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A high-contrast black-and-white image. White fog or smoke fills the background. In the left foreground is the silhouette of a woman wearing a calf-length skirt. To the right, at a further distance, is the silhouette of a man wearing a fedora.
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Two silhouetted figures in The Big Combo (1955).
^ The Big Combo (1955) 29.
  • August is Film Noir Month at MovieZeal | MovieZeal 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.moviezeal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Big Combo ( 1955 ) .
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

The film's cinematographer was John Alton, the creator of many of film noir's iconic images.
.Film noir is a cinematic term used primarily to describe stylish Hollywood crime dramas, particularly those that emphasize cynical attitudes and sexual motivations.^ This article by James Naremore gives an extensive history of the genre of film noir, a term coined by the French to describe Hollywood crime dramas that emphasize moral ambiguity and sexual motivation.

^ Noir is the wrong term to use.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I've been describing our show as a film noir parody, but it doesn't focus on the crime aspects of those movies; it's more about the ambience of women who sing in clubs and fall in love with mysterious men who are hard to pin down."
  • Everybody Comes to Rick Shaw's: Christopher Durang and Peter Melnick bring their film noir parody musical Adrift in Macao to Primary Stages.Feature on TheaterMania.com - 01/18/2007 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.theatermania.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Hollywood's classic film noir period is generally regarded as stretching from the early 1940s to the late 1950s.^ Top 10 film noir classics .
  • Film Noir News - Topix 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.topix.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Film Noir Classics 1945-50 .
  • Film Noir News - Topix 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.topix.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Witness the fate of Jeff Bailey (Robert Mitchum) in Jacques Tourneur’s Out of the Past (1947), which is often regarded as the definitive example of American film noir .
  • Jacket 21 - David Lehman: Shades Among Shadows: The Murder Mystery, Film Noir, and Poetry 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC jacketmagazine.com [Source type: General]

.Film noir of this era is associated with a low-key black-and-white visual style that has roots in German Expressionist cinematography.^ Not even close to a film noir style.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • AICN Exclusive: WOLFMAN poster!!! It's very Film Noir... -- Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Style is crucial in film noir .
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And "White Zombie" isn't film noir.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Many of the prototypical stories and much of the attitude of classic noir derive from the hardboiled school of crime fiction that emerged in the United States during the Depression.^ This would also be true of film noir in the Depression and during W.W. II, when economic pressures again bore down and still newer technologies, especially in camera lenses, were adopted.
  • Detective Fiction and Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.detnovel.com [Source type: General]

^ Classic crime dramas from the 1940s and '50s get their just reward during the "Man, That's Cold" Noir Film Festival, running through the month of January at the Grandview Heights Public Library.
  • Film Noir News - Topix 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.topix.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many films by the British master of suspense Alfred Hitchcock have story lines in which characters are implicated in crimes.
  • Film Noir News - Topix 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.topix.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The term film noir (French for "black film"),[1] first applied to Hollywood movies by French critic Nino Frank in 1946, was unknown to most American film industry professionals of the classic era.^ Film noir : A comprehensive illustrated reference to movies, terms, and persons .
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Films policiers / French film noir .
  • Films policiers / French film noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmsdefrance.com [Source type: General]

^ Film Noir was a term coined by French critics in 1946 to describe the “new mood of cynicism, pessimism, and darkness” of recent Hollywood films.
  • fagan:film 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC faganfilm.com [Source type: General]

[2] .Cinema historians and critics defined the noir canon in retrospect; before the notion was widely adopted in the 1970s, many of the classic film noirs were referred to as melodramas.^ Top 10 film noir classics .
  • Film Noir News - Topix 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.topix.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Film Noir Classics 1945-50 .
  • Film Noir News - Topix 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.topix.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This stylish mix of film noir and western became one of the definitive policiers of the 1970s, crafted by perhaps the only French film director to truly master the genre.
  • Films policiers / French film noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmsdefrance.com [Source type: General]

[a] .The question of whether film noir qualifies as a distinct genre is a matter of ongoing debate among scholars.^ This stylish mix of film noir and western became one of the definitive policiers of the 1970s, crafted by perhaps the only French film director to truly master the genre.
  • Films policiers / French film noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmsdefrance.com [Source type: General]

^ Film Noir ("dark film") refers to a genre of movies that employ hard-boiled protagonists, urban settings, dark tones, and a sense of despair.
  • Detective Fiction and Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.detnovel.com [Source type: General]

^ But for these very reasons I Wake Up Screaming may be the more important film to scholars of noir.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

.Film noirs encompass a range of plots—the central figure may be a private eye (The Big Sleep), a plainclothes policeman (The Big Heat), an aging boxer (The Set-Up), a hapless grifter (Night and the City), a law-abiding citizen lured into a life of crime (Gun Crazy), or simply a victim of circumstance (D.O.A.).^ Gun Crazy may be the greatest B film in history, but it is still a B film.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Gun Crazy eschews most of film noir's trademark elements.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As individuals and as partners they pour life into Gun Crazy .
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

.Though the noir mode was originally identified among American productions, films now customarily described as noir have been made around the world.^ This article discusses film noir and its origins.

^ Witness the fate of Jeff Bailey (Robert Mitchum) in Jacques Tourneur’s Out of the Past (1947), which is often regarded as the definitive example of American film noir .
  • Jacket 21 - David Lehman: Shades Among Shadows: The Murder Mystery, Film Noir, and Poetry 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC jacketmagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ Made during WWII and the Cold War, noir was a dark, paranoid, cynical creation evocative of a tense time - not unlike today's world.
  • Old film noir finds the light in parade of DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.azcentral.com [Source type: General]

.From the 1960s onward, many pictures have come out that share attributes with film noirs of the classic period, often treating noir conventions in a self-reflexive manner.^ Top 10 film noir classics .
  • Film Noir News - Topix 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.topix.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Film Noir Classics 1945-50 .
  • Film Noir News - Topix 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.topix.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Where'd film noir come from?
  • 2blowhards.com: Film Noir 101, Plus Many Self-Indulgent Musings 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: General]

.Such latter-day works in a noir mode are often referred to as neo-noirs.^ Collectively, the added pieces address generational differences between classic and neo- noir cinema and demonstrate the versatility and persistent vitality of the noir mode.

.The tropes of film noir have inspired parody since the mid-1940s.^ This depiction of the American city of the mid-20th century is a compelling aspect of film noir.
  • Noir City: First Annual San Francisco Film Noir Festival 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC digitalcontentproducer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The essay title stems, of course, from Orson Welles' A Touch of Evil (1959), which marks the end of the film noir era in the 1940s and 50s.
  • sheng-mei-ma-MLA 2004 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.case.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Christopher Durang and Peter Melnick bring their film noir parody musical Adrift in Macao to Primary Stages.
  • Everybody Comes to Rick Shaw's: Christopher Durang and Peter Melnick bring their film noir parody musical Adrift in Macao to Primary Stages.Feature on TheaterMania.com - 01/18/2007 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.theatermania.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Contents

Problems of definition

Movie poster with entire text in a typewriter-style typeface. A man wearing sunglasses, a white suit, and a blue tie walks forward. Behind him is a pickup truck, parked at the edge of a body of water. <a name=.In the foreground lies the supine, apparently dead body of a dark-suited man, wearing a hat and sunglasses and holding a rifle in an outstretched hand."^ Then to make your life seem like Film Noir, all you have to do is to wear dark sunglasses so that everything looks a bit murky.
  • Halfbakery: Film Noir Home 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.halfbakery.com [Source type: General]

src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/00/2/2/0/084184486625819.jpg" width="175" height="451" class="thumbimage" />
It was not until February 1973 that The New York Times first used the term, describing how the "moods and tensions" in the British private-eye parody Pulp came "out of the collective depths of the film noir".[3]
.The questions of what defines film noir and what sort of category it is provoke continuing debate.^ Fox, meanwhile, has released nearly 20 titles under its "Fox Film Noir" label, which on Tuesday will release "14 Hours," "Shock" and "Vicki" - all titles not normally defined as film noir.
  • Old film noir finds the light in parade of DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.azcentral.com [Source type: General]

^ This film continues to grow in critical stature, often playing in revival, and is regarded as a noir masterpiece despite its lack of a detective or investigative trappings.
  • Detective Novels and Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.detnovel.com [Source type: General]

^ It was there that he continued to refine the visual style and themes of noir, but with an avant-garde sensibility associated with the burgeoning “foreign film industry”.
  • fagan:film 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC faganfilm.com [Source type: General]

[4] ."We'd be oversimplifying things in calling film noir oneiric, strange, erotic, ambivalent, and cruel": this set of attributes constitutes the first of many attempts to define film noir made by French critics Raymond Borde and Etienne Chaumeton in their 1955 book Panorama du film noir américain 1941–1953 (A Panorama of American Film Noir), the original and seminal extended treatment of the subject.^ This article discusses film noir and its origins.

^ When Raymond Borde and Etienne Chaumeton wrote their pioneering Panorama du Film Noir (1955), they referred to the "sources" of film noir in American hard-boiled writers Hammett, Cain, Burnett, and Chandler.
  • Detective Fiction and Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.detnovel.com [Source type: General]

^ Raymond Borde and Etienne Chaumeton, Panorama du Film Noir Americain (Paris: Editions de Minuit, 1955), 17-18.
  • Detective Fiction and Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.detnovel.com [Source type: General]

[5] .They emphasize that not every film noir embodies all five attributes in equal measure—one might be more dreamlike; another, particularly brutal.^ For more film noir , click here .
  • Detective Fiction and Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.detnovel.com [Source type: General]

^ This stylish mix of film noir and western became one of the definitive policiers of the 1970s, crafted by perhaps the only French film director to truly master the genre.
  • Films policiers / French film noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmsdefrance.com [Source type: General]

^ "And then they're going to look around and see if there's anything they've missed or anything that's marginal that might possibly be called film noir," adds Silver, who estimates he's done a dozen commentaries for noir DVDs.
  • Old film noir finds the light in parade of DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.azcentral.com [Source type: General]

[6] .The authors' caveats and repeated efforts at alternative definition have been echoed in subsequent scholarship: in the more than five decades since, there have been innumerable further attempts at definition, yet in the words of cinema historian Mark Bould, film noir remains an "elusive phenomenon ...^ Is there anything in geekdom that's NOT film noir?
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • AICN Exclusive: WOLFMAN poster!!! It's very Film Noir... -- Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For more film noir , click here .
  • Detective Fiction and Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.detnovel.com [Source type: General]

^ But the film is more ambiguous than its politics.
  • Jacket 21 - David Lehman: Shades Among Shadows: The Murder Mystery, Film Noir, and Poetry 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC jacketmagazine.com [Source type: General]

always just out of reach".[7]
.Though film noir is often identified with a visual style, unconventional within a Hollywood context, that emphasizes low-key lighting and unbalanced compositions,[8] movies commonly identified as noir evidence a variety of visual approaches, including ones that fit comfortably within the Hollywood mainstream.^ The style and lighting of film noir is unique.
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Not even close to a film noir style.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Style is crucial in film noir .
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[9] .Film noirs similarly embrace a variety of genres, from the gangster film to the police procedural to the gothic romance to the social problem picture—any example of which from the 1940s and 1950s, now seen as noir's classic era, was likely to be described as a "melodrama" at the time.^ More film noir classics now on double-feature discs!
  • Film Noir on DVD / Noir Films on DVD Reviews / TV Show DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.tvparty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 1940s were an era of "womens pictures."
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ DVD, some of the lesser known film noir movies starring the giants of the genre like Claude Reins, Edward G. Robinson and Jane Greer including two RKO classics with the king of Noir, Robert Mitchum.
  • Film Noir on DVD / Noir Films on DVD Reviews / TV Show DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.tvparty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[10] .While many critics refer to film noir as a genre itself, others argue that it can be no such thing.^ She is the "other woman" of film noir .
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We see this in Kiss Me Deadly , a later noir film, and in others of the genre.

^ This stylish mix of film noir and western became one of the definitive policiers of the 1970s, crafted by perhaps the only French film director to truly master the genre.
  • Films policiers / French film noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmsdefrance.com [Source type: General]

[11] .While noir is often associated with an urban setting, many classic noirs take place in small towns, suburbia, rural areas, or on the open road; so setting cannot be its genre determinant, as with the Western.^ This stylish mix of film noir and western became one of the definitive policiers of the 1970s, crafted by perhaps the only French film director to truly master the genre.
  • Films policiers / French film noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmsdefrance.com [Source type: General]

^ Look for the foundation to come to your town next and, for a few nights anyway, make any place we visit into Noir City!
  • Film Noir Foundation's MySpace Blog | 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: General]

^ I think the reason not as many bought the Universal Noir titles released around the same time as the warner set was because it was not pre packed together.
  • Official Fox Film Noir Thread - DVD Talk Forum 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC forum.dvdtalk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Similarly, while the private eye and the femme fatale are character types conventionally identified with noir, the majority of film noirs feature neither; so there is no character basis for genre designation as with the gangster film.^ Unlike most noirs, there is no femme fatale here.
  • DVD Review: Film Noir Classic Collection, Volume 4 - Monsters and Critics 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.monstersandcritics.com [Source type: General]

^ Is there anything in geekdom that's NOT film noir?
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • AICN Exclusive: WOLFMAN poster!!! It's very Film Noir... -- Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Both films emphasize the femme fatale aspect of the film noir genre to various degrees.
  • DVD Review: Film Noir Classic Collection, Volume 4 - Monsters and Critics 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.monstersandcritics.com [Source type: General]

.Nor does film noir rely on anything as evident as the monstrous or supernatural elements of the horror film, the speculative leaps of the science fiction film, or the song-and-dance routines of the musical.^ Autopsy: An element of realism in film noir .
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Is there anything in geekdom that's NOT film noir?
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Any film with a drizzly, doomy, heavy-on-the-shadows look is indebted to noir, from the cyberpunk of "Blade Runner" (and its zillions of imitators) to the serial-killer horror of "Se7ven."
  • 2blowhards.com: Film Noir 101, Plus Many Self-Indulgent Musings 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: General]

[12]
.A more analogous case is that of the screwball comedy, widely accepted by film historians as constituting a "genre": the screwball is defined not by a fundamental attribute, but by a general disposition and a group of elements, some—but rarely and perhaps never all—of which are found in each of the genre's films.^ Found some more cool film noir posters for you.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Dude never claimed to be a film historian.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This stylish mix of film noir and western became one of the definitive policiers of the 1970s, crafted by perhaps the only French film director to truly master the genre.
  • Films policiers / French film noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmsdefrance.com [Source type: General]

[13] .However, because of the diversity of noir (much greater than that of the screwball comedy), certain scholars in the field, such as film historian Thomas Schatz, treat it as not a genre but a "style".[14] Alain Silver, the most widely published American critic specializing in film noir studies, refers to film noir as a "cycle"[15] and a "phenomenon",[16] even as he argues that it has—like certain genres—a consistent set of visual and thematic codes.^ For years, critics have argued about film noir's space in the canon of American movies.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Like its protagonists, film noir is more interested in style than theme, whereas American critics have been traditionally more interested in theme than style ( Schrader, 1977 ).
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He begins the article by defining whether or not film noir is a genre and not just a visual style.

[17] .Other critics treat film noir as a "mood",[18] characterize it as a "series",[19] or simply address a chosen set of movies they regard as belonging to the noir "canon".[20] There is no consensus on the matter.^ She is the "other woman" of film noir .
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For years, critics have argued about film noir's space in the canon of American movies.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But there are other reasons to be wary of noir too.
  • 2blowhards.com: Film Noir 101, Plus Many Self-Indulgent Musings 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: General]

[21]

Background

Cinematic sources

.Film noir's aesthetics are deeply influenced by German Expressionism, an artistic movement of the 1910s and 1920s that involved theater, photography, painting, sculpture, and architecture, as well as cinema.^ Consider "Touch of Evil" by Orson Welles and "Double Indemnity" by Billy Wilder--two very, very different films--but they are both film noir.
  • Internet Archive: Free Download: D.O.A. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: General]

^ Dated roughly from 1941 to 1958, film noir took German expressionism to the back alleys of urban American.
  • Old film noir finds the light in parade of DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.azcentral.com [Source type: General]

^ New York's esteemed repertory theater Film Forum earlier this summer played a well-attended six-week "B Noir" series focusing on lesser-seen noirs such as "Phantom Lady" and "The Big Combo."
  • Old film noir finds the light in parade of DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.azcentral.com [Source type: General]

.The opportunities offered by the booming Hollywood film industry and, later, the threat of growing Nazi power led to the emigration of many important film artists working in Germany who had either been directly involved in the Expressionist movement or studied with its practitioners.^ Lupino, who became a rare directorial force in film and television, has a prayer scene over her dead brother, shot later in post-production.

^ The important thing to grasp from this is to notice the rise of Humphrey Bogart as a Hollywood star at the same time as the rise of the film noir genre.

^ The film stars Yves Montand, who would work with Costa-Gavras on several subsequent films.
  • Films policiers / French film noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmsdefrance.com [Source type: General]

[22] .Directors such as Fritz Lang, Robert Siodmak, and Michael Curtiz brought a dramatically shadowed lighting style and a psychologically expressive approach to visual composition, or mise-en-scène, with them to Hollywood, where they would make some of the most famous of classic noirs.^ The style and lighting of film noir is unique.
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ HIS KIND OF WOMAN - 1951 Robert Mitchum, Jane Russell, Vincent Price, Tim Holt, Charles McGraw, Raymond Burr They were two of a kind...and bound to meet, but neither of them knew what such a meeting would mean!
  • Rare Classic DVDs - Film Noir Studio Classics 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.rareclassicdvds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Robert Siodmak's The Killers contains one of film noir's most notorious femme fatales in Ava Gardner's Kitty Collins, and one of its poorest saps in Burt Lancaster's "Swede."
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

.Lang's magnum opus, M—released in 1931, two years before his departure from Germany—is among the first major crime films of the sound era to join a characteristically noirish visual style with a noir-type plot, one in which the protagonist is a criminal (as are his most successful pursuers).^ Lang created two film genres with this one film: Film-Noir, and the Crime/Psychological Thriller.

^ And as for D.O.A. itself - if it wasn't actually the first film noir then it was certainly one of the first.
  • Internet Archive: Free Download: D.O.A. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: General]

^ The style and lighting of film noir is unique.
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[23]
.By 1931, Curtiz had already been in Hollywood for half a decade, making as many as six films a year.^ Only the so-called Hollywood Code of Decency prevented many of these films from playing out completely to the darkness that was their natural condition.

^ For many, a renaissance for film noir makes sense.
  • Old film noir finds the light in parade of DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.azcentral.com [Source type: General]

^ The Best Years of Our Lives project tagged film film_noir hollywood masculinity world_war_II by adesai2 ...

.Movies of his such as 20,000 Years in Sing Sing (1932) and Private Detective 62 (1933) are among the early Hollywood sound films arguably classifiable as noir—scholar Marc Vernet offers the latter as evidence that dating the initiation of film noir to 1940 or any other year is "arbitrary".[24] Giving Expressionist-affiliated moviemakers particularly free stylistic rein were Universal horror pictures such as Dracula (1931), The Mummy (1932)—the former photographed and the latter directed by the Berlin-trained Karl Freund—and The Black Cat (1934), directed by Austrian émigré Edgar G. Ulmer.^ She is the "other woman" of film noir .
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ DVD, some of the lesser known film noir movies starring the giants of the genre like Claude Reins, Edward G. Robinson and Jane Greer including two RKO classics with the king of Noir, Robert Mitchum.
  • Film Noir on DVD / Noir Films on DVD Reviews / TV Show DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.tvparty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Earlier this week, Universal released a two-disc version of "Double Indemnity," improving on the picture quality of the film's first DVD edition.
  • Old film noir finds the light in parade of DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.azcentral.com [Source type: General]

[25] .The Universal horror that comes closest to noir, both in story and sensibility, however, is The Invisible Man (1933), directed by Englishman James Whale and photographed by American Arthur Edeson.^ As a young kid compulsively attached to American horror films and crime dramas, film noir seemed a natural extension of The Wolf Man or The Devil and Daniel Webster, where a hapless protagonist succumbed either to Fate or to bad choices.

^ THE FIRST BONA-FIDE BRITISH NOIR. A unique combination of Fritz Lang and James Whale.” – William K. Everson “On a level with the French cinema.” – Graham Greene “An exceptional thriller never released in this country, beautifully directed by Arthur Woods.
  • BRIT NOIR Series previously at Film Forum in New York City 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmforum.org [Source type: General]

^ All scholars agree, however, that by 1945 film noir had its own style and themes, both of which were distinctly American.
  • Detective Fiction and Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.detnovel.com [Source type: General]

.Edeson would subsequently photograph The Maltese Falcon (1941), widely regarded as the first major film noir of the classic era.^ This episode examines the classic "The Maltese Falcon."
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ The first scene in Antichrist would be film noir.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Penguins would be film noir.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[26]
Black-and-white image of a young woman wearing a tuxedo-like suit and top hat. She sits with her right leg, almost parallel to the ground, over her left knee. She leans forward and gazes out directly with a tight-lipped smile. In her right hand she holds a cigarette from which a large plume of smoke rises.
The "original" femme fatale, Marlene Dietrich, in a publicity shot for Josef von Sternberg's mordant melodrama Der blaue Engel (The Blue Angel; 1930)
.The Vienna-born but largely American-raised Josef von Sternberg was directing in Hollywood at the same time.^ The important thing to grasp from this is to notice the rise of Humphrey Bogart as a Hollywood star at the same time as the rise of the film noir genre.

^ These interests converged in 1927, according to movie historian Carlos Clarens, in Underworld (written by Ben Hecht, directed by Josef von Sternberg).
  • Detective Fiction and Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.detnovel.com [Source type: General]

.Films of his such as Shanghai Express (1932) and The Devil Is a Woman (1935), with their hothouse eroticism and baroque visual style, specifically anticipate central elements of classic noir.^ Autopsy: An element of realism in film noir .
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Does it share visual elements with classical noir?
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Roughly speaking, classic noir refers to films that were made, mostly by Hollywood, in the 1940s and 1950s that all share a certain tone, style and attitude (post-war cynicism).
  • Kulturblog » 8 Essential Films: A Film Noir Primer 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.kulturblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The commercial and critical success of Sternberg's silent Underworld in 1927 was largely responsible for spurring a trend of Hollywood gangster films.^ Raw and violent, steeped in the film noir tradition, this cult classic ventures into the seamy gangster underworld, oozing with seediness and low-life characters.
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

^ Film Noir was a term coined by French critics in 1946 to describe the “new mood of cynicism, pessimism, and darkness” of recent Hollywood films.
  • fagan:film 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC faganfilm.com [Source type: General]

^ These interests converged in 1927, according to movie historian Carlos Clarens, in Underworld (written by Ben Hecht, directed by Josef von Sternberg).
  • Detective Fiction and Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.detnovel.com [Source type: General]

[27] .Popular movies in the genre such as Little Caesar (1931), The Public Enemy (1931), and Scarface (1932) demonstrated that there was an audience for crime dramas with morally reprehensible protagonists.^ Along with Little Caesar and The Public Enemy , Scarface spawned almost fifty imitations over the next decade: some of them were good ( The Finger Points , 1931; Beast of the City , 1931, scripted by W.R. Burnett; Hell's Highway , 1932 ), but most were not, and few are available for viewing today.
  • Detective Fiction and Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.detnovel.com [Source type: General]

^ Some credit M as the first of genre; some accord the honor to Double Indemnity, Little Caesar, Murder, My Sweet, or to Citizen Kane.

^ This article by James Naremore gives an extensive history of the genre of film noir, a term coined by the French to describe Hollywood crime dramas that emphasize moral ambiguity and sexual motivation.

[28] .An important, and possibly influential, cinematic antecedent to classic noir was 1930s French poetic realism, with its romantic, fatalistic attitude and celebration of doomed heroes.^ Cinemahistorywise, there are usually said to be three main sources for noir: German expressionism, French poetic realism, and the hardboiled style of American mystery writing.
  • 2blowhards.com: Film Noir 101, Plus Many Self-Indulgent Musings 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: General]

^ Those who want to give French poetic realism a try might start with Quai des Brumes, buyable here and Netflixable here .
  • 2blowhards.com: Film Noir 101, Plus Many Self-Indulgent Musings 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: General]

^ Below is a list of eight movies that I think represent the best and most influential film noirs of the classic period.
  • Kulturblog » 8 Essential Films: A Film Noir Primer 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.kulturblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[29] The movement's sensibility is mirrored in the Warner Bros. drama I Am a Fugitive from a Chain Gang (1932), a key forerunner of noir.[30] .Among those movies not themselves considered film noirs, perhaps none had a greater effect on the development of the genre than America's own Citizen Kane (1941), the landmark motion picture directed by Orson Welles.^ DVD, some of the lesser known film noir movies starring the giants of the genre like Claude Reins, Edward G. Robinson and Jane Greer including two RKO classics with the king of Noir, Robert Mitchum.
  • Film Noir on DVD / Noir Films on DVD Reviews / TV Show DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.tvparty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The concept of film noir employed in this chapter is narrow, excluding most of the crime movies on which film noir is based, as well as thrillers by Alfred Hitchcock and comedies such as The Thin Man series based on Hammett's novels.
  • Detective Fiction and Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.detnovel.com [Source type: General]

^ CHINATOWN - 1974 Jack Nicholson, Faye Dunaway, John Huston, Perry Lopez, John Hillerman A landmark movie in the Film Noir tradition!
  • Rare Classic DVDs - Film Noir Studio Classics 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.rareclassicdvds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Its visual intricacy and complex, voiceover-driven narrative structure are echoed in dozens of classic film noirs.^ Raw and violent, steeped in the film noir tradition, this cult classic ventures into the seamy gangster underworld, oozing with seediness and low-life characters.
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

^ My favorite classic noir films are The Big Sleep and Double Indemnity.
  • Kulturblog » 8 Essential Films: A Film Noir Primer 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.kulturblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Film Noir: Bringing Darkness to Light - (Introductory documentary) Duration: 68 minutes Is film noir a genre or a visual style?

