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Fereydoun Farrokhzad
(فريدون فرخزاد)
Birth name Fereydoun Farrokhzad
Also known as Farrokhzad
Born October 7, 1936(1936-10-07)
Tehran, Iran
Died August 6, 1992 (aged 55)
Bonn, Germany
Occupations Singer, TV/Radio Host, Entertainer, poet, Writer, Activist
Years active 1962–1992
Labels Taraneh Records
Caltex Records
Pars Video
Avang Records
Associated acts Mahasti, Googoosh, Sattar, Ebi, Shohreh Solati, Shahram Shabpareh

Fereydoun Farrokhzad (Persian: فریدون فرخزاد ) (October 7, 1936 - August 6, 1992) was an Iranian singer, actor, poet, TV and radio host, writer, and political opposition figure.[1] He was the younger brother of the acclaimed Persian poet Forough Farrokhzad.

He was stabbed to death on 8th August 1992, at his home in Bonn, Germany, and was found three days later. The murder is currently unsolved. Prior to his murder, Farrokzhad had been involved in producing a radio programme for the radio station of an opposition monarchist group. According to the radio station, Farroukhzad had received death threats for his anti-regime activities, allegedly from members of the Iranian secret police.[2] However, the Iranian government has denied involvement in the murder.[3]

Contents

Biography

Fereydoun Farrokhzad was born in "Chahar Raheh Gomrok" (Gomrok Intersection), a neighborhood in Tehran, Iran.[citation needed] He was the second of seven children (Amir, Massoud, Mehrdad, Forough, Pouran, Gloria). After graduating from high school he went to Germany and Austria for his post-secondary education. He got his Ph.D. in political science from a university in Berlin. At a young age Farrokhzad had a passion for poetry and for singing. He turned that passion to reality in 1962 when he started writing poems in Germany, which were published in two German newspapers. In 1964 Farrokhzad published his collection of poems called "Fasleh Deegar" (Another Season). His book was critically acclaimed and was honored by many famous German poets. Five months after the release of "Fasleh Deegar" Farrokhzad received the Poetry Award of Berlin. For a couple years Farrokhzad was a member of the Munich Academy of Poetry.[citation needed] In 1966 he found his way to the Television and Radio of Munich. On Radio he had a comedy and music progoram which played middle eastern music including music from Iran. On TV he created and produced a show called خيابان های آلپ (Alpine Roads). In 1967 he returned to Iran and performed on successful radio and TV shows. His most successful and famous TV show was "Mikhakeh Noghrei" (Silver Carnation). The show was wached by millions of Iranians. On the show Farokhzad introduced and discovered many famous Iranian artists including Sattar, Shohreh, Shahram Solati, Ebi, Morteza, Rouhi Savoji, Hamid Shabkhiz, Leila Forouhar, Saeed Mohammadi and many more. After the 1979 revolution, Farroukhzad was imprisoned, then released. He escaped the country and settled in Germany. [3]

Private Life

Farrokhzad married twice and both marriages ended in failure. His first marriage took place in 1962, to a German woman named Ania Buchkowski, whom he met at Oxford. Like Farrokhzad, she had a passion for poetry and theater; it was after meeting her that Farrokhzad started writing poems. They divorced, but they had a son called Rostam. His second marriage, to an Iranian woman, also ended in divorce.[citation needed]

Political Views

Farroukhzad was known by his fans as an "educated patriot" who frequently criticized the Islamic Republic and its leaders and who was present during many demonstrations against the clerical government.[4]

Death

Farrokhzad produced a weekly radio show for the "Voice of the Flag of Freedom Organization of Iran," the radio station of the Organization of Kaviyani Banner, an "organization of exiled supporters of the Iranian monarchy."[2] This radio station reported that Farroukzad had received death threats for his activities in opposition to the regime, allegedly from the Iranian secret police. Farrokhzad also participated in a film, Vienna My Love, which was considered by some Iranian authorities to be anti-Islamic.[3]

On August 6, 1992 Farrokhzad was stabbed 40 times with a knife at his home in Bonn, Germany. He was found three days later by his neighbor, his body lying in a pool of blood with his dog whimpering beside him. The murder is currently unsolved. The Permanent Representative of Germany to the United Nations Office at Geneva stated that "investigations have not furnished any proof of participation of Iranian officials in the assassination." The Iranian government denied involvement in the murder, stating: "The person who killed Farrokhzad is most assuredly an opponent of the Iranian regime."[3]

Legacy

To this day Farrokhzad is considered one of the best entertainers and showman that Iran has ever had. His songs are still played on Iranian TV and Radio shows outside of Iran. Many artists like Saeed Mohammadi and Shahram Shabpareh have done covers of his famous songs. He is responsible for the success of many Iranian artist that are famous today. Singer Ebi has said that he owes his success to Farrokhzad.

References and External Links

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