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اتحاد الجمهوريات العربية
Federation of Arab Republics





Flag Coat of arms
Capital Not specified
Language(s) Arabic
Religion Islam
Government Confederal Republic
Historical era Cold War
 - Referendums March, 1972
 - Established July 1, 1972
 - Disestablished March 1977

The Federation of Arab Republics (Arabic اتحاد الجمهوريات العربية, ittiħād al-jumhūriyyāt al-`arabiyya, literally "Union of Arab Republics") was an abortive attempt by Libya's Muammar al-Gaddafi to merge Libya, Egypt, and Syria, creating a pan-Arab state. Although approved by referendums in each country in March 1972, [1] the three countries disagreed on the specific terms of the merger. The federation lasted from January 1, 1972 to March 1977.

It is not to be confused with the United Arab Republic (1958-1961) which was a single sovereign state uniting Egypt and Syria.

See also


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