[31]
.Italian neorealism of the 1940s, with its emphasis on quasi-documentary authenticity, was an acknowledged influence on trends that emerged in American noir.^ It is a vision so dark, so fatalistic, that it seems to owe as much to Italian Neorealism as to the noir tradition.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ Acknowledged by Paul Schrader as an influence on his American Gigolo and Taxi Driver screenplays.
  • THE FRENCH CRIME WAVE at Film Forum in New York City 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmforum.org [Source type: General]

.The Lost Weekend (1945), directed by Billy Wilder, yet another Vienna-born, Berlin-trained American auteur, tells the story of an alcoholic in a manner evocative of neorealism.^ Disgusted by the book, Brackett begged off this project, but he returned for the equally dark The Lost Weekend (1945), a realistic account of alcoholism.
  • Detective Fiction and Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.detnovel.com [Source type: General]

^ Billy Wilder directs Fred MacMurray, Barbara Stanwyck, and Edward G. Robinson; adapted by Raymond Chandler from the novel by James M. Cain.
  • 2blowhards.com: Film Noir 101, Plus Many Self-Indulgent Musings 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: General]

^ The Lost Weekend 1945 .
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

[32] .It also exemplifies the problem of classification: one of the first American movies to be described as a film noir, it has largely disappeared from considerations of the field.^ And as for D.O.A. itself - if it wasn't actually the first film noir then it was certainly one of the first.
  • Internet Archive: Free Download: D.O.A. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: General]

^ Witness the fate of Jeff Bailey (Robert Mitchum) in Jacques Tourneur’s Out of the Past (1947), which is often regarded as the definitive example of American film noir .
  • Jacket 21 - David Lehman: Shades Among Shadows: The Murder Mystery, Film Noir, and Poetry 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC jacketmagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ "Despite significant cuts in Dassin's original footage, Brute Force is still the ultimate noir prison film and one of the high points of the cycle."
  • TSPDT - Film Noir: 250 Quintessential Noir Films - Part 1 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.theyshootpictures.com [Source type: General]

[33] .Director Jules Dassin of The Naked City (1948) pointed to the neorealists as inspiring his use of on-location photography with nonprofessional extras.^ Hollywood began tearing itself apart with accusations of Communism in 1947, and in 1949 American director Jules Dassin was blacklisted.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ A persuasively sweaty crime thriller, this atypical Hammer production benefited from a strong cast and fine use of location photography (in ‘Hammerscope’).
  • BRIT NOIR Series previously at Film Forum in New York City 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmforum.org [Source type: General]

^ Jules Dassin (THE NAKED CITY; BRUTE FORCE).

.This semidocumentary approach characterized a substantial number of noirs in the late 1940s and early 1950s.^ Conventional wisdom holds that the term "film noir" (literally "black film"), coined by French film critics in the 1950s and 1960s, was first used to describe the gritty black-and-white American films to come out of the postwar period in the 1940s and early 1950s.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Noir is the product of the 1940s, the late ’40s especially.
  • Jacket 21 - David Lehman: Shades Among Shadows: The Murder Mystery, Film Noir, and Poetry 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC jacketmagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ The femme fatale of the film noir movies of the 1940s and 1950s is representative of several related personality disorders characterized by histrionics, self-absorption, psychopathy, and unpredictability.
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Along with neorealism, the style had a homegrown precedent, specifically cited by Dassin, in director Henry Hathaway's The House on 92nd Street (1945), which demonstrated the parallel influence of the cinematic newsreel.[34]

Literary sources

Magazine cover with illustration of a terrified-looking, red-haired young woman gagged and bound to a post. She is wearing a low-cut, arm-bearing yellow top and a red skirt. In front of her, a man with a large scar on his cheek and a furious expression heats a branding iron over a gas stove. <a name=.In the background, a man wearing a trenchcoat and fedora and holding a revolver enters through a doorway.^ Men wear trenchcoats and fedoras.
  • Jacket 21 - David Lehman: Shades Among Shadows: The Murder Mystery, Film Noir, and Poetry 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC jacketmagazine.com [Source type: General]

.The text includes the tagline "Smashing Detective Stories" and the cover story's title, "Finger Man"."^ One problem was that the detective story's plot required many sub-titles and more complicated camera-work than melodramas.
  • Detective Fiction and Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.detnovel.com [Source type: General]

src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/00/2/1/4/67630524214079035.jpg" width="200" height="292" class="thumbimage" />
.
The October 1934 issue of Black Mask featured the first appearance of the detective character whom Raymond Chandler would develop into the famous Philip Marlowe.
^ Dick Powell does a much better job (IMO, of course, though he was also Chandler’s favorite cinematic Marlowe) with the character than Bogart.
  • Kulturblog » 8 Essential Films: A Film Noir Primer 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.kulturblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Rumpled detective Philip Marlowe may be the iconic film noir hero.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The first image and appearance of Phyllis Dietrichson (Barbara Stanwyck) in Double Indemnity (1944) exemplifies these issues.
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[35]
.The primary literary influence on film noir was the hardboiled school of American detective and crime fiction, led in its early years by such writers as Dashiell Hammett (whose first novel, Red Harvest, was published in 1929) and James M. Cain (whose The Postman Always Rings Twice appeared five years later), and popularized in pulp magazines such as Black Mask.^ Red Harvest (1927) by Dashiell Hammett .
  • Detective Fiction and Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.detnovel.com [Source type: General]

^ A staple of the 40s and 50s, the film noir eventually went out of fashion with the popularity of color film and television, but many popular contemporary films owe a debt to the film noir movement.

^ The concept of film noir employed in this chapter is narrow, excluding most of the crime movies on which film noir is based, as well as thrillers by Alfred Hitchcock and comedies such as The Thin Man series based on Hammett's novels.
  • Detective Fiction and Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.detnovel.com [Source type: General]

.The classic film noirs The Maltese Falcon and The Glass Key (1942) were based on novels by Hammett; Cain's novels provided the basis for Double Indemnity (1944), Mildred Pierce (1945), The Postman Always Rings Twice (1946), and Slightly Scarlet (1956; adapted from Love's Lovely Counterfeit).^ My favorite classic noir films are The Big Sleep and Double Indemnity.
  • Kulturblog » 8 Essential Films: A Film Noir Primer 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.kulturblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Double Indemnity is regarded by most as film noir 's masterpiece.
  • Detective Fiction and Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.detnovel.com [Source type: General]

^ In this article, Gates compares the three film versions of Hammett’s novel, The Maltese Falcon .

A decade before the classic era, a story of Hammett's was the source for the gangster melodrama City Streets (1931), directed by Rouben Mamoulian and photographed by Lee Garmes, who worked regularly with Sternberg. .Wedding a style and story both with many noir characteristics, released the month before Lang's M, City Streets has a claim to being the first major film noir.^ The style and lighting of film noir is unique.
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Not even close to a film noir style.
  • AICN Exclusive: WOLFMAN poster!!! It's very Film Noir... -- Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Style is crucial in film noir .
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[36]
.Raymond Chandler, who debuted as a novelist with The Big Sleep in 1939, soon became the most famous author of the hardboiled school.^ Maybe that has something to do with the fact that Raymond Chandler wrote the screenplay, from the novel by Patricia Highsmith (who also wrote The Talented Mr. Ripley ).
  • Kulturblog » 8 Essential Films: A Film Noir Primer 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.kulturblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Big Sleep (1939) by Raymond Chandler .
  • Detective Fiction and Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.detnovel.com [Source type: General]

.Not only were Chandler's novels turned into major noirs—Murder, My Sweet (1944; adapted from Farewell, My Lovely), The Big Sleep (1946), and Lady in the Lake (1947)—he was an important screenwriter in the genre as well, producing the scripts for Double Indemnity, The Blue Dahlia (1946), and Strangers on a Train (1951).^ Episode 26: Murder, My Sweet .
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ My favorite classic noir films are The Big Sleep and Double Indemnity.
  • Kulturblog » 8 Essential Films: A Film Noir Primer 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.kulturblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Big Sleep (1946; dir.
  • Kulturblog » 8 Essential Films: A Film Noir Primer 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.kulturblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Where Chandler, like Hammett, centered most of his novels and stories on the character of the private eye, Cain featured less heroic protagonists and focused more on psychological exposition than on crime solving;[37] the Cain approach has come to be identified with a subset of the hardboiled genre dubbed "noir fiction". For much of the 1940s, one of the most prolific and successful authors of this often downbeat brand of suspense tale was Cornell Woolrich (sometimes under the pseudonym George Hopley or William Irish).^ It should be: it comes from the pen of Raymond Chandler, a cornerstone of the private eye genre.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The neatly constructed script emphasizes the psychological struggle between the characters, and like the much-lauded TV series Homicide: Life on the Street , it lays bare one of the more insidious tactics of the professional inquisitor: breaking down the suspect's sense of self-worth so completely that he yearns to be punished.” – Chicago Reader .
  • THE FRENCH CRIME WAVE at Film Forum in New York City 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmforum.org [Source type: General]

^ The concept of film noir employed in this chapter is narrow, excluding most of the crime movies on which film noir is based, as well as thrillers by Alfred Hitchcock and comedies such as The Thin Man series based on Hammett's novels.
  • Detective Fiction and Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.detnovel.com [Source type: General]

.No writer's published work provided the basis for more film noirs of the classic period than Woolrich's: thirteen in all, including Black Angel (1946), Deadline at Dawn (1946), and Fear in the Night (1947).^ For more film noir , click here .
  • Detective Fiction and Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.detnovel.com [Source type: General]

^ But the film is more ambiguous than its politics.
  • Jacket 21 - David Lehman: Shades Among Shadows: The Murder Mystery, Film Noir, and Poetry 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC jacketmagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ More than night: Film noir in its contexts .
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[38]
Another crucial literary source for film noir was W. R. Burnett, whose first novel to be published was Little Caesar, in 1929. It would be turned into a hit for Warner Bros. in 1931; the following year, Burnett was hired to write dialogue for Scarface, while Beast of the City was adapted from one of his stories. .At least one important reference work identifies the latter as a film noir despite its early date.^ "Despite significant cuts in Dassin's original footage, Brute Force is still the ultimate noir prison film and one of the high points of the cycle."
  • TSPDT - Film Noir: 250 Quintessential Noir Films - Part 1 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.theyshootpictures.com [Source type: General]

^ "This intense Freudian melodrama by Otto Preminger is one of the forgotten masterworks of film noir...The film is a disturbingly cool, rational investigation of the terrors of sexuality."
  • TSPDT - Film Noir: 250 Quintessential Noir Films - Part 1 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.theyshootpictures.com [Source type: General]

^ Aren't the "social problem" films of the early thirties - stuff like I Am A Fugitive From A Chain Gang, for instance - film noir, or at least noirish?
  • 2blowhards.com: Film Noir 101, Plus Many Self-Indulgent Musings 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: General]

[39] .Burnett's characteristic narrative approach fell somewhere between that of the quintessential hardboiled writers and their noir fiction compatriots—his protagonists were often heroic in their way, a way just happening to be that of the gangster.^ The main reason to be wary of film noir, to my mind, is the way the tradition often appeals to literary intellectuals.
  • 2blowhards.com: Film Noir 101, Plus Many Self-Indulgent Musings 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: General]

^ Just a comment on film noir in general: A voiceover isn't really a characteristic of film noir itself, rather a characteristic of a subgenre of flim noir: which is sometimes described as the "Hardboiled Detective" genre.
  • 2blowhards.com: Film Noir 101, Plus Many Self-Indulgent Musings 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: General]

^ Or maybe they're just annoyed by the way film nerds carry on about the joys of film noir.
  • 2blowhards.com: Film Noir 101, Plus Many Self-Indulgent Musings 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: General]

.During the classic era, his work, either as author or screenwriter, was the basis for seven movies now widely regarded as film noirs, including three of the most famous: High Sierra (1941), This Gun for Hire (1942), and The Asphalt Jungle (1950).^ Double Indemnity is regarded by most as film noir 's masterpiece.
  • Detective Fiction and Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.detnovel.com [Source type: General]

^ Gun Crazy eschews most of film noir's trademark elements.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The concept of film noir employed in this chapter is narrow, excluding most of the crime movies on which film noir is based, as well as thrillers by Alfred Hitchcock and comedies such as The Thin Man series based on Hammett's novels.
  • Detective Fiction and Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.detnovel.com [Source type: General]

[40]

Classic period

Overview

.The 1940s and 1950s are generally regarded as the "classic period" of American film noir.^ Witness the fate of Jeff Bailey (Robert Mitchum) in Jacques Tourneur’s Out of the Past (1947), which is often regarded as the definitive example of American film noir .
  • Jacket 21 - David Lehman: Shades Among Shadows: The Murder Mystery, Film Noir, and Poetry 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC jacketmagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ Roughly speaking, classic noir refers to films that were made, mostly by Hollywood, in the 1940s and 1950s that all share a certain tone, style and attitude (post-war cynicism).
  • Kulturblog » 8 Essential Films: A Film Noir Primer 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.kulturblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Conventional wisdom holds that the term "film noir" (literally "black film"), coined by French film critics in the 1950s and 1960s, was first used to describe the gritty black-and-white American films to come out of the postwar period in the 1940s and early 1950s.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

.While City Streets and other pre-WWII crime melodramas such as Fury (1936) and You Only Live Once (1937), both directed by Fritz Lang, are categorized as full-fledged noir in Alain Silver and Elizabeth Ward's film noir encyclopedia, other critics tend to describe them as "proto-noir" or in similar terms.^ In the U.S. Lang made Fury (1936) and You Only Live Once (1937) in proto- noir style.
  • Detective Fiction and Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.detnovel.com [Source type: General]

^ She is the "other woman" of film noir .
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But you live in an apartment, in the city?

[41] .The movie now most commonly cited as the first "true" film noir is Stranger on the Third Floor (1940), directed by Latvian-born, Soviet-trained Boris Ingster.^ Film Noir movies .
  • Film Noir movies 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC tuberob.com [Source type: General]

^ Most of these movies date from the period of 1940 to 1960 and share similar techniques and styles.
  • Detective Fiction and Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.detnovel.com [Source type: General]

^ Posted by: Michael Blowhard on August 2, 2004 02:30 PM I've seen it cited in a few places that "Stranger on the Third Floor" (1940) is considered the first film noir.
  • 2blowhards.com: Film Noir 101, Plus Many Self-Indulgent Musings 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: General]

[42] .Hungarian émigré Peter Lorre—who had starred in Lang's M—was top-billed, though he did not play the lead.^ Peter Lorre virtually reprises the eerily convincing persona he created in Fritz Lang’s M, adding an emotion-wringing melancholia to his performance as a paranoid, lost soul.

^ The most obvious one would be the effeminate and most likely homosexual character of Joel Cairo, played by Peter Lorre.

^ About the only common sense here is personified by the magnificent Claude Rains who despite his top billing, only has the confrontation scene with Mitchum.
  • DVD Review: Film Noir Classic Collection, Volume 4 - Monsters and Critics 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.monstersandcritics.com [Source type: General]

.He would play secondary roles in several other formative American noirs.^ Hibbs notes that noir, more than any other American film genre, lends itself to exploring the philosophical connotation of personal identity, the allure and dangers of autonomy, and the role of truthfulness.

^ I love film noir because it is the most stylish and stylized of American film forms; these films feel ‘poetic’ in their valorizing of style.
  • Jacket 21 - David Lehman: Shades Among Shadows: The Murder Mystery, Film Noir, and Poetry 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC jacketmagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ The thesis of this report is that the film noir femme fatale with her attendant psychopathology was at once a creation of the forties and a reflection of profound shifts in the role of American women in that era.
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Though modestly budgeted, at the high end of the B movie scale, Stranger on the Third Floor still lost its studio, RKO, $56,000, almost a third of its total cost.[43] Variety magazine found Ingster's work "too studied and when original, lacks the flare to hold attention. It's a film too arty for average audiences, and too humdrum for others."[44] .Stranger on the Third Floor was not recognized as the beginning of a trend, let alone a new genre, for many decades.^ STRANGER ON THE THIRD FLOOR , 1940, Warner Bros., 64 min.

^ A few of these classics are encore presentations ( DESERT FURY, WICKED WOMAN, STRANGER ON THE THIRD FLOOR, TOMORROW IS ANOTHER DAY, HIGHWAY 301 ).

[42]
Black-and-white image of a man and a woman sitting side by side on a couch, viewed at an angle. The man, in profile in the left foreground, stares off to the right of frame. <a name=.He wears a trenchcoat, and his face is shadowed by a fedora.^ Men wear trenchcoats and fedoras.
  • Jacket 21 - David Lehman: Shades Among Shadows: The Murder Mystery, Film Noir, and Poetry 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC jacketmagazine.com [Source type: General]

He holds a cigarette in his left hand. The woman, to the right and rear, stares at him. She wears a dark dress and lipstick of a deeply saturated hue." src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/07/2/2/7/85432672148592765.jpg" width="250" height="176" class="thumbimage" />
.
Out of the Past (1947) features many of the genre's hallmarks: a cynical private detective as the protagonist, a femme fatale, multiple flashbacks with voiceover narration, dramatically shadowed photography, and a fatalistic mood leavened with provocative banter.
^ Out of the Past (1947; dir.
  • Kulturblog » 8 Essential Films: A Film Noir Primer 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.kulturblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Additionally, Alicia is not the typical femme fatale - she is instead the protagonist, and while quite sexual, she is very human and demanding of sympathy instead of cold and calculating.

^ The idea of the femme fatale extends beyond film noir into every single genre these days, having become a universal construct.

The film stars noir icons Robert Mitchum and Jane Greer.
.Most of the film noirs of the classic period were similarly low- and modestly budgeted features without major stars—B movies either literally or in spirit.^ More film noir classics now on double-feature discs!
  • Film Noir on DVD / Noir Films on DVD Reviews / TV Show DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.tvparty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ DVD, some of the lesser known film noir movies starring the giants of the genre like Claude Reins, Edward G. Robinson and Jane Greer including two RKO classics with the king of Noir, Robert Mitchum.
  • Film Noir on DVD / Noir Films on DVD Reviews / TV Show DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.tvparty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The concept of film noir employed in this chapter is narrow, excluding most of the crime movies on which film noir is based, as well as thrillers by Alfred Hitchcock and comedies such as The Thin Man series based on Hammett's novels.
  • Detective Fiction and Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.detnovel.com [Source type: General]

.In this production context, writers, directors, cinematographers, and other craftsmen were relatively free from typical big-picture constraints.^ It's gotten to the point where it's all a big blur of stupidity, and filmakers, writers and other creative people in the entertainment industry are simply avoiding them.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There was more visual experimentation than in Hollywood filmmaking as a whole: the Expressionism now closely associated with noir and the semidocumentary style that later emerged represent two very different tendencies.^ Not even close to a film noir style.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It treats noir as a term in criticism, as an expression of artistic modernism, as a symptom of Hollywood censorship and politics, as a market strategy, as an evolving style, and as an idea that circulates through all the media.
  • film noir - Lulu.com 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.lulu.com [Source type: General]

^ More film noir classics now on double-feature discs!
  • Film Noir on DVD / Noir Films on DVD Reviews / TV Show DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.tvparty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Narrative structures sometimes involved convoluted flashbacks uncommon in non-noir commercial productions.^ A major contributing factor to this sense of calm is the film's convoluted flashback structure.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

.In terms of content, enforcement of the Production Code ensured that no movie character could literally get away with murder or be seen sharing a bed with anyone but a spouse; within those bounds, however, many films now identified as noir feature plot elements and dialogue that were very risqué for the time.^ Film noir : A comprehensive illustrated reference to movies, terms, and persons .
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ More film noir classics now on double-feature discs!
  • Film Noir on DVD / Noir Films on DVD Reviews / TV Show DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.tvparty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Autopsy: An element of realism in film noir .
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[45]
.Thematically, film noirs were most exceptional for the relative frequency with which they centered on women of questionable virtue—a focus that had become rare in Hollywood films after the mid-1930s and the end of the pre-Code era.^ Women in film noir .
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Women in film noir (pp.
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Double Indemnity is regarded by most as film noir 's masterpiece.
  • Detective Fiction and Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.detnovel.com [Source type: General]

.The signal movie in this vein was Double Indemnity, directed by Billy Wilder; setting the mold was Barbara Stanwyck's unforgettable femme fatale, Phyllis Dietrichson—an apparent nod to Marlene Dietrich, who had built her extraordinary career playing such characters for Sternberg.^ Phyllis Dietrichson (Barbara Stanwyck), of Double Indemnity (1944), demonstrates a range of vicious, calculating acts.
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Then there's Jane Greer's Kathie, second only to Barbara Stanwyck's Phyllis Dietrichson in Double Indemnity as the greatest of all femme fatales.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ An insurance investigator (Edmond O'Brien) discovers that there has been a cross and a double-cross, behind which lies a femme fatale (Ava Gardner).
  • Detective Fiction and Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.detnovel.com [Source type: General]

.An A-level feature all the way, the movie's commercial success and seven Oscar nominations made it probably the most influential of the early noirs.^ This is perhaps the most noir of all neo-noirs.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ Jacques Tourneur; Robert Mitchem, Kirk Douglas, Jane Greer) This may be my all-time favorite film noir, and it’s also probably the least well-known movie on this list.
  • Kulturblog » 8 Essential Films: A Film Noir Primer 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.kulturblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The movie also benefited from a Raymond Chandler screenplay based on a James M. Cain novel, a noir double dipping that wasn’t all that uncommon during the classic noir period.
  • Kulturblog » 8 Essential Films: A Film Noir Primer 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.kulturblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[46] .A slew of now-renowned noir "bad girls" would follow, such as those played by Rita Hayworth in Gilda (1946), Lana Turner in The Postman Always Rings Twice (1946), Ava Gardner in The Killers (1946), and Jane Greer in Out of the Past (1947).^ Out of the Past (1947; dir.
  • Kulturblog » 8 Essential Films: A Film Noir Primer 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.kulturblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Robert Siodmak's The Killers contains one of film noir's most notorious femme fatales in Ava Gardner's Kitty Collins, and one of its poorest saps in Burt Lancaster's "Swede."
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Rita Hayworth is GILDA. From the flip of her fiery hair to the reprise of her incendiary song, she sizzles the celluloid and burns herself indelibly into our collective consciousness.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

.The iconic noir counterpart to the femme fatale, the private eye, came to the fore in movies such as The Maltese Falcon (1941), with Humphrey Bogart as Sam Spade, and Murder, My Sweet (1944), with Dick Powell as Philip Marlowe.^ Episode 26: Murder, My Sweet .
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ The Maltese Falcon (1941; dir.
  • Kulturblog » 8 Essential Films: A Film Noir Primer 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.kulturblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Dick Powell was cast as Philip Marlowe in the 1945 film "Murder, My Sweet."
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

.Other seminal noir sleuths served larger institutions, such as Dana Andrews's police detective in Laura (1944), Edmond O'Brien's insurance investigator in The Killers, and Edward G. Robinson's government agent in The Stranger (1946).^ An insurance investigator (Edmond O'Brien) discovers that there has been a cross and a double-cross, behind which lies a femme fatale (Ava Gardner).
  • Detective Fiction and Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.detnovel.com [Source type: General]

^ Clute and Edwards investigate why it deserves this designation, arguing that it uses the conventions of noir in such a self-conscious manner that henceforth it will be impossible to tell a straight noir tale.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ Clute and Edwards welcome guest investigator Megan Abbott , the reigning Dark Dame of Noir.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

.The prevalence of the private eye as a lead character declined in film noir of the 1950s, a period during which several critics describe the form as becoming more focused on extreme psychologies and more exaggerated in general.^ For more film noir , click here .
  • Detective Fiction and Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.detnovel.com [Source type: General]

^ This would also be true of film noir in the Depression and during W.W. II, when economic pressures again bore down and still newer technologies, especially in camera lenses, were adopted.
  • Detective Fiction and Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.detnovel.com [Source type: General]

^ Conventional wisdom holds that the term "film noir" (literally "black film"), coined by French film critics in the 1950s and 1960s, was first used to describe the gritty black-and-white American films to come out of the postwar period in the 1940s and early 1950s.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

[47] .A prime example is Kiss Me Deadly (1955); based on a novel by Mickey Spillane, the best-selling of all the hardboiled authors, here the protagonist is a private eye, Mike Hammer.^ The 1955 film "Kiss Me Deadly" makes telling changes to Mickey Spillane's 1952 source novel.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ Based on a novel by Albert Simonin, author of Touchez Pas au Grisbi .
  • THE FRENCH CRIME WAVE at Film Forum in New York City 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmforum.org [Source type: General]

^ Clute and Edwards investigate the 2005 neo-noir Christmas comedy THE ICE HARVEST, then speak with Scott Phillips, author of the 2000 hardboiled novel on which the film is based.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

As described by Paul Schrader, "Robert Aldrich's teasing direction carries noir to its sleaziest and most perversely erotic. Hammer overturns the underworld in search of the 'great whatsit' [which] turns out to be—joke of jokes—an exploding atomic bomb."[48] .Orson Welles's baroquely styled Touch of Evil (1958) is frequently cited as the last noir of the classic period.^ Orson Welles's 1958 "Touch of Evil" is considered the last film noir of the classic period.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ Touch of Evil (1958; dir.
  • Kulturblog » 8 Essential Films: A Film Noir Primer 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.kulturblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The movie also benefited from a Raymond Chandler screenplay based on a James M. Cain novel, a noir double dipping that wasn’t all that uncommon during the classic noir period.
  • Kulturblog » 8 Essential Films: A Film Noir Primer 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.kulturblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[49] .Some scholars believe film noir never really ended, but continued to transform even as the characteristic noir visual style began to seem dated and changing production conditions led Hollywood in different directions—in this view, post-1950s films in the noir tradition are seen as part of a continuity with classic noir.^ Autopsy: An element of realism in film noir .
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The style and lighting of film noir is unique.
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Not even close to a film noir style.
  • AICN Exclusive: WOLFMAN poster!!! It's very Film Noir... -- Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[50] .A majority of critics, however, regard comparable movies made outside the classic era to be something other than genuine film noirs.^ She is the "other woman" of film noir .
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Raw and violent, steeped in the film noir tradition, this cult classic ventures into the seamy gangster underworld, oozing with seediness and low-life characters.
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

^ Double Indemnity is regarded by most as film noir 's masterpiece.
  • Detective Fiction and Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.detnovel.com [Source type: General]

.They regard true film noir as belonging to a temporally and geographically limited cycle or period, treating subsequent films that evoke the classics as fundamentally different due to general shifts in moviemaking style and latter-day awareness of noir as a historical source for allusion.^ The style and lighting of film noir is unique.
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Not even close to a film noir style.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Style is crucial in film noir .
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[51]

Directors and the business of noir

Black-and-white image of a man and woman, both with downcast expressions, sitting side by side in the front seat of a convertible. The man, on the right, grips the steering wheel. He wears a jacket and a pullover shirt. The woman wears a checkered outfit. Behind them, in the night, the road is empty, with a two widely separated lights way off in the distance.
.
A scene from In a Lonely Place (1950), directed by Nicholas Ray and based on a novel by noir fiction writer Dorothy B. Hughes.
^ Based on a book by Dashiell Hammett, starring Humphrey Bogart, directed by John Huston, it is generally considered the first "film noir."
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ Megan's choice for this episode is the 1950 Nicholas Ray film IN A LONELY PLACE, starring Humphrey Bogart and Gloria Grahame.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ Oscar-winning Best Actor Ray Milland stars in this smart and stylish thriller based on Kenneth Fearing's novel.
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

Two of noir's defining actors, Gloria Grahame and Humphrey Bogart, portray star-crossed lovers in the film.
.While the inceptive noir, Stranger on the Third Floor, was a B picture directed by a virtual unknown, many of the film noirs that have earned enduring fame were A-list productions by name-brand moviemakers.^ Posted by: Michael Blowhard on August 2, 2004 02:30 PM I've seen it cited in a few places that "Stranger on the Third Floor" (1940) is considered the first film noir.
  • 2blowhards.com: Film Noir 101, Plus Many Self-Indulgent Musings 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: General]

^ The famed film noir actresses themselves often possessed a physiognomy and cinematic presence reflective of Cluster B personalities.
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (The word "noir" in the term "film noir" was lifted from Serie Noire, the name a French publisher gave to a line of dark-toned crime novels he was peddling.
  • 2blowhards.com: Film Noir 101, Plus Many Self-Indulgent Musings 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: General]

.Debuting as a director with The Maltese Falcon (1941), John Huston followed with the major noirs Key Largo (1948) and The Asphalt Jungle (1950).^ John Huston's The Asphalt Jungle is a heist picture through and through.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Shannon and Richard argue that John Huston's directorial evolution from "The Maltese Falcon" to the prototype heist film "The Asphalt Jungle" provides a blueprint of the evolution of film noir from the early 40's to the early 50's.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ I Wake Up Screaming was produced concurrently with The Maltese Falcon and released shortly after, and thus stands as one of the earliest examples of noir.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

.Opinion is divided on the noir status of several of Alfred Hitchcock's thrillers from the era; at least four qualify by consensus: Shadow of a Doubt (1943), Notorious (1946), Strangers on a Train (1951), and The Wrong Man (1956).^ With these characteristics laid out, it is easy to see how Alfred Hitchcock's Notorious both fits into and strays from the noir genre with which it is often associated.

