ravelo, Ricardo (2008-08-17). "Las policias: Improvización, caos, desastre" (in Spanish). Democrata - Norte de Mexico. http://democratanortedemexico.blogspot.com/2008/08/las-policas-improvisacin-caos-desastre.html. Retrieved 2008-10-23. 
  9. ^ "Arrestan a más federales por el caso Martí" (in Spanish). La Cronica de Hoy. 2006-09-26. http://www.cronica.com.mx/nota.php?id_nota=387426. Retrieved 2008-10-23. 
  10. ^ Segura Garnica, Jacinto (2007-04-30). "Gatilleros son empelados administrativos de PFP" (in Spanish). El Mexicano. http://www.oem.com.mx/elmexicano/notas/n295242.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-23. 
  11. ^ "Cae mando de PFP por proteger al Rey Zambada" (in Spanish). El Universal. 2008-10-30. http://www.eluniversal.com.mx/nacion/163281.html. Retrieved 2008-11-03. 
  12. ^ González, Maria de la Luz (2008-11-04). "Confirma PGR arraigo de ex comisionado de PFP" (in Spanish). El Universal. http://www.eluniversal.com.mx/notas/552550.html. Retrieved 2008-11-05. 
  13. ^ Transporte
  14. ^ Entrenamiento de pilotos de la PF
  15. ^ Alistan compra de 4 Black Hawk para PF

External links








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