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Fiestas del Pilar is a grand festival in Zaragoza, Spain. It is based on a belief that Virgin Mary appeared to Saint James standing on a pillar. Nuestra Señora del Pilar is a basilica located in the middle of Zaragoza, in the old part of the city.

Zaragoza has over 600,000 inhabitants, but during Fiestas del Pilar it is increased to over 2,000,000. The holiday is nationally and internationally known, since very many of the visitors come from abroad. In 2007 there was a large spread of nationalities taking part in celebrations, from Finland to Australia. It is a custom that averyone in the festival wear a red checkered scarf.

Many participants of the Fiestas come in large groups called peñas. Each peña typically has a certain article of clothing that all of its members wear. They travel in groups, and the primary activity associated with the peñas is drinking.

The holiday lasts for 7 days, during which the city is extremely lively. Every day at 8 o'clock in the morning there is an event called vaquillas, that is amateur bullfighting in the towns bullfighting ring, or Plaza de toros. Everyone who is brave enough, can participate in this event, in which many people get injured every year.

In the nights people gather to the main street of Zaragoza to see concerts of different music, from techno to rock. There are also outside-nightclubs which draw close to 100,000 partiers in a single place.

The most important celebration takes place on the 12th October, "The offering of flowers" to the Virgin, who is removed from the Basilica and exhibited in a platform placed on the square where the temple lies. With these flowers is tiled a floral mantle around the virgin, who stays until the end of the celebrations. The Offering of Flowers is one of the more famous festive symbols of Spain.

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