^ Here, noir is co-opted by a man who wants to believe he can do no wrong.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

[52] .Otto Preminger's success with Laura (1944) made his name and helped demonstrate noir's adaptability to a high-gloss 20th Century-Fox presentation.^ Otto Preminger's 1944 "Laura" marks an important transition in film history.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ BOOMERANG! , 1947, 20th Century Fox, 88 min.

^ NIGHT AND THE CITY , 1950, 20th Century Fox, 96 min.

[53] .Among Hollywood's most celebrated directors of the era, arguably none worked more often in a noir mode than Preminger—his other classic noirs include Fallen Angel (1945), Whirlpool (1949), Where the Sidewalk Ends (1950) (all for Fox) and Angel Face (1952).^ Fallen Angel (Fox Film Noir) ( 1945 ) .
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

^ None of the classic noir motifs are present in this poster at all.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ John Farrow , a director at his most stylish in noir terrain, adapts from the novel by master of suspense Cornell Woolrich (REAR WINDOW).

.A half-decade after Double Indemnity and The Lost Weekend, Billy Wilder made Sunset Boulevard (1950) and Ace in the Hole (1951), noirs that were not so much crime dramas as satires on, respectively, Hollywood and the news media.^ The fame of Billy Wilder's 1950 masterwork "Sunset Boulevard" is of this problematic sort.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ Brought about by such great directors as John Huston ( The Maltese Falcon ) and Billy Wilder ( Double Indemnity ), film noir was a fresh breed of crime drama infused with a decidedly cynical worldview.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This article by James Naremore gives an extensive history of the genre of film noir, a term coined by the French to describe Hollywood crime dramas that emphasize moral ambiguity and sexual motivation.

.In a Lonely Place (1950) was Nicholas Ray's breakthrough; his other noirs include his debut, They Live by Night (1948), and On Dangerous Ground (1952), noted for their unusually sympathetic treatment of characters alienated from the social mainstream.^ Where Danger Lives (1950): a corpse behind.
  • Film Noir on DVD / Noir Films on DVD Reviews / TV Show DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.tvparty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hibbs notes that noir, more than any other American film genre, lends itself to exploring the philosophical connotation of personal identity, the allure and dangers of autonomy, and the role of truthfulness.

^ (Border Incident / His Kind of Woman / Lady in the Lake / On Dangerous Ground / The Racket / Film Noir, Bringing Darkness to Light Documentary) ( 1949 ) .
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

[54]
.Orson Welles had notorious problems with financing, but his three film noirs were well budgeted: The Lady from Shanghai (1947) received top-level, "prestige" backing, while both The Stranger, his most conventional film, and Touch of Evil, an unmistakably personal work, were funded at levels lower but still commensurate with headlining releases.^ Orson Welles's 1958 "Touch of Evil" is considered the last film noir of the classic period.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ Kiss of Death (1947) - Still my favorite of film-noir.
  • Official Fox Film Noir Thread - DVD Talk Forum 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC forum.dvdtalk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Despite significant cuts in Dassin's original footage, Brute Force is still the ultimate noir prison film and one of the high points of the cycle."
  • TSPDT - Film Noir: 250 Quintessential Noir Films - Part 1 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.theyshootpictures.com [Source type: General]

[55] .Like The Stranger, Fritz Lang's The Woman in the Window (1945) was a production of the independent International Pictures.^ "This little-seen thriller from Fritz Lang's rich and strange late period is The Woman in the Window with the sex roles reversed: Anne Baxter is a working girl who believes she has murdered a masher (Raymond Burr)."
  • TSPDT - Film Noir: 250 Quintessential Noir Films - Part 1 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.theyshootpictures.com [Source type: General]

^ The Accused is reminiscent of Lang's Woman in the Window...
  • TSPDT - Film Noir: 250 Quintessential Noir Films - Part 1 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.theyshootpictures.com [Source type: General]

.Lang's follow-up, Scarlet Street (1945), was one of the few classic noirs to be officially censored: filled with erotic innuendo, it was temporarily banned in Milwaukee, Atlanta, and New York State.^ Scarlet Street (1945) A box-office hit in its day (despite being banned in three states), Scarlet Street is perhaps legendary director Fritz Lang's (M, Metropolis) .
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

^ Click here to view The New York Times ’ BRIT NOIR slide show.
  • BRIT NOIR Series previously at Film Forum in New York City 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmforum.org [Source type: General]

^ Same set up as the studio classics...a few releases every few months.
  • Official Fox Film Noir Thread - DVD Talk Forum 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC forum.dvdtalk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[56] Scarlet Street was a semi-independent—cosponsored by Universal and Lang's own Diana Productions, of which the movie's costar, Joan Bennett, was the second biggest shareholder. Lang, Bennett, and her husband, Universal veteran and Diana production head Walter Wanger, would make Secret Beyond the Door (1948) in similar fashion.[57]
Problems listening to this file? See media help.
.Before he was forced abroad for political reasons, director Jules Dassin made two classic noirs that also straddled the major/independent line: Brute Force (1947) and the influential documentary-style The Naked City were developed by producer Mark Hellinger, who had an "inside/outside" contract with Universal similar to Wanger's.^ "Despite significant cuts in Dassin's original footage, Brute Force is still the ultimate noir prison film and one of the high points of the cycle."
  • TSPDT - Film Noir: 250 Quintessential Noir Films - Part 1 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.theyshootpictures.com [Source type: General]

^ Hollywood began tearing itself apart with accusations of Communism in 1947, and in 1949 American director Jules Dassin was blacklisted.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ This chapter is an enlightening read in relation to The Maltese Falcon , as the movie is usually considered one of the first (if not the first) films made in the film noir style.

[59] .Years earlier, working at Warner Bros., Hellinger had produced three films for Raoul Walsh, the proto-noirs They Drive by Night (1940) and Manpower (1941), and High Sierra (1941), now regarded as a key work in noir's development.^ THEY LIVE BY NIGHT is film noir at its best.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ In film noir , it's no surprise the police patrolling this jungle are often as corrupt as the criminals they're tracking down.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Then there's Noir Westerns: Pursued, Colorado Territory (remake of High Sierra, 3:10 to Yuma, Rancho Notorius, etc.
  • 2blowhards.com: Film Noir 101, Plus Many Self-Indulgent Musings 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: General]

[60] .Walsh had no great name recognition during his half-century as a working director, but his noirs White Heat (1949) and The Enforcer (1951) had A-list stars and are seen as important examples of the cycle.^ The important thing to grasp from this is to notice the rise of Humphrey Bogart as a Hollywood star at the same time as the rise of the film noir genre.

^ Every Orson Welles film demonstrates the great director's ability to work with and against filmic tradition.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ During the '40s, he was one of the very best of the noir directors; in the early '50s, he was responsible for some of the most unusual and engrossing Westerns ever made.
  • 2blowhards.com: Film Noir 101, Plus Many Self-Indulgent Musings 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: General]

[61] .In addition to the aforementioned, other directors associated with top-of-the-bill Hollywood film noirs include Edward Dmytryk (Murder, My Sweet [1944], Crossfire [1947])—the first important noir director to fall prey to the industry blacklist—as well as Henry Hathaway (The Dark Corner [1946], Kiss of Death [1947]) and John Farrow (The Big Clock [1948], Night Has a Thousand Eyes [1948]).^ Murder, My Sweet is thereby one of the most accessible film noirs ever made.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We see this in Kiss Me Deadly , a later noir film, and in others of the genre.

^ An extremely underrated actress, Foch appeared in several superb Noir films such as My Name is Julia Ross, Johnny O'Clock, The Undercover Man, The Dark Past, Escape in the Fog, Johnny Allegro.
  • Film Noir Foundation's MySpace Blog | 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: General]

.As noted above, however, most of the Hollywood films now considered classic noirs fall into the broad category of the "B movie".[62] Some were Bs in the most precise sense, produced to run on the bottom of double bills by a low-budget unit of one of the major studios or by one of the smaller, so-called Poverty Row outfits, from the relatively well-off Monogram to shakier ventures such as Producers Releasing Corporation (PRC).^ Robert Siodmak's The Killers contains one of film noir's most notorious femme fatales in Ava Gardner's Kitty Collins, and one of its poorest saps in Burt Lancaster's "Swede."
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Practically speaking, the crucial elements that went into noir's creation were the existence of lowrent studios (Monogram and Republic turned out a lot of these films); the availability of writers schooled in the hardboiled style; and an influx of immigrant filmmakers before and during WWII. The studios had screens to fill.
  • 2blowhards.com: Film Noir 101, Plus Many Self-Indulgent Musings 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: General]

^ GREAT CINEMA DETECTIVES: Best Movies of Mystery, Suspense & Film Noir By John Howard Reid Paperback: $19.95 Ships in 3–5 business days (1 Rating) Providing an overview of the entire thriller genre, this book examines over 160 movies from classic Hollywood and British studios, including such essential film noir entries as "Murder, My Sweet", "The Dark Corner", "The Maltese Falcon" and "Afraid To Talk".
  • film noir - Lulu.com 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.lulu.com [Source type: General]

.Jacques Tourneur had made over thirty Hollywood Bs (a few now highly regarded, most completely forgotten) before directing the A-level Out of the Past, described by scholar Robert Ottoson as "the ne plus ultra of forties film noir".[63] Movies with budgets a step up the ladder, known as "intermediates" within the industry, might be treated as A or B pictures depending on the circumstance—Monogram created a new unit, Allied Artists, in the late 1940s to focus on this sort of production.^ Robert Mitchum on FILM NOIR by cymbalta4thedevil .
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • AICN Exclusive: WOLFMAN poster!!! It's very Film Noir... -- Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Robert Siodmak's The Killers contains one of film noir's most notorious femme fatales in Ava Gardner's Kitty Collins, and one of its poorest saps in Burt Lancaster's "Swede."
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Try Googling some actual film noir titles: Double Indemnity, Gun Crazy, Born to Kill, Out of the Past, The Big Sleep, Key Largo.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Such films have long colloquially been referred to as B movies.^ Film noir : A comprehensive illustrated reference to movies, terms, and persons .
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bogart tried to contain his volatile personality in his later films, with some success, starring in such movies as the drama In a Lonely Place and the comedy Sabrina .

.Robert Wise (Born to Kill [1947], The Set-Up [1949]) and Anthony Mann (T-Men [1947], Raw Deal [1948]) each made a series of impressive intermediates, many of them noirs, before graduating to steady work on big-budget productions.^ Try Googling some actual film noir titles: Double Indemnity, Gun Crazy, Born to Kill, Out of the Past, The Big Sleep, Key Largo.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1950, Hammer Films, set up a deal with American Producer Robert L Lippert to produce low-budget crime dramas to be made in the UK. Lippert would send over a shop-worn .
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

^ Click here to read full article on the series “These films are some of the most stylish ever made!” – Men’s Vogue.
  • THE FRENCH CRIME WAVE at Film Forum in New York City 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmforum.org [Source type: General]

.Mann did some of his most celebrated work with cinematographer John Alton, a specialist in what critic James Naremore describes as "hypnotic moments of light-in-darkness".[64] He Walked by Night (1948), shot by Alton and, though credited solely to Alfred Werker, directed in large part by Mann, demonstrates their technical mastery and exemplifies the late 1940s trend of "police procedural" crime dramas.^ This article by James Naremore gives an extensive history of the genre of film noir, a term coined by the French to describe Hollywood crime dramas that emphasize moral ambiguity and sexual motivation.

^ And thanks to Brian , who points out how super-absurd it is to run a posting about noir that doesn't mention the great noir cinematographer John Alton .
  • 2blowhards.com: Film Noir 101, Plus Many Self-Indulgent Musings 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: General]

^ These are some of the most obvious and memorable shots, but Gun Crazy is a continuous, driving surge of creative camera work that gives us the sensation of a haphazard forward plunge.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

Put out, like other Mann–Alton noirs, by the small Eagle-Lion company, it was the direct inspiration for the Dragnet series, which debuted on radio in 1949 and television in 1951.[65]
Movie poster with a border of diagonal black and white bands. <a name=.On the upper right is a tagline: "He went searching for love...but fate forced a DETOUR to Revelry...Violence...Mystery!" The image is a collage of stills: a man playing the clarinet; a smiling man and woman in evening dress; the same man, with a horrified expression, holding the body of another man with a bloody head injury; the body of a woman, asleep or dead, splayed out over the end of a bed, a telephone beside her; leaning against either side of a lamppost, the same man a third time, wearing a green suit and tie and holding a cigarette, and a woman wearing a knee-length red dress and black pumps, smoking.^ At the same time, the film also plays with the audience and its processing of the plot, .encouraging the cinephile habit of .scanning.

^ But when Julien attempts to tie up one more loose end (literally… a rope dangling from the dead man’s office window), he becomes trapped between floors in the title conveyance, with precious minutes ticking away before the police discover the victim’s body.
  • THE FRENCH CRIME WAVE at Film Forum in New York City 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmforum.org [Source type: General]

^ Ends up in madness and conflagration.” – Tom Milne, Time Out (London) .
  • BRIT NOIR Series previously at Film Forum in New York City 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmforum.org [Source type: General]

.Credits at the bottom feature the names of three actors: Tom Neal, Ann Savage, and Claudia Drake."^ These qualities combine with a great script and superlative acting, by Tom Neal and Ann Savage, to create the template for all noir post-1945.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/05/1/9/4/33783691047353296.jpg" width="250" height="195" class="thumbimage" />
Detour (1945) cost $117,000 to make when the biggest Hollywood studios spent around $600,000 on the average feature. Produced at small PRC, however, the film was 30% over budget.[66]
.Several directors associated with noir built now well-respected oeuvres largely at the B-movie/intermediate level.^ The director says the movie "was influenced by noir."
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And my American associate who is also the director and principal 16mm camera operator of this film then asks Renato if he will be in our movie.

^ The femme fatale of the film noir movies of the 1940s and 1950s is representative of several related personality disorders characterized by histrionics, self-absorption, psychopathy, and unpredictability.
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Samuel Fuller's brutal, visually energetic films such as Pickup on South Street (1953) and Underworld U.S.A. (1961) earned him a unique reputation; his advocates praise him as "primitive"[67] and "barbarous".[68] Joseph H. Lewis directed noirs as diverse as Gun Crazy (1950) and The Big Combo (1955).^ Episode 35: Pickup on South Street .
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ Gun Crazy eschews most of film noir's trademark elements.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Try Googling some actual film noir titles: Double Indemnity, Gun Crazy, Born to Kill, Out of the Past, The Big Sleep, Key Largo.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The former—whose screenplay was written by the blacklisted Dalton Trumbo, disguised by a front—features a bank holdup sequence shown in an unbroken take over three minutes long that proved widely influential.^ But a brief juke-joint stop lasts three minutes too long, "the time it took for a single record to play" while a bobbysoxer jitterbugged her way into his lust.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

[69] .The latter, shot by John Alton, takes the shadow-rich noir style to its outer limits.^ The noir style is in a lot of ways the John Alton style.
  • 2blowhards.com: Film Noir 101, Plus Many Self-Indulgent Musings 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: General]

^ And thanks to Brian , who points out how super-absurd it is to run a posting about noir that doesn't mention the great noir cinematographer John Alton .
  • 2blowhards.com: Film Noir 101, Plus Many Self-Indulgent Musings 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: General]

^ This classic contends that some individuals want to be corrupted...Shot like a B-film in shadowy noir style by Franz Planer.
  • TSPDT - Film Noir: 250 Quintessential Noir Films - Part 1 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.theyshootpictures.com [Source type: General]

[70] .The most distinctive films of Phil Karlson (The Phenix City Story [1955], The Brothers Rico [1957]) tell stories of vice organized on a monstrous scale.^ It's the director's most moving film, and a suspense story on the highest level.
  • BRIT NOIR Series previously at Film Forum in New York City 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmforum.org [Source type: General]

^ Phil Hardy, The Gangster Film One of the most elaborately detailed period reconstructions I have ever seen.
  • THE FRENCH CRIME WAVE at Film Forum in New York City 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmforum.org [Source type: General]

^ In a year that has seen dozens of essential classic films finally brought to DVD, Warner Brothers' Film Noir Collection stands out as one of the most vital.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

[71] .The work of other directors who worked largely at this tier of the industry, such as Felix E. Feist (The Devil Thumbs a Ride [1947], Tomorrow Is Another Day [1951]), await critical rediscovery.^ As a member of the Hollywood Committee for the First Amendment, Huston was considered an outsider, along with other directors such as Joseph Losey, Edward Dmytryk and Orson Welles.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Stacia Decker is an editor who has worked with such writers as Ray Banks, Declan Burke, Allan Guthrie and John McFetridge.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

Edgar G. Ulmer spent almost his entire Hollywood career working at B studios—once in a while on projects that achieved intermediate status; for the most part, on unmistakable Bs. .In 1945, while at PRC, he directed one of the all-time noir cult classics, Detour.^ Raw and violent, steeped in the film noir tradition, this cult classic ventures into the seamy gangster underworld, oozing with seediness and low-life characters.
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

^ Fortunately, Gun Crazy offers us much beyond this basic premise, making it not only one of the top few noirs of all time but, according to Gary Johnson, also "one of the greatest B movies ever made."
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Gangster Film “Blending elements of noir and farce—a cult item in its own country.” – Time Out New York Deliciously funny, but dark, gangster spoof One of the classics.
  • THE FRENCH CRIME WAVE at Film Forum in New York City 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmforum.org [Source type: General]

[72] .Ulmer's other noirs include Strange Illusion (1945), also for PRC; Blonde Ice (1948), distributed by tiny Film Classics; and Murder Is My Beat (1955), for Allied Artists.^ Noir is My Beat is an enjoyable and revealing look at the world of classic film noir.
  • film noir - Lulu.com 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.lulu.com [Source type: General]

^ Raw and violent, steeped in the film noir tradition, this cult classic ventures into the seamy gangster underworld, oozing with seediness and low-life characters.
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

^ The Asphalt Jungle redefined the "gangster" film and inspired what is known as the "caper film," but after decades of imitators—from Rififi (1955) and The Killing (1956) through the recent remakes of The Italian Job and Ocean's Eleven —it remains an indisputable film noir classic.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

.A number of low- and modestly budgeted noirs were made by independent, often actor-owned, companies contracting with one of the larger outfits for distribution.^ One thing this means, of course, is that no one who made these films -- the films from the original cycle -- ever said, "Hey, let's go make a film noir!"
  • 2blowhards.com: Film Noir 101, Plus Many Self-Indulgent Musings 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: General]

^ Murder, My Sweet is thereby one of the most accessible film noirs ever made.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ During the '40s, he was one of the very best of the noir directors; in the early '50s, he was responsible for some of the most unusual and engrossing Westerns ever made.
  • 2blowhards.com: Film Noir 101, Plus Many Self-Indulgent Musings 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: General]

.Serving as producer, writer, director, and top-billed performer, Hugo Haas made several such films, including Pickup (1951) and The Other Woman (1954).^ She is the "other woman" of film noir .
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Even if Wolfman or any other film he makes is less than stellar, he still made Rocketeer.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the case of other femme stars, their off-screen lifestyle did mirror their film noir evil woman portrayals.
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It was in this way that accomplished noir actress Ida Lupino established herself as the sole female director in Hollywood during the late 1940s and much of the 1950s.^ During the '40s, he was one of the very best of the noir directors; in the early '50s, he was responsible for some of the most unusual and engrossing Westerns ever made.
  • 2blowhards.com: Film Noir 101, Plus Many Self-Indulgent Musings 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: General]

^ One of the only female directors of Hollywood's Golden Age, no one could coax more from actors or tell a story with greater economy than Ida Lupino.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

.She does not appear in the best-known film she directed, The Hitch-Hiker (1953), developed by her company, The Filmakers, with support and distribution by RKO.[73] It is one of the seven classic film noirs produced largely outside of the major studios that have been chosen for the United States National Film Registry.^ The Asphalt Jungle redefined the "gangster" film and inspired what is known as the "caper film," but after decades of imitators—from Rififi (1955) and The Killing (1956) through the recent remakes of The Italian Job and Ocean's Eleven —it remains an indisputable film noir classic.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ DVD, some of the lesser known film noir movies starring the giants of the genre like Claude Reins, Edward G. Robinson and Jane Greer including two RKO classics with the king of Noir, Robert Mitchum.
  • Film Noir on DVD / Noir Films on DVD Reviews / TV Show DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.tvparty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Based on a book by Dashiell Hammett, starring Humphrey Bogart, directed by John Huston, it is generally considered the first "film noir."
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

Of the others, one was a small-studio release: Detour. .Four were independent productions distributed by United Artists, the "studio without a studio": Gun Crazy; Kiss Me Deadly; D.O.A. (1950), directed by Rudolph Maté; and Sweet Smell of Success (1957), directed by Alexander Mackendrick.^ Our reviews of Gun Crazy (published October 11th, 2004), Murder, My Sweet (published October 11th, 2004), and Out Of The Past (published November 15th, 2005) are also available.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Buy the Box Set at Amazon • Buy the Asphalt Jungle DVD at Amazon • Buy the Murder, My Sweet DVD at Amazon • Buy the Out of the Past DVD at Amazon • Buy the Gun Crazy DVD at Amazon • Buy the Set-Up DVD at Amazon .
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Murder, My Sweet 1944 // 95 Minutes // Not Rated Out Of The Past 1947 // 97 Minutes // Not Rated Gun Crazy 1949 // 86 Minutes // Not Rated The Set-Up 1949 // 72 Minutes // Not Rated The Asphalt Jungle 1950 // 112 Minutes // Not Rated Released by Warner Bros.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

.One was an independent distributed by MGM, the industry leader: Force of Evil (1948), directed by Abraham Polonsky and starring John Garfield, both of whom would be blacklisted in the 1950s.^ Based on a book by Dashiell Hammett, starring Humphrey Bogart, directed by John Huston, it is generally considered the first "film noir."
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ Though not as piercing or driving as Polonsky and Wolfert's dialogue in Force of Evil , the conversations have the same compelling vibe.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ With this script, and uncommon directing talent, Polonsky coaxes career-best performance from John Garfield, Thomas Gomez, and Marie Windsor.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

[74] .Independent production usually meant restricted circumstances, but not always—Sweet Smell of Success, for instance, despite the original plans of the production team, was clearly not made on the cheap, though like many other cherished A-budget noirs it might be said to have a B-movie soul.^ "Despite significant cuts in Dassin's original footage, Brute Force is still the ultimate noir prison film and one of the high points of the cycle."
  • TSPDT - Film Noir: 250 Quintessential Noir Films - Part 1 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.theyshootpictures.com [Source type: General]

^ One thing this means, of course, is that no one who made these films -- the films from the original cycle -- ever said, "Hey, let's go make a film noir!"
  • 2blowhards.com: Film Noir 101, Plus Many Self-Indulgent Musings 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: General]

^ Joe Johnston clearly states in that other talkback that he was trying to make a NOIR movie.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[75]
.Perhaps no director better displayed that spirit than the German-born Robert Siodmak, who had already made a score of films before his 1940 arrival in Hollywood.^ Stunning Robert Siodmak pictures that star a young Burt Lancaster, who was never better.
  • 2blowhards.com: Film Noir 101, Plus Many Self-Indulgent Musings 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: General]

^ See you at Film Forum.” – V.A. Musetto, New York Post “No film has been at once so connected to all that had come before it and yet so liberating .
  • THE FRENCH CRIME WAVE at Film Forum in New York City 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmforum.org [Source type: General]

^ One thing this means, of course, is that no one who made these films -- the films from the original cycle -- ever said, "Hey, let's go make a film noir!"
  • 2blowhards.com: Film Noir 101, Plus Many Self-Indulgent Musings 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: General]

.Working mostly on A features, he made no fewer than eight movies now regarded as classic-era film noirs (a figure matched only by Lang and Mann).^ The classic film noir milieu now comes to you in the form of an animated feature.
  • Film Noir - Red Band Trailer | SPIKE 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

^ One thing this means, of course, is that no one who made these films -- the films from the original cycle -- ever said, "Hey, let's go make a film noir!"
  • 2blowhards.com: Film Noir 101, Plus Many Self-Indulgent Musings 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: General]

^ In summarizing feminist critical interest in film noir , Place ( 1980 ) suggests that "it stands as the only period in American film in which women are deadly but sexy, exciting, and strong."
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[76] .In addition to The Killers, Burt Lancaster's debut and a Hellinger/Universal coproduction, Siodmak's other important contributions to the genre include 1944's Phantom Lady (a top-of-the-line B and Woolrich adaptation), the ironically titled Christmas Holiday (1944), and Cry of the City (1948).^ Robert Siodmak's The Killers contains one of film noir's most notorious femme fatales in Ava Gardner's Kitty Collins, and one of its poorest saps in Burt Lancaster's "Swede."
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Phantom Lady excepted , The Chase is the best cinematic equivalent of the dark, oppressive atmosphere that characterizes most of Cornell Woolrich's best fiction.
  • TSPDT - Film Noir: 250 Quintessential Noir Films - Part 1 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.theyshootpictures.com [Source type: General]

