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Felids[1]
Fossil range: 25–0 Ma
Late Oligocene to Recent
Tiger (Panthera tigris)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Feliformia
Family: Felidae
G. Fischer de Waldheim, 1817
Subfamilies
.Felidae is the biological family of the cats; a member of this family is called a felid or feline.^ The family Felidae is comprised entirely of cats.
  • Felidae (Lions, Tigers, Cats etc.) | Skulls Unlimited International, Inc. 1-800-659-SKULL 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC www.skullsunlimited.com [Source type: General]

^ Felidae is the biological family of the cats; a member of this family is called a felid .

^ All cats are members of the family Felidea.
  • fun with your pets! cat trivia, feline facts, pet information 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.i-pets.com [Source type: General]

.Felids are the strictest carnivores of the sixteen mammal families in the order Carnivora.^ All felids belong to the Order Carnivora.
  • Felidae (Lions, Tigers, Cats etc.) | Skulls Unlimited International, Inc. 1-800-659-SKULL 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC www.skullsunlimited.com [Source type: General]

^ Felids are the strictest carnivores of the sixteen mammal families in the order Carnivora .

^ Classification Cats are classified in the phylum Chordata , subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Carnivora, family Felidae.
  • cat Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about cat 3 February 2010 15:24 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The most familiar felid is the domestic cat, which first became associated with humans about 10,000 years ago, but the family includes all other wild cats including the big cats.^ All about Burmese Cats!
  • Casa Del Gatos Burmese Cats 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.burmesecats.net [Source type: General]

^ Q: Doc, we have a cat that has been with the family 5 years.
  • Urinary Problems in Cats 16 September 2009 22:11 UTC www.vetinfo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This cat is not a breed recognized by the cat associations but this is a domestic cat and I include her on that basis.

.Extant felids belong to one of two subfamilies: Pantherinae (which includes the Tiger, the Lion, the Jaguar, and the Leopard), and Felinae (which includes the Cougar, the Cheetah, the Serval, the Lynxes and Caracal, along with the Ocelot and Domestic Cat).^ Domestic cats belong to the Felidae family of the animal kingdom, which also includes such large cats as the lion, tiger, cheetah, and leopard.

^ Extant felids belong to one of two subfamilies: Pantherinae (which includes the Lion , the Tiger , the Jaguar , and the Leopard ), and Felinae (which includes the Cougar , the Cheetah , the Serval , the Lynxes and Caracal , along with the Ocelot and Domestic Cat).

^ Felis includes the non-roaring cats except for the cheetah; The genus Panthera includes cats that roar: lions, tigers, leopards, and jaguars; and the genus Acinonyx includes only the cheetah.
  • EXPLORIT SCIENCE CENTER: Science Facts - CATS! 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.explorit.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The first felids emerged during the Oligocene, about 25 million years ago.^ The first felids emerged during the Oligocene , about 25 million years ago.

^ The Felids are a rapidly evolving family of mammals that share a common ancestor only 10-15 million years ago,[17] and include in addition to the domestic cat, lions, tigers, cougars, and many others.
  • Theory to discuss: Can animals, mainly cats, sense "visuals"???? - The Psychedelic Experience - Shroomery Message Board 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC www.shroomery.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The earliest examples of fossils resembling todays purring kitties, are about 12 million years old, give or take a few centuries.

.In prehistoric times, there was a third subfamily known as Machairodontinae, which included the "saber-toothed cats" such as the well known Smilodon.^ In prehistoric times, there was a third subfamily known as Machairodontinae , which included the " saber-toothed cats " such as the well known Smilodon .

^ Domestic Cats Cats have been domesticated since prehistoric times, perhaps for 10,000 years; there is evidence (from a Neolithic grave on Cyprus) of some sort of association with humans dating back to the 8th cent.
  • cat Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about cat 3 February 2010 15:24 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the 2,600 BC tomb of Ti, there is a picture of a small cat wearing a collar which suggests that cats were in the service of man at that time.
  • EXPLORIT SCIENCE CENTER: Science Facts - CATS! 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.explorit.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There were also other cat-like mammals, such as Thylacosmilus or the Nimravidae, which are not included in Felidae despite superficial similarities.^ He is friendly and likes other cats.

^ Kitty doesn't like other cats.
  • cat pictures, videos and albums 11 September 2009 10:29 UTC www.webshots.com [Source type: General]

^ There were also other cat-like mammals, such as Thylacosmilus or the Nimravidae which are not included in Felidae despite superficial similarities .

Contents

Evolution

.There are 41 known species of felids in the world today, which have all descended from the same ancestor.^ There are 41 known species of felids in the world today, which have all descended from the same ancestor.

^ Modern Egyptian Wild Cat: The Sand Cat Possibly one of the ancestors of the Modern Cat There is a cat known as the African wild cat (Felis silvestris libyca)-one of the closest wild relatives of the modern cat.
  • The Cat in Ancient Egypt 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Broketober of 2009, economists discovered that a special kind of non-huffable Cat existed; and that this unique breed, known as the EconoCats , actually control all world economies.
  • Cat - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Cat - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1] .This taxon originated in Asia and spread across continents by crossing land bridges.^ This taxon originated in Asia and spread across continents by crossing land bridges .

.As reported in the journal Science, testing of mitochondrial and nuclear DNA by Warren Johnson and Stephen O'Brien of the U.S. National Cancer Institute demonstrated that ancient cats evolved into eight main lineages that diverged in the course of at least 10 migrations (in both directions) from continent to continent via the Bering land bridge and Isthmus of Panama, with the Panthera genus being the oldest and the Felis genus being the youngest.^ As reported in the journal Science , testing of mitochondrial and nuclear DNA by Warren Johnson and Stephen O'Brien of the U.S. National Cancer Institute demonstrated that ancient cats evolved into eight main lineages that diverged in the course of at least 10 migrations (in both directions) from continent to continent via the Bering land bridge and Isthmus of Panama , with the Panthera genus being the oldest and the Felis genus being the youngest.

^ This research is currently being done at the National Cancer Institute.

^ This is made worse by the fact that, in the rush to produce more white tigers, not much attention was paid to the lineage of the other animals being bred into the line.

