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Ferguson Jenkins

Pitcher
Born: December 13, 1942 (1942-12-13) (age 67)
Chatham, Ontario
Batted: Right Threw: Right 
MLB debut
September 10, 1965 for the Philadelphia Phillies
Last MLB appearance
September 26, 1983 for the Chicago Cubs
Career statistics
Win-Loss record     284–226
Earned run average     3.34
Strikeouts     3,192
Teams
Career highlights and awards
Member of the National
Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Baseball Hall of Fame Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg
Induction     1991
Vote     75.4%

Ferguson Arthur "Fergie" Jenkins, CM, (born December 13, 1942 in Chatham, Ontario)[1][2] is a former Canadian right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball. He was a three-time All-Star, winner of the 1971 Cy Young Award, and was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1991.

Jenkins spent the majority of his career playing for the Chicago Cubs. He also had stints with the Philadelphia Phillies, Texas Rangers, and Boston Red Sox. An outstanding all-around athlete, Jenkins also played basketball as a member of the Harlem Globetrotters.

Contents

Career

Early years

In 1962, he was signed by Philadelphia Phillies scout Tony Lucadello. Jenkins made his major-league debut as a 22-year-old in 1965 as a relief pitcher. He was traded the following year to the Chicago Cubs, along with Adolfo Phillips and John Herrnstein, for pitchers Larry Jackson and Bob Buhl. Jenkins would become one of the best pitchers in the majors. In his first full year as a starter for the Cubs (1967), Jenkins recorded twenty wins while posting a 2.80 ERA and 236 strikeouts. He finished tied for second in the Cy Young Award voting, following Mike McCormick of the San Francisco Giants. He was also selected for the All-Star Game for the first time that season. The following year his numbers improved; once again he won twenty games, his ERA dropped to 2.63 and his strikeout total increased to 260. Jenkins established a reputation for achieving his pitching feats and his statistics while spending most of his career pitching in a "hitter's ballpark"—Wrigley Field in Chicago.[3] Further, in 1968 Jenkins lost five of his starts in 1–0 ballgames.

1971 season

Jenkins had his best season in 1971, playing in the All-Star Game, finishing seventh in MVP voting and winning the National League Cy Young Award. He did this despite the fact New York Mets pitcher Tom Seaver had a higher winning percentage, fewer losses, fewer hits allowed per nine innings, more strikeouts, more strikeouts per nine innings, more shutouts, and a lower earned run average than did Jenkins. It is generally conceded that Jenkins's accolades for 1971 (arguably Seaver's best season) were in recognition of his amazing pitching performances of the previous four seasons. Jenkins won 20 games or more and struck out more than 200 batters each of these seasons, while averaging 305 innings pitched and throwing 87 complete games (16 of them being shutouts).

Jenkins was the first Cubs pitcher and the first Canadian ever to win the Cy Young Award. He received 17 of 24 first place votes. Jenkins also posted a .478 slugging percentage, hitting six home runs and driving in twenty runs in just 115 at-bats.

On April 6, 1971, Jenkins started the Cubs' opening-day game. The Cubs defeated the St. Louis Cardinals 2–1 in 10 innings at Wrigley Field. Jenkins pitched a complete game for the Cubs, and Billy Williams hit a home run in the final inning for the victory.[4] On September 1, 1971, Jenkins threw another complete game against the Montreal Expos and had two home runs. The Cubs won the game 5–2.[5]

That season, Jenkins threw a complete game in 30 of 39 starts and received a decision in 37 of them, finishing with a 24–13 record (.649). He walked only 37 batters versus 263 strikeouts across 325 innings.[6]

Later career

Jenkins achieved his 250th win against the Oakland Athletics on May 23, 1980. Later that year, during a customs search in Toronto, Jenkins was found possessing 3.0 grams cocaine, 2.2 grams hashish, and 1.75 grams marijuana. In response, on September 8, Commissioner Bowie Kuhn suspended him indefinitely. However, Jenkins' suspension lasted only two weeks before, in an unprecedented action, an independent arbiter reinstated him and he returned to the league.[7] Jenkins was not further punished by MLB for the incident, as he remained active until his retirement following the 1983 season. It has been suggested that this incident delayed his induction into the Baseball Hall of Fame.[8]

After Jenkins retired from Major League Baseball in 1983, he pitched for two seasons for the London Majors of the Intercounty Major Baseball League operating in London, Ontario.

