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Crevice weaver spiders
Filistatid web
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Suborder: Araneomorphae
Superfamily: Filistatoidea
Family: Filistatidae
Ausserer, 1867
Genera

see text

Diversity
17 genera, > 100 species

The crevice weaver spiders (super-family Filistatoidea, family Filistatidae) contain primitive cribellate, haplogyne, weavers of funnel or tube webs. The family contains 17 genera and more than hundred described species worldwide. One of the most abundant members of this family in the Americas is the Southern house spider (Kukulcania hibernalis). Named after the fierce Meso-American god Kukulkan, the females are large (up to nearly 20 mm) dark-colored spiders and males are light brown, smaller (about 10 mm.), but more long-legged and with palpi that are held together in front of their carapaces like the horn of a unicorn. The males also have a darker streak on the center of the dorsal carapace that causes them to be often mistaken for brown recluse spiders. The tiny members of the genus Filistatinella are like miniature versions of Kukulcania. The nominate genus Filistata is Afro-Eurasian in distribution. In many older books the species from the Americas now placed in the genus Kukulcania are placed in Filistata.

Genera

The categorization into subfamilies follows Joel Hallan's Biology Catalog.

  • Filistatinae Ausserer, 1867
  • Filistata Latreille, 1810 (Mediterranean, Asia, Mexico)
  • Kukulcania Lehtinen, 1967 (America)
  • Sahastata Benoit, 1968 (Mediterranean to India)
  • Zaitunia Lehtinen, 1967 (Iran, Israel, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan)
  • Prithinae Gray, 1995
  • Afrofilistata Benoit, 1968 (Africa)
  • Andoharano Lehtinen, 1967 (Madagascar)
  • Filistatinella Gertsch & Ivie, 1936 (USA)
  • Filistatoides O. P-Cambridge, 1899 (Guatemala, Cuba, Chile)
  • Lihuelistata Ramírez & Grismado, 1997 (Argentina)
  • Misionella Ramírez & Grismado, 1997 (Brazil, Argentina)
  • Pikelinia Mello-Leitão, 1946 (Argentina, Colombia, Galapagos)
  • Pritha Lehtinen, 1967 (Asia, Mediterranean, New Guinea)
  • Wandella Gray, 1994 (Australia)
  • Yardiella Gray, 1994 (Australia)
  • Microfilistata Zonstein, 1990 (Tajikistan)
  • Tricalamus Wang, 1987 (China)

See also

External links

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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Classis: Arachnida
Ordo: Araneae
Subordo: Opisthothelae
Infraordo: Araneomorphae
Taxon: Neocribellatae
Series: Haplogynae
Superfamilia: Filistatoidea
Familia: Filistatidae
Subfamiliae: Filistatinae - Prithinae - incertae sedis

Genera overview: Afrofilistata - Andoharano - Filistata - Filistatinella - Filistatoides - Kukulcania - Lihuelistata - Microfilistata - Misionella - Pikelinia - Pholcoides - Pritha - Sahastata - Tricalamus - Wandella - Yardiella - Zaitunia

Name

Filistatidae Ausserer, 1867

References

  • Ausserer, A. 1867. Die Arachniden Tirols nach ihrer horizontalen und verticalen Verbreitung; I. Verhandlungen der kaiserlich-königlichen zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 17: 137-170. [140]
  • Gray, M. R. 1995. Morphology and relationships within the spider family Filistatidae (Araneae: Araneomorphae). Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 52: 79-89.
  • Huber, B.A. 2009: Four new generic and 14 new specific synonymies in Pholcidae, and transfer of Pholcoides Roewer to Filistatidae (Araneae). Zootaxa, 1970: 64-68.
  • Penney, D. 2005: First fossil Filistatidae: a new species of Misionella in Miocene amber from the Dominican Republic. Journal of arachnology, 33: 93-100. PDF
  • Ramírez, M.J.; Grismado, C.J. 1997: A review of the spider family Filistatidae in Argentina (Arachnida, Araneae), with a cladistic reanalysis of filistatid genera. Entomologica scandinavica, 28: 319-349. PDF

links

Vernacular names

English: Crevice weaver
日本語: カヤシマグモ科
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Filistatidae on Wikimedia Commons.

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