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Field punishment was a military punishment formerly used in the British Army and other armies of the British Empire. It could be awarded only to soldiers on active service during war. It was a common punishment during World War I but was abolished in 1923.

A commanding officer could award field punishment for up to 28 days, while a court martial could award it for up to 90 days, either as Field Punishment Number One or Field Punishment Number Two.

Field Punishment Number One, often abbreviated to "F.P. No. 1" or even just "No. 1", consisted of the convicted man being placed in fetters and handcuffs or similar restraints and attached to a fixed object, such as a gun wheel, for up to two hours per day. Their arms would be strenched out and their legs tied together. This was applied for up to three days out of four, up to 21 days total. This humiliating punishment was intensely disliked by the soldiers, who nicknamed it "crucifixion". It has been alleged that this punishment was sometimes applied within range of enemy fire.

It was a common punishment among conscientious objectors who had been handed over to the army, where they had refused orders. Alfred Evans, who was sent to France where he would later be sentenced to death (later commuted) with 34 others claimed that "it was very uncomfortable, but certainly not humilliating". The CO's seen F.P. No. 1 as a badge of honour how unwilling they were to give in.

Although the 1914 Manual of Military Law specifically stated that Field Punishment should not be applied in such a way as to cause physical harm, in practice abuses were commonplace. The New Zealand conscientious objector Archibald Baxter gave a particularly graphic account of his experience with Field Punishment Number One in his autobiography "We Shall Not Cease".

Field Punishment Number Two was similar except the soldier was not attached to a fixed object. In both forms of field punishment, the soldier was also subject to hard labour and loss of pay.

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