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Fire Department
2june 2007 559.jpg
Fire Department
Public, Private, Government, or Volunteer Organization

A fire department or fire brigade is a public or private organization that provides fire protection for a certain jurisdiction, which typically is a municipality, county, or fire protection district. A fire department usually contains one or more fire stations within its boundaries, and may be staffed by career firefighters, volunteers, or a combination thereof.[1]



Tokyo Fire Department Headquarters

Fire Departments are organized in a system of administration, services, training, and operations.

  • Administration is responsible for supervision, budgets, policy, and human resources.
  • Service is offering protection, safety, and education to the public.
  • Training is for creating skilled people with the knowledge to perform their duties.
  • Operations is for performing the successful tasks to save the public from harm.

A Fire Department would design a system in a controlled manner to operate for a every day basic duties. Where they can have fire stations and sophisticated fire apparatus are strategically deployed throughout the area under their control. So that operators can dispatch fire trucks or ambulances from the fire stations close to the incident. Larger departments would have branches within it self to better it's efficiency. These larger departments has branches into are of volunteers, support, and research.

  • Volunteers give advantages to the department in a state of emergency.
  • Support organizing the resources within and outside of the department.
  • Research is to give advantages in new technologies for the department.


The fire department's jurisdiction is organized by government who controls the department. This comes from a municipality, county, prefecture, state, or Nation type of government. Most common type of government control is municipality level. With in the jurisdiction the department would setup their organization. This deals with the placement of fire stations, equipment, and personal with in the area of control. Fire Departments would do survey over their jurisdiction area and use the data for the efficiency resources. Most data comes from travel time and range or population survey. Older fire departments might use this data to closed a fire station and open a new station in a better area. This brings equal service to the communities and give the department a efficient place to launch operations.


The very first fire department was in Ancient Rome. These men fought fires and also patrolled the streets with the authority to impose corporal punishment upon those who violated fire-prevention codes.[citation needed]

Fire departments were again formed by insurance companies in the 18th and 19th century. Benjamin Franklin is seen as the father of the Fire Department in western culture. In 1736, he established the first fire insurance company named the Union Volunteer Fire Company in Philadelphia.[2] The city of Boston established the very first publicly funded paid fire department in America in 1679.[3]

In the late 19th century; The demand of central command for fire companies took place within cities. because the fire companies would fight over fires or not put out an fire because the owners don't have fire insurance.[citation needed] This caused areas of a city to be badly damage by fires and caused many deaths. Cities started to form their own fire departments as a civil service to the public, forcing private fire companies to shut down, and merging their fire stations into the city's fire department.

See also


  1. ^ Cote, Arthur E. (2003). "Basics of Fire and Fire Science". Organizing for Fire And Rescue Services. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. p. 92. ISBN 9780877655770. 
  2. ^ IFSTA (2004). Fire Service Orientation and Terminology. Fire Protection Publications, University of Oklahoma. ISBN 9780879392321. 
  3. ^ Klinoff, Robert (2007). "Public Fire Protection". Introduction to Fire Protection, 3rd Edition. Thomson Delmar Learning. p. 59. ISBN 9781418001773.,M1. 

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