.They estimated that 60 percent of the modern species of cats developed within the last million years.^ They can live upwards of 60 years.

^ They estimated that 60 percent of the modern species of cats developed within the last million years.
  • Felidae - Encyclopedia of Life 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC www.eol.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Wild Cats 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC wild-cats.nireblog.com [Source type: General]

^ I bought them last year and they are beautiful.
  • Will Rafuse - House Cats Framed Art Collection | Overstock.com 11 October 2009 10:28 UTC www.overstock.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3]
.Most felids have a haploid number of 18 or 19. New World cats (those in Central and South America) have a haploid number of 18, possibly due to the combination of two smaller chromosomes into one larger chromosome.^ Those we saw came from South America."
  • DWARF, MIDGET AND MINIATURE CATS (TEACUP CATS) - HISTORICAL CASES AND RANDOMBRED CATS 22 September 2009 12:44 UTC www.messybeast.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Charlie, the smaller of the two kittens I'm fostering now, is one of those.

^ Most felids have a haploid number of 18 or 19.

[4] .Prior to this discovery, biologists had been largely unable to establish a family tree of cats from the fossil record because the fossils of different cat species all look very much alike, differing primarily in size.^ Family Viperidae: All species.
  • Wychavon District Council - Dangerous Wild Animals Licences 22 September 2009 12:44 UTC wychavon.whub.org.uk [Source type: General]

^ Family Alligatoridae: All species.
  • Wychavon District Council - Dangerous Wild Animals Licences 22 September 2009 12:44 UTC wychavon.whub.org.uk [Source type: General]

^ We all miss him very much.
  • cat pictures, videos and albums 11 September 2009 10:29 UTC www.webshots.com [Source type: General]

.The felids' closest relatives are thought to be the civets, hyenas, and mongooses, with whom they share the Suborder Feliformia.^ The felids' closest relatives are thought to be the civets , hyenas , and mongooses .

^ I just thought they were cute and wanted to share them, but the higher quality pictures are in the album CATS CATS CATS. Do not copy these pictures for personal gain or without permission.
  • cat pictures, videos and albums 11 September 2009 10:29 UTC www.webshots.com [Source type: General]

.All felid species share a genetic anomaly that prevents them from tasting sweetness.^ All felid species share a genetic anomaly that prevents them from tasting sweetness.
  • Felidae - Encyclopedia of Life 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC www.eol.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Wild Cats 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC wild-cats.nireblog.com [Source type: General]

^ The cat is a useful research model for studying various human genetic and metabolic anomalies (Migaki 1982 , O’Brien 1993 ), and in applying assisted reproduction to endangered felid species (Wildt et al.
  • Dietary {beta}-Carotene Absorption by Blood Plasma and Leukocytes in Domestic Cats -- Chew et al. 130 (9): 2322 -- Journal of Nutrition 3 February 2010 15:24 UTC jn.nutrition.org [Source type: Academic]

^ All felines, including the big cats, have a genetic anomaly that may prevent them from tasting sweetness, [17] which is a likely factor for their usual indifference to or avoidance of fruits, berries, and other sugary foods.
  • Domestic Cat - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 15:24 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[5]

Characteristics

.Felids are purely carnivorous animals, subsisting almost entirely on other vertebrates.^ Felids are purely carnivorous animals, subsisting almost entirely on other vertebrates.
  • Felidae - Encyclopedia of Life 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC www.eol.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Wild Cats 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC wild-cats.nireblog.com [Source type: General]

^ They are entirely carnivorous, feed chiefly on rodents, supplemented by birds, snakes, lizards, and other small vertebrates.
  • Mammals of The Tikal National Park 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC www.tikalpark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cats may need to be kept indoors and if animals or other carnivores show signs of illness they should be tested for H5N1.
  • Cats may play role in bird flu spread - Bird Flu- msnbc.com 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.msnbc.msn.com [Source type: News]

.Aside from the Lion, wild felids are solitary; feral domestic cats do, however, form feral cat colonies.^ The fate of controlled feral cat colonies.
  • DFG - Nongame Wildlife Program - A Bibliography of Feral, Stray, and Free-Roaming Domestic Cats in Relation to Wildlife Conservation 3 February 2010 15:24 UTC www.dfg.ca.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ The wild life of the domestic cat.
  • DFG - Nongame Wildlife Program - A Bibliography of Feral, Stray, and Free-Roaming Domestic Cats in Relation to Wildlife Conservation 3 February 2010 15:24 UTC www.dfg.ca.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ However, there are many feral domestic cats running around.
  • Animal Tracks - Domestic Cat (Felis domesticus) 3 February 2010 15:24 UTC www.bear-tracker.com [Source type: General]

.They are generally secretive animals, are often nocturnal, and live in relatively inaccessible habitats.^ They questioned Indian hunters and were assured that such animals existed, but only in the most inaccessible mountainous places, where it would be foolhardy to attempt to hunt them.
  • Mountain Lion Foundation 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC mountainlion.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Studying wild cats can be difficult because they are generally secretive, often nocturnal, and are generally widely and thinly spread over a habitat.
  • EXPLORIT SCIENCE CENTER: Science Facts - CATS! 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.explorit.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because they are generally very tasty, cats will often begin to hold out for these and not eat their well-balanced cat food.
  • Kittens: Recommendations for New Guardians ~ Pawprints and Purrs, Inc. 3 February 2010 16:38 UTC www.sniksnak.com [Source type: General]
  • Kittens: Recommendations for New Owners [HomeVet© Natural Pet Care] 3 February 2010 16:38 UTC www.homevet.com [Source type: General]

.Around three-quarters of cat species live in forested terrain, and they are generally agile climbers.^ The first three generation cats are foundation cats.

^ They can live singly or in colonies of cats.
  • Animal Tracks - Domestic Cat (Felis domesticus) 3 February 2010 15:24 UTC www.bear-tracker.com [Source type: General]

^ In the 1930s and 1940s, short-legged cats appeared in Britain and were observed over three or four generations.

.However, felids may be found in almost any environment, with some species being native to mountainous terrain or deserts.^ However, felids may be found in almost any environment, with some species being native to mountainous terrain or deserts .

