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Finno-Permic
Finnic
Geographic
distribution:
Northern Fennoscandia, Baltic states, Southwestern, Southeastern, and Ural region of Russia
Genetic
classification
:
Uralic
 Finno-Ugric
  Finno-Permic
Subdivisions:
ISO 639-2 and 639-5: fiu

The Finno-Permic languages (also Finno-Permian) are a subgrouping of the Uralic languages that comprises the Baltic-Finnic languages, Sami languages, Mordvinic languages, Mari language, Permic languages, and likely a number of extinct languages. In the traditional taxonomy of the Uralic languages, Finno-Permic is estimated to have split from Finno-Ugric around 2500 - 3000 BC, and branched into Permic languages and Finno-Volgaic languages around 2000 BC. [1] Nowadays the validity of the group as a taxonomical entity is questioned.[2]

The term Finnic languages has often been used to designate all the Finno-Permic languages,[3][4] based on an earlier belief that Permic languages would be much more closer related to the Baltic Finnic languages than to the Ugric languages.[1] (In Finnish scholarly usage Finnic most often refers to the Baltic-Finnic languages alone. [5])

Interpretation of grouping the Finnic/Finno-Permic languages can vary among different scholars, though all variations treat Permic as a primary division. The following proposals for classification are listed by Ruhlen (1987) [6] and by Angela Marcantonio in 2002: [7]

Finnic/Finno-Permic languages by
Collinder, 1965
Finnic/Finno-Permic languages by
Austerlitz 1968
Finnic/Finno-Permic languages by
Sauvageot & Menges 1973
Finnic/Finno-Permic languages by
Harms 1974
Finnic/Finno-Permic languages by
Vogelin & Vogelin 1977

Notes

References

  • Abondolo, Daniel (ed., 1998), The Uralic Languages, London and New York, ISBN 0-415-08198-X.
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