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Feminism in Ireland: Wikis


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Second-wave feminism in Ireland began in the 1970s fronted by women such as Nell McCafferty, Mary Kenny, June Levine and Nuala O'Faolain. At the time, the majority of women in Ireland were housewives. In 1971, a group of Irish women travelled to Northern Ireland and returned with contraceptives which were then illegal in Ireland. In 1983, despite the efforts of many women including Mary Robinson, an amendment was passed to the Irish Constitution which banned abortion.[1] Despite two further referendums, abortion remains illegal in Ireland though women may have an abortion if their life is threatened. Most women in Ireland today are part of the workforce. In 1990, Mary Robinson was elected President of Ireland. 219 women have been elected to Dail Eireann, the first being Constance Markiewicz in 1919. There are three women in the current Irish cabinet, Mary Harney, Mary Hanafin and Mary Coughlan. In December 2008, Senator Ivana Bacik organized an event in Leinster House in which all the women elected to the Oireachtas over the years were honoured.[2]


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