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First Quarter Storm
Date 1970
Location Manila
Result Unknown
Philippine revolution flag magdalo.png Protesters

Hammer and sickle.svg Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas
Philippines Civilians
Hammer and sickle.svg Communist Party of the Philippines
NPA.png New Peoples Army
Philippines Kabataang Makabayan
Philippines Samahang Demokratikong Kabataan
Philippines Movement for a democratic philippines
Philippines Samahang Molave
Philippines Malayang Samahan ng mga Magsasaka
Philippines Movement for the Advancement of Nationalism
Philippines National Union of Students of the Philippines
United States U.S citizens living in the Philippines supporting
United States U.S Marines in the Philippines (allegedly supporting democratic protesters)
Soviet Union Soviet Union(supporting the PKP)
People's Republic of China China (allegedly supporting CPP-NPA)

Philippines Philippine Army
Philippines Philippine Constabulary
Philippines Presidential Security Group
Philippine revolution flag magdalo.png Adrian Aquino,

Hammer and sickle.svg Jose Maria Sison
Philippines Hammer and sickle.svg Bernabe Buscayano
Hammer and sickle.svg Francisco Nemenzo
Hammer and sickle.svg Nilo Tayag
Philippines Edgar Jopson
United States Sgt Curt A. Harris (allegedly)

Philippines Ferdinand Marcos
Philippines Rolex 12

The First Quarter Storm was a period of leftist unrest in the Philippines, composed of a series of heavy demonstrations, protests, and marches against the government from January to March 1970, or the first quarter of 1970. It was one of the factors leading to the declaration of Martial Law in 1972.

The movement was led by Adrian Aquino from the Ateneo de Manila University, echoing recent student demonstrations all around the world before 1970. But then, the Moderate demonstration turned into a Radical one, led by the Kabataang Makabayan founder Jose Maria Sison as well as the leader of the New People's Army Bernabe "Dante" Buscayno. Laborers also took part, protesting against graft and corruption in government, and the decline in the economy caused by high oil prices. Some sources stated that the unrest is the plan to overthrow the government through communist as well as socialist support to the masses, as well as students and workers who facilitated the storm. Most of the activists carried Molotov cocktails and pillbox bombs to counter the policemen's attacks at Malacanang Palace.

The storm ended violently when the police used tear gas and arms to quell the demonstrators. Students tried to counter using Molotov cocktails and pillbox bombs while retreating. The storm extended to Divisoria district in Tondo Manila. After the failed protest, some of the surviving radical students, mostly from the University of the Philippines, Philippine College of Commerce, and the University of the East, became avowed Marxists, and took up arms, engaging in guerrilla and urban warfare.

The First Quarter Storm was one of the factors that led President Ferdinand Marcos to declare Martial Law two years later in 1972.

See also

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