^ Researchers have found home ranges in California to be about 25 to 290 square miles for adult mountain lions, depending on terrain and other factors.
  • Mountain Lions and California State Parks 11 January 2010 10:23 UTC home.inreach.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These are some of the animal species that are mentioned in the book as threats.  I have put in two of each of the species shown in the pic, so they may breed.
  • The Official Zoo Tycoon Forum - Warriors YAFI (Domestic Cats) 3 February 2010 15:24 UTC forums.zootycoon.com [Source type: General]

.Wild felids are native to every continent except Australia and Antarctica.^ Wild felids are native to every continent except Australia and Antarctica .

^ Felis (genus of mammals) ...Felinae29 species, found worldwide except Antarctica, but introduced to Australia.Genus Felis (small cats)6 Old World species, including the wildcat and domestic cat.Genus ......
  • Encyclopedia - Britannica Online Encyclopedia 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "This encyclopedic work summarizes all current knowledge about the ecology, behavior, and reproduction of every wild felid species in the world.
  • Excerpt from Mel Sunquist and Fiona Sunquist, Wild Cats of the World 3 February 2010 15:24 UTC www.press.uchicago.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Physical appearance

Skull of the machairodontine Smilodon (Reconstruction)
Lion skull
.The various species of felids vary greatly in size.^ The various species of felid vary greatly in size.

^ Though sizes vary greatly throughout the cat's geographic range, a typical adult male will weigh 110 to 180 pounds and the female 80 to 130 pounds.
  • Mountain Lion Foundation 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC mountainlion.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thus, the slight variation in the relative speeds within our sample seems unlikely to affect our fundamental conclusion that size of the felid species is not correlated with most measures of limb posture during walking.
  • Interspecific scaling of the morphology and posture of the limbs during the locomotion of cats (Felidae) -- Day and Jayne 210 (4): 642 -- Journal of Experimental Biology 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC jeb.biologists.org [Source type: Academic]

.One of the smallest is the Black-footed Cat, measuring 35 to 40 centimetres (14 to 16 in) long, while the largest is the Siberian Tiger, which can attain up to 350 centimetres (11.5 ft) in length[6] and weigh 300 kilograms (660 lb).^ The largest subspecies of tiger is the Siberian tiger.
  • TigerPedia™ - The Tiger Encyclopedia 22 January 2010 18:26 UTC www.tigerpedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Siberian : The Siberian is a long haired breed of cat.
  • Cats Breeds List and Information - Hi Cats! 11 September 2009 10:29 UTC www.hicats.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Domestic Long Hair-black (Cat) .
  • Purrfect Pals Intake: Purrfect Pals, animal shelter, rescue, adopting, adoption, pets 3 February 2010 15:24 UTC www.purrfectpals.org [Source type: General]

.Compared with many other mammals, they have relatively short faces, and good binocular vision.^ Tigers are also facing many other threats.
  • Tiger Facts and Sound - Panthera tigris - Defenders of Wildlife - Defenders of Wildlife 22 January 2010 18:26 UTC www.defenders.org [Source type: General]

^ Other major predatory adaptations include padded feet, digitigrade ('on the toes') stance and a sinuous body, which permit to have a good sense of smell, they seem to depend on vision and hearing to locate prey.

^ White whites with black pigment are the most desirable,but like good breeders of other colors,reputable white breeders also have to consider many things other than color in choosing their breeding partners.
  • GERMAN SHEPHERDS 11 September 2009 10:29 UTC www.appyhorsey.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]
.The fur of felids takes many different forms, being much thicker in those species that live in cold environments, such as the Snow Leopard.^ Those ancestral traits proved most advantageous over millenia of evolution and, in the absence of human intervention, that is the shape that will eventually prevail - much as it has in huskies, dingoes and the various forms of pariah dog which live on the fringes of human society.

^ Kitty's display of distress tends to take such forms as urinating on your favorite rug or spraying your antique armoir.

^ Today, although there are still many feral (wild) cats, millions of others have achieved the status of family members and live in a human-dominated environment.

.The colour of felids is also highly variable - although brown to golden fur is common in most species - often marked with distinctive spots, stripes, or rosettes.^ The colour of felids is also highly variable - although brown to golden fur is common in most species - often marked with distinctive spots, stripes, or rosettes.

^ The various species of felid vary greatly in size.

^ Highly contagious, with a high mortality rate, it is seen most often in young cats.
  • domestic cat (mammal) :: Diseases and parasites -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 3 February 2010 15:24 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

.Many felid species also have a "tear stripe", a black stripe running from the corner of each eye down the side of the muzzle.^ Many felid species also have a "tear stripe," a black stripe running from the corner of each eye down the side of the muzzle .

^ The sides of the muzzle and the backs of the ears are dark brown or black, while the chin, upper lip, chest, and belly are creamy white.
  • Mountain Lion Foundation 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC mountainlion.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The fur of felids takes many different forms, being much thicker in those species that live in cold environments, such as the Snow Leopard .

[citation needed]
.The tongue of felids is covered with horny papillae, which help to rasp meat from their prey.^ The tongue of felids is covered with horny papillae , which help to rasp meat from their prey.

^ A cat's tongue is scratchy because it's lined with papillaetiny elevated backwards hooks that help to hold prey in place.
  • fun with your pets! cat trivia, feline facts, pet information 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.i-pets.com [Source type: General]

^ The tongue is covered with tiny, curved projections called papillae.

.Almost all felids have fully retractable claws (one exception is the cheetah).^ Almost all felids have fully retractable claws (one exception is the Cheetah).

^ At placement all Purrinlot kittens have had all of his/her shots and is good for one year, with the exception of the rabies shot.
  • Kitten Training- Adopting or Buying a new persian kitten from a reputable persian breeder 3 February 2010 16:38 UTC www.purrinlot.com [Source type: General]

^ I n the cat family, only cheetahs cannot retract their claws.
  • fun with your pets! cat trivia, feline facts, pet information 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.i-pets.com [Source type: General]

.Cats have five toes on their forefeet and four on their hindfeet, reflecting their reliance on gripping and holding down their prey with their claws.^ Cats have five toes on each front paw, but only four toes on each back paw.
  • fun with your pets! cat trivia, feline facts, pet information 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.i-pets.com [Source type: General]

^ Most cats have five claws on their front paws, and four or five on their rear paws.
  • Domestic Cat - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 15:24 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Canines are excellent for stabbing and holding prey as the upper ones point almost straight down and the lower ones are curved.

