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Ferdinand the Saint Prince: Wikis

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Portuguese royalty
House of Avis
Ordem Avis.svg

John I
Children
   Infante Duarte (future Edward I)
   Infante Pedro, Duke of Coimbra
   Henry the Navigator (Infante Henrique, Duke of Viseu)
   Infanta Isabel, Duchess of Burgundy
   Infante João, Lord of Reguengos
   Infante Fernando, the Saint Prince
   Afonso, Duke of Braganza (illegitimate)
   Beatriz, Countess of Arundel (illegitimate)
Grandchildren include
   Infanta Isabel of Coimbra, Queen of Portugal
Edward
Children
   Afonso, Prince of Portugal (future Afonso V)
   Infante Fernando, Duke of Viseu
   Infanta Leonor, Holy Roman Empress
   Infanta Catarina
   Infanta Joana, Queen of Castile
Grandchildren include
   Infante Manuel, Duke of Beja (future Manuel I)
   Infanta Leonor of Viseu, Queen of Portugal
   Infanta Isabella, Duchess of Braganza
Great-Grandchildren include
   Jaime, Duke of Braganza, Prince of Portugal
Afonso V
Children include
   João, Prince of Portugal
   Blessed Joana, Princess of Portugal
   João, Prince of Portugal (future John II)
John II
   Afonso, Prince of Portugal
   Jorge, Duke of Coimbra (illegitimate)
The Coat of Arms of Infante Fernando, known as the Holy Infante.

The Infante Ferdinand (Portuguese pronunciation: [fɨɾˈnɐ̃du]; English: Ferdinand; September 29, 1402-June 5, 1443), commonly known as the Saint Prince (Portuguese: Infante Santo; more correctly translated as the Holy Prince,) was an infante (prince) of Portugal of the House of Aviz. Fernando was the sixth son of King John I of Portugal and his wife Philippa of Lancaster.

Ferdinand soon became interested in religious questions and, still young, he was ordered Grand Master of the Order of Aviz by his father. He was offered the office of Cardinal by Pope Eugene IV.[1]

In 1437 he participated in a military expedition in North Africa, along with his older brothers. The campaign would prove disastrous and Ferdinand was made a prisoner by the Marinid dynasty. As a ransom, the Sultan demanded the devolution of Ceuta, conquered by the Portuguese in 1415. Ferdinand decided he did not want to be released in exchange for the precious city, and wished to remain in captivity. Portuguese officials also declined his release, forcing his brother Henry the Navigator to leave him in the hands of the Fez. He died in Fes in 1443.

His remains were transferred to the Monastery of Batalha in 1471, where they lie in the Founder's Chapel. His sacrifice in the name of national interests gave him his nickname the Saint Prince (Portuguese: o Infante Santo).

He was beatified in 1470, and the Bollandists have included his life in their great publication.

References

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