Ferdinand I of Austria: Wikis


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Emperor of Austria
King of Hungary and Bohemia,
Lombardy and Venetia, Galicia and Lodomeria
Emperor of Austria
Reign 2 March 1835 – 2 December 1848
Predecessor Francis I
Successor Francis Joseph I
King of Hungary
Reign 28 Semptember 1830 – 2 December 1848
Coronation 28 Semptember 1830, Pressburg
Predecessor Francis I
Successor Francis Joseph I
King of Bohemia
Reign 2 March 1835 – 2 December 1848
Coronation 7 Semptember 1836, Prague
Predecessor Francis I
Successor Francis Joseph I
King of Lombardy-Venetia
Reign 2 March 1835 – 2 December 1848
Coronation 6 Semptember 1838, Milan
Predecessor Francis I
Successor Francis Joseph I
Spouse Maria Anna of Sardinia
Full name
Ferdinand Charles Leopold Joseph Francis Marcelin
House House of Habsburg-Lorraine
Father Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor
Mother Maria Theresa of the Two Sicilies
Born 19 April 1793(1793-04-19)
Died 29 June 1875 (aged 82)

Not to be confused with Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor

Ferdinand I (19 April 1793 – 29 June 1875) was Emperor of Austria, President of the German Confederation, King of Hungary and Bohemia (as Ferdinand V), as well as associated dominions from the death of his father, Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor, until his abdication after the Revolutions of 1848.

He married Maria Anna of Savoy, the sixth child of Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia. They had no issue. Ferdinand was incapable of ruling his empire, so his father, before he died, drafted a will promulgating that he should consult Archduke Louis on every aspect of internal policy, and urged him to be influenced by Prince Metternich, Austria's foreign minister.[1]

He abdicated on December 2, 1848. He was succeeded by his nephew, Francis Joseph. Following his abdication, he lived in Hradčany Palace, Prague, until his death in 1875.[2]



Ferdinand was the eldest son of Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily. As a result of his parents genetic closeness (they were double first cousins), Ferdinand suffered from epilepsy, an abnormally large head, neurological problems, and a speech impediment. Upon his marriage to Maria Anna of Savoy, the court physician rendered it unlikely that he would be able to consummate the marriage.[3]

Ferdinand has been depicted as feeble-minded and incapable of ruling, but although he was epileptic and certainly not intelligent, he kept a coherent and legible diary and has even been said to have a sharp wit. Having as many as twenty seizures per day, however, severely restricted his ability to rule with any effectiveness.

Though he was not declared incapacitated, a regent's council (Archduke Louis, Count Kolowrat and Prince Metternich) steered the government. His marriage to Princess Maria Anna of Sardinia (1803-1884) was probably never consummated, nor is he believed to have had any other liaisons. He is famous for his one coherent command: when his cook told him he could not have apricot dumplings because they were out of season, he said “I'm the Emperor, and I want dumplings!” (German: Ich bin der Kaiser und ich will Knödel.) [4]

As the revolutionaries of 1848 were marching on the palace, he is supposed to have asked Metternich for an explanation. When Metternich answered that they were making a revolution, Ferdinand is supposed to have said “But are they allowed to do that?” (Viennese German: Ja, dürfen's denn des?) He was convinced by Felix zu Schwarzenberg to abdicate in favour of his nephew, Franz Joseph (the next in line was Ferdinand's younger brother Franz Karl, but he was persuaded to waive his succession rights in favour of his son) who would occupy the Austrian throne for the next sixty-eight years.

Ferdinand recorded the events in his diary : "The affair ended with the new Emperor kneeling before his old Emperor and Lord, that is to say, me, and asking for a blessing, which I gave him, laying both hands on his head and making the sign of the Holy Cross ... then I embraced him and kissed our new master, and then we went to our room. Afterward I and my dear wife heard Holy Mass ... After that I and my dear wife packed our bags."

