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Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany: Wikis

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Grand Duke Ferdinand IV, in later life.

Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany (Italian: Ferdinando IV, Granduca di Toscana[1]; 10 June 1835 – 17 January 1908) was Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1859 to 1860.

Contents

Biography

Born at Florence, he was the son of Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany and Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies. He became Grand Duke of Tuscany in July 1859 after his father's abdication, but, as not residing in Florence, he was unable to gain his throne in the events of the unification of Italy; he lost his throne on 16 August 1859 when the Tuscan National Assembly formally deposed the House of Habsburg-Lorraine.

He died in Salzburg.

Family and children

He married twice and had the following children:

From his first marriage in Dresden on 24 November 1856 to Princess Anna Maria Maximiliane Stephania Karoline Johanna Luisa Xaveria Nepomucena Aloysia Benedicta, (Dresden, 4 January 1836 - Naples, 10 February 1859), daughter of King John I of Saxony:

  • Archduchess Maria Antonietta Leopoldina Annunziata Anna Amalia Giuseppa Giovanna Immacolata Tecla (Maria Antoinette Leopoldina Annunziata Anna Amalia Josepha Johanna Immaculata Thekla) (Florence, 10 January 1858 - Cannes, 13 April 1883). She became abbess of the Theresia Convent in the Hradschin in Prague.
  • Stillborn daughter (born and died 1859)

From his second marriage in Frohsdorf on 11 January 1868 to Princess Alice "Alix" of Parma (Parma, 27 December 1849 - Schwertberg, 16 November 1935), daughter of Charles III of Parma:

Ancestry

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Full name: in Italian Ferdinando Salvatore Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Battista Francesco Lodovico Gonzaga Raffaele Ranerio Gennaro, in German Ferdinand Salvator Maria Joseph Johann Baptist Franz Ludwig Gonzaga Raphael Rainerius Gennarius;

External links

Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany
Cadet branch of the House of Lorraine
Born: 10 June 1835 Died: 17 January 1908
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Leopold II
Grand Duke of Tuscany
1859
The Tuscan National Assembly formally deposes the House of Habsurg-Lorraine
Titles in pretence
Loss of title
State annexed
— TITULAR —
Grand Duke of Tuscany
1859 – 1908
Succeeded by
Archduke Josef Ferdinand, Prince of Tuscany
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