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Contents

Fine may be:

  • An adjective meaning attractive, of high quality, etc.

Legal

People

Fictional character

In the media

Other

  • Fine topology (see Comparison of topologies), in mathematics, a topology that recognizes more open sets (and thus admits more continuous functions)
  • Fine, New York, a town in the United States
  • FINE, the informal umbrella association of the four main Fair Trade networks (FLO, IFAT, NEWS, EFTA)
  • FINE Brand, brand of hygienic paper products in Jordan
  • Fine, point in a music transcription where its performance ends in accord with the position of a da capo al fine notation
  • Fine, attribute of certain cricket fielding positions
  • Fine (drink), French variety of brandy
  • FINE (printing), Print head technology used in Canon priters. FINE means "Full-photolithography Inkjet Nozzle Engineering".

See also

  • Fein, including its variations and derivatives in surnames
  • Fineness, purity of a precious metal
  • Finings, wine-, beer-, and juice-clarifying agents
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

FINE, a word which in all its senses goes back to the Lat. finire, to bring to an end (finis). Thus in the common adjectival meanings of elegant, thin, subtle, excellent, reduced in size, &c., it is in origin equivalent to "finished." In the various substantival meanings in law, with which this article deals, the common idea underlying them is an end or final settlement of a matter.

A fine, in the ordinary sense, is a pecuniary penalty inflicted for the less serious offences. Fines are necessarily discretionary as to amount; but a maximum is generally fixed when the penalty is imposed by statute. And it is an old constitutional maxim that fines must not be unreasonable. In Magna Carta, c. III, it is ordained "Liber homo non amercietur pro parvo delicto nisi secundum modum ipsius delicti, et pro magno delicto secundum magnitudinem delicti." The term is also applied to payments made to the lord of a manor on the alienation of land held according to the custom of the manor, to payments made by a lessee on a renewal of a lease, and to other similar payments.

Fine also denotes a fictitious suit at law, which played the part of a conveyance of landed property. "A fine," says Blackstone, "may be described to be an amicable composition or agreement of a suit, either actual or fictitious, by leave of the king or his justices, whereby the lands in question become or are acknowledged to be the right of one of the parties. In its original it was founded on an actual suit commenced at law for the recovery of the possession of land or other hereditaments; and the possession thus gained by such composition was found to be so sure and effectual that fictitious actions were and continue to be every day commenced for the sake of obtaining the same security." Freehold estates could thus be transferred from one person to another without the formal delivery of possession which was generally necessary to a feoffment. This is one of the oldest devices of the law. A statute of 18 Edward I. describes it as the most solemn and satisfactory of securities, and gives a reason for its name - "Qui quidem finis sic vocatur, eo quod finis et consummatio omnium placitorum esse debet, et hac de causa providebatur." The action was supposed to be founded on a breach of covenant: the defendant, owning himself in the wrong,' makes overtures of compromise, which are authorized by the licentia concordandi; then followed the concord, or the compromise itself. These, then were the essential parts of the peformance, which became efficient as soon as they were complete; the formal parts were the notes, or abstract of the proceedings, and the foot of the fine, which recited the final agreement. Fines were said to be of four kinds, according to the purpose they had in view, as, for instance, to convey lands in pursuance of a covenant, to grant revisionary interest only, &c. In addition to the formal record of the proceedings, various statutes required other solemnities to be observed, the great object of which was to give publicity to the transaction. Thus by statutes of Richard III. and Henry VII. the fine had to be openly read and proclaimed in court no less than sixteen times. A statute of Elizabeth required a list of fines to be exposed in the court of common pleas and at assizes. The reason for these formalities was the high and important nature of the conveyance, which, according to the act of Edward I. above mentioned, "precludes not only those which are parties and privies to the Hence called cognizor; the other party, the purchaser, is the cognizee. fine and their heirs, but all other persons in the world who are of full age, out of prison, of sound memory, and within the four seas, the day of the fine levied, unless they put in their claim on the foot of the fine within a year and a day." This barring by non-claim was abolished in the reign of Edward III., but restored with an extension of the time to five years in the reign of Henry VII. The effect of this statute, intentional according to Blackstone, unintended and brought about by judicial construction according to others, was that a tenant-in-tail could bar his issue by a fine. A statute of Henry VIII. expressly declares this to be the law. Fines, along with the kindred fiction of recoveries, were abolished by the Fines and Recoveries Act 1833, which substituted a deed enrolled in the court of chancery.

Fines are so generally associated in legal phraseology with recoveries that it may not be inconvenient to describe the latter in the present place. A recovery was employed as a means for evading the strict law of entail. The purchaser or alienee brought an action against the tenant-in-tail, alleging that he had no legal title to the land. The tenant-in-tail brought a third person into court, declaring that he had warranted his title, and praying that he might be ordered to defend the action. This person was called the vouchee, and he, after having appeared to defend the action, takes himself out of the way. Judgment for the lands is given in favour of the plaintiff; and judgment to recover lands of equal value from the vouchee was given to the defendant, the tenant-in-tail. In real action, such lands when recovered would have fallen under the settlement of entail; but in the fictitious recovery the vouchee was a man of straw, and nothing was really recovered from him, while the lands of the tenant-in-tail were effectually conveyed to the successful plaintiff. A recovery differed from a fine, as to form, in being an action carried through to the end, while a fine was settled by compromise, and as to effect, by barring all reversions and remainders in estates tail, while a fine barred the issue only of the tenant. (See also EJECTMENT; PROCLAMATION.)


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010
(Redirected to fine article)

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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Contents

English

Most common English words: evening « ground « understand « #426: fine » law » show » terms

Etymology 1

From Middle English fin < Old French fin (fine, minute, exact), probably < Latin finitus (literally finished (used as an adjective by Cicero, of words, well rounded)), pp. of finere (to limit, bound, define, terminate, finish) < finis (a limit, end).