^ Stunning Robert Siodmak pictures that star a young Burt Lancaster, who was never better.
  • 2blowhards.com: Film Noir 101, Plus Many Self-Indulgent Musings 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: General]

.Criss Cross (1949), with Lancaster again the lead, exemplifies how Siodmak brought the virtues of the B-movie to the A noir.^ BRIT NOIR Series previously at Film Forum in New York City New York’s leading movie house for independent premieres and repertory programming .
  • BRIT NOIR Series previously at Film Forum in New York City 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmforum.org [Source type: General]

^ Noir films are often harsh and cynical about sex and money, as well as about how people use each other to get what they want -- again, not virtues that American movies are known for.
  • 2blowhards.com: Film Noir 101, Plus Many Self-Indulgent Musings 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: General]

^ Consider how many black and white movies AREN'T noir.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In addition to the relatively looser constraints on character and message at lower budgets, the nature of B production lent itself to the noir style for directly economic reasons: dim lighting not only saved on electrical costs but helped cloak cheap sets (mist and smoke also served the cause); night shooting was often compelled by hurried production schedules; plots with obscure motivations and intriguingly elliptical transitions were sometimes the consequence of hastily written scripts, of which there was not always enough time or money to shoot every scene.^ The style and lighting of film noir is unique.
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It's not one of his best efforts--which include I Walked With a Zombie and Out of the Past --but he does well enough with the set pieces, pulling a suspenseful finale out of a lethargic script."
  • TSPDT - Film Noir: 250 Quintessential Noir Films - Part 1 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.theyshootpictures.com [Source type: General]

^ For all of these reasons, the film seems light years away from the gut-wrenching bare-bones noir world of the 1940's.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

.In Criss Cross, Siodmak achieves all these effects with purpose, wrapping them around Yvonne De Carlo, playing the most understandable of femme fatales, Dan Duryea, in one of his many charismatic villain roles, and Lancaster—already an established star—as an ordinary laborer turned armed robber, doomed by a romantic obsession.^ Robert Siodmak's The Killers contains one of film noir's most notorious femme fatales in Ava Gardner's Kitty Collins, and one of its poorest saps in Burt Lancaster's "Swede."
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Helen Gayle may be one of the weakest femmes fatales on record, because she never fully ensnares Marlowe.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One of the most enduring cinematic representations of character pathology is that of the femme fatale , the "fatal woman" who lures men into dangerous or compromising situations.
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[77]
Classic-era film noirs in the National Film Registry
1940–49
1950–58

Outside the United States

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.Some critics regard classic film noir as a cycle exclusive to the United States; Alain Silver and Elizabeth Ward, for example, argue, "With the Western, film noir shares the distinction of being an indigenous American form ...^ For years, critics have argued about film noir's space in the canon of American movies.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ DVD, some of the lesser known film noir movies starring the giants of the genre like Claude Reins, Edward G. Robinson and Jane Greer including two RKO classics with the king of Noir, Robert Mitchum.
  • Film Noir on DVD / Noir Films on DVD Reviews / TV Show DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.tvparty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Conventional wisdom holds that the term "film noir" (literally "black film"), coined by French film critics in the 1950s and 1960s, was first used to describe the gritty black-and-white American films to come out of the postwar period in the 1940s and early 1950s.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

a wholly .American film style."^ "Like its protagonists, film noir is more interested in style than theme, whereas American critics have been traditionally more interested in theme than style ( Schrader, 1977 ).
  • Personality Disorders and the Film Noir Femme Fatale by Scott Snyder - JCJPC, Volume 8, Issue 3 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.albany.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[79] Others, however, regard noir as an international phenomenon.[80] .Even before the beginning of the generally accepted classic period, there were movies made far from Hollywood that can be seen in retrospect as film noirs, for example, the French productions Pépé le Moko (1937), directed by Julien Duvivier, and Le Jour se lève (1939), directed by Marcel Carné.^ Not even close to a film noir style.
  • AICN Exclusive: WOLFMAN poster!!! It's very Film Noir... -- Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Is there anything in geekdom that's NOT film noir?
  • AICN Exclusive: WOLFMAN poster!!! It's very Film Noir... -- Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The French had their own separate and vibrant noir tradition contemporaneous with, or perhaps earlier than, the American scene: including such iconic films as Bob Le Flambeur, Rififi, Les Cousins, etc.
  • 2blowhards.com: Film Noir 101, Plus Many Self-Indulgent Musings 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: General]

[81]
.During the classic period, there were many films produced outside the United States, particularly in France, that share elements of style, theme, and sensibility with American film noirs and may themselves be included in the genre's canon.^ Not even close to a film noir style.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They were all produced in the United States; .
  • TSPDT - Film Noir: 250 Quintessential Noir Films - Part 1 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.theyshootpictures.com [Source type: General]

^ Is there anything in geekdom that's NOT film noir?
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In certain cases, the interrelationship with Hollywood noir is obvious: American-born director Jules Dassin moved to France in the early 1950s as a result of the Hollywood blacklist, and made one of the most famous French film noirs, Rififi (1955).^ Murder, My Sweet is thereby one of the most accessible film noirs ever made.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It's the director's most moving film, and a suspense story on the highest level.
  • BRIT NOIR Series previously at Film Forum in New York City 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmforum.org [Source type: General]

^ One of the most exciting and moving films I can remember seeing...
  • THE FRENCH CRIME WAVE at Film Forum in New York City 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmforum.org [Source type: General]

.Other well-known French films often classified as noir include Quai des Orfèvres (1947), Le Salaire de la peur (released in English-speaking countries as The Wages of Fear) (1953) and Les Diaboliques (1955), all directed by Henri-Georges Clouzot; Casque d'or (1952) and Touchez pas au grisbi (1954), both directed by Jacques Becker; and Ascenseur pour l'échafaud (1958), directed by Louis Malle.^ The French had their own separate and vibrant noir tradition contemporaneous with, or perhaps earlier than, the American scene: including such iconic films as Bob Le Flambeur, Rififi, Les Cousins, etc.
  • 2blowhards.com: Film Noir 101, Plus Many Self-Indulgent Musings 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: General]

^ The Asphalt Jungle redefined the "gangster" film and inspired what is known as the "caper film," but after decades of imitators—from Rififi (1955) and The Killing (1956) through the recent remakes of The Italian Job and Ocean's Eleven —it remains an indisputable film noir classic.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I often wish the ad-and-video worlds would declare a year-long moratorium on film-noir ripoffs.
  • 2blowhards.com: Film Noir 101, Plus Many Self-Indulgent Musings 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.2blowhards.com [Source type: General]

.French director Jean-Pierre Melville is widely recognized for his tragic, minimalist film noirs—Bob le flambeur (1955), from the classic period, was followed by Le Doulos (1962), Le deuxième souffle (1966), Le Samouraï (1967), and Le Cercle rouge (1970).^ Rodman and White discuss Jean-Pierre Melvilles great 1956 film, Bob Le Flambeur.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ The Asphalt Jungle redefined the "gangster" film and inspired what is known as the "caper film," but after decades of imitators—from Rififi (1955) and The Killing (1956) through the recent remakes of The Italian Job and Ocean's Eleven —it remains an indisputable film noir classic.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Conventional wisdom holds that the term "film noir" (literally "black film"), coined by French film critics in the 1950s and 1960s, was first used to describe the gritty black-and-white American films to come out of the postwar period in the 1940s and early 1950s.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

[82]
Black-and-white image of two men facing the right of frame, walking in front of a brick wall. A bold series of vertically striped shadows covers the entire image. The middle-aged man to the left wears a white fedora, a medium-dark suit, and an open-collared white shirt. In front of him, to the right of the image, a younger, taller man wears a cream-toned suit, a white beret and shirt, and a light striped tie. Each man holds a pistol in his right hand.
Stray Dog (1949), directed and cowritten by Akira Kurosawa, contains many cinematographic and narrative elements associated with classic American film noir.
.Scholar Andrew Spicer argues that British film noir evidences a greater debt to French poetic realism than to the expressionistic American mode of noir.^ Conventional wisdom holds that the term "film noir" (literally "black film"), coined by French film critics in the 1950s and 1960s, was first used to describe the gritty black-and-white American films to come out of the postwar period in the 1940s and early 1950s.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But for these very reasons I Wake Up Screaming may be the more important film to scholars of noir.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ If we divest ourselves of these frames and really focus on the film, we see that Chandlers script rescues, rather than compromises, this movie.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

[83] .Examples of British noir from the classic period include Brighton Rock (1947), directed by John Boulting; They Made Me a Fugitive (1947), directed by Alberto Cavalcanti; The Small Back Room (1948), directed by Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger; The October Man (1950), directed by Roy Ward Baker; and Cast a Dark Shadow (1955), directed by Lewis Gilbert.^ Orson Welles's 1958 "Touch of Evil" is considered the last film noir of the classic period.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ Based on a book by Dashiell Hammett, starring Humphrey Bogart, directed by John Huston, it is generally considered the first "film noir."
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ From the back cover : Film Noir Classic Collection vol.
  • Film Noir on DVD / Noir Films on DVD Reviews / TV Show DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.tvparty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Terence Fisher directed several low-budget thrillers in a noir mode for Hammer Film Productions, including The Last Page (aka Man Bait; 1952), Stolen Face (1952), and Murder by Proxy (aka Blackout; 1954).^ The newspaper is so film noir man.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • AICN Exclusive: WOLFMAN poster!!! It's very Film Noir... -- Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Raw and violent, steeped in the film noir tradition, this cult classic ventures into the seamy gangster underworld, oozing with seediness and low-life characters.
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

^ Murder, My Sweet is thereby one of the most accessible film noirs ever made.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

.Before leaving for France, Jules Dassin had been obliged by political pressure to shoot his last English-language film of the classic noir period in Great Britain: Night and the City (1950).^ Orson Welles's 1958 "Touch of Evil" is considered the last film noir of the classic period.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ To leave a comment on this episode, or make a donation to the podcast, please visit Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir at http://outofthepast.libsyn.com.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ I'll have to look at some period posters from the true "noir" films, to see if this particular poster in any way resembles them.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Though it was conceived in the United States and was not only directed by an American but also stars two American actors—Richard Widmark and Gene Tierney—it is technically a UK production, financed by 20th Century-Fox's British subsidiary.^ Recently bought : Tyrone Power Matinee Collection, Night and the City (Criterion), Gene Tierney Set (Fox UK), Scarlet Street (UK), Closer (BD) Pre-Order: Film Noir Collection Vol.
  • SPHE - Bad Girls of Film Noir Vols 1 and 2 - Home Theater Forum Community 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.hometheaterforum.com [Source type: General]

.The most famous of classic British noirs is director Carol Reed's The Third Man (1949), like Brighton Rock based on a Graham Greene novel.^ Screenplay by Graham Greene, from his own novel.
  • BRIT NOIR Series previously at Film Forum in New York City 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmforum.org [Source type: General]

^ Laced with moral ambiguity, Noir was a natural fit for Graham Greene, who was fascinated by paradox, betrayal, and lost innocence.” – Kristin M. Jones, The Wall Street Journal (August 18, 2009) Click here to read full review “Although it's not as well known as The Third Man , this is an equally great Reed picture.
  • BRIT NOIR Series previously at Film Forum in New York City 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmforum.org [Source type: General]

^ Like "The Third Man," "Notorious" is best described as the latter, for its political and geographical scope exceed what is typical of noir, and justice is defined and done in unambiguous terms.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

.Set in Vienna immediately after World War II, it also stars two American actors, Joseph Cotten and Orson Welles, who had appeared together in Citizen Kane.^ Carol Reed ) Orson Welles’ Harry Lime rises from the dead, only to give pulp novelist buddy Joseph Cotten the slip in chaotic post-war Vienna, as zithers play and atmosphere drips from the screen.
  • BRIT NOIR Series previously at Film Forum in New York City 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmforum.org [Source type: General]

^ Act of Violence (1948, 82 min) Ex-World War II pilot Frank Enley (Van Heflin) is a respected contractor and family man.
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

^ Product Description: Ex-World War II pilot Frank Enley (Van Heflin) is a respected contractor and family man.
  • Film Noir on DVD / Noir Films on DVD Reviews / TV Show DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.tvparty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[84]
.Elsewhere, Italian director Luchino Visconti adapted Cain's The Postman Always Rings Twice as Ossessione (1943), regarded both as one of the great noirs and a seminal film in the development of neorealism.^ "Despite significant cuts in Dassin's original footage, Brute Force is still the ultimate noir prison film and one of the high points of the cycle."
  • TSPDT - Film Noir: 250 Quintessential Noir Films - Part 1 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.theyshootpictures.com [Source type: General]

^ "This intense Freudian melodrama by Otto Preminger is one of the forgotten masterworks of film noir...The film is a disturbingly cool, rational investigation of the terrors of sexuality."
  • TSPDT - Film Noir: 250 Quintessential Noir Films - Part 1 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.theyshootpictures.com [Source type: General]

^ Murder, My Sweet is thereby one of the most accessible film noirs ever made.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

[85] .(This was not even the first screen version of Cain's novel, having been preceded by the French Le Dernier tournant in 1939.)[86] In Japan, the celebrated Akira Kurosawa directed several movies recognizable as film noirs, including Drunken Angel (1948), Stray Dog (1949), The Bad Sleep Well (1960), and High and Low (1963).^ Not even close to a film noir style.
  • AICN Exclusive: WOLFMAN poster!!! It's very Film Noir... -- Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Despite significant cuts in Dassin's original footage, Brute Force is still the ultimate noir prison film and one of the high points of the cycle."
  • TSPDT - Film Noir: 250 Quintessential Noir Films - Part 1 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.theyshootpictures.com [Source type: General]

^ Rudy Mat directed this ultra- noir masterpiece, a movie that has everyone in a violent sweat from beginning to end."
  • TSPDT - Film Noir: 250 Quintessential Noir Films - Part 1 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.theyshootpictures.com [Source type: General]

[87]
.Among the first major neo-noir films—the term often applied to movies that consciously refer back to the classic noir tradition—was the French Tirez sur le pianiste (1960), directed by François Truffaut from a novel by one of the gloomiest of American noir fiction writers, David Goodis.^ From the back cover : Film Noir Classic Collection vol.
  • Film Noir on DVD / Noir Films on DVD Reviews / TV Show DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.tvparty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ DVD, some of the lesser known film noir movies starring the giants of the genre like Claude Reins, Edward G. Robinson and Jane Greer including two RKO classics with the king of Noir, Robert Mitchum.
  • Film Noir on DVD / Noir Films on DVD Reviews / TV Show DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.tvparty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From early masterpieces like Double Indemnity and Kiss Me Deadly through to neo-noir classics such as Chinatown and LA Confidential , this book highlights all the groundbreaking noir movies.

[88] .Noir crime films and melodramas have been produced in many countries in the post-classic area.^ More than noir, the film is a self-conscious staging of the crime that is Hollywood.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ On the other hand, how many times have you felt like cheering in film noir?
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They will politely inform you that film noir is a term that was already describing something post-mortem by the time people Americans actually started using it.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some of these are quintessentially self-aware neo-noirs—for example, Il Conformista (1969; Italy), Der Amerikanische Freund (1977; Germany), The Element of Crime (1984; Denmark), and El Aura (2005; Argentina).^ More than noir, the film is a self-conscious staging of the crime that is Hollywood.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

.Others simply share narrative elements and a version of the hardboiled sensibility associated with classic noir, such as The Castle of Sand (1974; Japan), Insomnia (1997; Norway), Croupier (1998; UK), and Blind Shaft (2003; China).^ Does it share visual elements with classical noir?
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Italian way of saying 'strong black/white contrast' -- although it is a strong element of classic film noir cinematography, it is not the ONLY thing that makes a noir film a noir film.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Now in closing, this one sheet has only 2 visual elements usually associated with noir, and is missing ABOUT A FUCKING DOZEN OTHERS! It is like saying something shot on hand held camera must be cinema verite.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[89]

Neo-noir and echoes of the classic mode

1960s and 1970s

.While it is hard to draw a line between some of the noir films of the early 1960s such as Blast of Silence (1961) and Cape Fear (1962) and the noirs of the late 1950s, new trends emerged in the post-classic era.^ DVD, some of the lesser known film noir movies starring the giants of the genre like Claude Reins, Edward G. Robinson and Jane Greer including two RKO classics with the king of Noir, Robert Mitchum.
  • Film Noir on DVD / Noir Films on DVD Reviews / TV Show DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.tvparty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From early masterpieces like Double Indemnity and Kiss Me Deadly through to neo-noir classics such as Chinatown and LA Confidential , this book highlights all the groundbreaking noir movies.

^ The nine films, that have been included, that exclude at least one of these key ingredients are two Non-American-produced noir ( The Third Man and Mr. Arkadin ), four colour noir films (Leave Her to Heaven , Niagara , Party Girl and Slightly Scarlet), and three films from the early 1960s (Cape Fear, Underworld, U.S.A. and The Naked Kiss ).
  • TSPDT - Film Noir: 250 Quintessential Noir Films - Part 1 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.theyshootpictures.com [Source type: General]

.The Manchurian Candidate (1962), directed by John Frankenheimer, Shock Corridor (1962), directed by Samuel Fuller, and Brainstorm (1965), directed by experienced noir character actor William Conrad, all treat the theme of mental dispossession within stylistic and tonal frameworks derived from classic film noir.^ The movie’s unemphatic Film Noir texture—angular shadoes, moldering corridors, a spider’s-web complexity of lighting and décor—is all the more impressive for being held within plausible realistic bounds.” – Nigel Andrews and Harlan Kennedy, Film Comment .
  • BRIT NOIR Series previously at Film Forum in New York City 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmforum.org [Source type: General]

^ Raw and violent, steeped in the film noir tradition, this cult classic ventures into the seamy gangster underworld, oozing with seediness and low-life characters.
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

^ More film noir classics now on double-feature discs!
  • Film Noir on DVD / Noir Films on DVD Reviews / TV Show DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.tvparty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Fugitive (1963–67) brought classic noir themes and mood to television for an extended run.^ In a year that has seen dozens of essential classic films finally brought to DVD, Warner Brothers' Film Noir Collection stands out as one of the most vital.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Film Noir - Five Classics from the Studio Vaults (Scarlet Street / Contraband / Strange Impersonation / They Made Me A Fugitive / The Hitch-Hiker) ( 1940 ) .
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

[90]
Black-and-white image of a man seen from mid-chest up, wearing a fedora and a jacket with a houndstooth-like pattern. <a name=.He holds a cigarette between the middle and index fingers of his left hand and strokes his upper lip with his thumb.^ Jeff makes a gesture with his index finger pointed up and raises his hand toward the sky while making a long slow whistle.

He stands in front of what appears to be a mirrored doorway." src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/06/3/0/3/207702903933947.jpg" width="250" height="204" class="thumbimage" />
.
As car thief Michel Poiccard, aka Laszlo Kovacs, Jean-Paul Belmondo in À bout de souffle (Breathless; 1960).
^ Louis Malle) Fin de siècle Paris: robbed by his sleazy uncle of his inheritance and the hand of beloved cousine Genevieve Bujold, orphan Jean-Paul Belmondo counterpunches by snatching Bujold’s intended’s family jewels.
  • THE FRENCH CRIME WAVE at Film Forum in New York City 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmforum.org [Source type: General]

^ It is from 1974, and stars Alain Delon , but not Jean-Paul Belmondo .
  • THE FRENCH CRIME WAVE at Film Forum in New York City 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmforum.org [Source type: General]

Poiccard reveres and styles himself after Humphrey Bogart's screen persona. .Here he imitates a characteristic Bogart gesture, one of the film's motifs.^ Click here to read the full article “One of the most purely enjoyable films ever made...
  • THE FRENCH CRIME WAVE at Film Forum in New York City 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmforum.org [Source type: General]

[91]
.In a different vein, films began to appear that self-consciously acknowledged the conventions of classic film noir as historical archetypes to be revived, rejected, or reimagined.^ Raw and violent, steeped in the film noir tradition, this cult classic ventures into the seamy gangster underworld, oozing with seediness and low-life characters.
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

^ Orson Welles's 1958 "Touch of Evil" is considered the last film noir of the classic period.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ New Film Noir Documentary that includes clips from noir classics and little-known gems.
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

.These efforts typify what came to be known as neo-noir.^ Notice the time period these movies came from (please also notice that the Universal Monsters predate film noir and have nothing to do with it, same goes for Victorian England.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[92] .Though several late classic noirs, Kiss Me Deadly in particular, were deeply self-knowing and post-traditional in conception, none tipped its hand so evidently as to be remarked on by American critics at the time.^ Raw and violent, steeped in the film noir tradition, this cult classic ventures into the seamy gangster underworld, oozing with seediness and low-life characters.
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

^ They will politely inform you that film noir is a term that was already describing something post-mortem by the time people Americans actually started using it.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "With this significant early film, Siodmak masterfully establishes the noir aesthetic conception of subverting traditional narrative expectations.
  • TSPDT - Film Noir: 250 Quintessential Noir Films - Part 1 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.theyshootpictures.com [Source type: General]

[93] .The first major film to overtly work this angle was French director Jean-Luc Godard's À bout de souffle (Breathless; 1960), which pays its literal respects to Bogart and his crime films while brandishing a bold new style for a new day.^ Jean-Luc Godard, following a screening of the film .
  • THE FRENCH CRIME WAVE at Film Forum in New York City 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmforum.org [Source type: General]

^ Unashamedly melodramatic, it also foregrounds the issue of female sexuality with a boldness not to be found in films of the earlier 1940s.” – Brian McFarlane, British Crime Cinema .
  • BRIT NOIR Series previously at Film Forum in New York City 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmforum.org [Source type: General]

^ Conventional wisdom holds that the term "film noir" (literally "black film"), coined by French film critics in the 1950s and 1960s, was first used to describe the gritty black-and-white American films to come out of the postwar period in the 1940s and early 1950s.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

[94] .In the United States, Arthur Penn (Mickey One [1964], drawing inspiration from Truffaut's Tirez sur le pianiste and other French New Wave films), John Boorman (Point Blank [1967], similarly caught up, though in the Nouvelle vague's deeper waters), and Alan J. Pakula (Klute [1971]) directed movies that knowingly related themselves to the original film noirs, inviting audiences in on the game.^ "Despite significant cuts in Dassin's original footage, Brute Force is still the ultimate noir prison film and one of the high points of the cycle."
  • TSPDT - Film Noir: 250 Quintessential Noir Films - Part 1 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.theyshootpictures.com [Source type: General]

^ "This intense Freudian melodrama by Otto Preminger is one of the forgotten masterworks of film noir...The film is a disturbingly cool, rational investigation of the terrors of sexuality."
  • TSPDT - Film Noir: 250 Quintessential Noir Films - Part 1 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.theyshootpictures.com [Source type: General]

^ Rudy Mat directed this ultra- noir masterpiece, a movie that has everyone in a violent sweat from beginning to end."
  • TSPDT - Film Noir: 250 Quintessential Noir Films - Part 1 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.theyshootpictures.com [Source type: General]

[95]
A manifest affiliation with noir traditions—which, by its nature, allows different sorts of commentary on them to be inferred—can also provide the basis for explicit critiques of those traditions. In 1973, director Robert Altman flipped off noir piety with The Long Goodbye. .Based on the novel by Raymond Chandler, it features one of Bogart's most famous characters, but in iconoclastic fashion: Philip Marlowe, the prototypical hardboiled detective, is replayed as a hapless misfit, almost laughably out of touch with contemporary mores and morality.^ Sam Jaffe ( Lost Horizon , The Day the Earth Stood Still ) almost steals the show as Doc, the film's most intelligent and refined character (He even clicks his heels in true German fashion!
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Does Powell have the cynicism, the careworn patina, to carry off one of pulp fiction's most loved characters?
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He'd lost faith in The American Dream, something that would ultimately be unattainable, just out of reach for most people and his characters in The Asphalt Jungle .
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

[96] .Where Altman's subversion of the film noir mythos was so irreverent as to outrage some contemporary critics,[97] around the same time Woody Allen was paying affectionate, at points idolatrous homage to the classic mode with Play It Again, Sam (1972).^ DVD, some of the lesser known film noir movies starring the giants of the genre like Claude Reins, Edward G. Robinson and Jane Greer including two RKO classics with the king of Noir, Robert Mitchum.
  • Film Noir on DVD / Noir Films on DVD Reviews / TV Show DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.tvparty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Despite significant cuts in Dassin's original footage, Brute Force is still the ultimate noir prison film and one of the high points of the cycle."
  • TSPDT - Film Noir: 250 Quintessential Noir Films - Part 1 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.theyshootpictures.com [Source type: General]

^ Orson Welles's 1958 "Touch of Evil" is considered the last film noir of the classic period.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

.The most acclaimed of the neo-noirs of the era was director Roman Polanski's 1974 Chinatown.^ This is perhaps the most noir of all neo-noirs.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

.Written by Robert Towne, it is set in 1930s Los Angeles, an accustomed noir locale nudged back some few years in a way that makes the pivotal loss of innocence in the story even crueler.^ Doc wants Cobby's help recruiting a small team of reliable professionals: a box-man to blow the safe, a driver who knows his way around town, and a hooligan for some back-up muscle.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

.Where Polanski and Towne raised noir to a black apogee by turning rearward, director Martin Scorsese and screenwriter Paul Schrader brought the noir attitude crashing into the present day with Taxi Driver (1976), a cackling, bloody-minded gloss on bicentennial America.^ The first attempt at creating a Photography book, Portrait and Fine Art Photographer Mark A. Lively shows us just a sample of his, "Noir", Black and White Photography between the years of 2006 and present day 2008.
  • film noir - Lulu.com 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.lulu.com [Source type: General]

^ The commentary track by director Robert Wise and Martin Scorsese is perhaps the one bonus feature I was most looking forward to on Warner's Shadows, Lies, and Private Eyes noir collection, and for this reason it comes as a major disappointment.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

[98] .In 1978, Walter Hill wrote and directed The Driver, a chase movie as might have been imagined by Jean-Pierre Melville in an especially abstract mood.^ Rodman and White discuss Jean-Pierre Melvilles great 1956 film, Bob Le Flambeur.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ With a notable cameo by trademark-Stetson-wearing Jean-Pierre Melville (“in his full eccentric glory, grunting cryptic responses to grandiose questions.” – Dave Kehr).
  • THE FRENCH CRIME WAVE at Film Forum in New York City 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmforum.org [Source type: General]

^ The sets evoke the fetishistically stylized sets of Jean-Pierre Melville, combined with 30s Warners-style fast-paced action and leavened with black comedy.
  • THE FRENCH CRIME WAVE at Film Forum in New York City 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmforum.org [Source type: General]

