Ferrari Daytona: Wikis

  
  
  

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Ferrari 365 "Daytona"
GTB/4, GTS/4
Manufacturer Ferrari
Parent company Fiat Group (from 1969)
Production 1968–1976
Class Sports car
Layout FR layout
Engine(s) 4.4 L Colombo V12
365 GTB/4
365 GTB/4
Production 1968–1973
1284 produced
Predecessor Ferrari 275 GTB/4
Ferrari 330 GTC
Successor Ferrari Berlinetta Boxer
Body style(s) Berlinetta
Layout FR layout
Engine(s) 4390 cc V12 352 bhp (262 kW)
Curb weight 1,200 kg (2,646 lb) approx
365 GTS/4
1971 Ferrari 365 GTS Daytona
Production 1971–1973
122 produced
Predecessor Ferrari 365 GTS
Body style(s) Spider
See also Ferrari 365 for the round-bodied 365 California, GT 2+2, GTC and GTS

The Ferrari 365 GTB/4, better known by the unofficial name Ferrari Daytona, is a Gran Turismo automobile produced from 1968 to 1973. It was first introduced to the public at the Paris Auto Salon in 1968 and replaced the 275 GTB/4.

Contents

Name

The unofficial Daytona name is reported to have been applied by the media rather than Ferrari themselves and commemorates Ferrari's 1-2-3 finish in the February 1967 24 Hours of Daytona with the 330P4.[1]

The Daytona name may have been used initially as a pre-production internal denomination, but was never the model's official name.[citation needed]

Unlike Lamborghini's then new Miura, the Daytona was a traditional front-engined, rear-drive car. Customers were disappointed that Ferrari stuck with this layout unlike with the race cars[citation needed]. The Daytona was replaced by the mid-engined 365 GT4 Berlinetta Boxer in 1973.

Vehicle specifications

The engine, known as a Tipo 251 and developed from the earlier Lampredi V12 used in the 275 GTB/4, was a 4.4 L (4390 cc, 267.9 cid) DOHC V12 with a 60° bank angle, 365 cc per cylinder, 81 mm (3.2 in) bore and 71 mm (2.8 in) stroke, featuring six Weber twin carburettors (40 mm Solex twin carburettors were used alternatively). At a compression ratio of 9.3:1, it produced 352 PS (259 kW; 347 hp) and could reach 280 km/h (174 mph). 0-60 mph (97 km/h) acceleration was just 5.4 seconds.[citation needed] For the American version, slight modifications were made - the compression ratio was reduced to 8.8:1 and the exhaust system was equipped with a large central silencer, necessitating visible alterations to the primary pipes.

The 5-speed manual transmission (transaxle concept) was mounted in the rear for optimal weight distribution, and a 4-wheel independent suspension featured wishbones and coil springs.

Styling

Although it was also a Pininfarina design, as with many previous Ferrari road cars (by Leonardo Fioravanti), the 365 GTB/4 was radically different. Its sharp-edged styling resembled a Lamborghini more than a traditional Pininfarina Ferrari.

Early Daytonas featured fixed headlights behind an acrylic glass cover. This particular setup was completely abandoned in 1971, in favor of retractable pop-up twin headlights due to new safety regulations in the U.S., which outlawed headlights behind covers.

Model variations

365 GTB/4 and GTS/4

The generally accepted total number of Daytonas from the Ferrari club historians is 1,406 over the life of the model. This figure includes 158 right-hand-drive coupes, 122 factory-made Spiders (of which 7 are right hand drive) converted by Scaglietti — the Daytona body builder — from the Coupe to the Spider for the factory and 15 competition cars in three series with modified lightweight bodies and in various degrees of engine tune. [2]

Historically, and especially since the mid-80s and early 90s, there has mostly been a considerable market price difference between a real Berlinetta and a real Spider. In hope for higher value and prospective sale revenue — or even due to the fact that not too many factory Spiders were ever built — many Berlinettas were turned into convertibles. They are usually distinguishable from a factory-made GTS/4 by a more slanted windshield.