Legacy

Jenkins led the league in wins twice, fewest walks per 9 innings five times, complete games nine times, and home runs allowed seven times. His streak of six straight seasons with 20 or more wins (1967–1972) is the longest streak in the major leagues since Warren Spahn performed the feat between 1956 and 1961.

Jenkins, fellow Cub Greg Maddux (with whom he shared the jersey number 31), Curt Schilling, and Pedro Martínez are the only major league pitchers to ever record more than 3,000 strikeouts with fewer than 1,000 walks.[9] Only Robin Roberts allowed more home runs over a career. Jenkins achieved his 3000th strikeout on May 25, 1982 against Garry Templeton.

He is considered the anchor of the 13 Black Aces, a group of African American pitchers with at least twenty wins in one season (although Jenkins is actually a Black Canadian, not African American).

Honors and awards

Ferguson Jenkins was honored alongside the retired numbers of the Chicago Cubs in 2009.

In 1974 Jenkins, then with the Texas Rangers (who had acquired him from the Cubs the previous off-season for two players, one of whom was future four-time batting champion Bill Madlock), became the first baseball player to win the Lou Marsh Trophy, an award given annually to Canada's top athlete (he won a career-high, and still a Rangers franchise record, 25 games). He was also named the Canadian Press male athlete of the year four times (1967, 1968, 1971, and 1974).

Jenkins was inducted into the Canadian Baseball Hall of Fame in 1987, and in 1991 became the first Canadian ever elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, New York.[10] The 1991 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was dedicated to Jenkins; he threw out the ceremonial first pitch to conclude the pregame ceremonies. He was inducted into the Texas Rangers Hall of Fame in 2004. He was appointed the commissioner of the now-defunct Canadian Baseball League in 2003. Jenkins has been inducted into Canada's Walk of Fame. On December 17, 1979, he was made a Member of the Order of Canada for being "Canada's best-known major-league baseball player".[11] Governor General Michaëlle Jean officiated at his investiture into the Order, which finally occurred on May 4, 2007: over 27 years after he was appointed.[12] On May 3, 2009, the Cubs retired jersey number 31 in honor of both Jenkins and Greg Maddux.[13]

References and notes

  1. ^ 1942 is the year given throughout his career, and is the year shown in his Baseball Hall of Fame article. Some sources, such as Baseball-reference.com, claim a 1942 birthdate for Jenkins.
  2. ^ The Fergie Jenkins Foundation Inc
  3. ^ Pashko, Stanley (1975). Ferguson Jenkins: The Quiet Winner. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons.  
  4. ^ Apr 6, 1971, Cardinals at Cubs Play by Play and Box Score, Retrieved from baseball-reference.com
  5. ^ Sep 1, 1971, Expos at Cubs Play by Play and Box Score, Retrieved from baseball-reference.com
  6. ^ Fergie Jenkins Statistics, Retrieved from baseball-reference.com
  7. ^ 1919 Black Sox
  8. ^ Able, Allen (1991-07-15/2006-08-26). "Fergie Jenkins, 1st Cdn. in Baseball Hall of Fame" (HTML/Video). The Journal. Archives, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. http://archives.cbc.ca/IDC-1-41-2340-13544-10/on_this_day/sports/twt. Retrieved 2007-05-04.  
  9. ^ Nemec, David; Flatow, Scott. Great Baseball Feats, Facts and Figures (2008 ed.). A Signet Book, Penguin Group. p. 88. ISBN 978-0-451-22363-0.  
  10. ^ The Hall of Famers National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. Retrieved on 2009-06-17.
  11. ^ "Honours Order of Canada Ferguson Jenkins, C.M." (HTML). Members of the Order of Canada. Governor General of Canada. 2006-03-30. http://www.gg.ca/honours/search-recherche/honours-desc.asp?lang=e&TypeID=orc&id=838. Retrieved 2007-05-04.  
  12. ^ "Jenkins gets Order of Canada" (HTML). Canadian Press. The Toronto Star. 2007-05-04. http://www.thestar.com/printArticle/210529. Retrieved 2007-05-04.  
  13. ^ "Cubs to Retire No. 31". Associated Press. ESPN.com. March 18, 2009. http://sports.espn.go.com/espn/print?id=3994049&type=story.  

See also

External links








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