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The Festhalle Frankfurt

The Festhalle Frankfurt in Frankfurt, Germany in Frankfurt is a representative Built in 1907 and 1908 multi-purpose hall at the Frankfurt Exhibition Center. The interior of about 40 meters high dome provides an area of 5646 square meters up to 4880 seats. Together with the two tiers up to 9843 people will in the banquet hall space, unseated at the interior than 13,500.

Contents

History

The Frankfurt fair is the end of the 19th Century held at various fixed locations. A frequent venue was the Hippodrome in the Sachsenhausen. Also pavilion for one-time use were common. But we soon realized that the city needs a representative exhibition hall. Therefore, a competition was advertised in which were the plans of the Marburg architect Friedrich von Thiersch the shortlist. After several amendments, the concept has been widely accepted. The implementation was on 11 June 1907. On 19 May 1909 it was officially opened by Kaiser Wilhelm II. She was at the time of their creation largest dome in Europe.

The German Gymnastics Festival and the International Air Show, were the first events in the new building. In 1914, then broke out of the First World War, was the banquet hall turned into a camp for soldiers. After the war they could initially be used again for the original purpose. On the night of 8 to 9 November 1938, during the November pogroms were driven hundreds of Frankfurt's Jewish citizens across the city center in the Festhalle and some seriously ill-treated. From here, the first mass transports went into the concentration camps. The Festhalle is thus to a considerable importance for the Holocaust. Since 1991, a plaque points in the rotunda of the Festhalle in it. The Frankfurt physician and survivor of Dr. Max Kirschner describes the deportation in his memoirs.

In the Second World War the hall was used for the storage of uniforms of the armed forces. On 18 Dezember 1940, inflamed the textiles and the Festhalle has been through the resultant severe fire severely damaged. Whether it is how the Nazis claimed to act of arson, is still unclear. A bomb attack damaged the Frankfurt Festhalle a second time after the Second World War they should be demolished for the most part, but the citizens of Frankfurt and Mayor Walter Kolb could prevent this. It was initially prepared makeshift again. Only in the 1980s, extensive modernizations such as the installation of air conditioning have been made.

Today, the hall is again a popular venue for concerts by prominent artists. Auch Messen finden wieder in ihr statt. Even fairs are held back in it. During the International Automobile Exhibition occupied traditionally Daimler AG, the Festhalle. In the first half of the 1990s was held in the banquet hall, the ATP World Championship in tennis of lords.

It is currently being extensively renovated. In the bars on the window sills, windows and ventilation shafts will be re-fitted with the originally existing gold leaf. Even after the war is not reconstructed cupolas of the towers should be rebuilt. In addition, the coating of white will be changed to a bright ocher.

On 28 June 2009 celebrated the Festhalle in Frankfurt on the occasion of their 100th anniversary, one open day, visitors to look at the guides in the dressing room and on the stage, and Starting up with a pair of scissors Steiger as the dome ceiling allowed.

It is used primarily for indoor sports and music concerts. Frankfurts' Festhalle has a capacity of 15,179 people, and is one of the largest Festhalle in Germany. On October 9th, 2004, the World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE) hosted a live event in the Festhalle as a part of the "Live & Loaded" Tour. WWE was scheduled to come back to this German show venue on December 6, 2007 with a house show from their SmackDown! brand. Canadian prog-rock trio Rush recorded their R30: 30th Anniversary World Tour DVD here on September 24, 2004. In November 2008, British hard rock band Deep Purple played a one-off show in the Festhalle, Frankfurt during the band's 40 Year Anniversary Tour. The MTV Europe Music Awards was held in the Festhalle, Frankfurt, in 2001.

Architecture

The Festhalle is one of the most important buildings of the late historicism. The architect Friedrich von Thiersch is consistent in his plans to create the splendor of the neo-baroque style, is a worthy representative of the fair city building. The floor plan consisted of the large hall and an exhibition area as the east wing for concerts and similar events. The hall should be 100 meters long and 60 meters wide. In the middle of the rectangle is then covered the somewhat broader rotunda, which was to be crowned by a cupola. This dome forms a contrast with the majestic architecture of the lower part. They should remain different from that time still customary in similar buildings, completely undisguised. It consists only of steel and glass and is similar to that of the materials of construction of the platform halls of Frankfurt's main station, which is about a mile further south is. The Stahlverstrebungen, were used in the glass surfaces are connected by a pressure ring, the load evenly distributed.

The proposed east wing was realized from a lack of money. The design of the architect saw this before two concert halls, several lounges and a banquet hall. Furthermore, an approximately 60 m high Campanile was planned.

The Festival Hall was the model for many subsequent halls of this type is particularly the dome was often imitated. The most famous example is the Centennial Hall in Wroclaw by Max Berg.

Festhalle in Germany

Festhalle is a term used to describe a German arena or community center, literally meaning Feast-Hall, but is best translated as Festival Hall or Civic Center. Festhalles can be found in many towns and cities in Germany, and range in size and use from small neighborhood activity centers, to large capacity stadiums able to seat thousands of spectators.

External links

Preceded by
Madison Square Garden
ATP Tour World Championships
venues

1990 – 1995
Succeeded by
Hanover fairground

Coordinates: 50°06′42″N 8°39′03″E / 50.11167°N 8.65083°E / 50.11167; 8.65083

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