[citation needed]

Senses

.Felids have relatively large eyes, situated to provide binocular vision.^ Felids have relatively large eyes, situated to provide binocular vision .
  • Felidae - Encyclopedia of Life 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC www.eol.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Eyes are large with excellent vision.
  • Oakland Zoo - Tiger 22 January 2010 18:26 UTC www.oaklandzoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cats possess some impressive traits such as large eyes for good vision, sharp retractable claws and long slender canine teeth.
  • Felidae (Lions, Tigers, Cats etc.) | Skulls Unlimited International, Inc. 1-800-659-SKULL 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC www.skullsunlimited.com [Source type: General]

.Their night vision is especially good, due to the presence of a tapetum lucidum, which reflects light back inside the eyeball, and gives felid eyes their distinctive shine.^ A membrane, called tapetum lucidum , coats the eye and reflects light.
  • Why Do Cats...? ~ Pawprints and Purrs. Inc. 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.sniksnak.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Cats possess some impressive traits such as large eyes for good vision, sharp retractable claws and long slender canine teeth.
  • Felidae (Lions, Tigers, Cats etc.) | Skulls Unlimited International, Inc. 1-800-659-SKULL 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC www.skullsunlimited.com [Source type: General]

^ The structure of the tiger's eyes and nerves connected to them suggest that, although they probably see the world in 'monochrome,' their light-gathering ability (night vision) is extraordinary.

.The ears of felids are also large, and especially sensitive to high-frequency sounds in the smaller cats.^ In the image of the Jungle Cat, Chausies have large tufted ears, a wild looking ticked coat and stripes mostly limited to their legs, tail and face.
  • Cat Breeders with Kittens for Sale, Cats for Sale 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.abcpets.com [Source type: General]

^ The ears of a cat can rotate rapidly to identify the source of a particular sound and are able to respond to frequencies up to 25,000 vibrations per second.

^ Its ears are proportionally large, wide-open, high and straight set.
  • DWARF, MIDGET AND MINIATURE CATS (TEACUP CATS) - PUREBREDS 22 September 2009 12:44 UTC www.messybeast.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Felids also have a highly developed sense of smell, although not to the degree seen in canids; this is further supplemented by the presence of a vomeronasal organ in the roof of the mouth, allowing the animal to "taste" the air.^ While this is present in canids , it is highly developed in felines.
  • Domestic Cat - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 15:24 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Felids also have a highly developed sense of smell, although not to the degree seen in canids ; this is further supplemented by the presence of a vomeronasal organ in the roof of the mouth, allowing the animal to "taste" the air.

^ Internal Parasites: Larvae and worms thatare living off the host cat's meals or its blood J Jacobsens Organ: A sensing organ in the top of the cats mouth functioning fot smell and taste.
  • Cat Terms 3 February 2010 15:24 UTC www.catsunited.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The use of this organ is associated with the Flehmen response, in which the upper lip is curled upwards.^ The use of this organ is associated with the Flehmen response , in which the upper lip is curled upwards.

^ In addition to using their noses, cats can smell with the Jacobson's organ which is located in the upper surface of the mouth.
  • fun with your pets! cat trivia, feline facts, pet information 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.i-pets.com [Source type: General]

.Felids possess highly sensitive vibrissa (whiskers) set deep within the skin, which provide the cat with sensory information about the slightest air movement around it.^ Felids possess highly sensitive vibrissa (whiskers) set deep within the skin, and provide the cat with sensory information about the slightest air movement around it.

^ Cats' whiskers are highly sensitive to touch.
  • Theory to discuss: Can animals, mainly cats, sense "visuals"???? - The Psychedelic Experience - Shroomery Message Board 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC www.shroomery.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Another notable mode of sensation in cats are whiskers, or vibrissae.

For this reason, whiskers are very helpful to nocturnal hunters.
.Most felids are able to land on their feet after a fall, an ability which relies on vision and the sense of balance acting together.^ Most felids are able to land on their feet after a fall, an ability which relies on vision and the sense of balance acting together.

^ Although cats are the most visually oriented of all the carnivores they still rely less heavily on vision than we do, and therefore make more use of other senses than we do, particularly hearing, smell and touch.
  • The Cats (Family Felidae; Order Carnivora) 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC www.earthlife.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A cat's tail plays a vital part in the cat's balance and in the "righting reflex" that allows it to land on its feet after falling from a height.
  • fun with your pets! cat trivia, feline facts, pet information 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.i-pets.com [Source type: General]

Dentition

With a few exceptions such as the lynx, felids have the dental formula: Upper: 3.1.3.1, lower: 3.1.2.1. .The canine teeth are large, reaching exceptional size in the extinct saber-tooth species.^ The canine teeth are large, reaching exceptional size in the extinct saber-tooth species.

^ This group, better known as the saber-tooth cats, became extinct in the Late Pleistocene era.

^ This idea is supported by the fact that this forested region also harboured a variety of large-sized prey such as wild cattle and Cervus deer species.

.The upper third premolar and lower molar are adapted as carnassial teeth, suited to tearing and cutting flesh.^ The upper third premolar and lower molar are adapted as carnassial teeth, suited to tearing and cutting flesh.

^ The premolar and first molar together compose the carnassial pair on each side of the mouth, which efficiently functions to shear meat like a pair of scissors .
  • Domestic Cat - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 15:24 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They have strong teeth and powerful jaw muscles with a dental formulae = Incisors, Canines, Premolars (Carnassials) and Molars of   .
  • The Cats (Family Felidae; Order Carnivora) 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC www.earthlife.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The jaws of felids can only move vertically.^ The jaws of felids can only move vertically.
  • Felidae - Encyclopedia of Life 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC www.eol.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Wild Cats 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC wild-cats.nireblog.com [Source type: General]

.This prevents them from being able to chew, but makes it easier for their powerful masseter jaw muscles to hold struggling prey.^ This prevents them from being able to chew , but makes it easier for their powerful masseter jaw muscles to hold struggling prey.

