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ڤرسكوتوان تنه ملايو
Persekutuan Tanah Melayu
Federation of Malaya

1948–1963
Flag Coat of arms
Capital Kuala Lumpur
Language(s) Malay and English
Government Constitutional monarchy
Yang di-Pertuan Agong Tuanku Abdul Rahman (1957-60)
Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah (1960)
Tuanku Syed Putra (1960-63)
Prime minister Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra al-Haj
History
 - Established 31 January 1948 1948
 - Independence 31 August 1957
 - Formation of Malaysia 16 September 1963 1963
Area
 - 1963 132,364 km2 (51,106 sq mi)
Currency Malaya and British Borneo dollar
History of Malaysia
Flag of Malayan Union between 1946 and 1948 Flag of Malaysia
This article is part of a series
Prehistoric Malaysia
Early kingdoms
Gangga Negara (2nd–11th)
Langkasuka (2nd–14th)
Pan Pan (3rd–5th)
Srivijaya (7th–13th)
Kedah Kingdom (630-1136)
The rise of Muslim states
Kedah Sultanate (1136–present)
Malacca Sultanate (1402–1511)
Sulu Sultanate (1450–1899)
Johor Sultanate (1528–present)
European colonialism
Portuguese Malacca (1511-1641)
Dutch Malacca (1641-1824)
Straits Settlements (1826–1946)
British Malaya (1874–1946)
Federated Malay States (1895–1946)
Unfederated Malay States (1909–1946)
Kingdom of Sarawak (1841–1946)
North Borneo (1882–1963)
World War II
Japanese occupation (1941–1945)
Malaysia in transition
Malayan Union (1946–1948)
Federation of Malaya (1948–1963)
Independence (1957)
Federation of Malaysia (1963–present)

Malaysia Portal
 v • d • e 

The Federation of Malaya (Malay: Persekutuan Tanah Melayu), is the name given to a federation of 11 states that existed from 31 January 1948 until 16 September 1963. Comprising the nine Malay states and the British settlements of Penang and Malacca, it was eventually superseded by Malaysia.

Contents

History

From 1946 to 1948, the 11 states formed a single British crown colony known as the Malayan Union. Due to opposition from Malay nationalists, the Union was disbanded and replaced by the Federation of Malaya, which restored the symbolic positions of the rulers of the Malay states.

Within the Federation, while the Malay states were protectorates of the United Kingdom, Penang and Malacca remained British colonial territories. Like the Malayan Union before it, the Federation did not include Singapore, which before this time had usually been considered to be part of Malaya.

The Federation achieved independence within the Commonwealth of Nations on 31 August 1957. In 1963, the federation together with Singapore, Sarawak and British North Borneo (which was renamed Sabah), which is being claimed to be part of the Sultanate of Sulu, formed a new federation called Malaysia. Singapore separated from Malaysia to become an independent republic on 9 August 1965.

Demographics

Federation of Malaya Population
Year Malay Chinese Indian Other
1948 2,457,014 1,928,965 536,646 64,802
1951 2,631,154 2,043,971 566,371 75,726
Source: Annual Report on the Federation of Malaya: 1951 in C.C. Chin and Karl Hack, Dialogues with Chin Peng pp. 380, 81.

List of member states

See also

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ڤرسكوتوان تنه ملايو
Persekutuan Tanah Melayu
Federation of Malaya
File:Flag of the Federated Malay States (1895 - 1946).svg
1948–1963 File:Flag of
File:Flag of File:Coat of arms of the Federation of
Flag Coat of arms
Capital Kuala Lumpur
Language(s) Malay and English
Government Constitutional monarchy
Yang di-Pertuan AgongTuanku Abdul Rahman (1957-60)
Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah (1960)
Tuanku Syed Putra (1960-63)
Prime ministerTunku Abdul Rahman Putra al-Haj
History
 - Established 31 January 1948 1948
 - Independence 31 August 1957
 - Formation of Malaysia 16 September 1963 1963
Area
 - 1963 132,364 km2 (51,106 sq mi)
Currency Malaya and British Borneo dollar
History of Malaysia
File:Flag of the Federated Malay States (1895 - 1946).svg
This article is part of a series
Prehistoric Malaysia
Early kingdoms
Gangga Negara (2nd–11th)
Langkasuka (2nd–14th)
Pan Pan (3rd–5th)
Srivijaya (7th–13th)
Kedah Kingdom (630-1136)
The rise of Muslim states
Kedah Sultanate (1136–present)
Malacca Sultanate (1402–1511)
Sulu Sultanate (1450–1899)
Johor Sultanate (1528–present)
European colonialism
Portuguese Malacca (1511-1641)
Dutch Malacca (1641-1824)
Straits Settlements (1826–1946)
British Malaya (1874–1946)
Federated Malay States (1895–1946)
Unfederated Malay States (1909–1946)
Kingdom of Sarawak (1841–1946)
North Borneo (1882–1963)
World War II
Japanese occupation (1941–1945)
Malaysia in transition
Malayan Union (1946–1948)
Federation of Malaya (1948–1963)
Independence (1957)
Federation of Malaysia (1963–present)

Malaysia Portal
 v • d • e 

The Federation of Malaya (Malay: Persekutuan Tanah Melayu), is the name given to a federation of 11 states that existed from 31 January 1948 until 16 September 1963.[who?][citation needed] Comprising the nine Malay states and the British settlements of Penang and Malacca, it was eventually superseded by Malaysia.[1]

Contents

History

From 1946 to 1948, the 11 states formed a single British crown colony known as the Malayan Union. Due to opposition from Malay nationalists, the Union was disbanded and replaced by the Federation of Malaya, which restored the symbolic positions of the rulers of the Malay states.

Within the Federation, while the Malay states were protectorates of the United Kingdom, Penang and Malacca remained British colonial territories. Like the Malayan Union before it, the Federation did not include Singapore, which before this time had usually been considered to be part of Malaya.

The Federation achieved independence within the Commonwealth of Nations on 31 August 1957. In 1963, the federation together with Singapore, Sarawak and British North Borneo (which was renamed Sabah), which was being claimed to be part of the Sultanate of Sulu, formed a new federation called Malaysia. Singapore separated from Malaysia to become an independent republic on 9 August 1965.

List of member states

Demographics

Federation of Malaya Population
Year Malay Chinese Indian Other
 
 
1948 2,457,014 1,928,965 536,646 64,802
1951 2,631,154 2,043,971 566,371 75,726
Source: Annual Report on the Federation of Malaya: 1951 in C.C. Chin and Karl Hack, Dialogues with Chin Peng pp. 380, 81.

Evolution of the Federation of Malaya


See also

References


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