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A Filipino family composed of a father, a mother, and their daughter.

The Filipino value system or Filipino values refers to the set of values or the value system that a majority of Filipino people have historically held important in their lives. This Philippine value system includes their own unique assemblage of consistent ideologies, moral codes, ethical practices, etiquette, and cultural and personal values that are promoted by their society. As with any society though, the values that an individual holds sacred can differ on the basis of religion, upbringing and other factors.

Contents

Origins

The values of the Filipinos stem from their lifestyle, human nature, and cultural inclinations.[1]

As a general description, the distinct value system of Philippine people can be summarized and summed up into having dominant characteristics of moderation or having just enough or being sufficient, having the family as the center and priority in life, trust in God, nationalistic traditions of independence, cooperation and unity, charity, heroism, group participation, friendship and companionship, sense of justice and equality, concept of human dignity and human rights, non-violence, historical awakening, environmental consciousness, and the emergence of empowered people and nation (as embodied in the People Power Revolution of 1986).[1]

Philosophical basis

The main philosophical basis or philosophy itself of the set of Filipino values that has developed throughout the years of Philippine history are basically congruent to the job of the farmer as exemplified by the Filipino people’s openness and acceptance of nature, and the world; their closeness and openness to their fellow human beings and fellowmen; and their acceptance of and closeness to God.[2]

Models of Filipino values

F. Landa Jocano identified two models of the Filipino value system. The first is the exogenous model or the foreign model, while the second is the indigenous model or the traditional model. The foreign model is described to be a "legal and formal" model, while the indigenous model is described as a "traditional and non-formal" model or guide but is deeply embedded in the subconscious of the Filipinos. The foreign model was inherited by Filipinos from Western cultures, particularly from the Spaniards and the Americans. An example of a foreign or exogenous influence is bureaucracy exhibited in the government of the Philippines.[3]

Elements and composition

Based on studies, surveys, opinions, anecdotes, and other literatures made by experts and researchers in relation to Filipino social values or Filipino core values, along with the Filipino character or Filipino identity of a person or an individual known as the Filipino, the Filipino value system are found to possess inherent key elements. Among them are optimism about the future, pessimism with regards to present situations and events, the concern and care for other people, the existence of friendship and friendliness, the habit of being hospitable, religious nature, respectfulness to self and others, respect for the female members of society, the fear of God, abhorrence of acts of cheating and thievery, and even having a pro-American outlook. The core values of Filipinos specifically upholds the following items: solidarity of the family unit, security of the Philippine economy, orientation to small-groups, personalism, the concepts of "loob" or "kalooban" (meaning "what’s inside the self", the "inner-self", or the "actual personal feelings of the self"), existence and maintenance of smooth interpersonal relationships, and the sensing of the feelings or needs of others (known as pakikiramdam). In a larger picture, these values are grouped into general clusters or "macroclusters": namely, the relationship cluster, the social cluster, the livelihood cluster, the inwardness cluster, and the optimism cluster.[4]

National social values

One of the documents that embody Filipino social values is the 1987 Constitution of the Philippines, a document that promotes and exhibits that the Philippine country is pro-God and pro-People. In fact, according to the writings of Serafin Talisayon, this Philippine constitution is the only among the constitutions in the world that mentions, in its preamble, the words God and love.[5] Aside from this, this constitution also enumerates other items held to be valuable or important by the Filipino people: self-reliance and development at the national level (in science and technology as well), independent foreign policy, recognition of women’s roles in society, the rights of indigenous cultural communities, free enterprise, balance in ecology, democracy, nationalism and patriotism, importance of humanity, human values, and human rights (including the Bill of Rights), social justice, appreciation of the role and works of Philippine national heroes and heroines, encouragement of creativity and critical thinking, invention and innovation, and vocational efficiency. In totality, this constitution aims for nationwide development and self-reliance.[4]

Gender-specific values

A group of Filipino children.

In relation to parenthood, bearing male and female children depends on the preferences of the parents based on the expected roles that each gender would assume once grown up. Both genders are expected to become responsible members of the family and their society. Girls in the Philippines are expected to become caring and nurturing mothers for their own children. Female Filipinos are also expected to lend a hand in household work. They are even anticipated to offer assistance after being married. On the other hand, boys in the Philippines are expected to assume the role of becoming the primary source of income and financial support of his family.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Gorospe, Vitaliano R. Chapter VI: Understanding the Filipino Value System, crvp.org
  2. ^ Social Values and Organization, Philippines, countrystudies.us
  3. ^ Hallig, Jason V. Communicating Holiness to the Filipinos: Challenges and Needs, The Path to a Filipino Theology of Holiness, on pages 2 and 10, http://didache.nts.edu.
  4. ^ a b Talisayon, Serafin. Filipino Values, Chapeter XIII, Teaching Values in the Natural and Physical Sciences in the Philippines, crvp.orgp
  5. ^ The Constitution of New Jersey mentions "God" in the preamble and the Constitution of Transnistria mentions "love" in the preamble. The Constitution of Venezuela mentions both "God" and "love". The Constitution of the Philippines actually mentions both words twice.
  6. ^ MLY. Keynote Speech, City College of San Francisco in the Conference on "The Filipino Family in the 21st Century: Issues and Challenges", ccsf.edu, October 27, 2001

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