[99]
.Hill was already a central figure in 1970s noir of a more straightforward manner, having written the script for director Sam Peckinpah's The Getaway (1972), adapting a novel by pulp master Jim Thompson, as well as for two tough private eye films: an original screenplay for Hickey & Boggs (1972) and an adaptation of a novel by Ross Macdonald, the leading literary descendant of Hammett and Chandler, for The Drowning Pool (1975).^ "Despite significant cuts in Dassin's original footage, Brute Force is still the ultimate noir prison film and one of the high points of the cycle."
  • TSPDT - Film Noir: 250 Quintessential Noir Films - Part 1 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.theyshootpictures.com [Source type: General]

^ Alan Rode's superior biography of Charles McGraw, Portrait of a Film Noir Tough Guy and Foster Hirsch's seminal study of film noir The Dark Side of the Screen are two excellent examples.
  • Film Noir Foundation's MySpace Blog | 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: General]

^ "A not uninteresting attempt at a suburban film noir ...Unfortunately, the script throws in some heavy-handed exposition, betrays its MGM origins by a tiresome insistence on family values, and contrives a risibly arbitrary happy ending.
  • TSPDT - Film Noir: 250 Quintessential Noir Films - Part 1 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.theyshootpictures.com [Source type: General]

.Some of the strongest 1970s noirs, in fact, were unwinking remakes of the classics, "neo" mostly by default: the heartbreaking Thieves Like Us (1973), directed by Altman from the same source as Ray's They Live by Night, and Farewell, My Lovely (1975), the Chandler tale made classically as Murder, My Sweet, remade here with Robert Mitchum in his last notable noir role.^ Episode 26: Murder, My Sweet .
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ Murder, My Sweet is thereby one of the most accessible film noirs ever made.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ THEY LIVE BY NIGHT is film noir at its best.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

[100] .Detective series, prevalent on American television during the period, updated the hardboiled tradition in different ways, but the show conjuring the most noir tone was a horror crossover touched with shaggy, Long Goodbye–style humor: Kolchak: The Night Stalker (1974–75), featuring a Chicago newspaper reporter investigating strange, usually supernatural occurrences.^ Each film in this collection expresses noir in a radically different way.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Stanley Kubrick and Quentin Tarantino both launched their careers by updating the noir tradition.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

[101]

1980s and 1990s

A blonde woman wearing a white jacket, top, and short skirt, her face half in shadow, sitting in an arm chair with her legs crossed. She holds a cigarette to her mouth with her right hand, and raises a lighter with her left. Behind her is dark furniture and the corner of the room, walled with white brick. From between the furniture and walls, unseen, floor-level lights cast a bluish glow over the scene.
Sharon Stone as Catherine Tramell, archetypal modern femme fatale, in the smash box-office hit Basic Instinct (1992). Her diabolic nature is underscored by an "extra-lurid visual code", as in the notorious interrogation scene.[102]
.The turn of the decade brought Scorsese's black-and-white Raging Bull (cowritten by Schrader); an acknowledged masterpiece—the American Film Institute ranks it as the greatest American film of the 1980s and the fourth greatest of all time—it is also a retreat, telling a story of a boxer's moral self-destruction that recalls in both theme and visual ambience noir dramas such as Body and Soul (1947) and Champion (1949).^ Again, black and white is not the same thing as film noir.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The greatest werewolf movie of all time.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Conventional wisdom holds that the term "film noir" (literally "black film"), coined by French film critics in the 1950s and 1960s, was first used to describe the gritty black-and-white American films to come out of the postwar period in the 1940s and early 1950s.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

[103] .From 1981, the popular Body Heat, written and directed by Lawrence Kasdan, invokes a different set of classic noir elements, this time in a humid, erotically charged Florida setting; its success confirmed the commercial viability of neo-noir, at a time when the major Hollywood studios were becoming increasingly risk averse.^ Italian way of saying 'strong black/white contrast' -- although it is a strong element of classic film noir cinematography, it is not the ONLY thing that makes a noir film a noir film.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Does it share visual elements with classical noir?
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Gangster Film “Blending elements of noir and farce—a cult item in its own country.” – Time Out New York Deliciously funny, but dark, gangster spoof One of the classics.
  • THE FRENCH CRIME WAVE at Film Forum in New York City 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.filmforum.org [Source type: General]

.The mainstreaming of neo-noir is evident in such films as Black Widow (1987), Shattered (1991), and Final Analysis (1992).^ They consider why, aside from strong performances by Harrison Ford, Rutger Hauer, and Daryl Hannah, this film achieved such renown, and came to be considered the epitome of neo-noir.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ Again, black and white is not the same thing as film noir.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is thus a classic noir tale, but it is executed with such self-consciousness that the viewer is left to wonder if it isn't the beginning of the end for noir--an elaborate staging of the demolition, the shattering, of the film noir universe.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

[104] .Few neo-noirs have made more money or more wittily updated the tradition of the noir double-entendre than Basic Instinct (1992), directed by Paul Verhoeven and written by Joe Eszterhas.^ Clute and Edwards maintain there are significant differences lurking behind the apparent similarities, and such differences call for more nuanced terminology than the blanket moniker "neo-noir."
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ Fortunately, Gun Crazy offers us much beyond this basic premise, making it not only one of the top few noirs of all time but, according to Gary Johnson, also "one of the greatest B movies ever made."
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ While Robert Siodmak's noir triumph "Ernest Hemingway's 'The Killers'" flaunts its literary bloodlines, Hemingway's 1927 short story is little more than a pretext.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

[105] .The film also demonstrates how neo-noir's polychrome palette can reproduce many of the expressionistic effects of classic black-and-white noir.^ How the hell can a poster be film noir?
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ WHITE ON WHITE: a film noir WHITE ON WHITE: a film noir rufus corporation .

^ Again, black and white is not the same thing as film noir.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[102]
.Among big-budget auteurs, Michael Mann has worked frequently in a neo-noir mode, with such films as Thief (1981) and Heat (1995) and the TV series Miami Vice (1984–89) and Crime Story (1986–88).^ What is the difference between crime stories and noir?
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

^ They consider why, aside from strong performances by Harrison Ford, Rutger Hauer, and Daryl Hannah, this film achieved such renown, and came to be considered the epitome of neo-noir.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ Much of his work inhabits the shadows of film noir.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

.Mann's output exemplifies a primary strain of neo-noir, in which classic themes and tropes are revisited in a contemporary setting with an up-to-date visual style and rock- or hip hop–based musical soundtrack.^ The script and visual style are very noir, and the effect is jarring--for noir usually tells the tale of a man who makes a mistake, and is haunted by the consequences.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ As a filmic style, certainly not; many of the most daring visual and narrative experiments of the classic period date from 1951-1958.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ Visually it harks back to Hollywood's Golden Era, flooding with light elaborate sets and the glamorous stars they hold--but at crucial moments a noir vision bubbles up to artfully blemish this smooth facade.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

[106] .Like Chinatown, its more complex predecessor, Curtis Hanson's Oscar-winning L.A. Confidential (1997), based on the James Ellroy novel, demonstrates an opposite tendency—the deliberately retro film noir; its tale of corrupt cops and femme fatales is seemingly lifted straight from a movie of 1953, the year in which it is set.^ DVD, some of the lesser known film noir movies starring the giants of the genre like Claude Reins, Edward G. Robinson and Jane Greer including two RKO classics with the king of Noir, Robert Mitchum.
  • Film Noir on DVD / Noir Films on DVD Reviews / TV Show DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.tvparty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ More than Night: Film Noir in Its Contexts By James Naremore E-book (PDF for Digital Editions): $21.00 Download immediately This item has not been rated yet "Film noir" evokes memories of stylish, cynical, black-and-white movies from the 1940s and '50s-melodramas about private eyes, femmes fatales, criminal gangs, and lovers on the run.
  • film noir - Lulu.com 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.lulu.com [Source type: General]

^ Test your smarts with quotations, questions and little known facts about the movies, stars, writers and legends of film noir.
  • film noir - Lulu.com 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.lulu.com [Source type: General]

[107] .Director David Fincher followed the immensely successful neo-noir Se7en (1995) with a film that developed into a cult favorite after its original, disappointing release: Fight Club (1999) is a sui generis mix of noir aesthetic, perverse comedy, speculative content, and satiric intention.^ Out of the past and straight into the future, Ridley Scott blends film noir and science fiction in "Blade Runner."
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ Gun Crazy is considered a cult film, but its themes and aesthetic are precursors to much of modern crime cinema.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ What is certain is that by 1946 noir aesthetics began to inflect every genre from the Holiday picture ("It's a Wonderful Life") to the espionage/thriller film.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

[108]
Problems listening to this file? See media help.
.Working generally with much smaller budgets, brothers Joel and Ethan Coen have created one of the most extensive film oeuvres influenced by classic noir, with movies such as Blood Simple (1984) and Fargo (1996), considered by some a supreme work in the neo-noir mode.^ Much of his work inhabits the shadows of film noir.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The director says the movie "was influenced by noir."
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Film Noir movies .
  • Film Noir movies 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC tuberob.com [Source type: General]

[110] .The Coens cross noir with other generic lines in the gangster drama Miller's Crossing (1990)—loosely based on the Dashiell Hammett novels Red Harvest and The Glass Key—and the comedy The Big Lebowski (1998), a tribute to Chandler and an homage to Altman's version of The Long Goodbye.^ Stuart Heisler's 1942 film THE GLASS KEY retained the personages and major plot twists of Dashiell Hammett's 1930 novel by the same name, but wiped the grim off the original tale.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ Based on a book by Dashiell Hammett, starring Humphrey Bogart, directed by John Huston, it is generally considered the first "film noir."
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ Clute and Edwards investigate the 2005 neo-noir Christmas comedy THE ICE HARVEST, then speak with Scott Phillips, author of the 2000 hardboiled novel on which the film is based.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

[111] .The characteristic work of David Lynch combines film noir tropes with scenarios driven by disturbed characters such as the sociopathic criminal played by Dennis Hopper in Blue Velvet (1986) and the delusionary protagonist of Lost Highway (1996).^ Raw and violent, steeped in the film noir tradition, this cult classic ventures into the seamy gangster underworld, oozing with seediness and low-life characters.
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

^ And if you are at all familiar with film noir, you know that the embrace of the femme fatale is rarely good for the hapless protagonist.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In film noir , it's no surprise the police patrolling this jungle are often as corrupt as the criminals they're tracking down.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

The Twin Peaks cycle, both TV series (1990–91) and movie, Fire Walk with Me (1992), puts a detective plot through a succession of bizarre spasms. .David Cronenberg also mixes surrealism and noir in Naked Lunch (1991), inspired by the William S. Burroughs novel.^ Noir posters were lurid and colorful, mimicking the pulp novels that inspired them.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Perhaps no American neo-noirs better reflect the classic noir A-movie-with-a-B-movie-soul than those of director-writer Quentin Tarantino;[112] neo-noirs of his such as Reservoir Dogs (1992) and Pulp Fiction (1994) display a relentlessly self-reflexive, sometimes tongue-in-cheek sensibility, similar to the work of the New Wave directors and the Coens.^ This is perhaps the most noir of all neo-noirs.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ The director says the movie "was influenced by noir."
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Test your smarts with quotations, questions and little known facts about the movies, stars, writers and legends of film noir.
  • film noir - Lulu.com 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.lulu.com [Source type: General]

.Other movies from the era readily identifiable as neo-noir (some retro, some more au courant) include director John Dahl's Kill Me Again (1989), Red Rock West (1992), and The Last Seduction (1993); four adaptations of novels by Jim Thompson—The Kill-Off (1989), After Dark, My Sweet (1990), The Grifters (1990), and the remake of The Getaway (1994); and many more, including adaptations of the work of other major noir fiction writers: The Hot Spot (1990), from Hell Hath No Fury, by Charles Williams; Miami Blues (1990), from the novel by Charles Willeford; and Out of Sight (1998), from the novel by Elmore Leonard.^ Try Googling some actual film noir titles: Double Indemnity, Gun Crazy, Born to Kill, Out of the Past, The Big Sleep, Key Largo.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Joe Johnston clearly states in that other talkback that he was trying to make a NOIR movie.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Both the movie and its critics use primal metaphors for the attraction between the two: animals sniffing each other out, two wild animals crazed with lust, hot hot monkey love…you get the idea.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

.On television, the series Moonlighting (1985–89) paid homage to classic noir while demonstrating an unusual appreciation of the sense of humor often found in the original cycle.^ A must-see film for casual fans of classic noir, and serious students of its evolution.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

[113] .Between 1983 and 1989, Mickey Spillane's hardboiled private eye Mike Hammer was played with wry gusto by Stacy Keach in a series and several stand-alone TV movies (an unsuccessful revival followed in 1997–98).^ Plot Summary: Tough L.A. private eye Mike Hammer gives a ride to Christina, a frightened young woman he finds running along the road one night.

.The British miniseries The Singing Detective (1986), written by Dennis Potter, tells the story of a mystery writer named Philip Marlow; widely considered one of the finest neo-noirs in any medium, some critics rank it among the greatest television productions of all time.^ This is perhaps the most noir of all neo-noirs.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ The greatest werewolf movie of all time.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fortunately, Gun Crazy offers us much beyond this basic premise, making it not only one of the top few noirs of all time but, according to Gary Johnson, also "one of the greatest B movies ever made."
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

[114]

2000s

.The Coens' most recent nod to the noir tradition is The Man Who Wasn't There (2001); a black-and-white crime melodrama set in 1949, it features a scene apparently staged to mirror the one from Out of the Past pictured above.^ The Big Steal (1949): On the lam, down Mexico way: Out of the Past's Robert Mitchum and Jane Greer reteam, Don Siegel directs.
  • Film Noir on DVD / Noir Films on DVD Reviews / TV Show DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.tvparty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Conventional wisdom holds that the term "film noir" (literally "black film"), coined by French film critics in the 1950s and 1960s, was first used to describe the gritty black-and-white American films to come out of the postwar period in the 1940s and early 1950s.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (In fact, there are precious few directorial decisions that seem out of place; Lewis seems to have absolute control of the picture.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

.Lynch's Mulholland Drive (2001) continued in his characteristic vein, making the classic noir setting of Los Angeles the venue for a noir-inflected psychological jigsaw puzzle.^ Italian way of saying 'strong black/white contrast' -- although it is a strong element of classic film noir cinematography, it is not the ONLY thing that makes a noir film a noir film.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Among the leading Hollywood directors of noir during the current decade has been the British-born Christopher Nolan, with the acclaimed Memento (2000), the remake of Insomnia (2002), and his dark-toned superhero films, Batman Begins (2005) and The Dark Knight (2008).^ The Asphalt Jungle redefined the "gangster" film and inspired what is known as the "caper film," but after decades of imitators—from Rififi (1955) and The Killing (1956) through the recent remakes of The Italian Job and Ocean's Eleven —it remains an indisputable film noir classic.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Film Noir By Tad Richards Paperback: $14.91 Ships in 3–5 business days This item has not been rated yet Dark fantasies based on film noir freeze frames.
  • film noir - Lulu.com 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.lulu.com [Source type: General]

^ Rian Johnson's superlative 2005 debut film BRICK is neither a nostalgic tribute nor a modern reaction to noir style.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

[115]
Director Sean Penn's The Pledge (2001), though adapted from a very self-reflexive novel by Friedrich Dürrenmatt, plays noir comparatively straight, to devastating effect.[116] .Screenwriter David Ayer updated the classic noir bad-cop tale, typified by Shield for Murder (1954) and Rogue Cop (1954), with his scripts for Training Day (2001) and, adapting a story by James Ellroy, Dark Blue (2002); he later wrote and directed the even darker Harsh Times (2006).^ The script and visual style are very noir, and the effect is jarring--for noir usually tells the tale of a man who makes a mistake, and is haunted by the consequences.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ In the murder of Elizabeth Short, novelist James Ellroy found a means to grieve over the rape and murder of his own mother.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

Michael Mann's Collateral (2004) features a performance by Tom Cruise as an assassin in the lineage of Le Samouraï. The torments of The Machinist (2004), directed by Brad Anderson, evoke both Fight Club and Memento.[117] .In 2005, Shane Black directed Kiss Kiss Bang Bang, basing his screenplay in part on a crime novel by Brett Halliday, who published his first stories back in the 1920s.^ Shane Black's 2005 KISS KISS BANG BANG is a film of delirious contradictions.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ The 1949 screenplay is the flyweight story of a down and out white fighter who thinks he's one punch away from glory.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ As for Spaz, maybe you've heard of this chiaroscuro black and white "crime" story set in the 40s with a reluctant protagonist who is beset upon by an oppressive urban industrial environment and a criminal organization.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The film plays with an awareness not only of classic noir but also of neo-noir reflexivity itself.^ The only elements of the film that truly give it this distinction are the shadowy lighting and gangster villain, neither of which are quite enough to call it a pure noir.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Orson Welles's 1958 "Touch of Evil" is considered the last film noir of the classic period.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ The track is breezy and likable, with Ursini contributing a lengthy discourse on noir itself, the film's production history, and its place within the body of noir.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

[118]
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With ultra-violent films such as Sympathy for Mr. Vengeance (2002) and Thirst (2009), Park Chan-wook of South Korea has been the most prominent director outside of the United States to work regularly in a noir mode in the new millennium.[120] .The most commercially successful of recent neo-noirs is Sin City (2005), directed by Robert Rodriguez in extravagantly stylized black and white with the odd bit of color.^ This is perhaps the most noir of all neo-noirs.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ Again, black and white is not the same thing as film noir.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Consider how many black and white movies AREN'T noir.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The film is based on a series of comic books created by Frank Miller (credited as the movie's codirector), which are in turn openly indebted to the works of Spillane and other pulp mystery authors.^ Based on the popular 1942-1957 network radio series created by Phillips H. Lord.
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

^ Based on a book by Dashiell Hammett, starring Humphrey Bogart, directed by John Huston, it is generally considered the first "film noir."
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ DISC 1: David Harding, Counterspy (1950) Based on the popular 1942-1957 network radio series created by Phillips H. Lord.
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

[121] Similarly, graphic novels provide the basis for Road to Perdition (2002), directed by Sam Mendes, and A History of Violence (2005), directed by David Cronenberg; the latter was voted best film of the year in the Village Voice poll.[122] .Writer-director Rian Johnson's Brick (2005), featuring present-day high schoolers speaking a version of 1930s hardboiled argot, won the Special Jury Prize for Originality of Vision at the Sundance Film Festival.^ Rian Johnson's superlative 2005 debut film BRICK is neither a nostalgic tribute nor a modern reaction to noir style.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ Each disc is a dark and deadly double feature, with audio commentary on every film, retrospective featurettes for each and original theatrical trailers to boot.
  • Film Noir on DVD / Noir Films on DVD Reviews / TV Show DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.tvparty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Clute and Edwards investigate the 2005 neo-noir Christmas comedy THE ICE HARVEST, then speak with Scott Phillips, author of the 2000 hardboiled novel on which the film is based.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

.The television series Veronica Mars (2004–7) also brought a youth-oriented twist to film noir.^ This film deserves its reputation as an important early police procedural and precursor to the television series "Dragnet," but does not deserve to be viewed reductively--as only that.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ Episode three of this podcast series investigates Christopher Nolan's blockbuster "Batman Begins" in relation to the visual and narrative conventions of film noir.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ A must-see film for casual fans of classic noir, and serious students of its evolution.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

Science fiction noir

A man with close-cropped hair wearing a brown jacket sits at a counter, holding a pair of chopsticks poised over a rice bowl. Rain cascades down beside him as if from the edge of an awning. In the foreground is a teapot, several bottles, and other dining accessories. Steam or smoke rises from an unseen source. In the background, two standing men look down at the central figure. The goateed man on the left wears a dark snap-brim hat, a black coat with upturned collar, and a gold-trimmed vest. The man on the right, partly obscured by the steam, is wearing a constabulary-style uniform, featuring large wrap-around shades and a hat or helmet with a glossy, stiff brim. There is a bluish cast to the entire image.
Harrison Ford as detective Rick Deckard in Blade Runner (1982). .Like many classic noirs, the film is set in a version of Los Angeles where it constantly rains.^ A film noir poster by Gwai Lo .
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ DVD, some of the lesser known film noir movies starring the giants of the genre like Claude Reins, Edward G. Robinson and Jane Greer including two RKO classics with the king of Noir, Robert Mitchum.
  • Film Noir on DVD / Noir Films on DVD Reviews / TV Show DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.tvparty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Orson Welles's 1958 "Touch of Evil" is considered the last film noir of the classic period.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

[123] .The steam in the foreground is a familiar noir trope, while the "bluish-smoky exterior" updates the black-and-white mode.^ Again, black and white is not the same thing as film noir.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Consider how many black and white movies AREN'T noir.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So anything black and white is considered noir now?
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[124]
.In the post-classic era, the most significant trend in noir crossovers has involved science fiction.^ Out of the past and straight into the future, Ridley Scott blends film noir and science fiction in "Blade Runner."
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ In a year that has seen dozens of essential classic films finally brought to DVD, Warner Brothers' Film Noir Collection stands out as one of the most vital.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

In Jean-Luc Godard's Alphaville (1965), Lemmy Caution is the name of the old-school private eye in the city of tomorrow. The Groundstar Conspiracy (1972) centers on another implacable investigator and an amnesiac named Welles. .Soylent Green (1973), the first major American example, portrays a dystopian, near-future world via a self-evidently noir detection plot; starring Charlton Heston (the lead in Touch of Evil), it also features classic noir standbys Joseph Cotten, Edward G. Robinson, and Whit Bissell.^ DVD, some of the lesser known film noir movies starring the giants of the genre like Claude Reins, Edward G. Robinson and Jane Greer including two RKO classics with the king of Noir, Robert Mitchum.
  • Film Noir on DVD / Noir Films on DVD Reviews / TV Show DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.tvparty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Edward G. Robinson and George Raft star in an espionage thriller that pulls out all the stops for excitement and edge-of-your-seat suspense.
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

^ Orson Welles's 1958 "Touch of Evil" is considered the last film noir of the classic period.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

.The movie was directed by Richard Fleischer, who two decades before had directed several strong B noirs, including Armored Car Robbery (1950) and The Narrow Margin (1952).^ DVD, some of the lesser known film noir movies starring the giants of the genre like Claude Reins, Edward G. Robinson and Jane Greer including two RKO classics with the king of Noir, Robert Mitchum.
  • Film Noir on DVD / Noir Films on DVD Reviews / TV Show DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.tvparty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, the presence of Mitchum, strong cinematography by Harry Wild, and John Farrow's coy and self-conscious direction at once recuperate a noir atmosphere and pose important questions about the commercialization of filmmaking in the 1950's.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ Recently, several Hollywood films, including HOLLYWOODLAND, have revisited traumatic events of the 1940's and 1950's.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

[125]
.The cynical and stylish perspective of classic film noir had a formative effect on the cyberpunk genre of science fiction that emerged in the early 1980s; the movie most directly influential on cyberpunk was Blade Runner (1982), directed by Ridley Scott, which pays evocative homage to the classic noir mode[126] (Scott would subsequently direct the poignant noir crime melodrama Someone to Watch Over Me [1987]).^ Out of the past and straight into the future, Ridley Scott blends film noir and science fiction in "Blade Runner."
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ DVD, some of the lesser known film noir movies starring the giants of the genre like Claude Reins, Edward G. Robinson and Jane Greer including two RKO classics with the king of Noir, Robert Mitchum.
  • Film Noir on DVD / Noir Films on DVD Reviews / TV Show DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.tvparty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Big Steal , Tension, and Illegal , along with other classics of the genre like Crime Wave and Decoy are represented, restored and uncut (Noir lovers have waited a long time for The Big Steal to show up on DVD).
  • Film Noir on DVD / Noir Films on DVD Reviews / TV Show DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.tvparty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Scholar Jamaluddin Bin Aziz has observed how "the shadow of Philip Marlowe lingers on" in such other "future noir" films as Twelve Monkeys (1995), Dark City (1998), and Minority Report (2002).^ How the hell can a poster be film noir?
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But for these very reasons I Wake Up Screaming may be the more important film to scholars of noir.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ Much of his work inhabits the shadows of film noir.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

[127] .Fincher's feature debut was Alien 3 (1992), which evoked the classic noir jail movie Brute Force.^ More film noir classics now on double-feature discs!
  • Film Noir on DVD / Noir Films on DVD Reviews / TV Show DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.tvparty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The classic film noir milieu now comes to you in the form of an animated feature.
  • Film Noir - Red Band Trailer | SPIKE 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

.Cronenberg's Crash (1996), an adaptation of the speculative novel by J. G. Ballard, has been described as a "film noir in bruise tones".[128] The hero is the target of investigation in Gattaca (1997), which fuses film noir motifs with a scenario indebted to Brave New World.^ Episode three of this podcast series investigates Christopher Nolan's blockbuster "Batman Begins" in relation to the visual and narrative conventions of film noir.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ For all of these reasons, the film seems light years away from the gut-wrenching bare-bones noir world of the 1940's.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ In the 1940s, a new genre - film noir - emerged from the world of "hard - boiled"pulp magazines, paperback thrillers and sensational crime movies.
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

.The Thirteenth Floor (1999), like Blade Runner, is an explicit homage to classic noir, in this case involving speculations about virtual reality.^ Out of the past and straight into the future, Ridley Scott blends film noir and science fiction in "Blade Runner."
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ Like the DNA of the humanoid Replicants in the movie, the filmic code Scott created in "Blade Runner" has proved to be as ineluctable as it is generative.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

.Science fiction, noir, and anime are brought together in the Japanese films Ghost in the Shell (1995) and Ghost in the Shell 2: Innocence (2004), both directed by Mamoru Oshii, and the television series Noir (2001).^ This film deserves its reputation as an important early police procedural and precursor to the television series "Dragnet," but does not deserve to be viewed reductively--as only that.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ Out of the past and straight into the future, Ridley Scott blends film noir and science fiction in "Blade Runner."
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ From Phillips H. Lord's popular NBC radio series comes an intriguing "legal film noir" filled with double-crosses .
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

[129]

Parodies

.Film noir has been parodied many times, in many manners.^ On the other hand, how many times have you felt like cheering in film noir?
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

.In 1945, Danny Kaye starred in what appears to be the first intentional film noir parody, Wonder Man.^ The newspaper is so film noir man.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Based on a book by Dashiell Hammett, starring Humphrey Bogart, directed by John Huston, it is generally considered the first "film noir."
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ At first glance, the five films contained herein—all of which fill in essential gaps on the "why-isn't-this-on-DVD?" list—rightfully earn the "noir" label.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