^ They have strong teeth and powerful jaw muscles with a dental formulae = Incisors, Canines, Premolars (Carnassials) and Molars of   .
  • The Cats (Family Felidae; Order Carnivora) 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC www.earthlife.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ultimately, they could reduce the cheetah's hunting effectiveness - the kinked tail will reduce its agility and cornering ability and the misaligned jaws may not be able to hold onto prey.
  • Pros and Cons of Inbreeding 22 September 2009 12:44 UTC www.messybeast.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Classification

.Traditionally, five subfamilies have been distinguished within family Felidae based on phenotypical features: the Felinae; the Pantherinae; the Acinonychinae (Cheetahs); the extinct Machairodontinae; and the extinct Proailurinae.^ Traditionally five subfamilies are distinguished, the Felinae , the Pantherinae , the Acinonychinae (Cheetahs) and the extinct Machairodontinae and Proailurinae .

^ The Felidae is made up of two distinct evolutionary lineages, the modern cats, often referred to as the Felinae or true cats, and the extinct sabretoothed cats in the subfamily Machairodontinae [1] , [2] .
  • PLoS ONE: Evolution of Skull and Mandible Shape in Cats (Carnivora: Felidae) 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC www.plosone.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Pseudaelurus is believed to be the latest common ancestor of the two extant subfamilies and the extinct subfamily, Machairodontinae .

[2]

Genetic classification

.Genetic research has provided a basis for a more concise classification for the living members of the cat family based on genotypical groupings.^ Our cats live with us in our house and they are our family members.
  • Kittens, Kittens For Sale, Cats for Sale 3 February 2010 16:38 UTC www.absolutelycats.com [Source type: General]

^ This album is more of a cat family album.
  • cat pictures, videos and albums 11 September 2009 10:29 UTC www.webshots.com [Source type: General]

^ All cats are members of the family Felidea.
  • fun with your pets! cat trivia, feline facts, pet information 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.i-pets.com [Source type: General]

[1][7][8] Specifically, eight genetic lineages have been identified:[9]
.The last four lineages (5, 6, 7, 8) are more related to each other than to any of the first four (1, 2, 3, 4), and so form a clade within the Felinae subfamily of family Felidae.^ First some pets take more care than others.

^ The name "Ragdoll" is derived from the popular misconception that these cats go completely limp and relax when picked up, more often than other cats ...
  • Cats Breeds List and Information - Hi Cats! 11 September 2009 10:29 UTC www.hicats.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is made worse by the fact that, in the rush to produce more white tigers, not much attention was paid to the lineage of the other animals being bred into the line.

Extant species

The following is the complete list of genera within family Felidae grouped according to the traditional phenotypical classification with the corresponding genotypical lineages indicated:

Fossil felids

.
The American Lion was one of the abundant Pleistocene megafauna, a wide variety of very large mammals who went extinct about 10,000 years ago.
^ The American Lion was one of the abundant Pleistocene megafauna , a wide variety of very large mammals who went extinct about 10,000 years ago.

^ The cat was domesticated over 4,000 years ago.
  • fun with your pets! cat trivia, feline facts, pet information 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.i-pets.com [Source type: General]

^ The Felids are a rapidly evolving family of mammals that share a common ancestor only 10-15 million years ago,[17] and include in addition to the domestic cat, lions, tigers, cougars, and many others.
  • Theory to discuss: Can animals, mainly cats, sense "visuals"???? - The Psychedelic Experience - Shroomery Message Board 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC www.shroomery.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[11]
.The probably oldest known true felid (Proailurus) lived in the late Oligocene and early Miocene epochs.^ The oldest known true felid ( Proailurus ) lived in the late Oligocene and early Miocene epochs.

^ In captivity, indoor cats typically live 14 to 20 years, though the oldest-known cat lived to age 36.
  • Domestic Cat - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 15:24 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.During the Miocene it gave way to Pseudaelurus.^ During the Miocene it gave way to Pseudaelurus .

.Pseudaelurus is believed to be the latest common ancestor of the two extant subfamilies and the extinct subfamily, Machairodontinae.^ Pseudaelurus is believed to be the latest common ancestor of the two extant subfamilies and the extinct subfamily, Machairodontinae .

^ The Felidae is made up of two distinct evolutionary lineages, the modern cats, often referred to as the Felinae or true cats, and the extinct sabretoothed cats in the subfamily Machairodontinae [1] , [2] .
  • PLoS ONE: Evolution of Skull and Mandible Shape in Cats (Carnivora: Felidae) 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC www.plosone.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Traditionally five subfamilies are distinguished, the Felinae , the Pantherinae , the Acinonychinae (Cheetahs) and the extinct Machairodontinae and Proailurinae .

.This group, better known as the saber-tooth cats, became extinct in the Late Pleistocene era.^ This group, better known as the saber-tooth cats, became extinct in the Late Pleistocene era.

^ In prehistoric times, there was a third subfamily known as Machairodontinae , which included the " saber-toothed cats " such as the well known Smilodon .

^ The canine teeth are large, reaching exceptional size in the extinct saber-tooth species.

.The group includes the genera Smilodon, Machairodus and Homotherium.^ The group includes the genera Smilodon , Machairodus and Homotherium .

.The Metailurini were originally classified as a distinct tribe within the Machairodontinae, though they count as members of the Felinae in recent times.^ The Metailurini were originally classified as a distinct tribe within the Machairodontinae, though they count as members of the Felinae in recent times.

^ The Felidae is made up of two distinct evolutionary lineages, the modern cats, often referred to as the Felinae or true cats, and the extinct sabretoothed cats in the subfamily Machairodontinae [1] , [2] .
  • PLoS ONE: Evolution of Skull and Mandible Shape in Cats (Carnivora: Felidae) 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC www.plosone.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Even though they may appear to be sleeping quite often, most of the time they are only dozing, constantly searching the air for sound.
  • Why Do Cats...? ~ Pawprints and Purrs. Inc. 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.sniksnak.com [Source type: Original source]

[12][13]. .Most extinct cat-like animals, once regarded as members of the Felidae, later turned out to be members of related, but distinct, families: the "false sabretooths" Nimravidae and Barbourofelidae.^ Felidae is the biological family of the cats; a member of this family is called a felid .

