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—  Town  —

Ferryland is located in Newfoundland
Location of Ferryland in Newfoundland
Coordinates: 47°01′N 52°53′W / 47.017°N 52.883°W / 47.017; -52.883
Country  Canada
Province  Newfoundland and Labrador
Settled 1621
 - Type Ferryland Town Council
 - Mayor Leo Moriarity
 - Total 13.62 km2 (5.3 sq mi)
Elevation 48 m (157 ft)
Population (2006)
 - Total 529
 - Density 38.8/km2 (100.5/sq mi)
Time zone Newfoundland Time (UTC-3:30)
 - Summer (DST) Newfoundland Daylight (UTC-2:30)
Postal code span A0A
Area code(s) 709
Highways Route 10

Ferryland is a town in Newfoundland and Labrador on the Avalon Peninsula. According to the 2006 Statistics Canada census, its population is 529.[1]

Ferryland was established as a station for migratory fishermen in the late 16th century but had earlier been used by the French, Spanish, and Portuguese. By the 1590s it was one of the most popular fishing harbours in Newfoundland and acclaimed by Sir Walter Raleigh.

The land was granted by charter to the London and Bristol Company in the 1610s and the vicinity became the location of a number of short-lived colonies at Cuper's Cove, Bristol's Hope, and Renews and adjoined the colony of South Falkland. In 1620 the territory was granted to George Calvert, 1st Lord Baltimore who had obtained the holdings from William Vaughan.

Map of Ferryland in 1693

Calvert appointed Edward Wynne to establish a colony which became the first successful permanent colony in Newfoundland growing to a population of 100 by 1625. In 1623, Calvert's grant was confirmed and expanded. The Charter of Avalon was granted to Lord Baltimore by James I. Dated 7 April 1623 it created the Province of Avalon on the island of Newfoundland and gave Baltimore complete authority over all matters in the territory. That same year Baltimore chose Ferryland as the principle area of settlement. In 1883, lighthouse keeper Philip Keough, single handedly save the whole crew of the shipwrecked Octavia, which was enroute from St. John's, Newfoundland to Sydney, Nova Scotia

Ferryland was called "Farilham" by the Portuguese fishermen and "Forillon" by the French—it later became anglicized to its current name "Ferryland." (This should not be confused with the Forillon National Park in Quebec, which still keeps its French name.)

Addresses in Ferryland use the alphanumerically lowest postal codes in Canada, starting with A0A.

The Historic Ferryland Museum (c. 1916) is a Municipal Heritage Site on the Canadian Register of Historic Places. [2]

See also


External links

Coordinates: 47°01′N 52°53′W / 47.017°N 52.883°W / 47.017; -52.883

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