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Ferdinand Maria
Duke of Bavaria, Prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire
Ferdinand Maria by Paul Mignard
Spouse Henriette Adelaide of Savoy
Issue
Maria Anna Victoria, Dauphine of France
Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria
Joseph Clemens, Elector-Archbishop of Cologne
Violante, Hereditary Princess of Tuscany
House House of Wittelsbach
Father Maximilian I
Mother Maria Anna of Austria
Born October 31, 1636(1636-10-31)
Munich, Bavaria
Died May 26, 1679 (aged 42)
Schleissheim Palace
Burial Theatiner Church

Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria (31 October 1636 – 26 May 1679) was a Wittelsbach ruler of Bavaria and an elector (Kurfürst) of the Holy Roman Empire from 1651 to 1679.

Contents

Biography

He was born in Munich. He was the eldest son of Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria - whom he succeeded, and his second wife Maria Anna of Austria, daughter of the emperor Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor.

Still a minor he succeeded his father in 1651, his mother and his uncle Albert VI of Bavaria served as regents of Bavaria for three years.

Ferdinand Maria was crowned on 31 October 1654. His absolutistic style of leadership became a benchmark for the rest of Germany. Though Ferdinand Maria allied with France he abstained the imperial crown in 1657 to avoid a conflict with Habsburg. Ferdinand Maria supported the wars of the Habsburg against the Ottoman Empire with Bavarian auxiliary forces (1662-1664). During the Franco-Dutch War since 1672 Bavaria was officially neutral.

On 8 December 1650 he married Henriette Adelaide of Savoy, daughter of Victor Amadeus I of Savoy and his French wife Christine Marie of France, daughter of Henry IV of France and Marie de' Medici. The couple had seven children, two of which would have progeny.

Ferdinand Maria modernized the Bavarian army and introduced the first Bavarian local government code. The electorate he left with a very wealthy treasury.

He died in Schleissheim Palace and was succeeded by his son Maximilian II Emanuel. He is buried in the crypt of the Theatiner Church in Munich.

Cultural legacy

Copperplate engraving by Michael Wening Starnberg Castle with Ferdinand Maria's gondola Bucentaurus in Topographia Bavariae about 1700

Ferdinand Maria married in 1650 princess Henriette Adelaide of Savoy and with her the Italian Baroque was introduced in Bavaria.

The Theatiner Church in Munich was built from 1663 onwards as a gesture of thanks for the birth of the long-awaited heir to the Bavarian crown, Prince Max Emanuel. In 1664, he commissioned the building of Nymphenburg Palace, near Munich. Lake Starnberg became the venue of numerous festivities of the court with the famous fleet of Venetian Gondolas. At the shore Castle Berg was constructed.

Trivia

  • He was the great grandfather of French monarch Louis XV.
  • Plans for a Bavarian colony near New York were discussed but soon abandoned during Ferdinand Maria's reign

Issue

Ancestors

Titles, styles, honours and arms

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Titles and styles

  • October 31, 1636 – 27 September 1651 His Serene Highness the Electoral Prince of Bavaria
  • 27 September 1651 – 26 May 1679 His Serene Highness the Elector of Bavaria

Succession

Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria
Born: 31 October 1636 Died: 26 May 1679
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Maximilian I
Elector of Bavaria
1651–1679
Succeeded by
Maximilian II Emanuel

Ferdinand Maria
Duke of Bavaria, Prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire

File:Ferdinand Maria of
Ferdinand Maria by Paul Mignard
Spouse Henriette Adelaide of Savoy
Issue
Maria Anna Victoria, Dauphine of France
Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria
Joseph Clemens, Elector-Archbishop of Cologne
Violante, Hereditary Princess of Tuscany
House House of Wittelsbach
Father Maximilian I
Mother Maria Anna of Austria
Born October 31, 1636(1636-10-31)
Munich, Bavaria
Died May 26, 1679 (aged 42)
Schleissheim Palace
Burial Theatiner Church

Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria (31 October 1636 – 26 May 1679) was a Wittelsbach ruler of Bavaria and an elector (Kurfürst) of the Holy Roman Empire from 1651 to 1679.