Pronunciation

Adjective

fine (comparative finer, superlative finest)

  1. Of superior quality.
    • The tree frog that they encountered was truly a fine specimen.
    • Only a really fine wine could fully complement Lucía's hand-made pasta.
  2. Of a particular grade of quality, usually between very good and very fine, and below mint.
    • The small scratch meant that his copy of X-Men #2 was merely fine when it otherwise would have been near mint.
  3. (of weather) Sunny and not raining.
  4. (informal) Being acceptable, adequate, passable, or satisfactory.
    • "How are you today?" "Fine."
    • "Will this one do? It's got a dent in it" "Yeah, it'll be fine, I guess."
    • "It's fine with me if you stay out late, so long as you're back by three."
  5. (informal) Good-looking, attractive.
    • "That man is so fine that I'd jump into his pants without a moment's hesitation."
  6. Consisting of especially minute particulate; made up of particularly small pieces.
    • Grind it into a fine powder.
    • When she touched the artifact, it collapsed into a heap of fine dust.
  7. Particularly slender; especially thin, narrow, or of small girth.
    • The threads were so fine that you had to look through a magnifying glass to see them.
  8. Made of slender or thin filaments.
    • They protected themselves from the small parasites with a fine wire mesh.
  9. Subtle, delicately balanced.
    • The fine distinction between lender of last resort and a bail-out ... (The Independent).
  10. (cricket) Behind the batsman and at a small angle to the line between the wickets.
    • ... to nudge it through the covers (or tickle it down to fine leg) for a four ...
Synonyms
Antonyms
  • (made up of particularly small pieces): coarse
  • (made of slender or thin filaments): coarse
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Adverb

fine (comparative more fine, superlative most fine)

Positive
fine

Comparative
more fine

Superlative
most fine

  1. expression of agreement
Synonyms
Translations

Noun

Singular
fine

Plural
fines

fine (plural fines)

  1. (usually plural) something that is fine; fine particles
    • They filtered silt and fines out of the oil.

Verb

Infinitive
to fine

Third person singular
fines

Simple past
fined

Past participle
fined

Present participle
fining

to fine (third-person singular simple present fines, present participle fining, simple past and past participle fined)

  1. (transitive) to make finer, purer, or cleaner
  2. (intransitive) to become finer, purer, or cleaner
  3. (transitive) to clarify (wine and beer) by filtration
Synonyms
Related terms
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Derived terms

Related terms

Etymology 2

Old French fin (end), from Mediaeval Latin finis (a payment in settlement or tax)

Pronunciation

Noun

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Singular
fine

Plural
fines

fine (plural fines)

  1. A payment or fee issued as punishment for breaking the law.
    • The fine for jay-walking has gone from two dollars to thirty in the last fifteen years.
Translations

Verb

Infinitive
to fine

Third person singular
fines

Simple past
fined

Past participle
fined

Present participle
fining

to fine (third-person singular simple present fines, present participle fining, simple past and past participle fined)

  1. (transitive) To issue a fine as punishment to (someone).
    • She was fined a thousand dollars for littering, but she appealed.
Translations

Etymology 3

From Italian fine ("end").

Pronunciation

  • enPR: fē'nā, IPA: /ˈfiːneɪ/, SAMPA: /"fi:neI/

Noun

Singular
fine

Plural
fines

fine (plural fines)

  1. (music) The end of a musical composition.
  2. (music) The location in a musical score that indicates the end of the piece, particularly when the piece ends somewhere in the middle of the score due to a section of the music being repeated.
Usage notes

This word is virtually never used in speech and thereby essentially confined to musical notation.

Derived terms

Anagrams


Esperanto

Adverb

fine

  1. finally, at last
  2. in the final analysis, when all's said and done

French

Adjective

fine f.

  1. Feminine singular of fin.

Ido

Adverb

fine

  1. finally

Irish

Etymology

From Old Irish fine < Proto-Celtic *weniyā (family) < Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁- (desire); cf. Old English wine (friend).

Pronunciation

  • IPA: [ˈfʲɪnʲɪ]

Noun

fine f.

  1. family group

Declension

Fourth declension

Bare forms

Case Singular Plural
Nominative fine finte
Vocative a fhine a fhinte
Genitive fine finte
Dative fine finte

Forms with the definite article

Case Singular Plural
Nominative an fhine na finte
Genitive na fine na bhfinte
Dative leis an bhfine

don fhine

leis na finte

Italian

Etymology

From Latin finis.

Pronunciation

Adjective

fine m and f (m and f plural fini)

  1. thin
  2. fine
  3. refined

Synonyms

Adjective

fine f.

  1. Feminine plural form of fino

Noun

fine f. (plural fini)

  1. end

Synonyms

Antonyms

Noun

fine m. (plural fini)

  1. aim, purpose, end
    il fine giustifica i mezzi - the ends justifies the means

Synonyms

Related terms

Anagrams

  • Anagrams of efin
  • feni

Norwegian

Adjective

fine

  1. Plural of fin.

Swedish

Adjective

fine

  1. see fin

Simple English

The word fine is used in English with more than one meaning.

  • People sometimes use the word fine as an adjective to mean that something is good.
  • We[who?] also use the word fine as a noun with a different meaning. Often, if a court or a judge says that someone did a crime, then the person has to pay some money to their government. This money is called a fine. Governments make these fines so people will not want to do the crime.

Sometimes we often use the word "fine" in the same way for businesses instead of governments. For example there are some businesses that will let us take books or videos to use in our homes for a few days. But if we keep the book or video for too long, we might have to pay a fine to that business.

Simple English Wiktionary has the word meaning for:


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