^ Like all members of family Felidae except the cheetah , cats have retractable claws .
  • Domestic Cat - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 15:24 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most extinct cat-like animals, once regarded as members of the Felidae, later turned out to be members of related, but distinct, families: the "false sabretooths" Nimravidae and Barbourofelidae .

.As a result, sabretooth "cats" seem to belong to four different lineages.^ As a result, sabretooth "cats" seem to belong to four different lineages.

^ The Felidae is made up of two distinct evolutionary lineages, the modern cats, often referred to as the Felinae or true cats, and the extinct sabretoothed cats in the subfamily Machairodontinae [1] , [2] .
  • PLoS ONE: Evolution of Skull and Mandible Shape in Cats (Carnivora: Felidae) 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC www.plosone.org [Source type: Academic]

^ SRY was tested for differences in selection among the recognized lineages within the cat family using the revised branch-site model A ( ZHANG et al .
  • Evolution of the Male-Determining Gene SRY Within the Cat Family Felidae -- King et al. 175 (4): 1855 -- Genetics 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC www.genetics.org [Source type: Academic]

.The total number of fossil Felids that are known to science is low compared to other Carnivoran families such as dogs and bears.^ The total number of fossil Felids that are known to science is not very high.

^ Each intron exhibited low numbers of variable sites among the 34 felid species, but the alignment for Zfx contained considerably less diversity than that for Zfy.
  • Patterns of Y and X Chromosome DNA Sequence Divergence During the Felidae Radiation -- Slattery and O'Brien 148 (3): 1245 -- Genetics 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC www.genetics.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Despite such slow rates of substitution, both introns exhibit high phylogenetic signals maintained by low numbers of polymorphic sites across the 34 felid species.
  • Patterns of Y and X Chromosome DNA Sequence Divergence During the Felidae Radiation -- Slattery and O'Brien 148 (3): 1245 -- Genetics 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC www.genetics.org [Source type: Academic]

.Felidae radiated quite recently and most of the extant species are relatively young.^ Felidae radiated quite recently and most of the extant species are relatively young.

^ Resolution of recent radiations within three evolutionary lineages of Felidae using mitochondrial restriction fragment length polymorphism variation.
  • Phylogenetic Assessment of Introns and SINEs Within the Y Chromosome Using the Cat Family Felidae As a Species Tree -- Pecon-Slattery et al. 21 (12): 2299 -- Molecular Biology and Evolution 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC mbe.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Here, the sabrecats differ primarily along relative warp 1, and again the derived species occupy an entirely different part of overall morphospace from any extant species.
  • PLoS ONE: Evolution of Skull and Mandible Shape in Cats (Carnivora: Felidae) 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC www.plosone.org [Source type: Academic]

Genera of the Felidae

.The list follows McKenna and Bells Classification of Mammals for prehistoric genera (1997)[2] and Wozencraft (2005) in Wilson and Reeders Mammal Species of the World for extant genera.^ The list follows McKenna and Bells Classification of Mammals for prehistoric genera (1997) [ 2 ] and Wozencraft (2005) in Wilson and Reeders Mammal Species of the World for extant genera.

^ Nearly all Felidae, except for the domestic cat, are presently listed as endangered species by the World Wildlife Fund and are monitored for conservation concerns.
  • Genome Biology | Full text | Ancient papillomavirus-host co-speciation in Felidae 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC genomebiology.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference.
  • Genetic Identification of Wild and Domestic Cats (Felis silvestris) and Their Hybrids Using Bayesian Clustering Methods -- Randi et al. 18 (9): 1679 -- Molecular Biology and Evolution 3 February 2010 15:24 UTC mbe.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

[1] .Pseudaelurus is included here in the Felinae according to McKenna & Bell despite its basal position in felid evolution.^ Pseudaelurus is included here in the Felinae according to McKenna & Bell despite its basal position in felid evolution.

^ Thus, adaptive evolution in SRY is evident within portions of the felid phylogeny with positive selection observed in some species in the highly conserved HMG region.
  • Evolution of the Male-Determining Gene SRY Within the Cat Family Felidae -- King et al. 175 (4): 1855 -- Genetics 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC www.genetics.org [Source type: Academic]

.Inconsistent to McKenna and Bell three additional prehistoric genera, Miracinonyx, Lokontailurus and Xenosmilus are listed.^ Inconsistent to McKenna and Bell three additional prehistoric genera, Miracinonyx , Lokontailurus und Xenosmilus are listed.

^ The list follows McKenna and Bells Classification of Mammals for prehistoric genera (1997) [ 2 ] and Wozencraft (2005) in Wilson and Reeders Mammal Species of the World for extant genera.

.Sivapanthera is included into the Felinae (not Acinonychinae) and Ischrosmilus is included in the genus Smilodon.^ Sivapanthera is included into the Felinae (not Acinonychinae) and Ischrosmilus is included in the genus Smilodon .

See also

Cited references

  1. ^ a b c d e Wozencraft, W. C. (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds). ed. Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 532-548. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3. 
  2. ^ a b c McKenna, Malcolm C.; Susan K. Bell (2000-02-15). Classification of Mammals. .Columbia University Press.^ Nei M., 1987 Molecular evolutionary genetics Columbia University Press, New York .
    • Genetic Identification of Wild and Domestic Cats (Felis silvestris) and Their Hybrids Using Bayesian Clustering Methods -- Randi et al. 18 (9): 1679 -- Molecular Biology and Evolution 3 February 2010 15:24 UTC mbe.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ New York: Columbia University Press.
    • PLoS ONE: Evolution of Skull and Mandible Shape in Cats (Carnivora: Felidae) 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC www.plosone.org [Source type: Academic]

    pp. 631. ISBN 978-0231110136.
     
