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Fernaldia pandurata: Wikis


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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Apocynoideae
Genus: Fernaldia
Species: F. pandurata
Binomial name
Fernaldia pandurata

Fernaldia pandurata (A. DC.) Woodson in family Apocynaceae (common name: loroco) is an edible flower that grows in El Salvador and other Central American countries. It is an important and popular source of food in Guatemala and El Salvador. The plant's buds and flowers are used for cooking in a variety of ways, including in pupusas.

The name "loroco" is used throughout Mesoamerica to identify Fernaldia pandurata (A. DC.) Woodson. In Guatemala, another species (Fernaldia brachypharnynx Woodson) is endemic to the province of Escuintla in the southern part of the country and shares the same common name (Azurdia,César).

Fernaldia pandurata is a herbaceous vine with oblong-elliptical to broadly ovate, leaves 4-13 cm. long, 1.5-8 cm broad, inflorescences are generally somewhat shorter than the leaves, with 8-18 flowers, the pedicels 4-6 mm. long; bracts ovate, 1-2 mm long; calyx lobes ovate, acute or obtuse, 2-3 mm. long; corolla white within, greenish outside (Azurdia,César).


  • S. Facciola (1990). Cornucopia. A source book of edible plants. Kampong.  
  • León, J., H. Goldbach & J. Engels, 1979: Die genetischen Ressourcen der Kulturpflanzen Zentralamerikas., Int. Genbank CATIE/GTZ in Turrialba, Costa Rica, San Juan de Tibás, Costa Rica, 32 pp.
  • Morton, J. F., E. Alvarez & C. Quiñonez, 1990: Loroco, Fernaldia pandurata (Apocynaceae): a popular edible flower of Central America. - Econ. Bot. 44, 301-310.
  • Azurdia, César. Loroco (Fernaldia pandurata, Apocynaceae), a Mesoamerican species in the process of domestication

External links



Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies


Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids I
Ordo: Gentianales
Familia: Apocynaceae
Subfamilia: Apocynoideae
Tribus: Echiteae
Genus: Fernaldia
Species: Fernaldia pandurata


Fernaldia pandurata (A.DC.) Woodson


  • Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. St. Louis, MO 19:48. 1932
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. [1]


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