[130] That same year, Deanna Durbin was the singing lead in the comedic noir Lady on a Train, which makes fun of Woolrich-brand wistful miserablism. .Bob Hope inaugurated the private-eye noir parody with My Favorite Brunette (1947), playing a baby photographer who is mistaken for an ironfisted detective.^ Edward Dmytryk's Murder, My Sweet , on the other hand, is the archetypal private eye film (taken from a source novel by the man who practically invented the private dick story, Raymond Chandler).
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hell, my favorite noir flick was filmed in Technicolor and takes place in the country!
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Enter Warner Brothers' Shadows, Lies, and Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection , a set that is sure to fuel the film noir argument.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

[130] .In 1947 as well, The Bowery Boys appeared in Hard Boiled Mahoney, which had a similar mistaken-identity plot; they spoofed the genre once more in 1953's Private Eyes (1953).^ L.A. private eye Phillip Marlowe takes on a blackmail case...and a trail peopled with murderers, pornographers, nightclub rogues, the spoiled rich and more.
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

^ In the 1940s, a new genre - film noir - emerged from the world of "hard - boiled"pulp magazines, paperback thrillers and sensational crime movies.
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

^ For more information about the hard-boiled podcasts of Clute and Edwards, visit www.noircast.net .
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

.Two RKO productions starring Robert Mitchum take film noir over the border into self-parody: The Big Steal (1949), directed by Don Siegel, and His Kind of Woman (1951).^ Raw and violent, steeped in the film noir tradition, this cult classic ventures into the seamy gangster underworld, oozing with seediness and low-life characters.
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

^ Based on a book by Dashiell Hammett, starring Humphrey Bogart, directed by John Huston, it is generally considered the first "film noir."
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ If you love film noir you will probably like Murder, My Sweet ; if you don't like film noir you might like it anyway.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

[b] The "Girl Hunt" ballet in Vincente Minnelli's The Band Wagon (1953) is a ten-minute distillation of—and play on—noir in dance.[131] .The Cheap Detective (1978), starring Peter Falk, is a broad spoof of several films, including the Bogart classics The Maltese Falcon and Casablanca.^ This episode examines the classic "The Maltese Falcon."
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ DVD, some of the lesser known film noir movies starring the giants of the genre like Claude Reins, Edward G. Robinson and Jane Greer including two RKO classics with the king of Noir, Robert Mitchum.
  • Film Noir on DVD / Noir Films on DVD Reviews / TV Show DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.tvparty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Based on a book by Dashiell Hammett, starring Humphrey Bogart, directed by John Huston, it is generally considered the first "film noir."
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

.Carl Reiner's black-and-white Dead Men Don't Wear Plaid (1982) appropriates clips of classic noirs for a farcical pastiche.^ Again, black and white is not the same thing as film noir.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Consider how many black and white movies AREN'T noir.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So anything black and white is considered noir now?
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Robert Zemeckis's Who Framed Roger Rabbit? (1988) develops a noir plot set in 1940s L.A. around a host of cartoon characters.
Head and right hand of a man, shot from a slightly low angle. The man, whose hair is in a Mohawk, looks down at the camera with an odd smile. A spot of blood is on his upper left cheek, and a three-inch line of blood runs from his lower left cheek to his jaw. With his blood-drenched thumb and index finger, he makes the shape of a pistol, pointed at the side of his head.
"Loneliness has followed me my whole life, everywhere. In bars, in cars, sidewalks, stores, everywhere. There's no escape. I'm God's lonely man." Robert De Niro as neo-noir antihero Travis Bickle in Taxi Driver (1976).
Noir parodies come in darker tones as well. Murder by Contract (1958), directed by Irving Lerner, is a deadpan joke on noir, with a denouement as bleak as any of the movies it kids. .An ultra-low-budget Columbia Pictures production, it may qualify as the first intentional example of what is now called a neo-noir film; it was likely a source of inspiration for both Melville's Le Samouraï and Scorsese's Taxi Driver.^ Raw and violent, steeped in the film noir tradition, this cult classic ventures into the seamy gangster underworld, oozing with seediness and low-life characters.
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

^ More film noir classics now on double-feature discs!
  • Film Noir on DVD / Noir Films on DVD Reviews / TV Show DVDs 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.tvparty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At first glance, the five films contained herein—all of which fill in essential gaps on the "why-isn't-this-on-DVD?" list—rightfully earn the "noir" label.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

[132] Belying its parodic strain, The Long Goodbye's final act is seriously grave. .Taxi Driver caustically deconstructs the "dark" crime film, taking it to an absurd extreme and then offering a conclusion that manages to mock every possible anticipated ending—triumphant, tragic, artfully ambivalent—while being each, all at once.^ Like these fighters, he once had hopes and aspirations for where this career would take him, but these have all been stripped away by age.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We cannot guarantee that we will respond to your message and we reserve the right to take or refrain from taking any or all steps available to us once we receive any such message.
  • Film Noir - Red Band Trailer | SPIKE 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

^ It depends on all the studios sinking billions of dollars in total into genre films on the hope that some of them will somehow overcome being genre based to somehow make money.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[133] .Flirting with splatter status even more brazenly, the Coens' Blood Simple is both an exacting pastiche and a gross exaggeration of classic noir.^ It would be even more epic with both actors in that upcoming film.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[134] .Adapted by director Robinson Devor from a novel by Charles Willeford, The Woman Chaser (1999) sends up not just the noir mode but the entire Hollywood filmmaking process, with seemingly each shot staged as the visual equivalent of an acerbic Marlowe wisecrack.^ The movie plays down the moral crisis and plays up the comedy, but director Harold Ramis manages to recreate some of the brooding atmosphere of the original story by staging a series of noir tribute shots.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ Visually it harks back to Hollywood's Golden Era, flooding with light elaborate sets and the glamorous stars they hold--but at crucial moments a noir vision bubbles up to artfully blemish this smooth facade.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ More than noir, the film is a self-conscious staging of the crime that is Hollywood.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

[135]
In other media, the television series Sledge Hammer! (1986–88) lampoons noir, along with such topics as capital punishment, gun fetishism, and Dirty Harry. Sesame Street (1969–curr.) occasionally casts .Kermit the Frog as a private eye; the sketches refer to some of the typical motifs of noir movies, in particular the voiceover.^ I'll have to look at some period posters from the true "noir" films, to see if this particular poster in any way resembles them.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Enter Warner Brothers' Shadows, Lies, and Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection , a set that is sure to fuel the film noir argument.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ So get ready to take a walk down the dark alleys of Shadows, Lies, and Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection , and decide for yourself what "film noir" really means.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

.Garrison Keillor's radio program A Prairie Home Companion features the recurring character Guy Noir, a hardboiled detective whose adventures always wander into farce (Guy also appears in the Altman-directed film based on Keillor's show).^ Based on a book by Dashiell Hammett, starring Humphrey Bogart, directed by John Huston, it is generally considered the first "film noir."
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ "The Wolfman" was the first major character in Universal's series of fright films not based on a specific literary source, but only on the imagination of Curt Siodmak.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Based on their Noircon panel, Wise Guy Noir, they give us an inside look into the Godfathers and Goodfellas of Philadelphia.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

Firesign Theatre's Nick Danger has trod the same not-so-mean streets, both on radio and in comedy albums. .Cartoons such as Garfield's Babes and Bullets (1989) and comic strip characters such as Tracer Bullet of Calvin and Hobbes have parodied both film noir and the kindred hardboiled tradition—one of the sources from which film noir sprang and which it now overshadows.^ Raw and violent, steeped in the film noir tradition, this cult classic ventures into the seamy gangster underworld, oozing with seediness and low-life characters.
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

^ Only one adjective adequately describes this film and its characters: hard-boiled.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The classic film noir milieu now comes to you in the form of an animated feature.
  • Film Noir - Red Band Trailer | SPIKE 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

[136]

Identifying characteristics

A man, seen from mid-chest up, hangs by his hands from the edge of an apparently tall structure, gazing down in fear. He is wearing a dark suit and an orange tie with a clip. In the distance behind him is a cityscape at night or in the early morning. There is a bluish cast to the background.
.
Some consider Vertigo (1958) a noir on the basis of plot and tone and various motifs.
^ Orson Welles's 1958 "Touch of Evil" is considered the last film noir of the classic period.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

Others say the combination of color and the specificity of director Alfred Hitchcock's vision exclude it from the category.[137]
.In their original 1955 canon of film noir, Raymond Borde and Etienne Chaumeton identified twenty-two Hollywood movies released between 1941 and 1952 as core examples; they listed another fifty-nine American movies from the period as significantly related to the field of noir.^ For years, critics have argued about film noir's space in the canon of American movies.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Conventional wisdom holds that the term "film noir" (literally "black film"), coined by French film critics in the 1950s and 1960s, was first used to describe the gritty black-and-white American films to come out of the postwar period in the 1940s and early 1950s.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At first glance, the five films contained herein—all of which fill in essential gaps on the "why-isn't-this-on-DVD?" list—rightfully earn the "noir" label.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

[138] .A half-century later, film historians and critics had come to agree on a canon of approximately three hundred movies from 1940–58.[139] There remain, however, many differences of opinion over whether other movies of the era, among them a number of well-known ones, qualify as film noirs or not.^ Is there anything in geekdom that's NOT film noir?
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For years, critics have argued about film noir's space in the canon of American movies.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Conventional wisdom holds that the term "film noir" (literally "black film"), coined by French film critics in the 1950s and 1960s, was first used to describe the gritty black-and-white American films to come out of the postwar period in the 1940s and early 1950s.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

.For instance, The Night of the Hunter (1955), starring Robert Mitchum in an acclaimed performance, is treated as a film noir by some critics, but not by others.^ Based on a book by Dashiell Hammett, starring Humphrey Bogart, directed by John Huston, it is generally considered the first "film noir."
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ THEY LIVE BY NIGHT is film noir at its best.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ They talk with film critic Irv Slifkin, authors Gary Phillips, Seth Harwood, Ken Bruen, The Czar of Noir?
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

[140] Some critics include Suspicion (1941), directed by Alfred Hitchcock, in their catalogues of noir; others ignore it.[141] .Concerning films made either before or after the classic period, or outside of the United States at any time, consensus is even rarer.^ Orson Welles's 1958 "Touch of Evil" is considered the last film noir of the classic period.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ Film Noir - Five Classics from the Studio Vaults (Scarlet Street / Contraband / Strange Impersonation / They Made Me A Fugitive / The Hitch-Hiker) ( 1940 ) .
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

.To support their categorization of certain movies as noirs and their rejection of others, many critics refer to a set of elements they see as marking examples of the mode.^ Joe Johnston clearly states in that other talkback that he was trying to make a NOIR movie.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In other words, only Harry and The French see any noir in this Wolfman poster.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is a very distinct genre, and you see even IMDb butcher it with their categorization of what amount to standard dramas from the 40s/50s, as "noir."
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The question of what constitutes the set of noir's identifying characteristics is a fundamental source of controversy.^ Which brings us to the fundamental question about The Set-Up 's inclusion in this collection.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

.For instance, critics tend to define the model film noir as having a tragic or bleak conclusion,[142] but many acknowledged classics of the genre have clearly happy endings (e.g., Stranger on the Third Floor, The Big Sleep, Dark Passage, and The Dark Corner), while the tone of many other noir denouements is ambivalent.^ Try Googling some actual film noir titles: Double Indemnity, Gun Crazy, Born to Kill, Out of the Past, The Big Sleep, Key Largo.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Orson Welles's 1958 "Touch of Evil" is considered the last film noir of the classic period.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ Joe Johnston clearly states in that other talkback that he was trying to make a NOIR movie.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[143] .Some critics perceive classic noir's hallmark as a distinctive visual style.^ The Maltese Falcon is the more uniform achievement, successfully coupling a consistent noir visual style with noir themes of disillusionment.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ The script and visual style are very noir, and the effect is jarring--for noir usually tells the tale of a man who makes a mistake, and is haunted by the consequences.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ As a filmic style, certainly not; many of the most daring visual and narrative experiments of the classic period date from 1951-1958.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

.Others, observing that there is actually considerable stylistic variety among noirs, instead emphasize plot and character type.^ Plot and character cede the stage to emotion and character type.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ Go ask Ebert or the guy from TCM if any modern noir film, like The Man Who Wasn't There, is actually true noir.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Still others focus on mood and attitude. .No survey of classic noir's identifying characteristics can therefore be considered definitive.^ Orson Welles's 1958 "Touch of Evil" is considered the last film noir of the classic period.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

.In the 1990s and 2000s, critics have increasingly turned their attention to that diverse field of movies called neo-noir; once again, there is even less consensus about the defining attributes of such films made outside the classic period.^ Not even close to a film noir style.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Is there anything in geekdom that's NOT film noir?
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For years, critics have argued about film noir's space in the canon of American movies.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

[144]

Visual style

Black-and-white image of a man with a heavily bandaged nose sitting and talking on the phone. He wears a cream-colored suit and vest and boldly patterned tie; the collar of a white shirt is visible. Behind of him is a bookcase; in front of him, the edge of desk. A series of diagonal shadows descending from upper left falls over most of the image.
Shadows of window blinds fall upon private eye Jake Gittes, performed by Jack Nicholson, in Chinatown (1974).
.The low-key lighting schemes of many classic film noirs are associated with stark light/dark contrasts and dramatic shadow patterning—a style known as chiaroscuro (a term adopted from Renaissance painting).^ Not even close to a film noir style.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Asphalt Jungle redefined the "gangster" film and inspired what is known as the "caper film," but after decades of imitators—from Rififi (1955) and The Killing (1956) through the recent remakes of The Italian Job and Ocean's Eleven —it remains an indisputable film noir classic.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Orson Welles's 1958 "Touch of Evil" is considered the last film noir of the classic period.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

[c] .The shadows of Venetian blinds or banister rods, cast upon an actor, a wall, or an entire set, are an iconic visual in noir and had already become a cliché well before the neo-noir era.^ So I guess that the poster for Paranormal Activity is noir-esque as well, because it has a shadow on a door, and noir was all about shadows.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Enter Warner Brothers' Shadows, Lies, and Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection , a set that is sure to fuel the film noir argument.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A 2009 film about a man who turns into a werewolf set in Victorian England DOES NOT fit the description of noir, original or neo.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Characters' faces may be partially or wholly obscured by darkness—a relative rarity in conventional Hollywood moviemaking. .While black-and-white cinematography is considered by many to be one of the essential attributes of classic noir, the color films Leave Her to Heaven (1945) and Niagara (1953) are routinely included in noir filmographies, while Slightly Scarlet (1956), Party Girl (1958), and Vertigo (1958) are classified as noir by varying numbers of critics.^ Again, black and white is not the same thing as film noir.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Consider how many black and white movies AREN'T noir.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So anything black and white is considered noir now?
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[145]
.Film noir is also known for its use of low-angle, wide-angle, and skewed, or Dutch, angle shots.^ With such a record of success, Clute and Edwards are now able to reach out to a wide range of noir scholars, to use the program as a forum to broaden public discourse on the enduring importance of this distinctively American film style.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

.Other devices of disorientation relatively common in film noir include shots of people reflected in one or more mirrors, shots through curved or frosted glass or other distorting objects (such as during the strangulation scene in Strangers on a Train), and special effects sequences of a sometimes bizarre nature.^ But for these very reasons I Wake Up Screaming may be the more important film to scholars of noir.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ Found some more cool film noir posters for you.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Now in closing, this one sheet has only 2 visual elements usually associated with noir, and is missing ABOUT A FUCKING DOZEN OTHERS! It is like saying something shot on hand held camera must be cinema verite.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Night-for-night shooting, as opposed to the Hollywood norm of day-for-night, was often employed.[146] From the mid-1940s forward, location shooting became increasingly frequent in noir.[147]
.In an analysis of the visual approach of Kiss Me Deadly, a late and self-consciously stylized example of classic noir, critic Alain Silver describes how cinematographic choices emphasize the story's themes and mood.^ How about any of the common themes or stories?
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ok, how about classic noir imagery or motifs: Femme fatale?
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is thus a classic noir tale, but it is executed with such self-consciousness that the viewer is left to wonder if it isn't the beginning of the end for noir--an elaborate staging of the demolition, the shattering, of the film noir universe.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

In one scene, the characters, seen through a "confusion of angular shapes", thus appear "caught in a tangible vortex or enclosed in a trap." Silver makes a case for how "side light is used ... to reflect character ambivalence", while shots of characters in which they are lit from below "conform to a convention of visual expression which associates shadows cast upward of the face with the unnatural and ominous".[148]

Structure and narrational devices

A man and a woman, seen in profile, starring intensely at each other. The man, on the left, is considerably taller. He wears a brown pin-striped suit, holds a key in one hand and grips the woman's arm with the other. She is wearing a pale green top. Lit from below and to the side, they cast bold, angled shadows on the wall behind them.
.
Barbara Stanwyck and Burt Lancaster were two of the most prolific stars of classic noir.
^ Robert Siodmak's The Killers contains one of film noir's most notorious femme fatales in Ava Gardner's Kitty Collins, and one of its poorest saps in Burt Lancaster's "Swede."
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In a year that has seen dozens of essential classic films finally brought to DVD, Warner Brothers' Film Noir Collection stands out as one of the most vital.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Barbara Stanwyck and Fred MacMurray star in this gripping film noir from Academy Award-winning director Billy Wilder.
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

The complex structure of Sorry, Wrong Number (1948) involves a real-time framing story, multiple narrators, and flashbacks within flashbacks.[149]
.Film noirs tend to have unusually convoluted story lines, frequently involving flashbacks and other editing techniques that disrupt and sometimes obscure the narrative sequence.^ Episode three of this podcast series investigates Christopher Nolan's blockbuster "Batman Begins" in relation to the visual and narrative conventions of film noir.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ This level of emotional complexity is unusual in film noir.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On the other hand, how many times have you felt like cheering in film noir?
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

Framing the entire primary narrative as a flashback is also a standard device. .Voiceover narration, sometimes used as a structuring device, came to be seen as a noir hallmark; while classic noir is generally associated with first-person narration (i.e., by the protagonist), Stephen Neale notes that third-person narration is common among noirs of the semidocumentary style.^ Opting-out of Certain Uses of your Personal Information and Other Information (Other than Wireless Marketing Services and Associated Promotional Opportunities).
  • Film Noir - Red Band Trailer | SPIKE 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

^ In a year that has seen dozens of essential classic films finally brought to DVD, Warner Brothers' Film Noir Collection stands out as one of the most vital.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Generally, we do not sell, rent, lease or disclose your Personal Information to third parties, except if you consent to such disclosure or as described in this Privacy Policy.
  • Film Noir - Red Band Trailer | SPIKE 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

[150] .Neo-noirs as varied as The Element of Crime (surrealist); After Dark, My Sweet (retro); and Kiss Kiss Bang Bang (self-reflexive) have employed the flashback/voiceover combination.^ On these grounds, you could practically make a case for booting Murder, My Sweet out of the noir canon altogether.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Murder, My Sweet is thereby one of the most accessible film noirs ever made.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ More than noir, the film is a self-conscious staging of the crime that is Hollywood.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

.Bold experiments in cinematic storytelling were sometimes attempted during the classic era: Lady in the Lake, for example, is shot entirely from the point of view of protagonist Philip Marlowe; the face of star (and director) Robert Montgomery is seen only in mirrors.^ Lady in the Lake (1949) The camera shows Phillip Marlowe's view from the first-person in this adaptation of Raymond Chandler's book.
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

^ She seems to be an embodiment of cinematic history split between classic and post-modern eras, and of De Palma's search to assemble the perfect visual experience from pieces of his own filmic corpus.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

[151] The Chase (1946) takes oneirism and fatalism as the basis for its fantastical narrative system, redolent of certain horror stories, but with little precedent in the context of a putatively realistic genre. In their different ways, both Sunset Boulevard and D.O.A. are tales told by dead men. .Latter-day noir has been in the forefront of structural experimentation in popular cinema, as exemplified by such films as Pulp Fiction, Fight Club, and Memento.^ This podcast--part interview, part radio drama--should please fans of film noir and mystery fiction alike.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ This is what makes Gun Crazy such a standout film noir: it breaks the "rules" and gives us something exemplary in return.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Out of the past and straight into the future, Ridley Scott blends film noir and science fiction in "Blade Runner."
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

[152]

Plots, characters, and settings

.Crime, usually murder, is an element of almost all film noirs; in addition to standard-issue greed, jealousy is frequently the criminal motivation.^ The only elements of the film that truly give it this distinction are the shadowy lighting and gangster villain, neither of which are quite enough to call it a pure noir.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And if you are at all familiar with film noir, you know that the embrace of the femme fatale is rarely good for the hapless protagonist.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For all of these reasons, the film seems light years away from the gut-wrenching bare-bones noir world of the 1940's.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

.A crime investigation—by a private eye, a police detective (sometimes acting alone), or a concerned amateur—is the most prevalent, but far from dominant, basic plot.^ And the strangest, most specific littering of trash I have ever seen, as far as the eye can see, plastic deli bags.

^ Years of police work have taught Detective Finlay that where there's crime, there's motive.
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

In other common plots the protagonists are implicated in heists or con games, or in murderous conspiracies often involving adulterous affairs. .False suspicions and accusations of crime are frequent plot elements, as are betrayals and double-crosses.^ The Bribe starts with a storm and ends with fireworks fitting bookends for a crime thriller full of passion, greed and double crosses.
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

.According to J. David Slocum, "protagonists assume the literal identities of dead men in nearly fifteen percent of all noir."^ I recall an ad campaign for X men with all the different characters that was identical to this..not literally but ye know what I mean.the same idea, lay out, colouring all that.
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[153] Amnesia is fairly epidemic—"noir's version of the common cold", in the words of film historian Lee Server.[154]
Black-and-white movie poster with an image of a young man and woman holding each other. They are surrounded by an abstract, whirlpool-like image; the central arc of the thick black line that define it encircles their head. <a name=.Both are wearing white shirts and look forward with tense expressions; his right arm cradles her back, and in his hand he holds a revolver.^ A patina copper lady, a statue of liberty triumphantly grasping a gilded halo of stars above her head in both hands extended as high as her arms will reach.

The stars' names—Teresa Wright and Robert Mitchum—feature at the top of the whirlpool; the title and remainder of the credits are below." src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/11/3/1/4/98312791035566080.jpg" width="225" height="235" class="thumbimage" />
.
By the late 1940s, the noir trend was leaving its mark on other genres.
^ In the 1940s, a new genre - film noir - emerged from the world of "hard - boiled"pulp magazines, paperback thrillers and sensational crime movies.
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

A prime example is the Western Pursued (1947), filled with psychosexual tensions and behavioral explanations derived from Freudian theory.[155]
.Film noirs tend to revolve around heroes who are more flawed and morally questionable than the norm, often fall guys of one sort or another.^ In film noir , it's no surprise the police patrolling this jungle are often as corrupt as the criminals they're tracking down.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Those who argue over the minutiae of what actually makes a noir film will be hard pressed to pinpoint any element in Out of the Past that suggests anything but noir.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Murder, My Sweet is thereby one of the most accessible film noirs ever made.
  • DVD Verdict Review - Shadows, Lies, And Private Eyes: The Film Noir Collection 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.dvdverdict.com [Source type: Original source]

.The characteristic protagonists of noir are described by many critics as "alienated";[156] in the words of Silver and Ward, "filled with existential bitterness".[157] Certain archetypal characters appear in many film noirs—hardboiled detectives, femme fatales, corrupt policemen, jealous husbands, intrepid claims adjusters, and down-and-out writers.^ Raw and violent, steeped in the film noir tradition, this cult classic ventures into the seamy gangster underworld, oozing with seediness and low-life characters.
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

^ They talk with film critic Irv Slifkin, authors Gary Phillips, Seth Harwood, Ken Bruen, The Czar of Noir?
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ To leave a comment on this episode, or make a donation to the podcast, please visit Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir at http://outofthepast.libsyn.com.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

Among characters of every stripe, cigarette smoking is rampant.[158] .From historical commentators to neo-noir pictures to pop culture ephemera, the private eye and the femme fatale have been adopted as the quintessential film noir figures, though they do not appear in most movies now regarded as classic noir.^ This is perhaps the most noir of all neo-noirs.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ They consider why, aside from strong performances by Harrison Ford, Rutger Hauer, and Daryl Hannah, this film achieved such renown, and came to be considered the epitome of neo-noir.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ Raw and violent, steeped in the film noir tradition, this cult classic ventures into the seamy gangster underworld, oozing with seediness and low-life characters.
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

.Of the twenty-three National Film Registry noirs, in only four does the star play a private eye: The Maltese Falcon, The Big Sleep, Out of the Past, and Kiss Me Deadly.^ Try Googling some actual film noir titles: Double Indemnity, Gun Crazy, Born to Kill, Out of the Past, The Big Sleep, Key Largo.
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^ This film deserves its reputation as an important early police procedural and precursor to the television series "Dragnet," but does not deserve to be viewed reductively--as only that.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ Based on a book by Dashiell Hammett, starring Humphrey Bogart, directed by John Huston, it is generally considered the first "film noir."
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

Just four others readily qualify as detective stories: Laura, The Killers, The Naked City, and Touch of Evil.
.Film noir is often associated with an urban setting, and a few cities—Los Angeles, San Francisco, New York, and Chicago, in particular—are the location of many of the classic films.^ A film noir poster by Gwai Lo .
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^ Raw and violent, steeped in the film noir tradition, this cult classic ventures into the seamy gangster underworld, oozing with seediness and low-life characters.
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

^ Orson Welles's 1958 "Touch of Evil" is considered the last film noir of the classic period.
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

In the eyes of many critics, the city is presented in noir as a "labyrinth" or "maze".[159] Bars, lounges, nightclubs, and gambling dens are frequently the scene of action. .The climaxes of a substantial number of film noirs take place in visually complex, often industrial settings, such as refineries, factories, trainyards, power plants—most famously the explosive conclusion of White Heat, set at a chemical plant.^ WHITE ON WHITE: a film noir WHITE ON WHITE: a film noir rufus corporation .