Contents

Biography

He was born in Munich. He was the eldest son of Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria - whom he succeeded, and his second wife Maria Anna of Austria, daughter of the emperor Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor.

On 8 December 1650 he married Henriette Adelaide of Savoy, daughter of Victor Amadeus I of Savoy and his French wife Christine Marie of France, daughter of Henry IV of France and Marie de' Medici. The couple had seven children, two of which would have progeny.

Still a minor he succeeded his father in 1651, his mother and his uncle Albert VI of Bavaria served as regents of Bavaria for three years.

Ferdinand Maria was crowned on 31 October 1654. His absolutistic style of leadership became a benchmark for the rest of Germany. Though Ferdinand Maria allied with France he abstained the imperial crown in 1657 to avoid a conflict with Habsburg. Ferdinand Maria supported the wars of the Habsburg against the Ottoman Empire with Bavarian auxiliary forces (1662-1664). During the Franco-Dutch War since 1672 Bavaria was officially neutral.

Ferdinand Maria modernized the Bavarian army and introduced the first Bavarian local government code. The electorate he left with a very wealthy treasury.

He died in Schleissheim Palace and was succeeded by his son Maximilian II Emanuel. He is buried in the crypt of the Theatiner Church in Munich.

Cultural legacy

Ferdinand Maria married in 1650 princess Henriette Adelaide of Savoy and with her the Italian Baroque was introduced in Bavaria.

The Theatiner Church in Munich was built from 1663 onwards as a gesture of thanks for the birth of the long-awaited heir to the Bavarian crown, Prince Max Emanuel. In 1664, he commissioned the building of Nymphenburg Palace, near Munich. Lake Starnberg became the venue of numerous festivities of the court with the famous fleet of Venetian Gondolas. At the shore Castle Berg was constructed.

Trivia

  • He was the great grandfather of French monarch Louis XV.
  • Plans for a Bavarian colony near New York were discussed but soon abandoned during Ferdinand Maria's reign

Issue

Ancestors

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • October 31, 1636 – 27 September 1651 His Serene Highness the Electoral Prince of Bavaria
  • 27 September 1651 – 26 May 1679 His Serene Highness the Elector of Bavaria

Succession

Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria
Born: 31 October 1636 Died: 26 May 1679
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Maximilian I
Elector of Bavaria
1651–1679
Succeeded by
Maximilian II Emanuel


Simple English

File:Ferdinand Maria of
Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria

Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria (31 October 1636 – 26 May 1679) was a Wittelsbach ruler of Bavaria and an elector (Kurfürst) of the Holy Roman Empire from 1651 to 1679.

Biography

He was born in Munich and was the eldest son of Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria and Maria Anna of Austria a daughter of Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor.

On 8 December 1650 he married Henriette Adelaide of Savoy, daughter of Victor Amadeus I of Savoy and Christine Marie of France. The couple had seven children.

Still a minor he succeeded his father in 1651, his mother and his uncle Albert VI of Bavaria served as regents of Bavaria for three years.

Ferdinand Maria was crowned on 31 October 1654. He was an absolute monarch. He allied with France. Ferdinand Maria supported the wars of the Habsburgs against the Ottoman Empire with Bavarian forces (1662-1664). During the Franco-Dutch War since 1672 Bavaria became neutral. The marriage of his eldest daughter Maria Anna and her cousin Louis, Grand Dauphin in 1680 cemented the alliance with France. Ferdinand Maria modernised the army and introduced the first Bavarian local government code. He made Bavaria a wealthy nation.

He died in Schleissheim Palace and was succeeded by his son Maximilian II Emanuel. He is buried at the Theatiner Church.

Issue


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