  3. ^ Mott, Maryann (2006-01-11). "Cats Climb New family Tree". National Geographic News. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2006/01/0111_060111_cat_evolution.html. Retrieved 2006-07-15. 
  4. ^ Vella, Carolyn; et al. (2002). Robinson's Genetics for Cat Breeders and Veterinarians, 4th ed.. Oxford: Butterworh-Heinemann. ISBN 0-7506-4069-3. 
  5. ^ Xia, Li; Weihua Li, Hong Wang, Jie Cao, Kenji Maehashi, Liquan Huang, Alexander A. Bachmanov, Danielle R. Reed, Véronique Legrand-Defretin, Gary K. Beauchamp and Joseph G. Brand (July 2005). "Pseudogenization of a Sweet-Receptor Gene Accounts for Cats' Indifference toward Sugar". Public Library of Science 1 (1): e3. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.0010003. http://www.plosgenetics.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pgen.0010003. Retrieved 2008-06-30. 
  6. ^ Vratislav Mazak: Der Tiger. Nachdruck der 3. Auflage von 1983. Westarp Wissenschaften Hohenwarsleben, 2004 ISBN 3 894327596
  7. ^ Johnson WE, Eizirik E, Pecon-Slattery J, et al. (January 2006). "The late Miocene radiation of modern Felidae: a genetic assessment". Science (journal) 311 (5757): 73–7. doi:10.1126/science.1122277. PMID 16400146. 
  8. ^ O'Brien SJ, Johnson WE (2005). "Big cat genomics". Annu Rev Genomics Hum Genet 6: 407–29. doi:10.1146/annurev.genom.6.080604.162151. PMID 16124868. 
  9. ^ Johnson, W. E.; & O'Brien S. J. (1997). Phylogenetic reconstruction of the Felidae using 16S rRNA and NADH-5 mitochondrial genes. J Mol Evol (1997) 44: S98-116. Retrieved on 2009-11-08 from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9071018?dopt=Abstract.
  10. ^ http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/browse.asp?id=14000003
  11. ^ Ice Age Animals, Illinois State Museum
  12. ^ van den Hoek Ostende, Lars W.; Michael Morlo and Doris Nagel (July 2006). Fossils explained 52 Majestic killers: the sabre-toothed cats. 22. pp. 150–157. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/bsc/gday/2006/00000022/00000004/art00006;jsessionid=pajs4k97owon.alexandra. Retrieved 2008-06-30. 
  13. ^ Turner, Alan (1997-04-15). The Big Cats and their fossil relatives. New York: .Columbia University Press.^ Nei M., 1987 Molecular evolutionary genetics Columbia University Press, New York .
    • Genetic Identification of Wild and Domestic Cats (Felis silvestris) and Their Hybrids Using Bayesian Clustering Methods -- Randi et al. 18 (9): 1679 -- Molecular Biology and Evolution 3 February 2010 15:24 UTC mbe.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ New York: Columbia University Press.
    • PLoS ONE: Evolution of Skull and Mandible Shape in Cats (Carnivora: Felidae) 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC www.plosone.org [Source type: Academic]

    pp. 60. ISBN 978-0231102285.
     

General references

  • Shoemaker, Alan (1996). "1996 Taxonomic and Legal Status of the Felidae". Felid Taxonomic Advisory Group of the American Zoo and Aquarium Association. .http://www.csew.com/felidtag/pages/Reports/taxon_legal.htm.^ By http://www.phoneet.com/ryxdlk/fjbysy/770.php?id=1252 on October 22, 2009 at 5:36 am the good happens blog… .
    • Stay Dougie » Mos Def In Your Neighborhood Boneyard With Stussy 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC blogs.okayplayer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Via Reddit: http://www.reddit.com/r/programming/commen..
    • Balance Through Extremism » Redhat perl. What a tragedy. 11 September 2009 10:29 UTC blog.vipul.net [Source type: General]

    ^ See also: http://www.imaginethis.net/imaginethis/imaginehome/kliban.htm .
    • cat@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC everything2.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Retrieved 2006-07-15
    .
     
  • Turner, A. (1997). .The big cats and their fossil relatives.^ Find this article online Turner A, Antón M (1997) The big cats and their fossil relatives.
    • PLoS ONE: Evolution of Skull and Mandible Shape in Cats (Carnivora: Felidae) 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC www.plosone.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Much like their big cat relatives, domestic and feral cats are very effective predators.
    • Domestic Cat - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 15:24 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Columbia University Press.^ Nei M., 1987 Molecular evolutionary genetics Columbia University Press, New York .
    • Genetic Identification of Wild and Domestic Cats (Felis silvestris) and Their Hybrids Using Bayesian Clustering Methods -- Randi et al. 18 (9): 1679 -- Molecular Biology and Evolution 3 February 2010 15:24 UTC mbe.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ New York: Columbia University Press.
    • PLoS ONE: Evolution of Skull and Mandible Shape in Cats (Carnivora: Felidae) 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC www.plosone.org [Source type: Academic]

    ISBN 0-231-10229-1.
     
  • Kirby, G. (1984). "Cat family". in Macdonald, D.. The Encyclopedia of Mammals. Facts on File. ISBN 0-87196-871-1. 

External links

.
  • "Felidae." Encyclopedia of Life, available from http://eol.org/pages/7674.^ A summary of microsatellite variation is shown in table 3 (full individual genotypes are available at http://www.molbiolevol.org/ ).
    • Genetic Identification of Wild and Domestic Cats (Felis silvestris) and Their Hybrids Using Bayesian Clustering Methods -- Randi et al. 18 (9): 1679 -- Molecular Biology and Evolution 3 February 2010 15:24 UTC mbe.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ For more information, please email nycsiameserescue@yahoo.com or visit the main website at: http://available.nycsiamese.org Every cat deserves a home!
    • cat pictures, videos and albums 11 September 2009 10:29 UTC www.webshots.com [Source type: General]

    This Wikipedia article may include Creative Commons licensed content from the Encyclopedia of Life.

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

Translingual

Etymology

Proper noun

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:
Felidae
  1. (zoology) A taxonomic family, within suborder Fissipedia or Feliformia - the cats.