^ And "White Zombie" isn't film noir.
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^ But yes, noir does not merely equal high contrast black and white, with gritty urban settings.
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[160] In the popular (and, frequently enough, critical) imagination, in noir it is always night and it always rains.[161]
.A substantial trend within latter-day noir—dubbed "film soleil" by critic D. K. Holm—heads in precisely the opposite direction, with tales of deception, seduction, and corruption exploiting bright, sun-baked settings, stereotypically the desert or open water, to searing effect.^ Film Noir was a title foisted on those films by the Cahiers Du Cinema critics AFTER the War when the French gained access to films they hadn't seen during the war.
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^ A 2009 film about a man who turns into a werewolf set in Victorian England DOES NOT fit the description of noir, original or neo.
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Significant predecessors from the classic and early post-classic eras include The Lady from Shanghai; the Robert Ryan vehicle Inferno (1953); the French adaptation of Patricia Highsmith's The Talented Mr. Ripley, Plein soleil (Purple Noon in the U.S., more accurately rendered elsewhere as Blazing Sun or Full Sun; 1960); and director Don Siegel's version of The Killers (1964). .The tendency was at its peak during the late 1980s and 1990s, with films such as Dead Calm (1989); After Dark, My Sweet; The Hot Spot; Delusion (1991); and Red Rock West, and TV's Miami Vice.^ Dick Powell was cast as Philip Marlowe in the 1945 film "Murder, My Sweet."
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

[162]

Worldview, morality, and tone

.Film noir is often described as essentially pessimistic.^ They will politely inform you that film noir is a term that was already describing something post-mortem by the time people Americans actually started using it.
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[163] The noir stories that are regarded as most characteristic tell of people trapped in unwanted situations (which, in general, they did not cause but are responsible for exacerbating), striving against random, uncaring fate, and frequently doomed. The movies are seen as depicting a world that is inherently corrupt.[164] Classic film noir has been associated by many critics with the American social landscape of the era—in particular, with a sense of heightened anxiety and alienation that is said to have followed World War II. In author Nicholas Christopher's opinion, "it is as if the war, and the social eruptions in its aftermath, unleashed demons that had been bottled up in the national psyche."[165] Film noirs, especially those of the 1950s and the height of the Red Scare, are often said to reflect cultural paranoia; Kiss Me Deadly is the noir most frequently marshaled as evidence for this claim.[166]
Black-and-white image of a man and a woman, seen from mid-chest up, their faces in profile, gazing into each others' eyes. He embraces her in a dip with his right arm and holds her right hand to his chest with his left hand. He wears a pin-striped suit and a dark tie. She wears a white top. On the left, the background is black; on the right, it is lighter, with a series of diagonal shadows descending from the upper corner.
.
"You've got a touch of class, but I don't know how far you can go."
^ All you did was prove how you don't even know what you are fucking talking about.
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^ You must touch Turkistan!” they demand, “you do not really know Kazakhstan if you have not touched Turkistan.” .

^ One day the Kid asks, “can you get me a visa?” “A visa?” the man asks, “a visa to where?” “a visa to the place you come from.” (this should be obvious, is in the Kids tone) “I don’t know” “I don’t know if I can do that” “this is your home, you will go to university here, things are fine here” “Yes, but can you get me a visa?” “Maybe….I don’t know…” “You can try” says the Kid.

"A lot depends on who's in the saddle." Bogart and Bacall in The Big Sleep.
.Film noir is often said to be defined by "moral ambiguity",[167] yet the Production Code obliged almost all classic noirs to see that steadfast virtue was ultimately rewarded and vice, in the absence of shame and redemption, severely punished (however dramatically incredible the final rendering of mandatory justice might be).^ Raw and violent, steeped in the film noir tradition, this cult classic ventures into the seamy gangster underworld, oozing with seediness and low-life characters.
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

^ The classic film noir milieu now comes to you in the form of an animated feature.
  • Film Noir - Red Band Trailer | SPIKE 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

^ New Film Noir Documentary that includes clips from noir classics and little-known gems.
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

.A substantial number of latter-day noirs flout such conventions: vice emerges triumphant in films as varied as the grim Chinatown and the ribald Hot Spot.^ In the 1940s, a new genre - film noir - emerged from the world of "hard - boiled"pulp magazines, paperback thrillers and sensational crime movies.
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

[168]
.The tone of film noir is generally regarded as downbeat; some critics experience it as darker still—"overwhelmingly black", according to Robert Ottoson.^ Robert Mitchum on FILM NOIR by cymbalta4thedevil .
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^ Based on a book by Dashiell Hammett, starring Humphrey Bogart, directed by John Huston, it is generally considered the first "film noir."
  • Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.digitalpodcast.com [Source type: General]

^ I'll have to look at some period posters from the true "noir" films, to see if this particular poster in any way resembles them.
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[169] .Influential critic (and filmmaker) Paul Schrader wrote in a seminal 1972 essay that "film noir is defined by tone", a tone he seems to perceive as "hopeless".[170] In describing the adaptation of Double Indemnity, noir analyst Foster Hirsch describes the "requisite hopeless tone" achieved by the filmmakers, which appears to characterize his view of noir as a whole.^ Try Googling some actual film noir titles: Double Indemnity, Gun Crazy, Born to Kill, Out of the Past, The Big Sleep, Key Largo.
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^ Film Noir was a title foisted on those films by the Cahiers Du Cinema critics AFTER the War when the French gained access to films they hadn't seen during the war.
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^ They will politely inform you that film noir is a term that was already describing something post-mortem by the time people Americans actually started using it.
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[171] .On the other hand, definitive film noirs such as The Big Sleep, The Lady from Shanghai, and Double Indemnity itself are famed for their hardboiled repartee, often imbued with sexual innuendo and self-reflexive humor—notes of another tone.^ Try Googling some actual film noir titles: Double Indemnity, Gun Crazy, Born to Kill, Out of the Past, The Big Sleep, Key Largo.
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^ From Phillips H. Lord's popular NBC radio series comes an intriguing "legal film noir" filled with double-crosses .
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

^ Bad for Each Other / The Glass Wall ( 1953 ) This DVD is disc 2 of 2 in "Bad Girls of Film Noir, Vol.
  • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

[172]

See also

Notes

  1. ^  Opinion is divided on the English plural of film noir. .In the French from which the term derives, the plural is films noirs.^ It is amazing how diluted the term "film noir" has become.
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    ^ Noir-a term for wannabe filmmakers and film snobs by alienindisguise .
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    ^ Film Noir was a title foisted on those films by the Cahiers Du Cinema critics AFTER the War when the French gained access to films they hadn't seen during the war.
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    .Some English speakers prefer films noir, while film noirs is the most common formulation.^ Found some more cool film noir posters for you.
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    ^ I'll have to look at some period posters from the true "noir" films, to see if this particular poster in any way resembles them.
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    ^ Weren't most film noir posters in color?
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    .The Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary acknowledges all three styles as acceptable, but gives as the preferred spelling film noirs.^ Not even close to a film noir style.
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    ^ Quantize, give me a link.And the poster isn't film noir by RedJester .
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    ^ It's not like all those B picture makers sat around saying "I want this to be a Film Noir movie!"
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    [173]
  2. ^  His Kind of Woman was originally directed by John Farrow, then largely reshot under Richard Fleischer after studio owner Howard Hughes demanded rewrites. Only Farrow was credited.[174]
  3. ^  In Academic Dictionary of Arts (2005), Rakesh Chopra notes that the high-contrast film lighting schemes commonly referred to as "chiaroscuro" are more specifically representative of tenebrism, whose first great exponent was the Italian painter Caravaggio (p. 73). See also Ballinger and Graydon (2007), p. 16.

References

  1. ^ See, e.g., Biesen (2005), p. 1; Hirsch (2001), p. 9; Lyons (2001), p. 2; Silver and Ward (1992), p. 1; Schatz (1981), p. 112. Outside the field of noir scholarship, "dark film" is also offered on occasion; see, e.g., Block, Bruce A., The Visual Story: Seeing the Structure of Film, TV, and New Media (2001), p. 94; Klarer, Mario, An Introduction to Literary Studies (1999), p. 59.
  2. ^ Naremore (2008), pp. 4, 15–16, 18, 41; Ballinger and Graydon (2007), pp. 4–5, 22, 255.
  3. ^ Greenspun (1973), p. 32.
  4. ^ Ballinger and Graydon (2007), p. 3.
  5. ^ Borde and Chaumeton (2002), p. 2.
  6. ^ Borde and Chaumeton (2002), pp. 2–3.
  7. ^ Bould (2005), p. 13.
  8. ^ See, e.g, Ballinger and Graydon (2007), p. 4; Bould (2005), p. 12; Place and Peterson (1974).
  9. ^ See, e.g., Naremore (2008), p. 167–68; Irwin (2006), p. 210.
  10. ^ Neale (2000), p. 166; Vernet (1993), p. 2; Naremore (2008), pp. 17, 122, 124, 140; Bould (2005), p. 19.
  11. ^ For overview of debate, see, e.g., Bould (2005), pp. 13–23; Telotte (1989), pp. 9–10. For description of noir as a genre, see, e.g., Bould (2005), p. 2; Hirsch (2001), pp. 71–72; Tuska (1984), p. xxiii. For the opposing viewpoint, see, e.g., Neale (2000), p. 164; Ottoson (1981), p. 2; Schrader (1972); Durgnat (1970).
  12. ^ Ottoson (1981), pp. 2–3.
  13. ^ See Dancyger and Rush (2002), p. 68, for a detailed comparison of screwball comedy and film noir.
  14. ^ Schatz (1981), pp. 111–15.
  15. ^ Silver (1996), pp. 4, 6 passim. See also Bould (2005), pp. 3, 4; Hirsch (2001), p. 11.
  16. ^ Silver (1996), pp. 3, 6 passim. See also Place and Peterson (1974).
  17. ^ Silver (1996), pp. 7–10.
  18. ^ See, e.g., Jones (2009).
  19. ^ See, e.g., Borde and Chaumeton (2002), pp. 1–7 passim.
  20. ^ See, e.g., Telotte (1989), pp. 10–11, 15 passim.
  21. ^ For survey of the lexical variety, see Naremore (2008), pp. 9, 311–12 n. 1.
  22. ^ Bould (2005), pp. 24–33.
  23. ^ Ballinger and Graydon (2007), pp. 9–11.
  24. ^ Vernet (1993), p. 15.
  25. ^ Ballinger and Graydon (2007), pp. 11–13.
  26. ^ Davis (2004), p. 194. See also Ballinger and Graydon (2007), p. 133; Ottoson (1981), pp. 110–111. Vernet (1993) notes that the sort of techniques now associated with Expressionism were evident in the American cinema from the mid-1910s forward (pp. 9–12).
  27. ^ Ballinger and Graydon (2007), p. 6.
  28. ^ Ballinger and Graydon (2007), pp. 6–9; Silver and Ward (1992), pp. 323–24.
  29. ^ Spicer (2007), pp. 26, 28; Ballinger and Graydon (2007), pp. 13–15; Bould (2005), pp. 33–40.
  30. ^ McGarry (1980), p. 139.
  31. ^ Ballinger and Graydon (2007), p. 20; Schatz (1981), pp. 116–22; Ottoson (1981), p. 2.
  32. ^ Biesen (2005), p. 207.
  33. ^ Naremore (2008), pp. 13–14.
  34. ^ Krutnik, Neale, and Neve (2008), pp. 147–148; Macek and Silver (1980), p. 135.
  35. ^ Widdicombe (2001), pp. 37–39, 59–60, 118–19; Doherty, Jim. "Carmady". Thrilling Detective Web Site. http://www.thrillingdetective.com/carmady.html. Retrieved 2010-02-25. 
  36. ^ See, e.g., Ballinger and Graydon (2007), p. 6; Macek (1980), pp. 59–60.
  37. ^ Irwin (2006), pp. 71, 95–96.
  38. ^ Irwin (2006), pp. 123–24, 129–30.
  39. ^ White (1980), p. 17.
  40. ^ Irwin (2006), pp. 97–98, 188–89.
  41. ^ Silver and Ward (1992), p. 333, as well as entries on individual films, pp. 59–60, 109–10, 320–21. For description of City Streets as "proto-noir", see Turan (2008). For description of Fury as "proto-noir", see Machura, Stefan, and Peter Robson, Law and Film (2001), p. 13. For description of You Only Live Once as "pre-noir", see Ballinger and Graydon (2007), p. 9.
  42. ^ a b See, e.g., Ballinger and Graydon (2007), p. 19; Irwin (2006), p. 210; Lyons (2000), p. 36; Porfirio (1980), p. 269.
  43. ^ Biesen (2005), p. 33.
  44. ^ Variety (1940).
  45. ^ Ballinger and Graydon (2007), p. 4, 19–26, 28–33; Hirsch (2001), pp. 1–21; Schatz (1981), pp. 111–16.
  46. ^ See, e.g., Naremore (2008), pp. 81, 319 n. 13; Ballinger and Graydon (2007), pp. 86–88.
  47. ^ See, e.g., Ballinger and Graydon (2007), p. 30; Hirsch (2001), pp. 12, 202; Schrader (1972), pp. 59–61 [in Silver and Ursini].
  48. ^ Schrader (1972), p. 61.
  49. ^ See, e.g., Silver (1996), p. 11; Ottoson (1981), pp. 182–183; Schrader (1972), p. 61.
  50. ^ See, e.g., Ballinger and Graydon (2007), pp. 19–53.
  51. ^ See, e.g., Hirsch (2001), pp. 10, 202–7; Silver and Ward (1992), p. 6 (though they phrase their position more ambiguously on p. 398); Ottoson (1981), p. 1.
  52. ^ See, e.g., entries on individual films in Ballinger and Graydon (2007), pp. 34, 190–92; Silver and Ward (1992), pp. 214–15; 253–54, 269–70, 318–19.
  53. ^ Biesen (2005), p. 162.
  54. ^ Ballinger and Graydon (2007), pp. 188, 202–3.
  55. ^ For overview of Welles's noirs, see, e.g., Ballinger and Graydon (2007), pp. 210–11. For specific production circumstances, see Brady, Frank, Citizen Welles: A Biography of Orson Welles (1989), pp. 395–404, 378–81, 496–512.
  56. ^ Bernstein (1995).
  57. ^ McGilligan (1997), pp. 314–17.
  58. ^ Staggs (2003), p. 141.
  59. ^ Schatz (1998), pp. 354–58.
  60. ^ See, e.g., Schatz (1981), pp. 103, 112.
  61. ^ See, e.g., entries on individual films in Silver and Ward (1992), pp. 97–98, 125–26, 311–12.
  62. ^ See Naremore (2008), pp. 140–55, on "B Pictures versus Intermediates".
  63. ^ Ottoson (1981), p. 132.
  64. ^ Naremore (2008), p. 173.
  65. ^ Hayde (2001), pp. 3–4, 15–21, 37.
  66. ^ Erickson (2004), p. 26.
  67. ^ Sarris (1985), p. 93.
  68. ^ Thomson (1998), p. 269.
  69. ^ Naremore (2008), pp. 128, 150–51; Ballinger and Graydon (2007), pp. 97–99.
  70. ^ Ballinger and Graydon (2007), pp. 59–60.
  71. ^ Clarens (1980), pp. 245–47.
  72. ^ See, e.g., Ballinger and Graydon (2007), pp. 83–85; Ottoson (1981), pp. 60–61.
  73. ^ Muller (1998), pp. 176–77.
  74. ^ Krutnik, Neale, and Neve (2008), pp. 259–60, 262–63.
  75. ^ See Mackendrick (2006), pp. 119–20.
  76. ^ See, e.g., Silver and Ward (1992), pp. 338–39. Ottoson (1981) additionally lists two period pieces directed by Siodmak (The Suspect [1944] and The Spiral Staircase [1946]) for a total of ten (pp. 173–74, 164–65). Silver and Ward list nine classic-era film noirs by Lang, plus two from the 1930s (pp. 338, 396). Ottoson lists eight (excluding Beyond a Reasonable Doubt [1956]), plus the same two from the 1930s (passim). Silver and Ward list seven by Mann (p. 338). Ottoson additionally lists Reign of Terror (aka The Black Book; 1949), set during the French Revolution, for a total of eight (passim). See also Ballinger and Graydon (2007), p. 241.
  77. ^ Clarens (1980), pp. 200–2; Walker (1992), pp. 139–45; Ballinger and Graydon (2007), pp. 77–79.
  78. ^ Butler (2002), p. 12.
  79. ^ Silver and Ward (1992), p. 1.
  80. ^ See Palmer (2004), pp. 267–68, for a representative discussion of film noir as an international phenomenon.
  81. ^ Spicer (2007), pp. 5–6, 26, 28, 59; Ballinger and Graydon (2007), pp. 14–15.
  82. ^ Spicer (2007), pp. 32–39, 43; Ballinger and Graydon (2007), pp. 255–61.
  83. ^ Spicer (2007), p. 9.
  84. ^ Spicer (2007), pp. 16, 91–94, 96, 100; Ballinger and Graydon (2007), pp. 144, 249–55; Lyons (2000), p. 74, 81, 114–15.
  85. ^ Spicer (2007), pp. 13, 28, 241; Ballinger and Graydon (2007), pp. 264, 266.
  86. ^ Spicer (2007), pp. 19 n. 36, 28.
  87. ^ Ballinger and Graydon (2007), pp. 266–68.
  88. ^ Spicer (2007), p. 241; Ballinger and Graydon (2007), p. 257.
  89. ^ Ballinger and Graydon (2007), pp. 253, 255, 263–64, 266, 267, 270–74.
  90. ^ Ursini (1995), pp. 284–86; Ballinger and Graydon (2007), p. 278.
  91. ^ Appel (1974), p. 4.
  92. ^ Ballinger and Graydon (2007), p. 41.
  93. ^ See, e.g., Variety (1955). For a latter-day analysis of the film's self-consciousness, see Naremore (2008), pp. 151–55. See also Kolker (2000), p. 364.
  94. ^ Greene (1999), p. 161.
  95. ^ For Mickey One, see Kolker (2000), pp. 21–22, 26–30. For Point Blank, see Ballinger and Graydon (2007), pp. 36, 38, 41, 257. For Klute, see Ballinger and Graydon (2007), pp. 114–15.
  96. ^ Kolker (2000), pp. 344, 363–73; Naremore (2008), pp. 203–5; Ballinger and Graydon (2007), pp. 36, 39, 130–33.
  97. ^ Kolker (2000), p. 364; Ballinger and Graydon (2007), p. 132.
  98. ^ Kolker (2000), pp. 207–44; Silver and Ward (1992), pp. 282–83; Naremore (1998), pp. 34–37, 192.
  99. ^ Silver and Ward (1992), pp. 398–99.
  100. ^ For Thieves Like Us, see Kolker (2000), pp. 358–63. For Farewell, My Lovely, see Kirgo (1980), pp. 101–2.
  101. ^ Ursini (1995), p. 287.
  102. ^ a b Williams (2005), p. 229.
  103. ^ For AFI ranking, see "AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies—10th Anniversary Edition". American Film Institute. 2007. http://connect.afi.com/site/PageServer?pagename=micro_100landing. Retrieved 2009-09-29.  For kinship to classic noir boxing films, see Muller (1998), pp. 26–27.
  104. ^ Silver and Ward (1992), pp. 408, 400–401.
  105. ^ See, e.g., Grothe, Mardy, Viva la Repartee: Clever Comebacks and Witty Retorts from History's Great Wits & Wordsmiths (2005), p. 84.
  106. ^ Ballinger and Graydon (2007), pp. 44, 47, 279–80.
  107. ^ Naremore (2008), p. 275; Wager (2005), p. 83; Hanson (2008), p. 141.
  108. ^ Wager (2005), p. 101–14.
  109. ^ Lynch and Rodley (2005), p. 241.
  110. ^ Hirsch (1999), pp. 245–47; Maslin (1996).
  111. ^ For Miller's Crossing, see Naremore (2008), p. 214–15; Barra, Allen (2005-02-28). "From 'Red Harvest' to 'Deadwood'". Salon. http://dir.salon.com/story/books/feature/2005/02/28/hammett/index.html. Retrieved 2009-09-29.  For The Big Lebowski, see Tyree and Walters (2007), pp. 40, 43–44, 48, 51, 65, 111; Ballinger and Graydon (2007), p. 237.
  112. ^ James (2000), pp. xviii–xix.
  113. ^ Ballinger and Graydon (2007), p. 279.
  114. ^ Creeber, (2007), p. 3. The Singing Detective is the sole TV production cited in Corliss, Richard, and Richard Schickel (2005-05-23). "All-Time 100 Movies". Time.com. http://www.time.com/time/2005/100movies/the_complete_list.html. Retrieved 2009-09-29. 
  115. ^ Ballinger and Graydon (2007), pp. 49, 51, 53, 235.
  116. ^ Ballinger and Graydon (2007), p. 50.
  117. ^ Hibbs, Thomas (2004-12-03). "Bale Imitation". National Review Online. http://www.nationalreview.com/hibbs/hibbs200412030831.asp. Retrieved 2010-02-11. 
  118. ^ Ballinger and Graydon (2007), pp. 107–109.
  119. ^ Brennan, Mike (2005-04-04). "Sin City Original Motion Picture Soundtrack (review)". SoundtrackNet. http://www.soundtrack.net/albums/database/?id=3724. Retrieved 2010-02-13.  Phares, Heather. "Sin City Original Motion Picture Soundtrack (review)". Allmusic. http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&token=&sql=10:3zfpxqrsld6e. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  120. ^ Macaulay, Scott (2009-05-19). "Cinema with Bite: On the Films of Park Chan-wook". Film in Focus. http://www.filminfocus.com/article/cinema_with_bite__on_the_films_of_park_chan_wook. Retrieved 2009-09-29.  Accomando, Beth (2009-08-20). "Thirst". KPBS.org. http://www.kpbs.org/news/2009/aug/20/thirst/. Retrieved 2009-09-29. 
  121. ^ Naremore (2008), pp. 256, 295–96; Ballinger and Graydon (2007), p. 52.
  122. ^ "2008 Film Poll Results". Village Voice. 2008-12-30. http://www.villagevoice.com/2008-12-31/film/2008-film-poll-results/. Retrieved 2009-09-29. 
  123. ^ Hunter (1982), p. 197.
  124. ^ Kennedy (1982), p. 65.
  125. ^ Downs (2002), pp. 171, 173.
  126. ^ Ballinger and Graydon (2007), p. 242.
  127. ^ Aziz (2005), section "Future Noir and Postmodernism: The Irony Begins". Ballinger and Graydon note "future noir" synonyms: "'cyber noir' but predominantly 'tech noir'" (p. 242).
  128. ^ Dougherty, Robin (1997-03-21). "Sleek Chrome + Bruised Thighs". Salon. http://www.salon.com/march97/crash970321.html. Retrieved 2009-09-29. 
  129. ^ Dargis (2004); Ballinger and Graydon (2007), p. 234.
  130. ^ a b Silver and Ward (1992), p. 332.
  131. ^ Richardson (1992), p. 120.
  132. ^ Naremore (2008), p. 158.
  133. ^ See, e.g., Kolker (2000), pp. 238–41.
  134. ^ Silver and Ward (1992), p. 419.
  135. ^ Holden (1999).
  136. ^ Irwin (2006), p. xii.
  137. ^ Bould (2005), p. 18.
  138. ^ Borde and Chaumeton (2002), pp. 161–63.
  139. ^ Silver and Ward (1992) list 315 classic film noirs (passim), and Tuska (1984) lists 320 (passim). Later works are much more inclusive: Paul Duncan, The Pocket Essential Film Noir (2003), lists 647 (pp. 46–84). The title of Micheal F. Keaney's Film Noir Guide: 745 Films of the Classic Era, 1940–1959 (2003) is self-explanatory.
  140. ^ Treated as noir: Ballinger and Graydon (2007), p. 34; Hirsch (2001), pp. 59, 163–64, 168. Excluded from canon: Silver and Ward (1992), p. 330. Ignored: Bould (2005); Christopher (1998); Ottoson (1981).
  141. ^ Included: Bould (2005), p. 126; Ottoson (1981), p. 174. Ignored: Ballinger and Graydon (2007); Hirsch (2001); Christopher (1998). Also see Silver and Ward (1992): ignored in 1980; included in 1988 (pp. 392, 396).
  142. ^ See, e.g., Ballinger and Graydon (2007), p. 4; Christopher (1998), p. 8.
  143. ^ See, e.g., Ray (1985), p. 159.
  144. ^ Williams (2005), pp. 34–37.
  145. ^ See Ballinger and Graydon (2007), p. 31, on general issue. Christopher (1998) and Silver and Ward (1992), for instance, include Slightly Scarlet and Party Girl, but not Vertigo, in their filmographies. By contrast, Hirsch (2001) describes Vertigo as among those Hitchcock films that are "richly, demonstrably noir" (p. 139) and ignores both Slightly Scarlet and Party Girl; Bould (2005) similarly includes Vertigo in his filmography, but not the other two. Ottoson (1981) includes none of the three in his canon.
  146. ^ Place and Peterson (1974), p. 67.
  147. ^ Hirsch (2001), p. 67.
  148. ^ Silver (1995), pp. 219, 222.
  149. ^ Telotte (1989), pp. 74–87.
  150. ^ Neale (2000), pp. 166–67 n. 5.
  151. ^ Telotte (1989), p. 106.
  152. ^ Rombes, Nicholas, New Punk Cinema (2005), pp. 131–36.
  153. ^ Slocum (2001), p. 160.
  154. ^ Server (2006), p. 149.
  155. ^ Ottoson (1981), p. 143.
  156. ^ See, e.g., Naremore (2008), p. 25; Lyons (2000), p. 10.
  157. ^ Silver and Ward (1992), p. 6.
  158. ^ See, e.g., Hirsch (2001), pp. 128, 150, 160, 213; Christopher (1998), pp. 4, 32, 75, 83, 116, 118, 128, 155.
  159. ^ See, e.g., Hirsch (2001), p. 17; Christopher (1998), p. 17; Telotte (1989), p. 148.
  160. ^ Ballinger and Graydon (2007), pp. 217–18; Hirsch (2001), p. 64.
  161. ^ See, e.g., Bould (2005), p. 18, on the critical establishment of this iconography, as well as p. 35; Hirsch (2001), p. 213; Christopher (1998), p. 7.
  162. ^ Holm (2005), pp. 13–25 passim.
  163. ^ See, e.g., Naremore (2008), p. 37, on the development of this viewpoint, and p. 103, on contributors to Silver and Ward encyclopedia; Ottoson (1981), p. 1.
  164. ^ See, e.g., Ballinger and Graydon (2007), p. 4; Christopher (1998), pp. 7–8.
  165. ^ Christopher (1998), p. 37.
  166. ^ See, e.g., Muller (1998), p. 81, on analyses of the film; Silver and Ward (1992), p. 2.
  167. ^ See, e.g., Naremore (2008), p. 163, on critical claims of moral ambiguity; Lyons (2000), pp. 14, 32.
  168. ^ See Skoble (2006), pp. 41–48, for a survey of noir morality.
  169. ^ Ottoson (1981), p. 1.
  170. ^ Schrader (1972), p. 54 [in Silver and Ursini]. For characterization of definitive tone as "hopeless", see pp. 53 ("the tone more hopeless") and 57 ("a fatalistic, hopeless mood").
  171. ^ Hirsch (2001), p. 7. Hirsch subsequently states, "In character types, mood [emphasis added], themes, and visual composition, Double Indemnity offer[s] a lexicon of noir stylistics" (p. 8).
  172. ^ Sanders (2006), p. 100.
  173. ^ "film noir". Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. Merriam-Webster Online. http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/film%20noir. Retrieved 2009-02-10. "Inflected Form(s): plural film noirs \-ˈnwär(z)\ or films noir or films noirs \-ˈnwär\" 
  174. ^ Server (2002), pp. 182–98, 209–16; Downs (2002), p. 171; Ottoson (1981), pp. 82–83.