Ferdinand was the last King of Bohemia to be crowned as such. Due to his sympathy with Bohemia (where he spent the rest of his life in Prague Castle) he was given the Czech nickname “Ferdinand V, the Good” (Ferdinand Dobrotivý). In Austria, Ferdinand was similarly nicknamed “Ferdinand der Gütige” (Ferdinand the Benign), but also ridiculed as "Gütinand der Fertige" (Goodinand the Finished).

He is interred in tomb number 62 in the Imperial Crypt in Vienna.

Austrian Royalty
House of Habsburg-Lorraine
Wappen Kaisertum Österreich 1815 (Klein).png

Francis I
(Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor)
Children include
   Archduchess Marie Louise
   Ferdinand I
   Archduchess Maria Leopoldina
   Archduchess Clementina
   Archduke Franz Karl
Grandchildren include
   Franz Joseph I
   Archduke Maximilian
   Archduke Karl Ludwig
   Archduke Ludwig Viktor
Great-grandchildren include
   Archduke Franz Ferdinand
   Archduke Otto Franz
Ferdinand I
Franz Joseph I
   Archduchess Sophie
   Archduchess Gisela
   Crown Prince Rudolf
   Archduchess Marie Valerie
Grandchildren include
   Archduchess Elisabeth Marie
Charles I
Children include
   Crown Prince Otto
   Archduke Robert
   Archduke Felix
   Archduke Karl Ludwig
   Archduke Rudolf
Grandchildren include
   Archduchess Andrea
   Archduchess Monika
   Archduchess Michaela
   Archduchess Gabriela
   Archduchess Walburga
   Archduke Karl
   Archduke Georg
   Archduke Lorenz
Great-Grandchildren include
   Archduke Ferdinand Zvonimir
   Archduke Amedeo


He used the titles: We, Ferdinand the First, by the grace of God Emperor of Austria; King of Hungary, Bohemia, fifth by this name, king of Lombardy, Venice, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, Galicia and Lodomeria, King of Jerusalem etc.; Archduke of Austria; Grand Duke of Tuscany and Cracow; Duke of Lorraine, Salzburg, Styria, Carinthia and Carniola; Grand Prince of Transylvania; Margrave of Moravia; Upper and Lower Silesia, Modena, Parma, Piacenza, Guastalla, Auschwitz and Zator, Teschen, Friule, Ragusa, Zadar; Princely Count of Habsburg, Kyburg, Tyrol, Gorizia and Gradisca; Prince of Trent, Brixen; Margrave of Upper and Lower Lusatia and in Istria, Count of Hohenems, Feldkirch, Bregenz, Sonnenberg, etc.; Lord of Triest, Cattaro and over the Wendish March; president of The German Confederation.


16. Leopold, Duke of Lorraine
8. Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
17. Princess Élisabeth Charlotte of Orléans
4. Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor
18. Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor
9. Maria Theresa of Austria
Queen of Hungary & Bohemia
19. Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
2. Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor
(Francis I of Austria)
20. Philip V of Spain
10. Charles III of Spain
21. Elisabeth of Parma
5. Maria Louisa of Spain
22. Augustus III of Poland
11. Maria Amalia of Saxony
23. Maria Josepha of Austria
1. Ferdinand I of Austria
24. Philip V of Spain (= #20)
12. Charles III of Spain (= #10)
25. Elisabeth of Parma (= #21)
6. Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies
26. Augustus III of Poland (= #22)
13. Maria Amalia of Saxony (= #11)
27. Maria Josepha of Austria (= #23)
3. Maria Teresa of the Two Sicilies
28. Leopold, Duke of Lorraine (= #16)
14. Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor (= #8)
29. Princess Élisabeth Charlotte of Orléans (= #17)
7. Marie Caroline of Austria
30. Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (= #18)
15. Maria Theresa of Austria (= #9)
Queen of Hungary & Bohemia
31. Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (= #19)

Ferdinand's parents were double first cousins as they shared all four grandparents (Francis' paternal grandparents were his wife's maternal grandparents and vice versa). Therefore Ferdinand only had four great-grandparents, being descended from each of them twice. Further back in his ancestry there is more pedigree collapse due to the close intermarriage between the Houses of Austria and Spain and other Catholic monarchies.

