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Ferdinand IV of Castile: Wikis

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Ferdinand IV, El Emplazado or "the Summoned," (December 6, 1285 – September 7, 1312) was a king of Castile (1295 - 1312) and León (1301-1312). He was a son of Sancho El Bravo and his wife Maria de Molina.

Statue of Fernando IV in Madrid's Parque del Buen Retiro

His strange title is given him in the chronicles on the strength of a story that he put two brothers of the name of Carvajal to death tyrannically, and was given a time (plazo) by them in which to answer for his crime in the next world. But the tale is not contemporary, and is an obvious copy of the story told of Jacques de Molay, grand-master of the Temple, and Philippe Le Bel.

His minority was a time of anarchy. From 1296 to 1301 the Kingdom of León was independent under Juan I of León, being crowned as King of León, Galicia and Seville. He owed his escape from the violence of competitors and nobles, partly to the tact and undaunted bravery of his mother Maria de Molina, and partly to the loyalty of the citizens of Ávila, who gave him refuge within their walls. As a king he proved ungrateful to his mother, and weak as a ruler.

In 1302 he married Constance, daughter of King Denis of Portugal. Their children were:

  1. Leonor (1307-1359), married King Alfonso IV of Aragon
  2. Constanza (1308-1310)
  3. Alfonso XI of Castile (1311-1350)

He captured Gibraltar in 1309, with the help of Aragón. He died suddenly in his tent at Jaén when preparing for a raid into the Moorish territory of Granada, on September 7, 1312.

References

Preceded by
Sancho IV
King of Castile and León
1295–1312
Succeeded by
Alfonso XI
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

'FERDINAND IV.,' El Emplazado or "the Summoned," king of Castile (d. 1312), son of Sancho El Bravo, and his wife Maria de Molina, is a figure of small note in Spanish history. His strange title is given him in the chronicles on the strength of a story that he put two brothers of the name of Carvajal to death tyrannically, and was given a time, a plazo, by them in which to answer for his crime in the next world. But the tale is not contemporary, and is an obvious copy of the story told of Jacques de Molay, grand-master of the Temple, and Philippe Le Bel. Ferdinand IV. succeeded to the throne when a boy of six. His minority was a time of anarchy. He owed his escape from the violence of competitors and nobles, partly to the tact and undaunted bravery of his mother Maria de Molina, and partly to the loyalty of the citizens of Avila, who gave him refuge within their walls. As a king he proved ungrateful to his mother, and weak as a ruler. He died suddenly in his tent at Jaen when preparing for a raid into the Moorish territory of Granada, on the 7th of September 1312.


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