Sources

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  • Bernstein, Matthew (1995). “A .Tale of Three Cities: The Banning of Scarlet Street”, Cinema Journal 35, no.^ Scarlet Street (1945) A box-office hit in its day (despite being banned in three states), Scarlet Street is perhaps legendary director Fritz Lang's (M, Metropolis) .
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  • Biesen, Sheri Chinen (2005). .Blackout: World War II and the Origins of Film Noir.^ In the 1940s, a new genre - film noir - emerged from the world of "hard - boiled"pulp magazines, paperback thrillers and sensational crime movies.
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    ^ Act of Violence (1948, 82 min) Ex-World War II pilot Frank Enley (Van Heflin) is a respected contractor and family man.
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    ^ Film Noir was a title foisted on those films by the Cahiers Du Cinema critics AFTER the War when the French gained access to films they hadn't seen during the war.
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-8217-6
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    ^ Dangerous Crossing (Fox Film Noir) ( 1953 ) .
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    ^ They will politely inform you that film noir is a term that was already describing something post-mortem by the time people Americans actually started using it.
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Paul Hammond. San Francisco: City Lights Books. ISBN 0-87286-412-X
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    .London and New York: Wallflower.^ The parade of elite boutiques and garishness, the Paris, London, New York, or Rodeo Drive of everywhere that is a city’s ticket to the show.

    ISBN 1-904764-50-9
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    ^ She was a wealth of film knowledge, and we would go to the Noir City festival every year when I lived in California.
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ They will politely inform you that film noir is a term that was already describing something post-mortem by the time people Americans actually started using it.
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    New York: Owl/Henry Holt. ISBN 0-8050-5699-8
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    ISBN 0-86091-625-1
  • Creeber, Glen (2007). The Singing Detective. London: BFI Publishing. ISBN 1-84457-198-X
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    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ From Phillips H. Lord's popular NBC radio series comes an intriguing "legal film noir" filled with double-crosses .
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    ^ In the 1940s, a new genre - film noir - emerged from the world of "hard - boiled"pulp magazines, paperback thrillers and sensational crime movies.
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    ."Horror Meets Noir: The Evolution of Cinematic Style, 1931–1958", in Horror Film: Creating and Marketing Fear, ed.^ Film Noir - The Dark Side of Hollywood (Sudden Fear / The Long Night / Hangmen Also Die / Railroaded / Behind Locked Doors) ( 1947 ) .
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    ^ Not even close to a film noir style.
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ I get that, because it looks absolutely nothing like a poster for actual film noirs or even the b&w horror movies.
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Steffen Hantke. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi. ISBN 1-57806-692-1
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    ISBN 1-903364-52-3
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    ^ Border Incident ( 1949 ) This DVD is disc 5 of 6 in "Film Noir Classic Collection, Vol.
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    ^ Clash by Night ( 1952 ) This DVD is disc 3 of 5 in "Film Noir Collection, Vol.
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    ^ Behind Locked Doors ( 1948 ) This DVD is disc 5 of 5 in "Film Noir - The Dark Side of Hollywood" .
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    ^ British Film Noir (The Slasher / Twilight Women) ( 1952 ) .
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    .London and New York: I.B. Tauris.^ The parade of elite boutiques and garishness, the Paris, London, New York, or Rodeo Drive of everywhere that is a city’s ticket to the show.

    ISBN 1-84511-561-9
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    ^ Film Noir - The Dark Side of Hollywood (Sudden Fear / The Long Night / Hangmen Also Die / Railroaded / Behind Locked Doors) ( 1947 ) .
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Film Noir, Bringing Darkness to Light ( 1945 ) This DVD is disc 6 of 6 in "Film Noir Classic Collection, Vol.
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    New York: Da Capo. ISBN 0-306-81039-5
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  • Holm, D. K. (2005).^ If you don't have time (or the resources), watch Remains Of The Day and Silence Of The Lambs back-to-back to see two completely different sides of Hopkins.
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Film Soleil. Harpenden, UK: Pocket Essentials. ISBN 1-904048-50-1
  • Hunter, Stephen (1982). "Blade Runner", in his Violent Screen: A Critic's 13 Years on the Front Lines of Movie Mayhem (1995), pp. 196–99. Baltimore: Bancroft. ISBN 0-9635376-4-4
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    ^ Academy Award winner Humphrey Bogart is at his best as a hard-boiled sleuth in this '40s film noir classic.
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    ^ In the 1940s, a new genre - film noir - emerged from the world of "hard - boiled"pulp magazines, paperback thrillers and sensational crime movies.
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-8435-7
  • James, Nick (2002). ."Back to the Brats", in Contemporary North American Film Directors, 2d ed., ed.^ And my American associate who is also the director and principal 16mm camera operator of this film then asks Renato if he will be in our movie.

    Yoram Allon, Del Cullen, and Hannah Patterson, pp. xvi–xx. London: Wallflower. ISBN 1-903364-52-3
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    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    101–2.
  • Kolker, Robert (2000). A Cinema of Loneliness, 3d ed. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-512350-6
  • Krutnik, Frank, Steve Neale, and Brian Neve (2008). ."Un-American" Hollywood: Politics and Film in the Blacklist Era.^ They will politely inform you that film noir is a term that was already describing something post-mortem by the time people Americans actually started using it.
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press. ISBN 0-8135-4198-0
  • Lynch, David, and Chris Rodley (2005). Lynch on Lynch, rev. ed. .New York and London: Faber and Faber.^ The parade of elite boutiques and garishness, the Paris, London, New York, or Rodeo Drive of everywhere that is a city’s ticket to the show.

    ISBN 0-571-22018-5
  • Lyons, Arthur (2000). .Death on the Cheap: The Lost B Movies of Film Noir.^ In the 1940s, a new genre - film noir - emerged from the world of "hard - boiled"pulp magazines, paperback thrillers and sensational crime movies.
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Well maybe the MOVIE is, but WHERE THE FUCK IS THE NOIR IN THAT IN THE ONE SHEET? Oh, "B&W and High contrast, must be film noir."
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Notice the time period these movies came from (please also notice that the Universal Monsters predate film noir and have nothing to do with it, same goes for Victorian England.
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    New York: Da Capo. ISBN 0-306-80996-6
  • Macek, Carl (1980). ."City Streets (1931)", in Silver and Ward, Film Noir: An Encyclopedic Reference, pp.^ She was a wealth of film knowledge, and we would go to the Noir City festival every year when I lived in California.
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    59–60.
  • Macek, Carl, and Alain Silver (1980). "House on 92nd Street (1945)", in Silver and Ward, Film Noir: An Encyclopedic Reference, pp. 134–35.
  • Mackendrick, Alexander (2006). On Film-making: An Introduction to the Craft of the Director. New York: Macmillan. ISBN 0-571-21125-9
  • Maslin, Janet (1996). "Deadly Plot by a Milquetoast Villain", The New York Times, March 8 (available online).
  • McGilligan, Patrick (1997). Fritz Lang: The Nature of the Beast. .New York and London: Faber and Faber.^ The parade of elite boutiques and garishness, the Paris, London, New York, or Rodeo Drive of everywhere that is a city’s ticket to the show.

    ISBN 0-571-19375-7
  • Muller, Eddie (1998). .Dark City: The Lost World of Film Noir.^ (Border Incident / His Kind of Woman / Lady in the Lake / On Dangerous Ground / The Racket / Film Noir, Bringing Darkness to Light Documentary) ( 1949 ) .
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Film Noir - The Dark Side of Hollywood (Sudden Fear / The Long Night / Hangmen Also Die / Railroaded / Behind Locked Doors) ( 1947 ) .
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Film Noir, Bringing Darkness to Light ( 1945 ) This DVD is disc 6 of 6 in "Film Noir Classic Collection, Vol.
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    New York: St. Martin's. ISBN 0-312-18076-4
  • Naremore, James (2008). .More Than Night: Film Noir in Its Contexts, 2d ed.^ Film Noir - The Dark Side of Hollywood (Sudden Fear / The Long Night / Hangmen Also Die / Railroaded / Behind Locked Doors) ( 1947 ) .
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Found some more cool film noir posters for you.
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Clash by Night ( 1952 ) This DVD is disc 3 of 5 in "Film Noir Collection, Vol.
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-25402-3
  • Neale, Steve (2000). Genre and Hollywood. .London and New York: Routledge.^ The parade of elite boutiques and garishness, the Paris, London, New York, or Rodeo Drive of everywhere that is a city’s ticket to the show.

    ISBN 0-415-02606-7
  • Ottoson, Robert (1981). .A Reference Guide to the American Film Noir: 1940–1958.^ They will politely inform you that film noir is a term that was already describing something post-mortem by the time people Americans actually started using it.
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Metuchen, N.J., and London: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0-8108-1363-7
  • Palmer, R. Barton (2004). "The Sociological Turn of Adaptation Studies: The Example of Film Noir", in A Companion To Literature And Film, ed. Robert Stam and Alessandra Raengo, pp. 258–77. Maiden, Mass., Oxford, and Carlton, Australia: Blackwell. ISBN 0-631-23053-X
  • Place, Janey, and Lowell Peterson (1974). ."Some Visual Motifs of Film Noir", Film Comment 10, no.^ I'll have to look at some period posters from the true "noir" films, to see if this particular poster in any way resembles them.
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Found some more cool film noir posters for you.
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .1 (collected in Silver and Ursini, Film Noir Reader [1]).
  • Porfirio, Robert (1980).^ Film Noir Classic Collection, Vol.
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Film Noir, Bringing Darkness to Light ( 1945 ) This DVD is disc 6 of 6 in "Film Noir Classic Collection, Vol.
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Act of Violence / Mystery Street ( 1948 ) This DVD is disc 1 of 5 in "Film Noir Classic Collection, Vol.
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    "Stranger on the Third Floor (1940)", in Silver and Ward, Film Noir: An Encyclopedic Reference, p. 269.
  • Ray, Robert B. (1985). A Certain Tendency of the Hollywood Cinema, 1930–1980. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-10174-4
  • Richardson, Carl (1992). .Autopsy: An Element of Realism in Film Noir.^ Italian way of saying 'strong black/white contrast' -- although it is a strong element of classic film noir cinematography, it is not the ONLY thing that makes a noir film a noir film.
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Didn't realize that automatically put something into the film noir catagory...
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Metuchen, N.J., and London: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0-8108-2496-5
  • Sanders, Steven M. (2006). ."Film Noir and the Meaning of Life", in The Philosophy of Film Noir, ed.^ Raw and violent, steeped in the film noir tradition, this cult classic ventures into the seamy gangster underworld, oozing with seediness and low-life characters.
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    Mark T. Conard, pp. 91–106. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-9181-5
  • Sarris, Andrew (1996 [1968]). The American Cinema: Directors and Directions, 1929–1968. Cambridge, Mass.: Da Capo. ISBN 0-306-80728-9
  • Schatz, Thomas (1981). Hollywood Genres: Formulas, Filmmaking, and the Studio System. New York: Random House. ISBN 39432255X
  • Schatz, Thomas (1998 [1996]). The Genius of the System: Hollywood Filmmaking in the Studio Era, new ed. London: Faber and Faber. ISBN 0-571-19596-2
  • Schrader, Paul (1972). "Notes on Film Noir", Film Comment 8, no. 1 (collected in Silver and Ursini, Film Noir Reader [1]).
  • Server, Lee (2002). Robert Mitchum: "Baby I Don't Care". New York: Macmillan. ISBN 0-312-28543-4
  • Server, Lee (2006). Ava Gardner: "Love Is Nothing". New York: Macmillan. ISBN 0-312-31209-1
  • Silver, Alain (1995). "Kiss Me Deadly: Evidence of a Style", rev. ver., in Silver and Ursini, Film Noir Reader [1], pp. 209–35.
  • Silver, Alain (1996). "Introduction", in Silver and Ursini, Film Noir Reader [1], pp. 3–15.
  • Silver, Alain, and James Ursini (and Robert Porfirio—vol. 3), eds. (2004 [1996–2004]). .Film Noir Reader, vols.^ Bad for Each Other / The Glass Wall ( 1953 ) This DVD is disc 2 of 2 in "Bad Girls of Film Noir, Vol.
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Film Noir Classic Collection, Vol.
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Film Noir, Bringing Darkness to Light ( 1945 ) This DVD is disc 6 of 6 in "Film Noir Classic Collection, Vol.
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    1–4. Pompton Plains, N.J.: Limelight.
  • Silver, Alain, and Elizabeth Ward (1992). .Film Noir: An Encyclopedic Reference to the American Style, 3d ed.^ Not even close to a film noir style.
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ They will politely inform you that film noir is a term that was already describing something post-mortem by the time people Americans actually started using it.
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Woodstock, N.Y.: Overlook Press. ISBN 0-87951-479-5
  • Slocum, J. David (2001). Violence and American Cinema. .London and New York: Routledge.^ The parade of elite boutiques and garishness, the Paris, London, New York, or Rodeo Drive of everywhere that is a city’s ticket to the show.

    ISBN 0-415-92810-9
  • Spicer, Andrew (2007). European Film Noir. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press. ISBN 0-7190-6791-X
  • Telotte, J. P. (1989). .Voices in the Dark: The Narrative Patterns of Film Noir.^ (Border Incident / His Kind of Woman / Lady in the Lake / On Dangerous Ground / The Racket / Film Noir, Bringing Darkness to Light Documentary) ( 1949 ) .
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Film Noir - The Dark Side of Hollywood (Sudden Fear / The Long Night / Hangmen Also Die / Railroaded / Behind Locked Doors) ( 1947 ) .
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Film Noir, Bringing Darkness to Light ( 1945 ) This DVD is disc 6 of 6 in "Film Noir Classic Collection, Vol.
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press. ISBN 0-252-06056-3
  • Thomson, David (1998). A Biographical Dictionary of Film, 3d ed. New York: Knopf. ISBN 0-679-75564-0
  • Turan, Kenneth (2008). "UCLA's Pre-Code Series", Los Angeles Times, January 27 (available online).
  • Tuska, Jon (1984). .Dark Cinema: American Film Noir in Cultural Perspective.^ (Border Incident / His Kind of Woman / Lady in the Lake / On Dangerous Ground / The Racket / Film Noir, Bringing Darkness to Light Documentary) ( 1949 ) .
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The Dark Corner (Fox Film Noir) ( 1946 ) .
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Film Noir - The Dark Side of Hollywood (Sudden Fear / The Long Night / Hangmen Also Die / Railroaded / Behind Locked Doors) ( 1947 ) .
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    Westport, Conn., and London: Greenwood. ISBN 0-313-23045-5
  • Tyree, J. M., and Ben Walters (2007). The Big Lebowski. London: BFI Publishing. ISBN 1-84457-173-4
  • Ursini, James (1995). "Angst at Sixty Fields per Second", in Silver and Ursini, Film Noir Reader [1], pp. 275–87.
  • "Variety staff" (anon.) (1940). "Stranger on the Third Floor" [review], Variety (excerpted online).
  • "Variety staff" (anon.) (1955). "Kiss Me Deadly" [review], Variety (excerpted online).
  • Vernet, Marc (1993). "Film Noir on the Edge of Doom", in Copjec, Shades of Noir, pp. 1–31.
  • Wager, Jans B. (2005). Dames in the Driver's Seat: Rereading Film Noir. Austin: University of Texas Press. ISBN 0-292-70966-8
  • Walker, Michael (1992). ."Robert Siodmak", in Cameron, The Book of Film Noir, pp.^ Robert Mitchum on FILM NOIR by cymbalta4thedevil .
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    110–51.
  • White, Dennis L. (1980). ."Beast of the City (1932)", in Silver and Ward, Film Noir: An Encyclopedic Reference, pp.^ She was a wealth of film knowledge, and we would go to the Noir City festival every year when I lived in California.
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    16–17.
  • Widdicombe, Toby (2001). A Reader's Guide to Raymond Chandler. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood. ISBN 0-313-30767-9
  • Williams, Linda Ruth (2005). The Erotic Thriller in Contemporary Cinema. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-34713-0

Further reading

  • Chopra-Gant, Mike (2005). .Hollywood Genres and Postwar America: Masculinity, Family and Nation in Popular Movies and Film Noir.^ Film Noir - The Dark Side of Hollywood (Sudden Fear / The Long Night / Hangmen Also Die / Railroaded / Behind Locked Doors) ( 1947 ) .
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    ^ From Phillips H. Lord's popular NBC radio series comes an intriguing "legal film noir" filled with double-crosses .
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    ^ In the 1940s, a new genre - film noir - emerged from the world of "hard - boiled"pulp magazines, paperback thrillers and sensational crime movies.
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    London: IB Tauris. ISBN 1-85043-838-2
  • Cochran, David (2000). America Noir: Underground Writers and Filmmakers of the Postwar Era. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press. ISBN 1-56098-813-4
  • Dickos, Andrew (2002). .Street with No Name: A History of the Classic American Film Noir.^ Film Noir Classic Collection, Vol.
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Film Noir, Bringing Darkness to Light ( 1945 ) This DVD is disc 6 of 6 in "Film Noir Classic Collection, Vol.
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    ^ New Film Noir Documentary that includes clips from noir classics and little-known gems.
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    Lexington: University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-2243-0
  • Dimendberg, Edward (2004). Film Noir and the Spaces of Modernity. Cambridge, Mass., and London: Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-01314-X
  • Dixon, Wheeler W. (2009). .Film Noir and the Cinema of Paranoia.^ Film Noir was a title foisted on those films by the Cahiers Du Cinema critics AFTER the War when the French gained access to films they hadn't seen during the war.
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ A shadowy sanitarium provides the claustrophobic stage for sadism, paranoia and murder in this classic film noir from director Budd .
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press. ISBN 0-8135-4521-8
  • Hannsberry, Karen Burroughs (1998). .Femme Noir: Bad Girls of Film.^ Bad for Each Other / The Glass Wall ( 1953 ) This DVD is disc 2 of 2 in "Bad Girls of Film Noir, Vol.
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The Bad Girls of Noir are back, in Volume 2, .
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Bad Girls of Film Noir, Vol.
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-0429-9
  • Hannsberry, Karen Burroughs (2003). Bad Boys: The Actors of Film Noir. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-1484-7
  • Hare, William (2003). .Early Film Noir: Greed, Lust, and Murder Hollywood Style.^ Film Noir - The Dark Side of Hollywood (Sudden Fear / The Long Night / Hangmen Also Die / Railroaded / Behind Locked Doors) ( 1947 ) .
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Not even close to a film noir style.
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Behind Locked Doors ( 1948 ) This DVD is disc 5 of 5 in "Film Noir - The Dark Side of Hollywood" .
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-1629-7
  • Kaplan, E. Ann, ed. (1998). .Women in Film Noir, new ed.^ New Film Noir Documentary that includes clips from noir classics and little-known gems.
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    ^ In the 1940s, a new genre - film noir - emerged from the world of "hard - boiled"pulp magazines, paperback thrillers and sensational crime movies.
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    ^ British Film Noir (The Slasher / Twilight Women) ( 1952 ) .
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    London: British Film Institute. ISBN 0-85170-666-5
  • Keaney, Michael F. (2003). .Film Noir Guide: 745 Films of the Classic Era, 1940–1959.^ Raw and violent, steeped in the film noir tradition, this cult classic ventures into the seamy gangster underworld, oozing with seediness and low-life characters.
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    ^ New Film Noir Documentary that includes clips from noir classics and little-known gems.
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Academy Award winner Humphrey Bogart is at his best as a hard-boiled sleuth in this '40s film noir classic.
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-1547-9
  • Martin, Richard (1999). .Mean Streets and Raging Bulls: The Legacy of Film Noir in Contemporary American Cinema.^ Act of Violence / Mystery Street ( 1948 ) This DVD is disc 1 of 5 in "Film Noir Classic Collection, Vol.
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Film Noir - Five Classics from the Studio Vaults (Scarlet Street / Contraband / Strange Impersonation / They Made Me A Fugitive / The Hitch-Hiker) ( 1940 ) .
    • Film Noir - Classicflix.com : 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.classicflix.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Film Noir was a title foisted on those films by the Cahiers Du Cinema critics AFTER the War when the French gained access to films they hadn't seen during the war.
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow. ISBN 0-8108-3642-4
  • Mason, Fran (2002). American Gangster Cinema: From Little Caesar to Pulp Fiction. Houndmills, UK: Palgrave. ISBN 0-333-67452-9
  • Mayer, Geoff, and Brian McDonnell (2007). Encyclopedia of Film Noir. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood. ISBN 0-313-33306-8
  • McArthur, Colin (1972). Underworld U.S.A. New York: Viking. ISBN 0-670-01953-4
  • Palmer, R. Barton (1994). .Hollywood's Dark Cinema: The American Film Noir.^ Film Noir was a title foisted on those films by the Cahiers Du Cinema critics AFTER the War when the French gained access to films they hadn't seen during the war.
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ They will politely inform you that film noir is a term that was already describing something post-mortem by the time people Americans actually started using it.
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    New York: Twayne. ISBN 0-8057-9335-6
  • Palmer, R. Barton, ed. (1996). Perspectives on Film Noir. New York: G.K. Hall. ISBN 0-8161-1601-6
  • Pappas, Charles (2005). It's a Bitter Little World: The Smartest, Toughest, Nastiest Quotes from Film Noir. Iola, Wisc.: Writer's Digest Books. ISBN 1-58297-387-3
  • Rabinowitz, Paula (2002). .Black & White & Noir: America's Pulp Modernism.^ Again, black and white is not the same thing as film noir.
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Consider how many black and white movies AREN'T noir.
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ So anything black and white is considered noir now?
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-11481-8
  • Schatz, Thomas (1997). Boom and Bust: American Cinema in the 1940s. Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London: University of California Press. ISBN 0-684-19151-2
  • Selby, Spencer (1984). .Dark City: The Film Noir.^ She was a wealth of film knowledge, and we would go to the Noir City festival every year when I lived in California.
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 13 January 2010 10:55 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland. ISBN 0-89950-103-6
  • Shadoian, Jack (2003). Dreams and Dead Ends: The American Gangster Film, 2d ed. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-514291-8
  • Silver, Alain, and James Ursini (1999). The Noir Style. Woodstock, N.Y.: Overlook Press. ISBN 0-87951-722-0
  • Spicer, Andrew (2002). Film Noir. Harlow, UK: Pearson Education. ISBN 0-582-43712-1

External links

.

Simple English

Film noir is a term used to describe crime drama movies from Hollywood that are often focused on sex, crime, and corruption.

Film noir movies were mostly made from the early 1940s to the late 1950s in the United States, and they were usually filmed in black-and-white. The term "film noir" comes from the French term for "black film." Film noir movies include many different genres of movies, such as gangster movies, police movies, and detective movies.

Film noir movies were often filmed so that there were many dark shadows in the movie, even on characters' faces. The Hollywood film noir movies were influenced by German film directors such as Fritz Lang, who used dramatic lighting techniques. Another influence on film noir movies was 1930s French books or movies about heroes who would die at the end of the story or stories with sad endings. Film noir movies were also influenced by crime novels, such as the detective and crime stories by Dashiell Hammett, James M. Cain, and Raymond Chandler.

Contents

Examples of film noir movies and actors

Some important film noir movies are: Stranger on the Third Floor (1940); The Maltese Falcon (1941) Double Indemnity (1944) The Big Sleep (1946) The Postman Always Rings Twice (1946); Key Largo (1948);Kiss Me Deadly (1955), and Touch of Evil (1958).

The important actors from Hollywood film noir movies were Robert Mitchum, Humphrey Bogart, and Peter Lorre.

Movies from after the film noir period

The film noir period was the 1940s and 1950s. Even in the years after the 1950s, some movies were made in the film noir style. In the 1960s and 1970s, there were movies like The Manchurian Candidate (1962) and Chinatown (1974), which were influenced by the film noir movies from the 1950s.

In the 1980s and 1990s there were movies that were a bit like film noir movies, like Body Heat (1981), Basic Instinct (1992), Kill Me Again (1989), Red Rock West (1992), and Fargo (1996). In the 2000s, there are also movies that are like film noir movies in some ways. For example, there are films such as Memento (2000) and Sin City (2005).

There are also science fiction movies that look a bit like film noir movies because they look dark and they have a lead character who does some bad things, such as Soylent Green (1973); Blade Runner (1982), which starred Harrison Ford; and Minority Report (2002), which starred Tom Cruise.

Things seen in film noir movies

Film noir movies are often shot in cities at night, and the stories often take place in bars, nightclubs, gambling clubs, casinos, and cheap hotels. This makes film noir movies look very dark, because the scenes are shot at night, or inside dark places like a bar or hotel.

Film noir movie scenes often have a lot of shadows, such as the shadows of window frames, blinds, or stair banisters. There are also often dark shadows on the movie scenes, even on the faces of the actors. All of the shadows and darkness make the film noir movies feel mysterious and stressful.

The characters in film noir movies are often motivated by greed, jealousy, or revenge. The characters in film noir movies are often private detectives or police officers who are investigating crimes committed by bad criminals and gang members such as murder, gambling or prostitution. In film noir movies, there are often stories about robberies, heists, extortion of money (which is called "blackmail"), or murder.

Watching film noir movies

In film noir movies, even the heroes or lead characters are often bad or partly bad in some way. For example, the hero of a film noir movie may help an innocent man or woman who is being threatened by a criminal, or rescue a woman from a criminal gang. Yet the hero or lead character may also do bad things, such as commit crimes, hurt or threaten people, or tell lies.

Often, the hero or lead character of a film noir film will be bitter, sad, lonely, or depressed, because of bad things that happened to them. The person watching the movie has to decide if they think that a hero who does both good and bad things is a good person or not. The stories from film noir movies can make the audience think about how people should act, or how people should make choices in their life. This is one of the things that people like about watching film noir movies.

Film noir movies are not happy movies. In happy movies, like romance movies, people fall in love, get married, and live happy lives. In film noir movies, sad things happen. A good man with a wife might need money for their rent, and borrow the money from a criminal gang leader, because the good man has no other way of getting the money. Then the bad gang leader might force the good man to do bad things to pay back the money. Maybe the bad gang leader will threaten to hurt the good man's wife. Then the good man has to decide between protecting his wife or doing a bad crime.

People who watch film noir movies like to see stories about people who have to make hard choices, or people whose lives have sad things happen in them. Real life is not all happy and perfect like in romantic films; people often have to make hard choices or have sad things happen. For this reason, film noir movies are a bit more like real life than romantic movies.

Books about film noir

Robert Ottoson wrote a book in 1981 about film noir called A Reference Guide to the American Film Noir: 1940–1958.

Other websites


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 15, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Film noir, which are similar to those in the above article.








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