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Finike
—  District  —
Finike is located in Turkey
Finike
Location of Finike
Coordinates: 36°18′N 30°09′E / 36.3°N 30.15°E / 36.3; 30.15
Country  Turkey
Region Mediterranean
Province Antalya
Area
 - District 655 km2 (252.9 sq mi)
Elevation 3 m (10 ft)
Population (2007)
 - District 45,296
 Density 69.2/km2 (179.1/sq mi)
 Urban 10,509
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 07740
Area code(s) (0090)+ 242

Finike (ancient Phoenicus) is a district on the Mediterranean coast of Antalya Province of Turkey, 90 minutes west of the city of Antalya.

Finike is located in the south of the Teke peninsula, and the coast here is a popular tourist destination. However, Finike is best-known for its oranges, the symbol of the town.

Contents

History

For centuries Finike, then named Phoenicus was a trading port, the main port of Limyra, the capital city of Lycia. Phoenicus was said to have been founded by Phoenicians in the 5th Century BC, and thus named after its founders.

Historic map of Finike by Piri Reis

The area has been inhabited for much longer than that, archaeologists have found evidence near the town of Elmalı showing that the Teke peninsula has been settled since 3000 BC (although on the coast nothing has been uncovered dating before 2000 BC).

Trade along the coast was established first by the Persians, who relinquished Lycia to the armies of Alexander the Great. However the coast was always vulnerable to forces from Syria, Egypt and Rhodes until it was brought within the empire of the Ancient Romans and the succeeding Byzantines.

Even then the Byzantines were threatened by the Arabian armies coming from the Arabic Peninsula. Eventually the area was lost to the Seljuk Turks in the 13th century. These were succeeded by the Ottoman Empire from 1426 AD .

Demographics

The district has a population of 45.296 according to the 2007 census.[1] The town itself has 10.509 inhabitants. Finike has 4 municipalities(Hasyurt, Sahilkent, Turunçova and Yeşilyurt) and 14 villages.

The population of inhabited places are shown in the table(Municipalities are shown in bold)

Town/Village Population(2007)
Finike 10.509
Akçaalan 160
Alacadağ 188
Arifköy 989
Asarönü 93
Boldağ 151
Çamlıbel 249
Dağbağ 211
Gökbük 350
Gökçeyaka 96
Günçalı 661
Hasyurt 7.134
Sahilkent 8.211
Turunçova 8.629
Yalnız 742
Yazır 294
Yeşilköy 282
Yeşilyurt 3.946
Yuvalılar 2.401
Total 45.296

Finike today

Finike

The local economy depends on agriculture, particularly oranges and other citrus fruits. This is supplemented by income from tourism in the summertime, although because of the lucrative orange production and the distance from Antalya Finike has not seen the large-scale tourism boom that has so radically changed the other coastal districts of Antalya. Finike is a quiet district where people buzz around on mopeds going about their daily lives. Indeed many of the visitors that Finike does attract are retired people in search of relaxation. A type of pale limestone is quarried at Limyra, and sold as a decorative building material.

The port of Finike is now a yacht marina, and has a small fishing fleet. The coast is rich in marine life including sea turtles and fish including local specialities red porgy Sparidae and grouper (Epinephelus); other fish found along the coast include leerfish Carangidae) and the more widespread Mediterranean varieties such as bluefish, sea bream, sea bass, with swordfish, sardines and others found further out to sea. However the coast suffers from overfishing and many varieties, including the porgy, are in decline.

The beaches of Finike are an important nesting ground for the Caretta caretta sea turtles, and the rocky parts of the coast are used by the rare Mediterranean Monk Seal. However they are in grave danger if the protection of these species is left to local politicians such as Mahmut Esen, mayor of the town of Hasyurt in Finike, famous for his statement well I've lived here for 47 years and I've never seen a turtle.[2]

Places of interest

  • The ruins of Limyra are to be seen three miles east of the Finike, they consist of a theatre, tombs, Sarcophagi, bas-reliefs, Greek and Lycian inscriptions, etc.
  • The ancient city of Arycanda, in a narrow valley off the road to Elmalı.
  • The ruins of Trysa with a carved frieze depicting Theseus, on the road to Kaş.
  • The cave of Suluin.
  • Wreck of a Phoenician merchant ship from about 1200 BC in Cape Gelidonya

There are doubtless many more places of antiquity that need to be restored.

References

  1. ^ Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu
  2. ^ Radikal-çevrimiçi / Türkiye / '47 yıldır caretta görmedim'

External links

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