See also


  1. ^ Taylor, AJP: "The Habsburg Monarchy 1809-1918" Penguin Books, Great Britain, 1990, ISBN 978-0-14-013498-8, pp.52-53
  2. ^ van der Kiste, p 16
  3. ^ van der Kiste, John: Emperor Francis Joseph, Sutton Publishing London, 2005 ISBN 0-7509-3787-4, p 2
  4. ^ According to A.J.P. Taylor, he was in fact asking for noodles - "But it is an unacceptable pun in English for a noodle to ask for noodles" - The Habsburg Monarchy 1809–1918

External links

Monarchical Styles of
Emperor Ferdinand I of Austria
Wappen Kaisertum Österreich 1815 (Klein).png
Reference style His Imperial Majesty
Spoken style Your Imperial Majesty
Alternative style My Lord
Ferdinand I of Austria
Cadet branch of the House of Lorraine
Born: 19 April 1793 Died: 29 June 1875
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Francis I
Emperor of Austria
Archduke of Austria

1835 – 1848
Succeeded by
Franz Joseph I
King of Hungary[1]
1830 – 1848
King of Bohemia
1835 – 1848
President of the German Confederation
1835 – 1848

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

FERDINAND I. (1793-1875), emperor of Austria, eldest son of Francis I. and of Maria Theresa of Naples, was born at Vienna on the 19th of April 1793. In his boyhood he suffered from epileptic fits, and could therefore not receive a regular education. As his health improved with his growth and with travel, he was not set aside from the succession. In 1830 his father caused him to be crowned king of Hungary, a pure formality, which gave him no power, and was designed to avoid possible trouble in the future. In 1831 he was married to Anna, daughter of Victor Emmanuel I. of Sardinia. The marriage was barren. When Francis I. died on the 2nd of March 1835, Ferdinand was recognized as his successor. But his incapacity was so notorious that the conduct of affairs was entrusted to a council of state, consisting of Prince Metternich (q.v.) with other ministers, and two archdukes, Louis and Francis Charles. They composed the Staatsconferenz, the ill-constructed and informal regency which led the Austrian dominions to the revolutionary outbreaks of 1846-1849. (See Austria-Hungary.) The emperor, who was subject to fits of actual insanity, and in his lucid intervals was weak and confused in mind, was a political nullity. His personal amiability earned him the affectionate pity of his subjects, and he became the hero of popular stories which did not tend to maintain the dignity of the crown. It was commonly said that 'having taken refuge on a rainy day in a farmhouse he was so tempted. by the smell of the dumplings which the farmer and his family were eating for dinner, that he insisted on having one. His doctor, who knew them to be indigestible, objected, and thereupon Ferdinand, in an imperial rage, made the answer: "Kaiser bin i', and Kniidel muss i' haben" (I am emperor, and will have the dumpling) - which has become a Viennese proverb. His popular name of Der Gutige (the good sort of man) expressed as much derision as affection. Ferdinand had good taste for art and music. Some modification of the tight-handed rule of his father was made by the Staatsconferenz during his reign. In the presence of the revolutionary troubles, which began with agrarian riots in Galicia in 1846, and then spread over the whole empire, he was personally helpless. He was compelled to escape from the disorders of Vienna to Innsbruck on the 17th of May 1848. He came back on the invitation of the diet on the 12th of August, but soon had to escape once more from the mob of students and workmen who were in possession of the city. On the 2nd of December he abdicated at Olmiitz in favour of his nephew, Francis Joseph. He lived under supervision by doctors and guardians at Prague till his death on the 29th of June 1875.

See Krones von Marchland, Grundriss der osterreichischen Geschichte (Vienna, 1882), which gives an ample bibliography; Count F. Hartig, Genesis der Revolution in Osterreich (Leipzig, 1850), - an enlarged English translation will be found in the 4th volume of W. Coxe's House of Austria (London, 1862).

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