Achievements and notoriety

In 2004, the Daytona was voted top sports car of the 1970s by Sports Car International magazine. Similarly, Motor Trend Classic named the 365 GTB/4 and GTS/4 as number two in their list of the ten "Greatest Ferraris of all time".

In 1971, the Daytona gained notoriety when one was driven by Dan Gurney and Brock Yates in the inaugural Cannonball Baker Sea-To-Shining-Sea Memorial Trophy Dash. The pair won with an average speed of 80.1 miles per hour (129 km/h), completing the distance from New York to L.A. in 35 hours 54 minutes (2,876 miles (4,628 km)).

Competition versions

The first racing version of the 365GTB/4 was prepared in 1969: an aluminium bodied car was built and entered in the Le Mans 24 hour race that year (the car crashed in practice). Ferrari did not produce an official competition car until late in 1970.[3]

The official cars were built in three batches of five cars each, in 1970-1, 1972 and 1973. They all featured a lightweight body making use of aluminium and fibreglass panels, with plexiglas windows. The engine was unchanged from the road car in the first batch of competition cars, but tuned in the latter two batches (to 400 bhp in 1972 and then around 450 bhp in 1973).

The cars were not raced by the official Scuderia Ferrari team, but by a range of private entrants. They enjoyed particular success in the 24 Hours of Le Mans, with results including a 5th overall in 1971, followed by GT class wins in 1972, 1973 and 1974. In 1972 Ferrari 365 GTB/4s took the first 5 places of the GT class.

The final major success of the car was in 1979 (five years after production ended), when a 1973 car achieved a class victory (2nd overall) in the 24 Hours of Daytona.

In popular culture

Replica Ferrari Daytona used in Miami Vice. Note the obvious Corvette one-piece seats sticking up higher than normal and lacking separate curved headrests of the genuine Daytona.
  • In the 1980s, the car gained new notoriety on the first two seasons of NBC's hit television series Miami Vice. The black car used in the series was a replica built on a Corvette chassis. Ferrari execs were not pleased that their company and one of their products was represented on TV by an imitation car. The Daytona replica was eventually destroyed on-screen and replaced with a Ferrari Testarossa, the company's newest model during the time. Recently, ebaymotors.com has made efforts to delete auctions in which Ferrari Daytona replicas were advertised as being just that.[citation needed]
  • In the 1990 film The Rookie, a Ferrari Daytona is stolen from a valet parking service and loaded on a semi-tractor trailer by criminal thieves. It is later wrecked in an ensuing collision.
  • It was also dedicated in song metaphorically by Chris Rea, titled Daytona for his 1989 album, The Road to Hell. One example of this reference is "twelve wild horses in silver chains", a reference to the V12 engine, other references includes "She ain't easy, so you take good care or she will scream down your lust", referring to its handling prowess.
  • The show "Top Gear" featured James May, in a 1.25 million pound power boat, racing Richard Hammond in a Ferrari Daytona from Portofino to Saint-Tropez. For May, the journey was rough, damaging the in-vehicle camera. Both Hammond and May are pulled over by the police. May wins, but Hammond explains that the boat might have been the fastest way to complete the journey, but the car would always be the best method.

References

  1. ^ "Focus on 365 GTB4". Official Ferrari website. Ferrari. http://www.ferrari.com/English/GT_Sport%20Cars/Classiche/All_Models/Pages/Article_365_GTB4.aspx. Retrieved 21 February 2010. 
  2. ^ The Ferrari 365GTB/4 DAYTONA. Osprey. 1982. 
  3. ^ "Ferrari 365 GTB/4 Competition". How Stuff Works. Ferrari. http://auto.howstuffworks.com/ferrari-365-gtb-4-competition.htm. Retrieved 21 February 2010. 
  • Buckley, Martin & Rees, Chris (1998). World Encyclopedia of Cars. London: Anness Publishing. ISBN 1-84038-083-7. 
  • 365gtc4.com
Preceded by
Ferrari 250 GTO
Fastest street-legal production car
281 km/h (175 mph)
Succeeded by
Lamborghini Miura







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