See also

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Wikispecies has information on:

Translations


Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Theria
Infraclassis: Placentalia
Superordo: Laurasiatheria
Ordo: Carnivora
Subordo: Feliformia
Familia: Felidae
Subfamiliae: Felinae - †Machairodontinae - Pantherinae - †Proailurinae - Acinonychinae

Name

Felidae Fischer von Waldheim, 1817

Synonyms

  • Euailuroida Kretzoi, 1929
  • Felinoidea Brunet, 1979
  • Feloidae Hay, 1930
  • Feloidea Simpson, 1931
  • Lyncina Gray, 1867

References

.
  • Felidae on Mammal species of the World.^ ARTICLE from the Encyclopædia Britannica mammal (species Panthera tigris) largest member of the cat family ( Felidae ), rivaled only by the lion ( P. leo ) in strength and ferocity.
    • tiger (mammal) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ ARTICLE from the Encyclopædia Britannica mammal also called house cat (species Felis catus ), domesticated member of the family Felidae, order Carnivora.
    • domestic cat (mammal) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 3 February 2010 15:24 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The list follows McKenna and Bells Classification of Mammals for prehistoric genera (1997) [ 2 ] and Wozencraft (2005) in Wilson and Reeders Mammal Species of the World for extant genera.


    Don E. Wilson & DeeAnn M. Reeder (editors). .2005. Mammal Species of the World.^ The list follows McKenna and Bells Classification of Mammals for prehistoric genera (1997) [ 2 ] and Wozencraft (2005) in Wilson and Reeders Mammal Species of the World for extant genera.

    ^ The list follows McKenna and Bells Classification of Mammals for prehistoric genera (1997) [ > 2 ] and Wozencraft (2005) in Wilson and Reeders Mammal Species of the World for extant genera.
    • Felidae - Encyclopedia of Life 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC www.eol.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Felis (genus of mammals) ...Felinae29 species, found worldwide except Antarctica, but introduced to Australia.Genus Felis (small cats)6 Old World species, including the wildcat and domestic cat.Genus ......
    • Encyclopedia - Britannica Online Encyclopedia 11 January 2010 15:14 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed).
  • Mém.^ In: Wilson, D. and D. Reeder (eds) Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference, 3rd ed., vol 1 Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland, US pp.

    ^ Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference.
    • Genetic Identification of Wild and Domestic Cats (Felis silvestris) and Their Hybrids Using Bayesian Clustering Methods -- Randi et al. 18 (9): 1679 -- Molecular Biology and Evolution 3 February 2010 15:24 UTC mbe.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

    Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscow
    5: 372.
  • Mammal Species of the World, A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd edition, 2005 ISBN 0801882214

Vernacular names

Български: Котки
Català: Felí
Česky: Kočkovití
Corsu: felini
Dansk: Kattefamilien
Deutsch: Katzen
English: Cat Family, Felids
Español: Félidos
Esperanto: Felisedoj
Français: Félidés
Galego: Felinos
한국어: 고양이과
Hrvatski: Mačke
Italiano: Felidi
עברית: חתוליים
Kurdî / كوردی: Famîleya pisîkan
Latina: Felidae
Lëtzebuergesch: Kazen
Limburgs: Katte
Magyar: Macskafélék
Nederlands: Katachtigen
日本語: ネコ科
‪Norsk (bokmål)‬: Kattefamilien
‪Norsk (bokmål)‬: Kattefamilien
‪Norsk (nynorsk)‬: Kattedyr
Polski: Kotowate
Português: Felídeos
Русский: Кошачьи
Suomi: Kissaeläimet
Svenska: Kattdjur
Türkçe: Kedigiller
Українська: Котячі
Walon: Tchetidî
中文: 猫科
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Felidae on Wikimedia Commons.

Simple English

Felines
Fossil range: Eocene - Recent
File:Panthera tigris tigris
Tiger, the largest feline found in nature.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Feliformia
Family: Felidae
G. Fischer de Waldheim, 1817

Felidae is a family of mammals, in the order Carnivora. Animals that belong to Felidae are called felines.

A example of a feline is the cat. More examples of felines are the big cats - the lion, tiger, leopard, jaguar, snow leopard, clouded leopard, puma, and cheetah - and other wild cats, for example the lynx, caracal, and bobcat. All felines, also the small pet cat, are predators that can hunt many animals.

There are 37 species of felines in the world today. The tiger is largest member of the Felidae family found in nature, aside from the Liger, a Lion/Tiger mix.

Taxonomy

  • Subfamily Felinae
    • Genus Acinonyx
    • Genus Caracal
    • Genus Catopuma
      • Bay Cat, Catopuma badia
      • Asian Golden Cat, Catopuma temminckii
    • Genus Felis
    • Genus Leopardus
      • Pantanal Cat, Leopardus braccatus
      • Colocolo, Leopardus colocolo
      • Pampas Cat, Leopardus pajeros
      • Geoffroy's Cat, Leopardus geoffroyi
      • Kodkod, Leopardus guigna
      • Andean Mountain Cat, Leopardus jacobitus
      • Ocelot, Leopardus pardalis
      • Oncilla, Leopardus tigrinus
      • Margay, Leopardus wiedii
    • Genus Leptailurus
    • Genus Lynx
      • Canadian Lynx, Lynx canadensis
      • Eurasian Lynx, Lynx lynx
      • Iberian Lynx, Lynx pardinus
      • Bobcat, Lynx rufus
    • Genus Pardofelis
      • Marbled Cat, Pardofelis marmorata
    • Genus Prionailurus
      • Leopard Cat, Prionailurus bengalensis
      • Iriomote Cat, Prionailurus iriomotensis
      • Flat-headed Cat, Prionailurus planiceps
      • Rusty-spotted Cat, Prionailurus rubiginosus
      • Fishing Cat, Prionailurus viverrinus
    • Genus Profelis
      • African Golden Cat, Profelis aurata
    • Genus Puma
      • Puma, Puma concolor
  • Subfamily Pantherinae

Other pages

Other Websites

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Look up Felidae in Wikispecies, a directory of species

Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 12, 2010

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